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Encyclopedia > A Nightmare on Elm Street
A Nightmare on Elm Street

Original US theatrical poster
Directed by Wes Craven
Produced by Robert Shaye
Written by Wes Craven
Starring John Saxon
Ronee Blakley
Heather Langenkamp
Amanda Wyss
Johnny Depp
Robert Englund
Music by Charles Bernstein
Cinematography Jacques Haitkin
Editing by Patrick McMahon
Rick Shaine
Distributed by New Line Cinema
Release date(s) November 9, 1984
Running time 91 min.
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $1.8 million
Gross revenue $25,504,513 (domestically)
Followed by A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

A Nightmare on Elm Street is a 1984 American horror film directed and written by Wes Craven. The film features John Saxon, Heather Langenkamp, Ronee Blakley, Amanda Wyss, Jsu Garcia, Robert Englund and Johnny Depp in his feature film debut. Set in the fictional Midwestern town of Springwood, Ohio, the plot revolves around several teenagers being terrorized in their nightmares by the ghost of a serial child murderer named Freddy Krueger. Image File history File links Nightmare01. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... 4. ... Ronee Blakley in Nashville Ronee Blakley (b. ... Heather Langenkamp (born July 17, 1964) is an American film and television actress. ... Amanda Wyss (b. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Robert Barton Englund (born June 6th, 1949), is an American actor from Glendale, California. ... Charles Bernstein (February 28, 1943) is a Daytime Emmy Award winning composer for film and television music. ... Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta President of France, 1873-1879 Marie Edmé Patrice Maurice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, Marshal of France (July 13, 1808 - October 16, 1893) was a Frenchman of Irish descent. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... New Line redirects here. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... 4. ... Heather Langenkamp (born July 17, 1964) is an American film and television actress. ... Ronee Blakley in Nashville Ronee Blakley (b. ... Amanda Wyss (b. ... Jsu Garcia (born October 06, 1963 (age 43) in New York City) is a Cuban-American actor who has starred in many films. ... Robert Barton Englund (born June 6th, 1949), is an American actor from Glendale, California. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Springwood is a suburb located in the Blue Mountains west of Sydney, NSW. In 1815 Governor Macquarie and his wife stopped by a spring for water down a deep glen. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The current usage of the term nightmare refers to a dream which causes the sleeper a strong unpleasant emotional response. ... This article is about the fictional character. ...


Craven produced A Nightmare on Elm Street on an estimated budget of just $1.8 million,[1] a sum the film earned back during its first week.[2] Grossing $25.5 million at the United States box office,[2] A Nightmare on Elm Street has become one of the most popular entries in the horror genre and the film's villain "Freddy Krueger" has become one of the most well recognized villains in cinema history. Both critics and Craven have mentioned that the film owes some of its success to John Carpenter's Halloween (1978), which was hugely influential in spawning a long line of slasher films and originating many clichés found in low-budget horror films of the 1980s and 1990s.[3][4] The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... For other persons named John Carpenter, see John Carpenter (disambiguation). ... Halloween (film) redirects here. ... The slasher film is a sub-genre of horror film typically involving a masked, psychopathic killer who stalks and graphically murders a series of victims in a random, unprovoked fashion, usually teenagers or young adults who are away from adult supervision and involved in illicit activities (e. ...


The film's premise is the question of where the line between dreams and reality lies. The villain, Freddy Krueger, thus exists in the "dream world" yet can kill in the "real world". Sequels to the original would continue to blur the distinction between dream and reality before finally challenging the line between art and reality by showing Heather Langenkamp, playing a fictionalized version of herself, haunted by the villain of a series of films she has starred in. Critics encouraged and praised the film's ability to rupture "the boundaries between the imaginary and real",[5] toying with audience perceptions.[6] Some movie historians interpreted this overriding theme as a social subtext, "the struggles of adolescents in American society",[7] and their overwhelming need to confront "the harsh realities of life".[8] Dreaming is the subjective experience of imaginary images, sounds/voices, thoughts or sensations during sleep, usually involuntarily. ... For other uses, see Reality (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Plot

A fifteen-year-old girl named Tina Grey has a disturbing nightmare in which she is stalked through a dark boiler room by a figure with distinctive razor-sharp knives for fingers on his right hand. Just as he catches her, however, she wakes up screaming, only to discover four razor cuts in her nightdress identical to the cuts in her dream. A boiler room is a room where a boiler is kept (see: mechanical room). ...


