FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > A Scanner Darkly (film)
A Scanner Darkly

Theatrical poster
Directed by Richard Linklater
Produced by Tommy Pallotta
Anne Walker-McBay
Palmer West
Jonah Smith
Erwin Stoff
Written by Novel:
Philip K. Dick
Screenplay:
Richard Linklater
Starring Keanu Reeves
Robert Downey, Jr.
Woody Harrelson
Winona Ryder
Rory Cochrane
Music by Graham Reynolds
Cinematography Shane F. Kelly
Editing by Sandra Adair
Distributed by Warner Independent
Release date(s) July 7, 2006 (limited)
July 28, 2006 (wide)
Running time 100 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $6,000,000 [1]
Gross revenue $5,480,996 (USA)
Official website
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

A Scanner Darkly is a 2006 film by Richard Linklater based on the Philip K. Dick novel of the same name. The film tells the story of identity and deception in a near-future dystopia constantly monitored by intensive high-technology police surveillance in the midst of a huge drug addiction epidemic. To give the film its distinct look, the movie was filmed digitally and then animated using interpolated rotoscope over the original footage. Image File history File links A_Scanner_Darkly_Poster. ... Richard Rick Linklater (born July 30, 1961, in Houston, Texas) is an Academy Award nominated American film director and writer. ... Tommy Pallotta (born May 25, 1968, in Houston, Texas) is an American film director and producer. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... Richard Rick Linklater (born July 30, 1961, in Houston, Texas) is an Academy Award nominated American film director and writer. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is a Canadian actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Robert John Downey, Jr. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Winona Ryder (born October 29, 1971) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... Rory Cochrane (born 28 February 1972 in Syracuse, New York) is an American actor. ... Graham Reynolds Graham Reynolds is a musician from the midlands, UK. He has played in numerous bands, and has done a German tour in the summer of 2004. ... WIPs logo, which closely resembles half of the WB shield. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Please note that following the tradition of the English language film industry, these are the top grossing films that were first released in the United States and Canada in 2006; because they may have made most of their income in a later year, they may not be the top-grossing... Richard Rick Linklater (born July 30, 1961, in Houston, Texas) is an Academy Award nominated American film director and writer. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 science fiction novel by Philip K. Dick. ... This article is about the philosophical concept and literary form. ... Digital film refers to cinema production and performance systems which work by using a digital representation of the brightness and colour of each pixel of the image. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Rotoscoping is a technique where animators trace live action movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ...


The film was written and directed by Richard Linklater, and it stars Keanu Reeves, Winona Ryder, Woody Harrelson, Robert Downey, Jr., and Rory Cochrane. Steven Soderbergh and George Clooney are among the film's executive producers. A Scanner Darkly was released in July 2006 in limited release, and then widely released later that month. The movie was screened at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival and the 2006 Seattle International Film Festival. The film was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form in 2007. Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is a Canadian actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Winona Ryder (born October 29, 1971) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Robert John Downey, Jr. ... Rory Cochrane (born 28 February 1972 in Syracuse, New York) is an American actor. ... Steven Andrew Soderbergh (born January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, and Oscar-winning director. ... George Timothy Clooney (May 6, 1961) - is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter, known for his role in the first five seasons of the long-running television drama ER (1994–99), and his rise as an A-List movie star in contemporary American cinema. ... Poster for 2006 Cannes Film Festival, from the film In the Mood for Love by Wong Kar-wai. ... The Seattle International Film Festival (SIFF), held annually in Seattle, Washington, is purported to be the largest film festival in the United States and among the top film festivals in the world. ... The Hugo Awards are given annually by members of the World Science Fiction Convention for the best science fiction or fantasy works. ...


The title is a reference to a verse in the Christian Bible, 1 Corinthians: 13:12: "For now we see through a glass, darkly." The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... 1 Corinthians: 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians. ...

