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Encyclopedia > A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne

Born: January 18, 1882(1882-01-18)
Hampstead, London, England
Died: January 31, 1956 (aged 74)
Hartfield, Sussex, England
Occupation: Novelist, Playwright, Poet

Alan Alexander Milne (IPA pronunciation: [mɪɫn]) (January 18, 1882January 31, 1956), also known as A. A. Milne, was an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various children's poems. Milne was a noted writer, primarily as a playwright, before the huge success of Pooh overshadowed all his previous work. A. A. Milne File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... , Hampstead is a suburb of north London in the London Borough of Camden, located four miles (6. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hartfield Parish Church Hartfield Parish, situated in East Sussex, consists of several villages on the edge of Ashdown Forest. ... Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Authorship redirects here. ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Winnie the Pooh Winnie-the-Pooh is a fictional bear created by A. A. Milne. ...

Contents

Biography

Milne was born in Hampstead, London, England and grew up at Henley House School, 6/7 Mortimer Road, Kilburn, London, a small independent school run by his father, John V. Milne. One of his teachers was H. G. Wells. He attended Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge where he studied on a mathematics scholarship. While there, he edited and wrote for Granta, a student magazine. He collaborated with his brother Kenneth and their articles appeared over the initials AKM. Milne's work came to the attention of the leading British humour magazine Punch, where Milne was to become a contributor and later an assistant editor. , Hampstead is a suburb of north London in the London Borough of Camden, located four miles (6. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Kilburn is an area of North London on the border of the London Borough of Brent and the London Borough of Camden. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... An independent school is a school which is not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operation and is instead operated by tuition charges, gifts, and perhaps the investment yield of an endowment. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The Royal College of St Peter at Westminster (almost always known as Westminster School) is one of Britains leading boys independent schools and one of the nine public schools set out in the Public Schools Act 1868. ... Full name The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity Motto Virtus vera nobilitas Virtue is true Nobility Named after The Holy Trinity Previous names King’s Hall and Michaelhouse (until merged in 1546) Established 1546 Sister College(s) Christ Church Master The Lord Rees of Ludlow Location Trinity Street... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... This article is about scholarship (noun) and scholarship as a form of financial aid. ... This article is about the literary magazine and publisher. ... Punch was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire published from 1841 to 1992 and from 1996 to 2002. ...


Milne joined the British Army in World War I and served as an officer in the Warwickshire Regiment and later, after a debilitating illness, the Royal Corps of Signals. After the war, he wrote a denunciation of war titled Peace with Honour (1934), which he retracted somewhat with 1940's War with Honour. During World War II, Milne was one of the most prominent critics of English comic writer P.G. Wodehouse, who was captured at his country home in France by the Nazis and imprisoned for a year. Wodehouse made radio broadcasts about his internment, which were broadcast from Berlin. Although the lighthearted broadcasts made fun of the Germans, Milne accused Wodehouse of committing an act of near treason by cooperating with his country's enemy. (Wodehouse got some revenge by creating fatuous parodies of the Christopher Robin poems in some of his later stories.) The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers, for most of its history known as The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, was an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Called English literatures performing flea, P. G. Wodehouse, pictured in 1904, became famous for his complex plots, ingenious wordplay, and prolific output. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


During World War II, he was Captain of the Home Guard in Hartfield & Forest Row, insisting on being plain 'Mr Milne' to the members of his platoon. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Milne married Dorothy de Selincourt nickname-Daphne in 1913, and their only son, Christopher Robin Milne, was born in 1920. In 1925, A. A. Milne bought a country home, Cotchford Farm, in Hartfield, East Sussex. He retired to the farm after a stroke and brain surgery in 1952 left him an invalid. Cotchford Farm was where the Rolling Stones' lead guitarist Brian Jones would later live and be found drowned in 1969. Cotchford Farm has since been demolished, due to the excessive maintenance and repair costs, and a new house built on the site. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Christopher Robin Milne (August 21, 1920 – April 20, 1996) was the son of author Alan Alexander Milne and Dorothy de Selincourt. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hartfield Parish Church Hartfield Parish, situated in East Sussex, consists of several villages on the edge of Ashdown Forest. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the rock band. ... For other persons named Brian Jones, see Brian Jones (disambiguation). ...