The next day, she finds out that her friend Nancy Thompson experienced the same dream. That night, Tina, Nancy and her boyfriend Glen Lantz have a sleep-over to make a distraught Tina feel better. Tina's rebellious boyfriend, Rod Lane, crashes the party and goes to bed with Tina in her mother's bedroom. However, Tina has another nightmare, and this time the killer catches her and brutally murders her. Rod wakes up to find Tina being cut open by invisible knives and then dragged across the ceiling. Rod, being the only other person in the room at the time, is suspected of the killing and is arrested the next day. This article is about the fictional character. ...


Nancy then has three violent nightmares in which she is viciously stalked then attacked by the same terrifying figure who attacked Tina. These nightmares lead her to talk to Rod in prison, who tells her what he saw in Tina's mother's bedroom. Much to the dismay of her mother Marge, Nancy becomes increasingly convinced that the figure appearing in her dreams is the person who killed Tina. Nancy and a skeptical Glen rush to the police station late at night to talk to Rod, only to find that he's been strangled by his own bedsheets. To everyone except Nancy, it appears to be a suicide. For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Nancy's mother takes her to a Dream Therapy Clinic to ensure she gets some sleep. Once again, she has a horrendous nightmare. This time, her arm is badly cut, but she finds that she has brought something out from her dream: the killer's battered hat. It arouses concern, but also other feelings in Nancy's mother, who is clearly hiding a secret. Eventually, Marge, increasingly drink-sodden, reveals to Nancy that the owner of the hat, and the killer, was a man named Freddy Krueger, a child murderer who killed at least twenty children over a decade earlier. Furious, vengeful parents burned him alive in his boiler room hideout when he was released from prison on a technicality. Now, it appears he is manipulating the dreams of their children to exact his revenge from beyond the grave. Nancy's mother, however, reassures Nancy that Krueger can't hurt anyone, pulling Krueger's knife glove from a hiding place in the furnace as a visual aid. This article is about the fictional character. ...


Nancy devises a plan, with Glen, to catch Krueger, but Glen succumbs to sleep and is viciously killed by being sucked into his bed and shot back up in a fountain of blood. Nancy is left alone with Freddy after pulling him into the real world. She runs around her house and forces him to run into booby traps she had set earlier. After setting Freddy on fire Nancy locks him in the basement, and finally gets her father and the rest of the police to help. After discovering that Freddy has escaped and that fiery footsteps lead upstairs, Nancy and her father, Donald Thompson, a police lieutenant, witness Freddy smothering Marge with his flaming body, disappearing to leave her corpse to sink into the bed. After sending her father away, Nancy faces Krueger on her own and succeeds in destroying him by turning her back on him and draining him of all energy. The scene shifts to the next morning, where it is revealed that everything was a dream as Nancy gets in a car with Glen and the rest of her friends, on their way to school. Nancy realizes that she is still trapped in the dream, as Freddy possesses the car just as she gets in. The car drives away with Nancy screaming for her mother, and Marge being pulled through the door window by a clawed hand.


Cast

Freddy Krueger, played by Robert Englund. The task of creating Krueger's horribly burnt face fell to makeup man David Miller, who based his creation on photos of burn victims he obtained from the UCLA Medical Center.
Freddy Krueger, played by Robert Englund. The task of creating Krueger's horribly burnt face fell to makeup man David Miller, who based his creation on photos of burn victims he obtained from the UCLA Medical Center.[9]