Contents

Plot

In the near future, seven years from now, America has lost the war on drugs. A highly addictive and debilitating illegal drug called Substance D, distilled from small blue flowers, has swept across the country. In response, the government develops an invasive, high-tech surveillance system and puts in place a network of informants and undercover agents. Massive mark-ups for drugs, areas/drugs/index. ...


Bob Arctor (Reeves), is an undercover agent assigned to immerse himself in the drug underworld and infiltrate the drug supply chain. Arctor and his housemates live in a suburban tract house in a poor Anaheim, California neighborhood. They are heavy drug users, and they pass their days by taking drugs and having long, drug-induced conversations. “Anaheim” redirects here. ...


When Arctor is at the police station, he is codenamed Fred, and hides his identity from his fellow police officers by wearing a high-tech scramble suit, that changes every aspect of the wearer's appearance. Arctor's superior officer, Hank, like all other officers at the station, also wears a scramble suit.


While posing as a drug user, Arctor becomes addicted to Substance D, a powerful psychoactive drug which causes a dreamy state of intoxication and bizarre hallucinations; chronic users may develop a split personality, cognitive problems, and severe paranoia. Arctor befriends an attractive young woman named Donna Hawthorne (Ryder), a user of cocaine, Arctor's supplier of Substance D, and part of the drug scene. Arctor hopes to buy so much Substance D from Hawthorne that she is forced to introduce him to her supplier, but Arctor develops romantic feelings for her. However, Hawthorne refuses Arctor's sexual advances and Arctor's roommates question the true nature of their relationship. Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ...


Hank orders Fred to step up surveillance on the members of the Arctor household. Hank assumes Fred is one of the drug users in the Arctor household, but does not know which one, and actually orders Fred to focus the surveillance on Arctor. In the meantime, the household members are extremely paranoid that the police has bugged their home and are watching their every move. The paranoia reaches extreme levels, and Arctor seems to become wrapped up in the concern of his roommates, even forgetting that he is the undercover agent spying on his justifiably paranoid friends. Meanwhile, Arctor's roommate Barris (Downey Jr.) secretly contacts the police and tells them he suspects Hawthorne and Arctor are part of a terrorist organization. Barris unknowingly tells this to Arctor himself at the police station while Arctor is wearing his scramble suit.


Due to Arctor's heavy use of Substance D, he develops cognitive problems which stop the two hemispheres of his brain from communicating. As a result, Arctor is no longer able to distinguish between his roles as a drug user and undercover policeman, which makes him incapable of performing his job. Hank reprimands Arctor for becoming addicted to Substance D while undercover, and warns him that he will be disciplined.


Hank reveals to Arctor that he has figured out through the process of elimination Arctor's true identity, and that his identity is indeed Arctor. Arctor is surprised to learn his own true identity and he begins to act extremely confused and disorientated. Hank phones Donna, and asks her to take Arctor to New Path, a corporation that runs a series of rehabilitation clinics. Hank's identity is revealed as he takes off his scramble suit: he turns out to be Donna. The process of elimination is a logical tool to root out problems in larger systems. ...


At New Path, Arctor experiences the severe symptoms of Substance D withdrawal. It turns out Donna was part of a greater police operation to infiltrate New Path, and Arctor had been selected, without his knowledge or consent, to carry out the sting. It is revealed that the police had intended for Arctor to become addicted to Substance D, and sacrificed so he could infiltrate New Path. Donna was undercover both at the police station ordering Arctor to spy on himself, and in his real life posing as his girlfriend and drug supplier. Both of Arctor's identities were merely pawns in a larger operation. This ultimately validates portions of Barris' paranoid suspicions that Donna and Arctor were actually covert agents working together, even though Arctor himself did not realize it.


As part of the rehabilitation program at New Path, Arctor is renamed Bruce and put through psychological reconditioning treatments. Arctor has serious brain damage from his withdrawal from Substance D. To continue his rehabilitation, New Path sends Arctor to work at an isolated New Path corn farming prison. Arctor spots rows of blue flowers hidden between rows of corn; these blue flowers are the source of Substance D. As the film ends, Arctor hides one of the blue flowers in his boot, so that, when he returns to the New Path clinic during Thanksgiving, he can give it to his friends, people who are undercover police agents.