Literary career

Milne is most famous for his Pooh books about a boy named Christopher Robin, after his son, and various characters inspired by his son's stuffed animals, most notably the bear named Winnie-the-Pooh. The source of the name is reputedly a Canadian black bear named Winnipeg Bear (after Winnipeg), that was used as a military mascot by the Royal Winnipeg Rifles, a Canadian Infantry Regiment in World War I, and left to London Zoo after the war. After its heroics On September 14 1915, the bear was named 'Winnie the Pooh', years before Milne adopted it. E. H. Shepard illustrated the original Pooh books, using his own son's teddy, Growler ("a magnificent bear"), as the model. Christopher Robin Milne's own toys are now under glass in New York. Christopher Robin is a character in the Winnie-the-Pooh stories. ... “Pooh” redirects here. ... “Black Bear” redirects here. ... Winnie could refer to: General a supposed Puma that actually appeared to be a cat an agglomeration in Texas a Japanese peer-to-peer program called Winny a fictional bear, Winnie the Pooh Persons Winston Churchill, British World War 2 Prime Minister Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, wife of former South-African... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... The giant London Zoo aviary London Zoo, or more correctly London Zoological Gardens, is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ... Ratty and Mole messing about in boats in E.H. Shepards illustration to The Wind in the Willows Ernest Howard Shepard (December 10, 1879 – March 24, 1976) was an English artist and book illustrator. ... “NY” redirects here. ...


Milne also wrote a number of poems, including Vespers, They're Changing Guard at Buckingham Palace, and King John's Christmas, which were published in the books When We Were Very Young and Now We Are Six. Several of Milnes's children's poems were set to music by the composer Harold Fraser-Simson. His poems have been parodied many times, including with the books When We Were Rather Older and Now We Are Sixty. Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... When We Were Very Young is a book by A. A. Milne containing forty-four poems. ... Now We Are Six is a book of verses by A. A. Milne, first published in 1927. ... Harold Fraser-Simson (born 15 August 1872 in London; died 19 January 1944 in Inverness, Scotland), was a British composer of light music, including songs, incidental music, and stage works. ...


The overwhelming success of his children's books was to become a source of considerable annoyance to Milne, whose self-avowed aim was to write whatever he pleased, and who had, until then, found a ready audience for each change of direction: he had freed pre-war Punch from its ponderous facetiousness; he had made a considerable reputation as a playwright (like his idol J. M. Barrie) on both sides of the Atlantic; he had produced a witty piece of detective writing in The Red House Mystery (although this was severely criticised by Raymond Chandler for the implausibility of its plot). Indeed, Milne's publisher was displeased when he announced his intention to write poems for children, and he had never lacked an audience. You may be looking for James Barry, surgeon Sir James Matthew Barrie, Bt. ... Raymond Chandler Raymond Thornton Chandler (July 23, 1888 – March 26, 1959) was an author of crime stories and novels. ...


But once Milne had, in his own words, "said Goodbye to all that in 70,000 words" (the approximate length of the four children's books), he had no intention of producing a copy of a copy, given that one of the sources of inspiration, his son, was growing older.


His reception remained warmer in America than Britain, and he continued to publish novels and short stories, but by the late 1930s the audience for Milne's grown-up writing had largely vanished: he observed bitterly in his autobiography that a critic had said that the hero of his latest play ("God help it") was simply "Christopher Robin grown up ... what an obsession with me children are become!" Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ...


Even his old literary home, Punch, where the When We Were Very Young verses had first appeared, was ultimately to reject him, as Christopher Milne details in his autobiography The Enchanted Places, although Methuen continued to publish whatever Milne wrote, including the long poem 'The Norman Church' and an assembly of articles entitled Year In, Year Out (which Milne likened to a benefit night for the author).


He also adapted Kenneth Grahame's novel The Wind in the Willows for the stage as Toad of Toad Hall. The title was an implicit admission that such chapters as Chapter 7, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, could not survive translation to the theater. A special introduction written by Milne is included in some editions of Grahame's novel. Kenneth Grahame Kenneth Grahame (March 8, 1859 – July 6, 1932) was a Scottish novelist. ... Ratty and Mole, as interpreted by E. H. Shepard The Wind in the Willows is a classic of childrens literature written in 1908 by Kenneth Grahame. ... Toad of Toad Hall is one of the play versions of The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame. ...


