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Encyclopedia > A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
Birth name A. S. Dileep Kumar
Also known as A.R Rahman
Born January 6, 1966 (1966-01-06) (age 42)
Origin Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Genre(s) Film score, Theatre, World Music
Occupation(s) Composer, record producer, music director, singer, instrumentalist, arranger, programmer
Instrument(s) Keyboards, Saxophone, Oboe, Santoor, Sitar, Flute, Violin, Violas, Harps, Drums, Bass, Maracas, Vocals, Guitars, Piano, Harmonium, Percussion, other
Years active 1992 – present
Label(s) Sony BMG , AR RAHMAN(KM MUSIQ)
Website ARRahman.com

Allah Rakha Rahman (Tamil: ஏ.ஆர்.ரஹ்மான்), born on January 6, 1966 as A. S. Dileep Kumar in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is a critically acclaimed award-winning composer, record producer and musician. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest Indian film composers ever, and his career is considered a turning point in the history of Indian film music. Many credit him with having single-handedly revolutionized the standards of film music composition in India. He is also credited with re-energizing the popularity of Indian film music the world over. is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Madras redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ... A programmer or software developer is someone who programs computers, that is, one who writes computer software. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... An electronic keyboard. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The santoor is a trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer often made of walnut, with seventy strings. ... Diagram of some sitar parts. ... For other uses, see Flute (disambiguation). ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... For other uses, see Viola (disambiguation). ... The High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) is a high-precision echelle spectrograph installed in 2002 with first light achieved February 2003 on ESOs 3. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Maracas are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) filled with seeds or dried beans. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Bertelsmann is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835, based in G tersloh, Germany. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Madras redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ...


In a career spanning over a decade, Rahman, by 2003, had sold more than one hundred million records of his film scores and soundtracks world-wide,[1] and sold over 200 million cassettes[2] making him one of the world's top 25 all-time top selling recording artists; he is one of the only Asians on the list alongside Freddie Mercury. A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... A film soundtrack is the music that is from or inspired by a motion picture, or film. ... The worlds best-selling music artists cannot be listed officially, as there is no organization that has recorded global music sales in the manner that the RIAA does in the United States. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... -1...

Contents

Biography

Early life and influences

A. R. Rahman was born to R. K. Shekhar, a composer, arranger and conductor for Malayalam-language films. His father died when Rahman was nine years old, and his family rented out musical equipment as a source of income. Rahman is a adherent of Sufism. He converted to Islam from Hinduism. In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Tamil Muslim are members of a multi-ethnic Islamic community spread across South India and South East Asia. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ...


During these early years, Rahman served as a keyboard player and an arranger in bands such as "Roots" and "Nemesis Avenue" with friends including Sivamani, embracing numerous music genres. He played the keyboard and piano, in addition to, among others, the synthesizer, the harmonium and the guitar. His curiosity in the synthesizer in particular increased because, he says, it was the “ideal combination of music and technology.”[3] He began early training in music under Master Dhanraj. At the age of 11, he joined, as a keyboardist, the troupe of Ilaiyaraaja,[3] one of many composers to whom musical instruments belonging to Rahman's father were rented to. Rahman later played in the orchestra of M. S. Viswanathan and Ramesh Naidu, accompanied Zakir Hussain, Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan and L. Shankar on world tours and obtained a scholarship to Trinity College of Music in London, where he graduated with a degree in Western classical music.[4] Keyboard player is a term used for a musician who plays multiple instruments that have piano-style keyboards. ... Anandan Sivamani (born 1959), popularly known as Sivamani, is an Indian percussionist. ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... Synth redirects here. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ...   (Tamil: இைளயராஜா, IPA: ) (born June 2, 1943 as Gnanadesikan) is an Indian film composer, singer, and lyricist. ... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... M. S. Viswanathan often referred to just as M.S.V., is a prolific film music composer in the Tamil film industry, which he dominated for two decades during the 1960s and 70s. ... Ramesh Naidu is a famous South Indian music director working in Telugu films. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan is a violinist from south India. ... Lakshminarayana Shankar (born April 26, 1950), or L. Shankar, was born in Madras, South India. ... Trinity College of Music is one of the UKs top [[music conservatory|music conservatories], based in Greenwich, London, England. ... This article is about the genre of classical music in the Western musical tradition. ...


