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Encyclopedia > AM404
AM404

AM404 also known as N-arachidonoylphenolamine is an active metabolite of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) responsible for all or part of its analgesic action. Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN), is a common analgesic and antipyretic drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains. ... An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ...


Pharmacology

AM404 has been noted as an endogenous cannabinoid reuptake inhibitor, preventing the transport of Anandamide and other related compounds back from the synaptic cleft, much in the same way that common SSRI antidepressants prevent the reuptake of serotonin. AM404 is also TRPV1 agonist, and also prevents cyclooxygenase COX-1 and COX-2 and prostaglandin synthesis. AM404 is thought to induce its analgesic action through its activity on the cannabinoid, COX and TRPV systems, all of which are present in pain and thermoregulatory pathways.[1] Anandamide, also known as arachidonoylethanolamine or AEA, is a naturally occurring endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitter found in the brain of animals, as well as other organs. ... SSRI is an acronym that stands for several things: It is a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI also is used as the stock symbol for Silver Standard Resources Inc. ... The vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective ligand-gated cation channel that may be activated by a wide variety of exogenous and endogenous stimuli, including heat greater than 43°C, low pH, anandamide, and capsaicin. ... Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an enzyme (EC 1. ...


References

  1. ^ Högestätt, E. D., B. A. G. Jönsson, A. Ermund, D. A. Andersson, H. Björk, J. P. Alexander, B. F. Cravatt, A. I. Basbaum, P. M. Zygmunt (September 9, 2005). "Conversion of Acetaminophen to the Bioactive N-Acylphenolamine AM404 via Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase-dependent Arachidonic Acid Conjugation in the Nervous System". Journal of Biological Chemistry 280 (36): 31405–31412. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M501489200. Retrieved on 2006-04-25. 

 
 

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