The road reappears just north of Oxford, and continues south, bypassing Abingdon and Newbury before finally finishing just west of Winchester, at its junction with the M3 motorway.
In the past the A34 ran continuously from Manchester to Winchester. The missing section (as mentioned above) has been downgraded to the A3400.
Together with parts of the M3 and the M40, the A34 forms an important route carrying much road freight from Southampton to the Midlands. Because of the volume of traffic, bypasses were built along this route – at Newbury on the A34, and at Twyford Down near Winchester on the M3 – but these were controversial for environmental reasons. (See the Newbury article for some discussion of the Newbury bypass.)
The A34 Peartree to Weston-on-the-Green Major Maintenance scheme commenced on 12 September 2005 near Oxford between the Peartree Interchange (A44) and Weston-on-the-Green (B430) and was completed in April 2006.
Originally built 15 years ago, this section of the Highways Agency Area 3 network required major maintenance to 5 miles (8km) of both the north and southbound carriageway, including the replacement and full depth repair of a number of concrete sections, and the entire length of the scheme being overlayed with asphalt.
In order to ensure the safety of the Highways Agency workforce and the travellers upon the A34, a 40mph speed limit was enforced throughout the length of the scheme, whilst a free vehicle recovery service was provided to prevent congestion if a commuterâs vehicle broke down at any point throughout the works.
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