Summary of career

Film scoring and soundtracks

In 1991, Rahman began his own music recording and mixing studio, attached to backyard of his house, called the Panchathan Record Inn. He initially composed music jingles for advertisements, Indian Television channels and music scores in documentaries, among other projects. In 1992, he was approached by film director Mani Ratnam to compose the score and soundtrack for Ratnam's Tamil film Roja. The debut led Rahman to receive the Rajat Kamal award for Best Music Director at the National Film Awards, the first time ever by a first-time film composer. Rahman has since then gone on to win the award three more times (for his scores for Minsaara Kanavu (Electric Dreams, Tamil) in 1997, Lagaan (Tax, Hindi) in 2002, Kannathil Muthamittal (If Kissed on the Cheek, Tamil) in 2003), the most ever by any composer.[5] Panchathan Record Inn is music director A. R. Rahmans studio at Chennai, India. ... Though there are many television channels in India, the term Indian Television would always (in my view) refer to Doordarshan. ... Mani Ratnam (Tamil: ) (born June 2, 1956) is a critically acclaimed Tamil Indian film director, writer and producer. ... Roja (1992) is a Tamil film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... The National Film Awards, commonly known as the National Awards, are arguably the most prestigious and prominent film awards in India. ... The National Film Awards, commonly known as the National Awards, are arguably the most prestigious and prominent film awards in India. ... Minsaara Kanavu is a Tamil film released in 1997. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... Lagaan (Hindi: लगान; Urdu: لگان; English: land tax), also known as Lagaan: Once upon a time in India, is an award-winning film made in India, released on June 1, 2001. ... -1... Kannathil Muthamittal (Tamil: கன்னத்தில் முத்தமிட்டால்) (A Peck on the Cheek) (2002) is an award-winning Tamil feature film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ...


Roja's score met with high sales and acclaim, in its original and dubbed versions, bringing about an effective transformation in film music at the time, and Rahman followed this with scores for films including, among others, Bombay, Kadhalan, Indian, Indira, Mr. Romeo, Minsaara Kanavu, Muthu and Love Birds, which gained him notice. His soundtracks gained him recognition in the Tamil film industry and across the country for his versatality in classical, folk, jazz, reggae, soft rock and other styles in his pieces. Rangeela, directed by Ram Gopal Varma, marked Rahman's debut in Hindi films. Many popular and superhit scores for films including Dil Se and Taal followed. The sales of these albums prompted several film producers to take film music more seriously. This article is about the film. ... Kadhalan is a Tamil language film released in 1994, with dialogues by Balakumaran and screenplay and direction by S. Shankar. ... Indira (1996) is a feature film, in Tamil, directed by Suhasini. ... Mr. ... Minsaara Kanavu is a Tamil film released in 1997. ... Muthu (Tamil : முத்து) (1995) is a Tamil film directed by K.S. Ravikumar. ... Love Birds (1996) is a Tamil feature film comedy musical directed by P. Vasu. ... Kollywood is a name often applied to Tamil Cinema, based in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu in south India. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... Folk can refer to a number of different things: It can be short for folk music, or, for folksong, or, for folklore; it may be a word for a specific people, tribe, or nation, especially one of the Germanic peoples; it might even be a calque on the related German... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Soft rock, also referred to as light rock or easy rock, is a style of music which uses the techniques of rock and roll to compose a softer, supposedly more ear-pleasing sound for listening, often at work or when driving. ... This is an article on the Indian movie Rangeela. ... Ram Gopal Varma born April 7, 1962) is an Indian film director, writer and film producer from Andhra Pradesh. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Dil Se (Devanagari दिल से) (1998) is a Hindi film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... The term Taal can refer to: Taal (film), a 1999 Bollywood film by Subhash Ghai The Dutch and Afrikaans word for language, used as an early name for Afrikaans. ...