End credits

The end credits list people who have suffered serious permanent physical or mental damage (brain damage, psychosis, pancreatic trauma, etc.) or death as a result of massive drug use. The names are found in the afterword ("Author's Note") of the novel. The note that Dick wrote to accompany this list is also faithfully reproduced in these end credits, in which he mourns the list members' deaths and destruction. Dick includes his own name on the list, as 'Phil', a victim of permanent pancreatic damage. An afterword is a literary device that is often found at the end of a piece of literature. ... Chronic pancreatitis can present as episodes of acute inflammation in a previously injured pancreas, or as chronic damage with persistent pain or malabsorption. ...


Linklater himself adds another name to the end credits and dedicates the film to the memory of Louis Mackey. Mackey was an influential philosophy professor at the University of Texas at Austin; he had appeared in two of Linklater's previous films. He died in 2004. University of Texas redirects here. ...


Cast

Actor Role
Keanu Reeves Bob Arctor
Robert Downey, Jr. Jim Barris
Winona Ryder Donna Hawthorne
Woody Harrelson Ernie Luckman
Rory Cochrane Charles Freck

Alex Jones makes a cameo appearance in the film. Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is a Canadian actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Robert John Downey, Jr. ... Winona Ryder (born October 29, 1971) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-winning American actress. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Rory Cochrane (born 28 February 1972 in Syracuse, New York) is an American actor. ... For other persons of the same name, see Alex Jones. ...


Production

Originally, Richard Linklater toyed with adapting the Philip K. Dick novel Ubik but stopped early on because he was unable to obtain the rights and he "couldn't quite crack it."[2] He began thinking about Scanner Darkly, another Dick novel while talking to producer Tommy Pallotta during the making of Waking Life. Linklater liked Scanner Darkly more than Ubik and felt that he could make a film out of it.[2] According to Linklater, the challenge was capturing "the humor and exuberance of the book but not let go of the sad and tragic."[3] Linklater was not interested in turning the book into a big budget action thriller as had been done in the past because he felt that Scanner Darkly was "about these guys and what they're all doing in their alternative world and what's going through their minds is really what keeps the story moving."[3] He wanted to keep the budget under $10 million so that he could have more creative control, remain faithful to the book, and make it an animated film.[2] Cover of the 1970 Dell paperback edition of Ubik Ubik is a 1969 science fiction novel by Philip K. Dick. ... Waking Life is a digitally rotoscoped and animated film, directed by Richard Linklater and made in 2001. ...


After completing School of Rock, Linklater told Pallotta that he wanted to make Scanner Darkly next. It was important to him that Dick's estate approve his film. Pallotta wrote a personal appeal and pitched a faithful adaptation of the novel to Russ Galen, the Philip K. Dick estate's literary agent who shared it with the late author's two daughters (Laura Leslie and Isa Hackett) and own and operate their father's trust.[4] Dick's daughters weren't too keen on "a cartoon version" of Scanner Darkly.[4] After high profile adaptations, Minority Report and Paycheck, they took a more proactive role in evaluating every film proposal, including unusual projects like Linklater's.[4] They read Linklater's screenplay and then met with him to discuss their respective visions of Scanner Darkly. They felt that it was one of their father's most personal stories and liked that Linklater wasn't going to treat the drug aspects lightly,[3] that he wanted to set it in the near future and make it right away.[4] For other uses, see School of Rock (disambiguation). ... The Minority Report (The) Minority Report is a science fiction short story by Philip K. Dick first published in 1956. ... A paycheck is traditionally a paper document issued by an employer to pay an employee for services rendered. ...