The cast of A Nightmare on Elm Street included a motley crew of veteran actors such as Robert Englund and John Saxon, as well as several then-unknown actors including Johnny Depp and Heather Langenkamp. The low budget curtailed the ability of the number of big names that Craven could attract, and most of the actors received very little compensation for their roles. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 448 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (475 × 636 pixel, file size: 405 KB, MIME type: image/png) Production still of actor Robert Englund as Freddy Krueger from A Nightmare on Elm Street. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 448 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (475 × 636 pixel, file size: 405 KB, MIME type: image/png) Production still of actor Robert Englund as Freddy Krueger from A Nightmare on Elm Street. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Robert Barton Englund (born June 6th, 1949), is an American actor from Glendale, California. ... David Miller could refer to any of the following: David Miller (architect), University of Washington, Seattle Professor, FAIA David Miller (Canadian politician), mayor of Toronto David Miller (darts player), an American professional darts player David Miller (director), film director David Miller (editor), British writer and journalist Dave Miller (Mozilla), American... Robert Barton Englund (born June 6th, 1949), is an American actor from Glendale, California. ... 4. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Heather Langenkamp (born July 17, 1964) is an American film and television actress. ...

  • Heather Langenkamp as Nancy Thompson: Nancy Thompson is an intelligent teenager that has recently been plagued by eerie, sadomasochistic dreams of a man in a dirty green and red sweater, later revealed to be Freddy Krueger. Craven claimed he wanted someone very "non-Hollywood" for the role of Nancy, and he believed Langenkamp met this quality.[10] Langenkamp, before becoming an actress, worked as a newspaper copy girl, and saw an ad for extras needed on Francis Ford Coppola's The Outsiders (1983), which was being shot in Tulsa. She did not get the part, but it encouraged her to continue acting and she eventually landed the role of Nancy Thompson after an open audition, beating out more than 200 actresses.[11] Langenkamp returned as Nancy in A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors (1987) and played herself in Wes Craven's New Nightmare (1994).
  • Robert Englund as Freddy Krueger: Krueger is a child murderer who killed at least twenty children over a decade before the film takes place. Furious, vengeful parents burned him alive in his boiler room hideout when he was released from prison on a technicality. Now, it appears he is manipulating the dreams of their children to exact his revenge from beyond the grave. According to Craven, Englund was not the first choice for the role of Freddy Krueger; they had initially wanted a stunt man to play the part. Englund, however, was sent a copy of the script, and agreed to star.[12] Englund had previously had minor roles in Big Wednesday (1978) and Bloodbrothers (1978), but was at the time best-known for his role as an alien in the mini-series V and V: The Final Battle (1984).
  • Johnny Depp as Glen Lantz: Glen is Nancy's boyfriend, who is also experiencing eerie dreams, although he does not react strongly to them. Depp was another unknown when he was cast; and initially went to accompany a friend so he could audition, yet ended up getting the part of Glen. According to Wes Craven, his decision to cast Johnny Depp was influenced by his daughter and a friend of hers who thought he (Johnny Depp) was the "cutest" of the final three choices (the other two actors were blond surfer-type actors).[citation needed] Johnny Depp also appeared in the sixth installment, Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare (1991).
  • Amanda Wyss as Tina Grey: Tina is Nancy's best friend who is also being traumatized by Krueger in her dreams. Wyss was a stage actress prior to being cast in her role. She had also appeared in Better Off Dead (1985), was cast as Tina Grey, and was the only cast member in Nightmare not to appear in any of the sequels.
  • Nick Corri as Rod Lane: Rod is Tina's boyfriend who is charged with her murder, as he was the only one present during her death. Nick Corri also appeared briefly in New Nightmare.
  • Ronee Blakley as Marge Thompson: Nancy's alcoholic, but loving mother.