Rahman's work is also unique in the fact that his collaborations with some film directors have always resulted in successful soundtracks. In particular, he has worked with Mani Ratnam on ten films until 2006, all of which have been musical hits. Also notable is his collaboration with the director S. Shankar in the films Gentleman, Kadhalan, Indian, Jeans, Mudhalvan, Nayak, Boys and Sivaji. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... S. Shankar (Dr.S.Shankar) (born August 17, 1963) is a popular film director, film producer and screenwriter from Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India. ... Gentleman (1993) is a Tamil film directed by S. Shankar, released on the 13th July 1993. ... Kadhalan is a Tamil language film released in 1994, with dialogues by Balakumaran and screenplay and direction by S. Shankar. ... Jeans is a 1998 Tamil movie starring Prashanth and Aishwarya Rai and music composed by A.R. Rahman. ... Mudhalvan (1999) is a Tamil film directed by Shankar. ... Boys (2003) is a Tamil film directed by S. Shankar. ...


His first movie album Roja was listed in TIME's "Top 10 Movie Soundtracks of All Time" in 2005.[6] Rahman continued to record frequently in his studio, the Panchathan Record Inn. In 2005, a newly developed recording studio, attached to the Inn called A.M. Studios was opened. It is considered to be the most developed, equipped and high tech studio of Asia. In 2006, Rahman launched his own music label, KM Musiq. It's first release was his soundtrack to the film Sillunu Oru Kaadhal which it released worldwide, in August 2006. His latest work includes Rang De Basanti, Sillunu Oru Kaadhal, Guru, Varalaru - The History of the Godfather, Sivaji: The Boss, Azhagiya Tamil Magan, and Jodhaa Akbar . Rahman has scored the movie Provoked, co-scored Elizabeth: The Golden Age, and is working on Chamki Chameli to be released in 2008 and Hindi version of Tamil blockbuster Ghajini. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri. TIME redirects here. ... Panchathan Record Inn is music director A. R. Rahmans studio at Chennai, India. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sillunu Oru Kaadhal is a Tamil film directed by debutant director, N. Krishna. ... Rang De Basanti (Hindi: रंग दे बसंती, Urdu: رنگ دے بسنتى, IAST: Raṅg De Basantī; English: Paint It Saffron [1]) is a 2006 Bollywood film. ... Sillunu Oru Kaadhal is a Tamil film directed by debutant director, N. Krishna. ... For other uses of the word Guru, see Guru (disambiguation). ... ... Azhagiya Tamil Magan (English: Handsome Tamil Son) (2007) is a Tamil film directed by Bharathan produced by Appachan starring Vijay and Shriya Saran in lead roles. ... Jodhaa-Akbar (Hindi: जोधा-अकबर, Urdu: جودھا اکبر) is a film released on February 15, 2008[1]. It is directed and produced by Ashutosh Gowariker, the director of the Academy Award-nominated Lagaan (2001). ... The term provocation, besides its generic meaning of an act to be a cause of something, has the following technical meanings. ... Chamki Chameli (English Translation: Chameli Shines) is a Bollywood film directed by Shyam Benegal and written by Shama Zaimi. ... Ghajini is a Tamil film released on September 29, 2005. ... Padma Shri (also spelt Padma Shree, Padmashree, Padma Sree and Padma Sri) is an award given by the Government of India generally to Indian citizens to recognize their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Social Service and public life. ...


Other works

Rahman has been involved in several projects aside from film. He made an album Vande Mataram (1997) on India's 50th anniversary of independence to immense success. He followed it up with an album called Jana gana mana, a conglomeration of performances by many leading exponents/artists of Indian classical music. In addition to writing jingles for ads, he has composed several orchestrations for athletic events and T.V. and internet media publications, documentaries and short films. This is a partial discography of film composer and instrumentalist A. R. Rahman. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... A short film (also short or short subject) is a motion picture that is shorter than the average feature film. ...


