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Encyclopedia > A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896November 14, 1977) was born Abhay Charan De, in Kolkata, West Bengal. He studied at the Scottish Church College, Calcutta, which was then administered by the British. In his later years, as a Vaishnava sadhu, he became an influential communicator of Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology to India and specifically to the West through his founding of the' International Society for Krishna Consciousness' in 1966. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Kolkata (Bangla: কলকাতা, Hindi: कोलकाता), formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and was capital of British India until 1912. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... Scottish Church College at 175 The Scottish Church College, which is located at 1 & 3 Urquhart Square, Calcutta 700006 is the oldest continuing Missionary administered liberal arts and sciences academy in India. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... In Hinduism, sadhu is a common term for a renounced ascetic or practitioner of yoga (yogi) who has given up pursuit of the first three Hindu goals of life: kama (pleasure), artha (wealth and power) and even dharma (duty). ... Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology, is a type of Vaishnava Theology that began with Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534), a Bengali Vaishnava sadhu. ... The term Western world or the West can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ...

Swami Prabhupada
Swami Prabhupada

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (498x694, 50 KB) Image courtesy of Nityananda dasa adhikari. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (498x694, 50 KB) Image courtesy of Nityananda dasa adhikari. ...


Married Life

Prior to adopting the life of a vanaprastha, or pious renunciant in 1950, he was married with children, and owned a small pharmaceutical business. He later took sanyasa (a vow of renunciation) in 1959. A vanaprastha (from Sanskrit vana, forest, and prus, dwelling) is a person who is living in the forest as a hermit after partially giving up material desires. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sanyasa symbolizes the conception of the mystic life in Hinduism where a person is now integrated into the spiritual world after wholly giving up material life. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura

Upon Prabhupada's first meeting with his spiritual master in 1922, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, requested that he preach the message of Lord Caitanya in the English language. In 1933 Prabhupada became a formally initiated disciple. (However, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura was never formally initiated into the Gaudiya Vaisnava tradition. This is widely known in traditional Gaudiya Vaisnava lineages.) In 1937 Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura passed away. Beginning in 1944 Prabhupada started Back to Godhead, an English language fortnightly for which he acted as publisher, editor and copy editor. In 1947 the Gaudiya Vaisnava Society recognised Prabhupada's scholarship with the honorific Bhaktisiddhanta (Sanskrit: One who has both devotion and knowledge. Later that same year his title was changed to Bhaktivedanta, having the same meaning. See Bhakti and Vedanta). Beginning in 1950 he lived at the medieval temple of Radha-Damodara in the holy city of Vrindavan where he began his translation work on the Sanskrit epic, Srimad Bhagavatam. His Divine Grace, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura had always encouraged Prabhupada, "If you have any money, print the books!", referring to Srimad Bhagavatam, Bhagavad-Gita, Chaitanya Caritamrta and other fundamental works. 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, founder-acharya of the Gaudiya Math Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur Prabhupada (1874-1937), the well-known preacher of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, was born Bimal Prasad Dutta in the seaside pilgramge town of Jagganath Puri, Orissa, India. ... Deities of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu (right) and Sri Nityananda (left) at Radha-Krishna temple in Radhadesh, Belgium Caitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Chaitanya) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... A fortnight is a unit of time equal to two weeks: that is 14 days, or literally 14 nights. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... An Editor is a person who prepares text—typically language, but also images and sounds—for publication by correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying it. ... Copy editing is the process by which an editor makes formatting changes and other improvements to text. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... An honorific is a term used to convey esteem or respect. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is an Indo-European Classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Bhakti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Vedanta (Vedānta, वेदान्त, pronounced as ////) means the anta or culmination or essence of the Vedas. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Gopuram of temples, in south India, are adorned with colourful icons depicting a particular story surrounding the temples deity. ... Vrindavan, in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh is a town on the site of the original forest of Vrindavana. ...


Sannyassa

He took sannyasa (renunciant) vows in 1959 from his Godbrother Sri Bhakti Prajnana Keshava Maharaja at Mathura, following which he singlehandedly published the first three volumes of his thirty volume translation of the 18,000 verse Bhagavata Purana and the commentary on it. He then left India to fulfill his master's spiritual mission. In his possession were a suitcase, an umbrella, a supply of dry cereal, about seven dollars worth of Indian currency, and several boxes of books. Sanyasa symbolizes the conception of the mystic life in Hinduism where a person is now integrated into the spiritual world after wholly giving up material life. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ...


Mission to the West

Srila Prabhupada in the West
Srila Prabhupada in the West

Prabhupada sailed to New York City in 1965. By July of 1966, he brought Hare Krishna to the West, founding the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) in New York City. Srila Prabhupada became well known as one who truly 'practiced what he preached', leading by example he expanded the movement from a small group of people in New York in 1966, to an international movement incorporating many thousands of people. By the time of his death in Vrindavan eleven years later (1977), ISKCON was a widely known expression of Hinduism in the West. Image File history File links 3SPGreeting. ... Image File history File links 3SPGreeting. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Hare Krishna Mantra in Devanagari. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... Vrindavan, in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh is a town on the site of the original forest of Vrindavana. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Hinduism (Sanskrit , also known as and ) is an Indian religious tradition that is based on the Vedas, and is among the oldest still practiced today. ...