Casting

For the dual roles of Bob Arctor and Fred, Linklater thought of Keanu Reeves but figured that the actor would be burnt out from making another science fiction film after making The Matrix trilogy.[3] Robert Downey Jr. was attracted to the film when he heard Reeves was going to star and Linklater to direct. He thought that the script was the strangest one he had ever read.[3] Linklater wrote the role of Freck with Rory Cochrane in mind.[3] The actor was interested but didn't want to re-create his role in Dazed and Confused. Both Woody Harrelson and Winona Ryder agreed to appear in the film based on the script. Both Reeves and Ryder agreed to work for the Screen Actors Guild scale rate plus any backend profits.[5] The Matrix series consists of the films The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions, all written and directed by the Wachowski brothers. ... Dazed and Confused is a 1993 American film written and directed by Richard Linklater. ... The Screen Actors Guild (S.A.G.) is the labor union representing over 120,000 film actors in the United States. ...


Principal photography

Linklater assembled the cast for two weeks of rehearsals in Austin, Texas before principal photography began in order to fine-tune the script. The result was a fusion of Linklater's writing, the novel and the actors' input.[3] To prepare for their respective roles, Cochrane came up with his character five minutes before he got on the elevator to work; Downey Jr. memorized his dialogue by writing it all out in run-on sentences, studying them and then converting them to acronyms; and Reeves relied on the book, marking down each scene in the screenplay to the corresponding page.[3] Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas, the seat of Travis County. ...


Principal photography began on May 17, 2004 and lasted six weeks.[5] Arctor's house was located on Eric Circle in Southeast Austin. The previous tenants had left a month prior to filming and left the place in such a state that production designer Bruce Curtis had to make modifications so that it looked like a run-down home.[3] The filmmakers had looked at 60 houses before settling on this one. Linklater shot a lot of exteriors in Anaheim, California and then composited them into the Austin footage in post-production. Because everything would be animated over later, makeup, lighting and visible equipment, like boom mics, were less of a concern.[3] However, cinematographer Shane Kelly carefully composed shots and used a color palette with the animators in mind. Sometimes, they would show up to tell Kelly what they needed. is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Anaheim” redirects here. ...


Dick's daughters visited the set during filming and spoke with the principal cast and crew members who made the two women feel like they were a part of the production.[3] Extensive on-set footage of the filming of A Scanner Darkly was featured in a UK documentary about Richard Linklater directed by Irshad Ashraf and broadcast on Channel 4 in December 2004. Irshad Ashraf is a British documentary film maker with a reputation for making stylish, visually innovative films. ... This article is about the British television station. ...


Animation

After principal photography was finished, the film was transferred to Quicktime for a 15-month animation process: interpolated-rotoscoping. Scanner Darkly was filmed digitally using the Panasonic AG-DVX100 and then animated with Rotoshop, a proprietary graphics editing program created by Bob Sabiston. Rotoshop uses an animation technique called interpolated rotoscope, which was previously used in Linklater's film Waking Life. Linklater discussed the ideas and inspiration behind his use of rotoscoping in a UK documentary about him in 2004, linking it to his personal experiences of lucid dreaming. Rotoscoping in traditional cel animation originally involved tracing over film frame-by-frame. This is similar in some respects to the rotoscope style of filmmaker Ralph Bakshi. Rotoshop animation, however, makes use of vector keyframes, and interpolates the in-between frames automatically.[3] QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Digital film refers to cinema production and performance systems which work by using a digital representation of the brightness and colour of each pixel of the image. ... The Panasonic AG-DVX100B is a popular mid-range digital video camera. ... Image example from A Scanner Darkly Rotoshop is a proprietary graphics editing program created by Bob Sabiston. ... Bob Sabiston (born 1967) is an American film art director, computer programmer, and creator of the Rotoshop software program for computer animation. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... In the mathematical subfield of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points from a discrete set of known data points. ... Rotoscoping is a technique where animators trace live action movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... Waking Life is a digitally rotoscoped and animated film, directed by Richard Linklater and made in 2001. ... Lucid dreams occur during REM sleep after the person becomes conscious and aware of dreaming within the dream. ... Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Ralph Bakshi (October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and occasionally live-action films. ... It has been suggested that Vector monitor be merged into this article or section. ... In animation, a key frame is a frame in an animated sequence of frames that was drawn or otherwise constructed directly by the user. ...