In 2002, he composed his maiden stage production Bombay Dreams (2002) following a commission from famous musical theatre composer Andrew Lloyd Webber. Furthermore, Rahman, along with the Finnish folk music band Värttinä, composed the music for The Lord of the Rings theatre production. He composed the piece "Raga's Dance" for Vanessa-Mae's album Choreography (2004). Bombay Dreams on Broadway, New York City Bombay Dreams is a Bollywood-themed musical. ... The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber (born 22 March 1948) is a highly successful English composer of musical theatre, and also the elder brother of cellist Julian Lloyd Webber. ... Värttinä (Finnish for spindle) is a Finnish folk music band that was started as a project by Sari and Mari Kaasinen back in 1983 in the village of Rääkkylä, in Karelia, the southeastern region of Finland. ... This article is about the musicals. ... Vanessa-Mae Vanakorn Nicholson (born October 27, 1978), known on stage as Vanessa-Mae (in Chinese: 陈美, Chén Měi) is an internationally known classical and pop musician. ... For the dance composition technique, see Choreography Performing with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vanessa Mae’s Choreography features work by Vangelis, Bill Whelan, AR Rahman, Tolga Kashif and Walter Taieb. ...


In the last six years, he has performed in three successful world tours of his concerts to audiences in Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Dubai, UK, Canada, the US (Hollywood Bowl and 3d tour) and India.[5] A two-disc soundtrack, Introducing A. R. Rahman, (2006) featuring 25 pieces he composed from his Tamil film scores was released in May 2006. Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ...


Music style

Rahman's interest in the works of Classical and Romantic period composers, Carnatic composers, early film composers and predecessors K. V. Mahadevan and Vishwanathan-Ramamoorthy of the film industry of Tamil Nadu and others continued through his late teens. He further explored and trained in Carnatic music, Western classical, Hindustani music and the Qawwali style of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, in addition to numerous other styles. His interest and outlook in music is said to stem from his love of experimentation.[4][7] As a result, his scores have alternated from songs and themes composed covering a variety of genres, with unconventionally-grouped instruments, and different vocal styles being used and combined together in some of his film soundtracks, to more traditional orchestral themes with leitmotif techniques composed in others. Rahman's works often feature a mix of minimalist songs and evocative, thematic pieces, building on his differing chord progressions and rhythms. He has written scores and songs with new and varied melodic and percussive sounds from instruments of different music systems. The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1750 to 1830, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The expression romantic music and the homophone phrase Romantic music have two essentially different meanings. ... K. V. Mahadevan is a South Indian music composer. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... This article is about the Pakistani musician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... A leitmotif (pronounced ) (also leitmotiv; lit. ...


Pappu controversy

At a music sitting of his nephew Imran's debut film, Jaane Tu Ya Jaane Na, Aamir and director Abbas Tyrewalla put together a hilarious song inspired by Salman. which was composed by A.R Rahman. Rumour has it that salman khan is planning to file a case in court for insulting salman khan.


Filmography (as composer)

This is a partial discography of film composer and instrumentalist A. R. Rahman. ...