Heather Langenkamp (born July 17, 1964) is an American film and television actress. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... The Outsiders may refer to: // The Outsiders (novel), a 1967 novel by S. E. Hinton Outsiders (comics), a superhero series published by DC Comics Outsiders (Known Space), a fictional species of aliens in Larry Nivens Known Space series The Outsiders (play), a 1911 play by Charles Klein The Outsiders... Downtown Tulsa Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. ... Wes Cravens New Nightmare (1994) is the seventh entry in the Nightmare on Elm Street series of slasher films. ... Robert Barton Englund (born June 6th, 1949), is an American actor from Glendale, California. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... A stunt performer is someone who performs dangerous stunts. ... Big Wednesday was a 1978 coming-of-age movie, directed by John Milius, starring Jan-Michael Vincent, William Katt and Gary Busey as California surfers facing life, the Vietnam War, and use of the ever changing surf as a metaphor for the changes in life. ... V is a science fiction two-part television miniseries, written and directed by Kenneth Johnson, that launched his science fiction franchise concerning aliens known as The Visitors trying to take over Earth. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Amanda Wyss (b. ... Better Off Dead is a 1985 teen cult black comedy starring John Cusack, written and directed by Savage Steve Holland. ... Jsu Garcia (b. ... 4. ... Wes Cravens New Nightmare (1994) is the seventh entry in the Nightmare on Elm Street series of slasher films. ... Ronee Blakley in Nashville Ronee Blakley (b. ...

Production

Development

"It was a series of articles in the LA Times, three small articles about men from South East Asia, who were from immigrant families and who had died in the middle of nightmares—and the paper never correlated them, never said, ‘Hey, we’ve had another story like this."
Wes Craven on the creation of the film[13]

The origin of A Nightmare on Elm Street may lie in director Wes Craven's childhood.[10] The basis of the film was inspired by several newspaper articles printed in the LA Times on a group of Cambodian refugees and their children, who, after fleeing to America from Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge regime, were suffering horrific nightmares, after which they refused to sleep. Acting on medical advice, their parents encouraged them to do so. However, each of the children died in their sleep soon after, following the second dream.[9][10] In addition, one night, a young Craven saw an elderly man walking on the sidepath outside the window of his home. The man stopped to glance at a startled Craven, and then walked off. This served as the inspiration for Freddy Krueger.[10] Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998), aliases Pol, Pouk, Hay, Grand-Uncle, First Brother, 87, Phem, 99, and best known as Pol Pot[1], was the leader of the communist movement called Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially renamed the Democratic Kampuchea during his rule... Flag of Democratic Kampuchea The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: ) was the ruling political party of Cambodia—which it renamed the Democratic Kampuchea—from 1975 to 1979. ... This article is about the fictional character. ...


Craven also stated that he came up with the overall concept of the film studying eastern religions.[14] Other sources also attribute the inspiration for the movie to be a 1968 student film project made by students of Craven's at Clarkson University. The student film parodied contemporary horror movies, and was filmed along Elm Street in Potsdam, NY.[15] Also, perhaps coincidentally, Canadian serial killer Peter Woodcock, who was jailed in 1957 for the murder of three young children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, officially changed his name to David Michael Krueger in 1982.[16] Woodcock was remanded to a mental hospital, where he committed a fourth murder, and is still incarcerated today. Craven, however, has not credited Woodcock with serving any inspiration to Freddy Krueger. By Craven's account, the name had come from Craven's childhood. He had been bullied at school by a child named Fred Krueger, and named his villain accordingly.[9] In addition, Craven had done the same in his earlier film The Last House on the Left (1972), where the rapist's name was shortened to 'Krug.' He based Krueger's appearance on another childhood experience in which he had been scared by a homeless man with a very distinctive red-and-green sweater; the same colored sweater he chose for his villain. In addition, it has been stated that Craven had read that those were the two hardest colours to visually process together, which is another reason as to why he chose the respective colored sweater.[17] The 1970s pop song "Dream Weaver" by Gary Wright sealed the story for Craven, giving him not only an artistic setting to "jump off" from, but the synthesizer riff from the Elm Street soundtrack.[18] Initially, Freddy Krueger was intended to be a child molester, however the decision was changed to him being a child murderer to avoid being accused of exploiting a spate of highly publicized child molestations that occurred in California around the time of production of the film.[9] Clarkson University, formerly Clarkson College of Technology, is a private university located in rural Potsdam, New York. ... Potsdam is a village located in the Town of Potsdam in St. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ... Peter Woodcock (born March 5, 1939) is a Canadian serial killer and child rapist who murdered three young children in Toronto, Canada in 1956 and 1957 when he was still a teenager. ... ... The Last House on the Left is a 1972 horror film written and directed by Wes Craven and produced by Sean S. Cunningham. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rape. ... Bag lady redirects here. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Dream Weaver is a song by Gary Wright that was a hit single in the US, Australia and Europe in 1976. ... Gary Wright (born 26 April 1943, Cresskill, New Jersey, U.S.) is an American musician, most famous for his song, Dream Weaver. Wright, a personal friend of George Harrison, appeared in a TV show at the age of seven. ... Synth redirects here. ... ...