The animation phase was a trying process for Linklater who said, "I know how to make a movie, but I don't really know how to handle the animation."[5] He had gone the animation route because he felt that there was very little animation targeted for adults.[5] Each minute of animation required 500 hours of work with 30 people working full-time every day.[6]


Post-production problems

Originally, the film was supposed to be released in September 2005. Most of the animators were hired locally with only a few of the 30 people having movie-making experience.[5] Six weeks into the animation process, only a few animated sequences were close to being completed while Linklater was off making Bad News Bears. Sabiston had divided the animators into five teams and split the work amongst them. However, there was poor communication between the teams and the uniform animation style that Linklater wanted was not being implemented.[5] After almost two months some animators were still learning the software and Linklater became frustrated with the lack of progress.[5] Bad News Bears is a remake of the 1976 movie The Bad News Bears, produced by Paramount Pictures. ...


Mark Gill, head of Warner Independent Pictures, asked for a status report in late November 2004. There were no finished sequences as the entire film was being animated at once as opposed to from beginning to end.[5] Under pressure, some animators worked 18-hour days for two weeks in order to produce a trailer and this seemed to appease Gill and Linklater.[5] Sabiston and his team were falling behind schedule and reportedly asked for more time, money and staff.[5] This created tension and in February 2005, while Sabiston and his four-person core team were strategizing at a local cafe, Pallotta changed the locks and seized their workstations, replacing him with two local artists, Jason Archer and Paul Beck.[5] WIPs logo, which closely resembles half of the WB shield. ...


The studio increased the budget to $8.7 million (it was originally $6.7 million) and gave Linklater six more months to finish the film.[5] Pallotta took charge and instituted a more traditional Disney-esque production ethic that included a style manual, strict deadlines and breaking the film up into smaller segments.[5] The animation process lasted 15 months. Regarding the post-production problems, Linklater said, "There's a lot of misinformation out there...Changes took place during the early stages of us really getting going on this had everything to do with management and not art. It was a budgetary concern, essentially."[2] Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ...


A test screening was scheduled for December 2005 and went reasonably well.[5] A revised release date was set for March 31, 2006, but Gill felt that there would not enough time to mount a proper promotional campaign and the date was pushed back to July 7, putting the film up against Pixar's Cars and Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pixars studio lot in Emeryville Pixar Animation Studios is an American computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California (USA) notable for its seven Academy Awards. ... This article is about the animated movie. ...


Music

The score (more than an hour's worth is in the film) was provided by Austin, Texas-based composer Graham Reynolds. Linklater approached Reynolds in 2003 after a club performance and suggested Reynolds create the score for Scanner Darkly.[7] Linklater and Reynolds had worked previously on Live from Shiva's Dance Floor, a 20 minute short featuring Timothy "Speed" Levitch.[7] Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas, the seat of Travis County. ... Graham Reynolds Graham Reynolds is a musician from the midlands, UK. He has played in numerous bands, and has done a German tour in the summer of 2004. ... Tim Speed Levitch (born 1970) is an American actor, tour guide, and speaker. ...


The composition and recording process took over one and a half years (the unusual time allotment was due to the film's time-consuming animation process) and was done in Reynolds' east Austin home, in his bedroom.[7] This is not a synthesized score; all the instruments except electric guitar and bass were acoustic, though many were transformed through effects.[7] The film also includes clips of five Radiohead songs - "Fog," "Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors," "Skttrbrain (Four Tet Mix)," "The Amazing Sounds of Orgy," and "Arpeggi" (although "Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors" and "Arpeggi" appear uncredited) - and one Thom Yorke song, "Black Swan." An early test screening featured an all-Radiohead soundtrack.[7] Radiohead are an English rock band. ... Thomas Edward Yorke (born October 7, 1968 in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England) is an English musician, best known as the lead singer of the band Radiohead. ...