Film scores

Awards

Main article: List of A. R. Rahman awards

Philanthropy

In addition to composing themes for charity media features and events, Rahman has set up the "A. R. Rahman Foundation" with a goal to eradicate poverty globally. This includes setting up and partnering with educational institutions across India to provide education to children who do not have easy access to schools or funds. In 2004, he was appointed as the Global Ambassador of the Stop TB Partnership, a project by WHO.[5] He has shown support to charities including Save the Children, India, and worked with Cat Stevens / Yusuf Islam for his song "Indian Ocean" . The song featured a-ha keyboard player Magne Furuholmen and Travis drummer, Neil Primrose. The proceeds of the song went towards helping orphans in Banda Aceh, one of the areas worst affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Roja (1992) is a Tamil film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Yodha is a Malayalam language comedy film produced in India in 1992. ... Thiruda Thiruda (Thief Thief) (1993) is a Tamil film comedy, directed by the acclaimed film maker Mani Ratnam, and scripted by Ram Gopal Varma, yet another iconic Indian film maker. ... Pudhiya Mugam is an Indian Tamil thriller film directed by Suresh Menon (One time husband of Revathi). ... Gentleman (1993) is a Tamil film directed by S. Shankar, released on the 13th July 1993. ... Pavithra (1993) is a tamil film starring Ajith Kumar in the main role. ... Karuththamma (1994) is a Tamil film directed by Bharathiraja. ... Kadhalan is a Tamil language film released in 1994, with dialogues by Balakumaran and screenplay and direction by S. Shankar. ... Duet (1994) is a Tamil feature film directed by K. Balachander, starring Prabhu, Meenakshi Seshadri, Ramesh Aravind. ... Indira (1996) is a feature film, in Tamil, directed by Suhasini. ... This is an article on the Indian movie Rangeela. ... Muthu (Tamil : முத்து) (1995) is a Tamil film directed by K.S. Ravikumar. ... See Bombay (disambiguation) for other uses. ... Love Birds (1996) is a Tamil feature film comedy musical directed by P. Vasu. ... Kadhal Desam is a 1996 released Tamil film. ... Fire is a 1996 movie by Deepa Mehta starring Shabana Azmi and Nandita Das with music composed by A. R. Rahman. ... Mr. ... Minsaara Kanavu is a Tamil film released in 1997. ... Iruvar (The Twosome) (1997) is a Tamil film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Daud is a 1997 Hindi movie by Ram Gopal Varma, starring Sanjay Dutt and Urmila Matondkar, with music composed by A. R. Rahman. ... Ratchagan is a record breaking, trendsetting blockbuster Tamil movie starring Nagarjuna and Sushmita Sen in the lead role and also stars Raghuvaran, SP Balasubramanyam, Vadivelu and Girish Karnad. ... Jeans is a 1998 Tamil movie starring Prashanth and Aishwarya Rai and music composed by A.R. Rahman. ... Dil Se (Devanagari दिल से) (1998) is a Hindi film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Bapsi Sidhwas novel, Cracking India, (1991, U.S.; 1992, India; originally published as Ice Candy Man, 1988, England), was released as the 1998 film Earth (1947 in India), directed by Deepa Mehta. ... [[1]] [[2]] Producer :Xavier Marquis Director : Priyadarshan Cast: Akshaye Khanna, Jyothika, Anupam Kher, Chatterjee, Aruna Irani, Paresh Rawal Music: A. R. Rahman Released on : November 27, 1998 Inder (Akshaye Khanna) is very rich. ... Jodi (1999) is a Tamil film directed by Praveenkanth, starring Prashanth and Simran. ... Padayappa (1999) is a Tamil film directed by K.S. Ravikumar. ... Taal is a Bollywood film made in 1999 and directed by Subhash Ghai. ... Takshak or Taxak is a gotra of jats found in India, Pakistan and Central Asia. ... Kadhalar Dhinam meaning Lovers Day (English) is a 1999 Tamil film directed by Kathir. ... Pukar (English: Call) is a Bollywood film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi starring Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit, Namrata Shirodkar, Danny Denzongpa and Om Puri. ... Sangamam (1999) is a Tamil feature film musical directed by Suresh Krishna. ... Mudhalvan (1999) is a Tamil film directed by Shankar. ... Boys (2003) is a Tamil film directed by S. Shankar. ... Alaipayuthey (2000) (Waves) is a Tamil film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Fiza (Hindi: फ़ीज़ा, Urdu: فیزا) is a 2000 Indian film directed and written by Khalid Mohammed. ... Kandukondain Kandukondain (Tamil: கண்டுகொண்டேன் கண்டுகொண்டேன்) is a 2000 Tamil film directed by Rajiv Menon. ... Rhythm is a 2000 released Tamil film. ... Thenali is a Tamil film which released on July 30, 2001 and was directed by K.S. Ravikumar. ... Zubeidaa is a 2001 film directed by Shyam Benegal and written by Khalid Mohammed. ... One 2 Ka 4 (2001) is an Indian film directed by Shashilal Nair. ... Star (2001) is a Tamil film directed by Praveen Kanth. ... Lagaan (Hindi: लगान; Urdu: لگان; English: land tax), also known as Lagaan: Once upon a time in India, is an award-winning film made in India, released on June 1, 2001. ... Parthale Paravasam (2001) is a Tamil film directed by K. Balachander. ... Alli Arjuna is 2001 released Tamil film directed by Saran. ... Kannathil Muthamittal (Tamil: கன்னத்தில் முத்தமிட்டால்) (A Peck on the Cheek) (2002) is an award-winning Tamil feature film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... The Legend of Bhagat Singh is a Bollywood emotional historic drama movie from India. ... Baba is a 2002 Indian Tamil film starring Rajinikanth and directed by Suresh Krishna. ... Film poster for Saathiya Saathiya (translaters as Lifepartner) is Indian drama/romance movie starring Rani Mukherji, Vivek Oberoi and Tanuja which was released on December 20, 2002. ... Udhaya was a Tamil film released in 2002, it was made in 2001 but release was delayed. ... Redirect page ... Boys (2003) is a Tamil film directed by S. Shankar. ... Enakku 20 Unakku 18 (2004) is a bi-lingual Tamil and Telugu film directed by Jyothi Krishna. ... Kangalal Kaithu Sei is Tamil film released in 2004 directed by Bharathiraja, with debutant actor Vaseegaran and Priyamani. ... Tehzeeb is a 2003 Indian Bollywood film directed by Khalid Mohammed. ... Warriors of Heaven and Earth (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a 2004 action/adventure film from China, and is directed by He Ping. ... Lakeer - Forbidden Lines is a 2004 Hindi language film directed by Ahmed Khan and starring Sunny Deol, Sunil Shetty, John Abraham and Nauheed Cyrusi. ... Aayutha Ezhuthu (2004) is a Tamil feature film directed by Mani Ratnam. ... Yuva (युवा) is a Hindi feature film released in 2004 and directed by Indian director Mani Ratnam. ... New is a movie in which Suryah played the lead role apart from directing and producing the film. ... Nani may refer to: Luís Carlos Almeida da Cunha, better known as Nani, a Portuguese footballer who plays for the English football club, Manchester United Nani, a traditional Hawaiian name, usually used as a girls name, meaning beautiful or splendor Nani Pelekai, a character from the animated Disney... Dil Ne Jise Apna Kahaa is a 2004 Bollywood film directed by Atul Agnihotri. ... Swades (Devanagari: स्वदेस, Nastaliq: سودیس), literally Homeland, is a 2004 Indian film written, produced and directed by Ashutosh Gowariker. ... Kisna Synopsis Vivek Oberoi plays the title role of Kisna with two new heroines - Isha Sharvani, a renowned dancer from Kerala, and Antonia Bernath from London - along with famous British actors Michael Maloney, Caroline Lingruish and veteran actress Polly Adams. ... 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External links

References

  1. ^ BBC. Top Selling artists. Retrieved on 26 October, 2006.
  2. ^ Rediff. Top Selling artists. Retrieved on 26 October, 2006.
  3. ^ a b A. R. Rahman: Short Biography. TFM Page Magazine (January 2006). Retrieved on 15 February, 2007.
  4. ^ a b A. R. Rahman: Summary Biography. A. R. Rahman: A Summary Biography (November 2002). Retrieved on 15 February, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c Iyer, Vijay. lotr.com. Retrieved on 21 September, 2007.
  6. ^ Best Soundtracks - ALL-TIME 100 MOVIES - TIME. TIME (November 2005). Retrieved on 06 March, 2008.
  7. ^ A. R. Rahman: Table Profile. Nilacharal. Retrieved on 15 February, 2007.

 
 

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