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Encyclopedia > A General History of the Pyrates

A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most notorious Pyrates is a 1724 book containing biographies of contemporary pirates. Its author uses the name Captain Charles Johnson, but since no other record of such a person exists[citation needed], it is usually considered a pseudonym. Circumstantial evidence suggests Daniel Defoe as the real author. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Author of A General History of the Robberies and Murders Of the most notorious Pyrates (1724), his true identity remains a mystery. ... A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... Daniel Defoe (1659/1661 [?] â€“ April 24 [?], 1731)[1] was a British writer, journalist, and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. ...

The book was released in two volumes. The first mostly deals with early 18th century pirates, while volume II records the exploits of their predecessors a few decades earlier. In the first volume "Johnson" sticks fairly close to the available sources, though he embellishes the stories somewhat. He stretches the truth farther in the second volume, and includes the biographies of three subjects who may be entirely fictional. Nevertheless, the book was influential in shaping popular notions of piracy and provided the standard account of the lives of many individuals still famous in the 21st century.

The buccaneers profiled in volume I are Henry Avery, James Martel, Blackbeard, Stede Bonnet, Edward England, Charles Vane, Calico Jack Rackham, Mary Read, Anne Bonny, Howell Davis, Bartholomew ("Black Bart") Roberts, Thomas Anstis, Richard Worley, George Lowther, Edward Lowe, John Evans, Francis Spriggs, John Smith, John Gow, and Roche Braziliano. Henry Every or Avery (born c. ... A flag often attributed to Blackbeard. ... Stede Bonnet (1688?-December 10, 1718)[1] was a pirate captain from the English colony of Barbados. ... Edward Englands flag Edward England, born Edward Seegar in Ireland, was a famous African coast and Indian Ocean pirate from 1717 to 1720. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... John Rackham (died November 17, 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. ... Mary Read (c. ... Anne Bonny (c. ... Howell Davis Howell Davis (born c. ... Born John Roberts (May 17, 1682 - February 10, 1722), Bartholomew Roberts, also known as Bart Roberts, was a Welsh pirate who raided shipping off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. ... Thomas Anstis (d. ... Richard Worley (d. ... George Lowther (? - 1723) was an 18th century English pirate who, although little is known of his life, was active in the Caribbean and Atlantic. ... A portrait of Edward Lowe hanging in the National Maritime Museum in London Edward Ned Lowe (or Low, or Loe), often known as Ned Low was a notorious pirate during the Golden Age of Piracy. ... John Evans (died c. ... Francis Spriggs (d. ... John Gow (c. ... Roche Braziliano (born c. ...

Volume II features Thomas Tew, William Kidd, John Bowen, John Halsey, Thomas White, Thomas Howard, David Williams, Samuel Burgess, Nathaniel North, Christopher Condent, Samuel Bellamy, and William Fly, as well as biographies of the probably fictional captains James Misson, Lewis, and Cornelius. The flag of Thomas Tew Thomas Tew aka the Rhode Island Pirate. ... For the musician, orchestrator, and composer, see William Kidd (composer). ... John Bowen can refer to: Edmund John Bowen, British chemist John C. Bowen, Canadian clergyman John Henry Bowen, American politician John S. Bowen, American Confederate general John S. Bowen (executive), American advertising executive John Bowen (colonist) English sailor and administrator, founded the first settlememt at Hobart, Australia John Bowen, American... John Halsey (d. ... Thomas E. White (b. ... Captain Samuel Burgess was a member of Captain William Kidds crew in 1690 when the Blessed William was seized. ... Flag of pirate Christopher Condent. ... Samuel Bellamy (c. ... Captain William Fly (17??-July 12th 1726) was a British pirate who raided New England shipping until his capture after a month and hanged in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Libertatia (also known as Libertalia) is said to have been a free colony forged by pirates under the leadership of Captain James Misson in the late 1600s. ...


  • Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and Reality of Life Among the Pirates. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995.

David Cordingly is an English naval historian who is considered one of the leading authorities on pirates. ...

External links

  • Article comparing Johnson and Defoe



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