Wes Craven began writing A Nightmare on Elm Street's screenplay around 1981, after he had finished production on Swamp Thing (1982). He pitched it to several studios, but all of them rejected it for various different reasons. Interestingly, the first studio to show interest was Walt Disney Productions, although they wanted Craven to tone down the content to make it suitable for children and pre-teens. Craven declined and moved on.[9][13] Another early suitor was Paramount Pictures, however the studios passed on the project due to A Nightmare on Elm Street's similarity to Dreamscape (1984), a film they were producing at the time. Finally, the fledgling and independent New Line Cinema corporation — which had up to that point only distributed films, rather than making its own — gave the project the go-ahead.[9] During filming, New Line's distribution deal for the movie fell through and for two weeks it was unable to pay its cast and crew. Although New Line has gone on to make much bigger and more profitable movies, Nightmare holds such an important place in the company's history that the studio is often referred to as 'The House That Freddy Built'.[19] Swamp Thing is a 1982 film written and directed by Wes Craven. ... A pitch is a concise verbal (and sometimes visual) presentation of an idea for a film, generally made by a screenwriter or director to a producer or studio executive in the hope of attracting development finance to pay for a screenplay to be written. ... Walt Disney Productions is the former name of The Walt Disney Company, which it held from 1929 to 1986. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Dreamscape was a 1984 science fiction film directed by Joseph Ruben and written by David Lougherty. ... New Line redirects here. ...


Filming

The fictional address of the house is 1428 Elm Street that appears in the film. The actual house is a private home located in Los Angeles, California on 1428 North Genesee Avenue.[20] During production, over 500 gallons of fake blood were used for the special effects production.[21] For the famous blood geyser sequence, the film makers used the same revolving room set that was used for Tina's death. They put the set so that it was upside down and attached the camera so that it looked like the room was right side up, then they poured gallons of red water into the room, due to the fact that the normal movie blood would not make the right effect for the geyser.[12] The scene where Nancy is attacked by Freddy in her bathtub was accomplished with a special bottomless tub. The tub was put in a bathroom set that was built over a swimming pool. During the underwater sequence Heather Langenkamp was replaced with stuntwoman Christina Johnson, who is also married to sound effects man Charles Belardinelli. The "melting staircase" as seen in Nancy's dream was created using pancake mix.[12] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... For the 2003 film, see Swimming Pool (film). ... Two American-style pancakes A pancake is a batter cake fried in a pan or on a griddle with oil or butter. ...


Wes Craven originally planned for the film to have a more evocative ending: Nancy kills Freddy by ceasing to believe in him, then awakes to discover that everything that happened in the movie was an elongated nightmare. However, New Line leader Robert Shaye demanded a twist ending, in which Freddy disappears and the movie all appears to have been a dream, only for the audience to discover that they are watching a dream-within-a-dream-within-a-dream, where Freddy reappears as a car that "kidnaps" Nancy, followed by Freddy reaching through a window on the front door to pull Nancy's mother inside.[12] Both a happy ending and a twist ending were filmed, but the final film used the twist ending. As a result, Craven (who never wanted the film to be an ongoing franchise), dropped out of working on the first sequel, Freddy's Revenge (1985).[12] Production wrapped in July, and was rushed through editing at breakneck speed to get it ready for its November release.


Deleted Footage

There were scenes cut from the finished film due to timing and to obtain an R rating. Tina's bloody body hitting the bed after her death was cut, as was Glen's body rising out of the bed after his death. There are also a few scenes of dialogue between Nancy and each of her parents, that was cut for timing. Some of these scenes can be seen on the 2 disc DVD set that was released in 2006, but only in the documentary and not as a separate feature. All of these scenes and more can be seen on the limited edition VHS set that was released in 1996, but is long since out of print.