After Milne's death, his widow sold the rights to the Pooh characters to the Walt Disney Company, which has made a number of Pooh cartoon movies, as well as a large amount of Pooh-related merchandise. She also destroyed his papers. The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ...


Royalties from the Pooh characters paid by Disney to the Royal Literary Fund, part-owner of the Pooh copyright, provide the income used to run the Fund's Fellowship Scheme, placing professional writers in UK universities. The Royal Literary Fund is a benevolent fund set up to help published British writers in financial difficulties. ...


Works

Novels

  • Lovers in London, (1905) (Some consider this more of a short story collection; Milne didn't like it and considered The Day's Play as his first book)
  • Once on a Time, (1917) [a fairytale with an adult slant]
  • Mr. Pim, (1921)
  • The Red House Mystery, (1921)
  • Two People, (1931) (Inside jacket claims this is Milne's first attempt at a novel.)
  • Four Days' Wonder, (1933)
  • Chloe Marr, (1946)

This article is in need of attention. ... Once On A Time is a fairytale created by A A Milne. ... The Red House Mystery is a mystery novel by A. A. Milne, published in 1921. ...

Non-Fiction

  • When I Was Very Young, (1930) (illustrated by E. H. Shepard)
  • Peace With Honour, (1934)
  • It's Too Late Now: the autobiography of a writer, (1939)
  • War With Honour, (1940)
  • Year In, Year Out, (1952) (illustrated by E. H. Shepard)

Punch articles:

  • The Day's Play, (1910)
  • Once a Week, (1914)
  • The Holiday Round, (1912)
  • The Sunny Side, (1921)
  • Those Were the Days, (1929) [selection of Punch pieces from the above four books]

Selections of newspaper articles and introductions to books by others: The Sunny Side is a long-forgotten collection of short stories and essays by A.A. Milne. ...

  • Not That It Matters, (1920)
  • By Way of Introduction, (1929)

Story Collections for Children

  • Gallery of Children, (1925)
  • Winnie-the-Pooh, (1926) (illustrated by E. H. Shepard)
  • The House at Pooh Corner, (1928) (illustrated by E. H. Shepard)
  • Short Stories
  • A Table by the Band

For the title character of the book, see Winnie-the-Pooh. ... A 1944 version of The House at Pooh Corner The House at Pooh Corner (1928) is the second volume of stories about Winnie the Pooh, by A. A. Milne. ...

Poetry

For the Luncheon Interval [poems from Punch]

When We Were Very Young is a book by A. A. Milne containing forty-four poems. ... Now We Are Six is a book of verses by A. A. Milne, first published in 1927. ...

Plays

Milne wrote over 25 plays including:

  • Wurzel-Flummery, (1917)
  • Belinda, (1918)
  • The Boy Comes Home, (1918)
  • Make-Believe, (1918) [a play for children]
  • The Camberley Triangle, (1919)
  • Mr. Pim Passes By, (1919)
  • The Red Feathers, (1920)
  • The Romantic Age, (1920)
  • The Stepmother, (1920)
  • The Truth about Blayds, (1920)
  • The Dover Road, (1921)
  • The Lucky One, (1922)
  • The Artist: a duologue, (1923)
  • Give Me Yesterday, (1923) [aka Success in the UK]
  • The Great Broxopp, (1923)
  • Ariadne, (1924)
  • The Man in the Bowler Hat: a terribly exciting affair", (1924)
  • To Have the Honour, (1924)
  • Portrait of a Gentleman in Slippers, (1926)
  • Success, (1926)
  • Miss Marlow at Play, (1927)
  • The Fourth Wall or The Perfect Alibi, (1928)
  • The Ivory Door, (1929)
  • Toad of Toad Hall, (1929) (Adaptation of The Wind in the Willows)
  • Michael and Mary, (1930)
  • Other People's Lives, (1933) [aka They Don't Mean Any Harm]
  • Miss Elizabeth Bennett (based on Pride and Prejudice?, [1936])
  • Sarah Simple, (1937)
  • Gentleman Unknown, (1938)
  • The General Takes Off His Helmet (1939) in The Queen's Book of the Red Cross
  • The Ugly Duckling (1946)
  • Before the Flood, (1951)