Soundtrack

The album is available from Lakeshore Records and includes the score by Graham Reynolds featuring the Golden Arm Trio. Additionally, the CD includes exclusive remixes of Graham's music by DJ Spooky and Jack Dangers (Meat Beat Manifesto). After finishing the film, Reynolds set to work on remixing the surround sound music into stereo. He then selected 44 minutes out of the film score in order to craft a listening CD while attempting to retain some feel of the arc of the film. Some of the shorter cues were assembled into longer CD tracks. Graham Reynolds Graham Reynolds is a musician from the midlands, UK. He has played in numerous bands, and has done a German tour in the summer of 2004. ... DJ Spooky, That Subliminal Kid (born Paul D. Miller, 1970), is a Washington DC-born electronic and experimental hip hop musician whose work is often called illbient or trip hop. He is a turntablist and producer. ... Jack Dangers (born John Corrigan, 1965, in Swindon) is an electronic musician, DJ, producer, and remixer best known for his work as the primary member of Meat Beat Manifesto. ... Meat Beat Manifesto, often shortened to Meat Beat or MBM, is an electronic music outfit originally consisting of Jack Dangers and Jonny Stephens formed in 1987 in Swindon, UK. This was also the hometown of the band XTC, who helped Meat Beat get started. ... Multichannel audio is the name for a variety of techniques for expanding and enriching the sound of audio playback by recording additional sound channels that can be reproduced on additional speakers. ...


Reception

Having never been intended for mainstream audiences, the film opened in seventeen theaters and grossed $391,672 for a per-theater average of $23,039. The film saw some expansion in later weeks and ultimately grossed $5.5 million domestically and $7.6 million worldwide, earning back its $6 million production budget.[8] While this was far from a smash hit (and was a small gross compared to several of the starring actors' past releases), the film fared quite well in limited release, especially considering the release of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest[9] in the same weekend, and fared much better than director Richard Linklater's other feature, Fast Food Nation, released the same year.[10] Fast Food Nation is a fictionalized film loosely based on the non-fiction book Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. ...


A Scanner Darkly opened on July 7, 2006 to mixed reviews, with critics disagreeing over the film's merits. Carina Chocano of the Los Angeles Times found the film "engrossing" and wrote that "the brilliance of [the film] is how it suggests, without bombast or fanfare, the ways in which the real world has come to resemble the dark world of comic books."[11] Similarly, Matthew Turner of ViewLondon, believing the film to be "engaging" and "beautifully animated," also praised the film for its "superb performances" and original, thought-provoking screenplay.[12] is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ...


However, several critics were distanced by the film's content and thematic elements. James Berardinelli awarded the film two and a half stars (out of four), noting that the film suffers from an "inability to draw in the viewer." He also noted that the film "is not involving on an emotional level" and that the general theme of the film is "well-trodden."[13] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly was also unimpressed, awarding the film a final rating of "C-," writing that the film is "more fun to think about than [it] is to experience." He also found the film to follow a confusing narrative and that the storyline "goes nowhere."[14] The film holds a 67% "Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes, with an average critical rating of 6.7/10.[15] James Berardinelli (born September 1967, New Brunswick, New Jersey) is an online film critic. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Differences between the novel and the film

The film differs in several ways from the novel:

  • The film reveals a blue "small highly toxic flower" (the fictional species: Clerondendron Ugandens) as the source of Substance D in the first few minutes, while this revelation is part of the ending in the novel.
  • The novel's characters of Jerry Fabin and Charles Freck are combined into Freck.
  • The depiction of the scramble suit is slightly different than its description in the novel. The novel describes the images on the suit being "projected at any nanosecond and then switched to the next." In the film, the images on the suit are projected and switched at a slower rate because director Richard Linklater asked that the faces be visible as they changed. [1]
  • All references to the "cephalochromoscope" (or "cephscope"), a recreational device that displays brain patterns, have been removed.
  • As with most film adaptations of novels, numerous scenes and subplots were not included in the film, such as Arctor visiting a female friend trapped in an abusive relationship, Donna's hostility toward Coca-Cola delivery trucks, and Arctor's attempt to admit himself to New Path in hopes of tracking down a drug smuggler believed to be hiding there.
  • The Lions Club, where Fred gives a speech early in the novel, was changed to the fictional Brown Bear Lodge for the film. McDonald's was changed to the fictional General Burgers.