Reception

The film performed moderately well commercially with little advertising — relying mostly on word-of-mouth. Variety said the film was "A highly imaginative horror film that provides the requisite shocks to keep fans of the genre happy."[22] A common criticism, however, was that the content and amounts of gore were a put-off to the film. Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ...


Since its initial release, critics have encouraged and praised the film's ability to rupture "the boundaries between the imaginary and real,"[23] toying with audience perceptions.[6] Some film historians interpreted this overriding theme as a social subtext, "the struggles of adolescents in American society",[24] and their overwhelming need to confront "the harsh realities of life".[8] The film first opened in 165 cinemas in the United States on November 9, 1984 and grossing USD$1,271,000 during its opening weekend.[25] The film eventually earned a total of $25 million at the American box office.[25] Additionally, it was released in Europe, China, Canada and Australia.[25] In early 1985, the film was released on the home video market by Media Home Entertainment and eventually in a laserdisc format. Sales and rentals were strong, and the film achieved status of a cult classic.[26] It has since been released on DVD, first in 2001, and once again in restored "Infinifilm" special edition in 2006, containing various special features with contributions from Wes Craven, Heather Langenkamp, John Saxon and the director of photography. is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... Media Home Entertainment was a home video company headquartered in Los Angeles, California and established in 1978 as MEDA. The company released many videos from 1978 until 1992 , which were mainly various independent films and some films from the Cannon Films library. ... Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Restored is a Jeremy Camp album, released in 2004. ...


Since its theatrical debut, A Nightmare on Elm Street has been awarded various distinguished honors. In 2003, the American Film Institute awarded the film's villain Freddy Krueger a place at #40 on the list of AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains, a list that ranked culturally significant film heroes, heroines and villains. The film was also ranked at #17 on Bravo's 100 Scariest Movie Moments (2004), a four-hour programme that selected cinema's scariest moments.[27] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... AFIs 100 Years. ... This article is about the U.S. cable network. ...


Remake

New Line Cinema announced on 29 January 2008 that they were in-talks of remaking the hit-horror film A Nightmare on Elm Street which was released in 1984. The film is slated for a 2010 release. Platinum Dunes is going to product the film, and the film will be distributed by New Line Cinema. Michael Bay, Andrew Form, and Bradley Fuller are said to be producing the movie. New Line redirects here. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2010. ... Michael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965) is an American film director and producer. ...



DVD releases


A nightmare on elm street and all the 6 sequels are released on DVD including the boxset containing all the 7 films in a collectors edition sleeve with a booklet with production notes, press releases and about the actors and the 7 movies.