Wurzel-Flummery is a play by A. A. Milne, which was performed for the first time in 1917, in London. ... Toad of Toad Hall is one of the play versions of The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame. ... Ratty and Mole, as interpreted by E. H. Shepard The Wind in the Willows is a classic of childrens literature written in 1908 by Kenneth Grahame. ... For films named Pride and Prejudice, see Pride and Prejudice (film). ... The Queens Book of the Red Cross was published in November 1939 in a fundraising effort to aid the Red Cross during World War II. The book was sponsored by Queen Elizabeth, and its contents were contributed by fifty British authors and artists. ... The Ugly Duckling is a comedy play by A. A. Milne based on the Hans Christian Andersen story. ...

Books on Pooh and Milne

  • Crews, Frederick, The Pooh Perplex, Chicago & London, University of Chicago Press, 2003 (1st ed. 1963) ISBN 0-226-12058-9
  • Crews, Frederick, Postmodern Pooh, New York, North Point Press, 2001 ISBN 0-86547-654-3
  • Hoff, Benjamin, The Tao of Pooh, New York, Penguin, 1983 ISBN 0-14-006747-7
  • Hoff, Benjamin, The Te of Piglet, New York, Dutton Adult, 1992 ISBN 0-525-93496-0
  • Milne, Christopher Robin and A. R. Melrose (ed.), Beyond the World of Pooh: Selections from the Memoirs of Christopher Milne, New York, Dutton, 1998 ISBN 0-525-45888-3
  • Thwaite, Ann, A. A. Milne: His Life, New York, Random House, 1990 ISBN 0-394-58724-3
  • Tyerman Williams, John, Pooh and the Philosophers: In Which It Is Shown That All of Western Philosophy Is Merely a Preamble to Winnie-The-Pooh, London, Methuen, 1995 ISBN 0-525-45520-5
  • Wullschlager, Jackie, Inventing Wonderland: The Lives and Fantasies of Lewis Carroll, Edward Lear, J. M. Barrie, Kenneth Grahame and A. A. Milne, New York & Detroit, The Free Press, 1996 ISBN 0-684-82286-5

Frederick C. Crews (born 1933, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), essayist, author, and Professor of English Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Frederick C. Crews (born 1933, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), essayist, author, and Professor of English Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Benjamin Hoff (born 1946) is the author of several books on Taoism, including his bestselling The Tao of Pooh and The Te of Piglet. ... Cover of The Tao of Pooh The Tao of Pooh is a book by Benjamin Hoff (Dutton Books: 1982, ISBN 0-525-24458-1). ... Benjamin Hoff (born 1946) is the author of several books on Taoism, including his bestselling The Tao of Pooh and The Te of Piglet. ... Ten years after his 1982 novel The Tao of Pooh, Benjamin Hoff was pressed to write a follow up of his Western inquiry into Taoism. ... Christopher Robin Milne (August 21, 1920 – April 20, 1996) was the son of author Alan Alexander Milne and Dorothy de Selincourt. ... Ann Thwaite (born 1932) is a British writer, best known as a biographer. ...

Films

  • The Fourth Wall was made into a film called The Perfect Alibi
  • Michael and Mary was filmed in 1932

Michael and Mary was a 1932 film, based on a short story by A.A. Milne of Winnie the Pooh fame. ...

References

  • Thwaite, Ann (2004). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Milne, Alan Alexander. 

Ann Thwaite (born 1932) is a British writer, best known as a biographer. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
A. A. Milne
  • Works by A. A. Milne at Project Gutenberg
  • Essays by Milne at Quotidiana.org
  • Milne extract in the Guardian
  • WorldCat Identities page for 'Milne, A. A. 1882-1956 (Alan Alexander)'
  • A.A Milne Profile at Just-Pooh.com
Persondata
NAME Milne, A. A.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Milne, Alan Alexander
SHORT DESCRIPTION Novelist, Playwright, Poet
DATE OF BIRTH January 18, 1882(1882-01-18)
PLACE OF BIRTH Scotland
DATE OF DEATH January 31, 1956
PLACE OF DEATH Hartfield, Sussex, England

 
 

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