In the twelve years from his arrival in New York until his final days he:

  • circled the globe fourteen times on lecture tours that took him to six continents.
  • introduced Vedic gurukul education to a Western audience.
  • directed the founding of the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, the world's largest publisher in the field of Vedic religious texts and commentary.
  • founded New Vrindavan
  • authored sixty books (many available online here) on Vedantic philosophy, religion, literature and culture (including four in Bengali)
  • watched ISKCON grow to a confederation of more than 100 schools, temples, institutes, farm communities and ashrams.

Through his mission, Prabhupada followed and communicated the teachings of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and introduced bhakti yoga to a Western audience. He is the author of the Bhagavad Gita As It Is. A Gurukul is a type of ancient Hindu school in India that is residential in nature with the shishyas or students and the guru or teacher living in close proximity, many a time within the same house. ... Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) was founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder-acharya of ISKCON, in March 1972 in India and in May in USA with the mission to publish all his books in all languages of the world, and, if it is not contrary with this primary goal... Veda redirects here. ... Vrindavan, in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh is a town on the site of the original forest of Vrindavana. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... Ashrams in ancient India were Hindu hermitages where sages lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature. ... Deities of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (right) and Sri Nityananda (left) at Radha-Krishna temple in Radhadesh, Belgium Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Chaitanya) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). ... Bhakti yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. ... The Bhagavad-Gita As It Is (BGAIS) is the translation and commentary of the Bhagavad Gita (BG) by A.C.Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). ...


'Books are the Basis'

Srila Prabhupada literary contribution.
Srila Prabhupada literary contribution.

Srila Prabhupada's most significant contribution, is often said to be his books. Highly respected by the academic community for their authority, depth and clarity, they are used as standard textbooks in numerous college courses. His writings have been translated into over fifty languages. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, established in 1972 to publish the works of His Divine Grace, has thus become the world's largest publisher of books in the field of Indian religion and philosophy. Image File history File links 7Books. ... Image File history File links 7Books. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) was founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder-acharya of ISKCON, in March 1972 in India and in May in USA with the mission to publish all his books in all languages of the world, and, if it is not contrary with this primary goal...


Reactions to Prabhupada's Passing

Prabhupada spent much of the last decade of his life setting up the institution of ISKCON. As the charismatic leader, Prabhupada's personality and management were responsible for much of the growth of ISKCON and the reach of his mission.


Upon the passing away of Prabhupada on November 14, 1977, eleven of his disciples became initiating gurus for ISKCON. Those chosen were: Tamala Krishna Gosvami, Satsvarupa dasa Gosvami, Jayapataka Swami [1], Hrdayananda Gosvami, Bhavananda Gosvami, Hamsaduta Swami, Ramesvara Swami, Harikesa Swami, Bhagavan dasa Adhikari, Kirtanananda Swami, and Jayatirtha dasa Adhikari. Of these eleven individuals, only the first four have stayed within ISKCON. His Holiness Tamala Krishna Gosvami Maharaja (1946-2002), was born Thomas G. Herzig in the United States. ... Satsvarupa dasa Gosvami is a disciple of A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), better known in the west as the Hare Krishna movement. ... His Holiness Jayapataka Swami was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, North America. ... Hrdayananda das Gosvami (b. ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ...


Presently ISKCON is managed by the Governing Body Commission. Srila Prabhupada created this body to handle affairs in his absence concerning the daily management and spiritual standards for the organization and its members. The authority and mission of this body has evolved since the time of Prabhupada's passing in 1977. The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... Governing Body Commission (GBC) is the name for the managerial authority of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


Prabhupada's respect for the World Religions

Prabhupada considered Jesus, Mohammed, and Moses to be empowered representatives of God. He considered them as pioneers of the same essential message of connecting to God through love and devotion. This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Moses or Móshe (מֹשֶׁה, Standard Hebrew Móše, Tiberian Hebrew Mōšeh, Arabic موسى Musa, Spanish Moisés, Ethiopic ሙሴ Musse) was a son of Amram and his wife, Jochebed, a Levite. ...


Prabhupada's Impact on Indians

It is notable that over the years, ISKCON has been able to maintain an impressive standard of Vedic deity worship and book publishing. In India, ISKCON has become a very respected organization and its temples are always filled with thousands of pilgrims on a daily basis. Many Indian people have been inspired by Prabhupada and ISKCON to practice a serious and dedicated approach to their own Hindu traditions. Thus, despite all of ISKCON's controversies, one of Prabhupada's main goals of re-inspiring Indians about their own culture has been achieved. For albums named Pilgrim, see Pilgrim (album). ...


See also

Gaudiya Vaishnavism, (Bengal) Vaishnavism, is a sect of Hinduism founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Hare Krishna Mantra in Devanagari. ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... Krishnology (also spelled Krishnaology) is an academic neo-logism for Krishna Theology. ...

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