References

  1. ^ John Kenneth Muir, "Career Overview" in Wes Craven: The Art of Horror (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company, 1998), p. 18, ISBN 0786419237.
  2. ^ a b A Nightmare on Elm Street at Box Office Mojo; last accessed August 30, 2006.
  3. ^ Jim Harper, Legacy of Blood: A Comprehensive Guide to Slasher Movies (Manchester, Eng.: Headpress, 2004), p. 126, ISBN 1900486393.
  4. ^ Rick Worland, The Horror Film: A Brief Introduction (Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2007), p. 106, ISBN 1405139021.
  5. ^ Ian Conrich, "Seducing the Subject: Freddy Krueger, Popular Culture and the Nightmare on Elm Street Films" in Trash Aesthetics: Popular Culture and its Audience, ed. Deborah Cartmell, I. Q. Hunter, Heldi Kaye and Imelda Whelehan (London: Pluto Press, 2004), p. 119, ISBN 0745312020.
  6. ^ a b James Berardinelli, review of A Nightmare on Elm Street, at ReelViews; last accessed August 30, 2006.
  7. ^ Kelly Bulkeley, Visions of the Night: Dreams, Religion, and Psychology (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999), p. 108; see also chap. 11: "Dreamily Deconstructing the Dream Factory: The Wizard of Oz and A Nightmare on Elm Street," ISBN 0791442837.
  8. ^ a b Channel 4's 'A Nightmare on Elm Street' Review at Channel 4; last accessed August 30, 2006.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Rockoff, Adam, Going to Pieces: The Rise and Fall of the Slasher Film, 1978-1986 (McFarland & Company, 2002), p. 151, ISBN 0-786-41227-5.
  10. ^ a b c d A Nightmare on Elm Street DVD (2001, New Line Cinema Entertainment).
  11. ^ Heather Langenkamp interview at The Arrow; last accessed November 23, 2007.
  12. ^ a b c d e Never Sleep Again: The Making of A Nightmare on Elm Street, documentary on the Special Edition 2006 DVD of A Nightmare on Elm Street (2006, New Line Cinema Entertainment), B000GETUDI.
  13. ^ a b A Nightmare on Elm Street at Hollywood Gothique.com; accessed November 22, 2007.
  14. ^ Wes Craven interview at Twitch Film; accessed November 23, 2007.
  15. ^ A Nightmare on Elm Street at PotsDam; accessed November 2, 2007.
  16. ^ Biography of Peter Woodcock at Serial Killer Calander; accessed November 22, 2007.
  17. ^ A Nightmare on Elm Street at Hollywood Gothique.com; accessed November 22, 2007.
  18. ^ Wes Craven. A Nightmare on Elm Street DVD audio commentary.
  19. ^ A Nightmare on Elm Street at DVD Revire; accessed November 2, 2007.
  20. ^ Site with a picture of the house; Site with the actual address and floor plan and indoor photos
  21. ^ "Frightful Facts" at House of Horrors; last accessed November 22, 207.
  22. ^ A Nightmare on Elm Street review at Variety; accessed December 15, 2007.
  23. ^ Ian Conrich, "Seducing the Subject: Freddy Krueger, Popular Culture and the Nightmare on Elm Street Films" in Trash Aesthetics: Popular Culture and its Audience, ed. Deborah Cartmell, I. Q. Hunter, Heldi Kaye and Imelda Whelehan (London: Pluto Press, 2004), p. 119, ISBN 0745312020.
  24. ^ Kelly Bulkeley, Visions of the Night: Dreams, Religion, and Psychology (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999), p. 108; see also chap. 11: "Dreamily Deconstructing the Dream Factory: The Wizard of Oz and A Nightmare on Elm Street," ISBN 0791442837.
  25. ^ a b c A Nightmare on Elm Street business statistics at Internet Movie Database; last accessed December 15, 2007.
  26. ^ Review of A Nightmare on Elm Street musical score at MP3; accessed February 23, 2008.
  27. ^ Bravo TV's 100 Scariest Movie Moments (2004) at Bravo.com; accessed December 15, 2007.

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Further reading

  • Badley, Linda. Film, Horror, and the Body Fantastic. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995. ISBN 0-313-27523-8.
  • Baird, Robert. "The Startle Effect: Implications for Spectator Cognition and Media Theory." Film Quarterly 53 (No. 3, Spring 2000): pp. 12 – 24.
  • Carroll, Noël. "The Nature of Horror." Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (No. 1, Autumn 1987): pp. 51 – 59.
  • Cumbow, Robert C. Order in the Universe: The Films of John Carpenter. 2nd ed., Lanham, Md.: Scarcrow Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8108-3719-6.
  • Johnson, Kenneth. "The Point of View of the Wandering Camera." Cinema Journal 32 (No. 2, Winter 1993): pp. 49 – 56.
  • King, Stephen. Danse Macabre. New York: Berkley Books, 1981. ISBN 0-425-10433-8.
  • Prince, Stephen, ed. The Horror Film. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3363-5.
  • Schneider, Steven Jay, ed. Horror Film and Psychoanalysis: Freud's Worst Nightmare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-521-82521-0.
  • Williams, Tony. Hearths of Darkness: The Family in the American Horror Film. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8386-3564-4.

External links

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A Nightmare on Elm Street

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Nightmare is presented on a single-sided, single-layered DVD and is shown in its original aspect ratio of 1.85:1.
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