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Encyclopedia > A.L. Erlanger

Abraham Lincoln Erlanger (May 4, 1859March 7, 1930) was a theatrical producer, director, designer, theatre owner, and a leading figure of the Theatrical Syndicate. May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... A theatrical producer is a type of producer who oversees the staging of theatre productions. ... The Theatrical Syndicate was established in New York City, New York in 1896 by producers and investors Charles Frohman, Al Hayman, Abe Erlanger, Mark Klaw, Samuel F. Nixon, and Fred Zimmerman. ...

Born in Buffalo, New York, Erlanger and his partner, a Kentucky lawyer named Marc Klaw, started out as a theatrical booking agency in New York City in 1886. Immensely successful, together they built a large chain of theatres and vaudeville playhouses. In 1896 they joined with theatre operators Al Hayman, Charles Frohman, Samuel F. Nixon, and Fred Zimmerman to form the Theatrical Syndicate. Their organization known as "Klaw & Erlanger" established systemized booking networks throughout the United States and created a monopoly that controlled every aspect of contracts and bookings until the late 1910s when the Shubert brothers broke their stranglehold on the industry. Buffalo, also known as the Queen city, and the City of Good Neighbors, is an American city in western New York. ... State nickname: Bluegrass State Other U.S. States Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Governor Ernie Fletcher Official languages English Area 104,749 km² (37th)  - Land 102,989 km²  - Water 1,760 km² (1. ... A lawyer or attorney at law is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). ... Marcus Alonzo Klaw (May 29, 1858 – June 14, 1936) was an American lawyer, theatrical producer, theatre owner, and a leading figure of the Theatrical Syndicate. ... City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg Area  - Land  - Water 1,214. ... Vaudeville is a style of theater, also known as variety, which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... Charles Frohman (1860 - 1915) was a U.S. theatre manager. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ... ...

The operations of Klaw & Erlanger produced dozens of Broadway shows during the first three decades of the 20th century, including "Dracula," "Ben-Hur," and "The Jazz Singer." They were responsible for opening the rooftop "Jardin de Paris" where the first Ziegfeld Follies was staged. They also built some of Broadway's most outstanding theaters such as the art nouveau New Amsterdam Theatre in 1903 and in 1927 Erlanger's Theatre (renamed the St. James) plus the new Forrest Theatre in Philadelphia. In addition to playhouses, he and his partner owned the "Klaw & Erlanger Opera Company" and "Klaw and Erlanger's Costume Company." This article is about the street in New York City. ... Bela Lugosi as Dracula United States stamp Dracula is a fictional character, arguably the most famous vampire in fiction. ... Ben-Hur is the fictional story of Judah Ben-Hur, a Judean aristocrat who, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus, is enslaved through the betrayal of his Roman friend Messala. ... The Jazz Singer is a 1927 U.S. movie notable for being the first talking motion picture to be widely commercially distributed. ... The Ziegfeld Follies were a series of elaborate theatrical productions on Broadway in New York City from 1907 through 1931. ... Alfons Mucha, lithographed poster Dancel (1898). ... The New Amsterdam Theatre is a playhouse located at 214 West 42nd Street in New York Citys Broadway district. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ...

Erlanger's cold disdain and ruthless tactics helped bring about his own downfall. He made a bitter enemy of the Shubert brothers after Sam Shubert died in a train wreck when he is said to have refused to abide by any legal agreements "with a dead man." The enraged Shuberts began an all out campaign to wrestle power in the industry away from him. In 1919, after he dismissed out of hand the demands of the Actors' Equity Association, the labor union launched a strike that eventually shut down all the theatres in New York city, Chicago, and Boston. In the end, Erlanger suffered large financial losses and had no choice but to accede to union demands. ... Sam Shubert Samuel S. Shubert (August 27, 1878 – May 13, 1905) was a Polish-born American producer, writer, director, theatre owner/operator and a member of the Shubert family. ... Categories: Stub ... The Actors Equity Association (commonly simply Equity) is the trade union of American theatrical performers and stage managers. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ...

The strike spelled the demise of his once powerful organization and the partnership of Klaw & Erlanger made their last Broadway production in September of 1924. Abe Erlanger continued to produce on Broadway until his death in 1930. He is interred in the Beth El Cemetery in Ridgewood, New York.



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