The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... Lions Clubs International logo Lions Clubs International is the worlds largest service club organization with 45,000 clubs and nearly 1. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ...

DVD

DVD Cover

The DVD was released in North America on December 19, 2006 and in the UK on January 22, 2007. The following extras are included: the theatrical trailer; "Weight of the Line," an animation tales feature; "One Summer in Austin," a short documentary on the filming of the movie; and audio commentary from actor Keanu Reeves, director Richard Linklater, producer Tommy Pallotta, author Jonathan Lethem, and Phillip K. Dick's daughter, Isa Dick Hackett. Image File history File links D059418. ... Image File history File links D059418. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


It was released on HD DVD and Blu-ray on April 10, 2007. is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


See also

This is a list of animated feature-length films from around the world organised chronologically by year; theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies. ... Image example from A Scanner Darkly Rotoshop is a proprietary graphics editing program created by Bob Sabiston. ...

References

  1. ^ Macaulay, Scott. (Winter, 2006). "The Schizoid Man". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved on July 26, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d Savlov, Marc. "Securing the Substance", Austin Chronicle, July 7, 2006. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "A Scanner Darkly Production Notes", Warner Independent Pictures, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. 
  4. ^ a b c d Ashlock, Jesse. "What A Scanner Sees: Richard Linklater Animates a Philip K. Dick Sci-Fi Classic", Res magazine, January/February 2006. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n La Franco, Robert. "Trouble in Toontown", Wired magazine, March 2006. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ Howell, Peter. "Linklater's dark place", The Toronto Star, 2006-07-05. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Hernandez, Raoul. "Graham Reynold's Scanner Score", Austin Chronicle, July 7, 2006. 
  8. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=scannerdarkly.htm
  9. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/weekend/chart/?yr=2006&wknd=27&p=.htm
  10. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=fastfoodnation.htm
  11. ^ http://www.calendarlive.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-scannerdarkly7jul07,0,5662926.story
  12. ^ http://www.viewlondon.co.uk/review_2911.html
  13. ^ Berardinelli, J. (2006). "Scanner Darkly, A". Retrieved 2007-08-22.
  14. ^ http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,1210208,00.html
  15. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/scanner_darkly/?sortby=rating&critic=columns

is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Austin Chronicle is an alternative weekly newspaper published every Thursday in Austin, Texas, United States. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... WIPs logo, which closely resembles half of the WB shield. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... March 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Fijian Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase announces that the 2006 Fiji general elections will be held in the second week of May 2006 from the 6th to the 13th. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Toronto Star is a major metropolitan newspaper produced in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Austin Chronicle is an alternative weekly newspaper published every Thursday in Austin, Texas, United States. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Philip K. Dick - A Scanner Darkly Film Adaptation (790 words)
The history of the A Scanner Darkly option (and subsequent development) is interesting and unique, but we will save the details of it, perhaps for a later date.
A Scanner Darkly is one of our father's most personal stories because much of it is based on his own experiences.
We all hope that when this project is completed and fans watch this film, they will feel that the interpretation reflects the true spirit of the original story, and also know that the genesis of the project is the love and respect for Philip K. Dick.
IGN: A Scanner Darkly Review (1038 words)
When the concept of adapting A Scanner Darkly was discussed, the film was a natural fit for the team, and its bizarre, often dreamlike elements of a near future seemed like a natural fit for a return to the rotoscoping process.
This is a film that constantly twists and turns, tip-tapping between the paranoia of character's minds and what is actually happening with such a smooth flow, audiences may find themselves lost quickly.
Scanner is another strong performance, a feat worthy of respect considering how much of the final result needed to be imagined on set before animators worked to craft what is ultimately seen on screen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m