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Encyclopedia > A Close Shave
A Close Shave

Wallace and Gromit on their way to wash windows.
Directed by Nick Park
Produced by Peter Lord
David Sproxton
Written by Nick Park
Bob Baker
Starring Peter Sallis
Anne Reid
Music by Julian Nott
Cinematography Dave Alex Riddett
Editing by Helen Garrard
Distributed by BBC
Aardman Animations
Release date(s) December 24, 1995
Running time 30 min.
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Preceded by The Wrong Trousers (1993)
IMDb profile

A Close Shave is a 1995 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. It was his third half-hour short featuring the eccentric inventor Wallace and his quiet but smart dog Gromit, following 1989's A Grand Day Out and 1993's The Wrong Trousers. Image File history File links A_Close_Shave. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Peter Lord (born 1953) is co-founder of Aardman Animations, a British animation firm best known for claymation films including those involving the characters Wallace and Gromit, and the 2000 film Chicken Run. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Bob Baker (born in Bristol, England in 1939) is an accomplished television and film writer. ... Sallis (right) along with Brian Wilde (centre) and Bill Owen in Last of the Summer Wine Peter Sallis (b. ... Anne Reid (born 28 May 1935) is an accomplished British actress with a lengthy career on TV, stage and film. ... Promotional headshot from official homepage Julian Nott (born ? in London, England) is a British film composer, prominently of animated films. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Aardman Animations, Ltd. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Animation refers to the process in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Aardman Animations, Ltd. ... This article is about the English city. ... Wallace and Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films, a series of ten short-animated sequences, and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... A Grand Day Out (full name A Grand Day Out with Wallace and Gromit) is an award-nominated 1989 animated film directed and animated by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ...


To celebrate the film's premiere on Christmas Eve 1995, BBC Two's Christmas presentation that year (broadcast from the 24th to 26th) featured Wallace and Gromit. The main ident featured the two eating Christmas dinner, with a large blue 2 (the channel's logo) situated in the middle of the table, covered with flashing Christmas lights. Several Christmas themed stings, also involving Wallace, Gromit, and the 2, were shown between programmes. The animation of these idents appeared slightly different from other Wallace and Gromit shorts. (Redirected from 24 December) December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... (Redirected from 26 December) December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... A television ident visually identifies the network or station presenting a television programme. ... Christmas lights (also sometimes called fairy lights, twinkle lights or holiday lights in the United States) are strands of electric lights used to decorate homes, public/commercial buildings and Christmas trees during the Christmas season. ...


Following in the footsteps of its predecessor The Wrong Trousers, in 1995 A Close Shave won the Academy Award for an Animated Short Film. This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ...

Contents

Summary

In this short, Wallace and Gromit are running a window-cleaning business, and their work brings Wallace into contact with wool shop owner Wendolene, who he becomes besotted with, but also gets them involved in a sheep-rustling scheme run by Wendolene's sinister robot dog Preston. Robot dog refers to a robot in the shape of a dog, or one which has other canine characteristics (such as a barking dog burglar alarm activated by disturbance of an infra-red beam). ...


As before, the 30 minutes are packed with sight gags and exaggerated physical comedy, as well as a few subtle film parodies. Voice acting was before the sole duty of Peter Sallis (the voice of Wallace), as Gromit is always silent. In 'A Close Shave', Wendolene was introduced, and was a second speaking character for the series, voiced by Anne Reid. Sallis (right) along with Brian Wilde (centre) and Bill Owen in Last of the Summer Wine Peter Sallis (b. ... Anne Reid (born 28 May 1935) is an accomplished British actress with a lengthy career on TV, stage and film. ...


Facts and Figures

In-jokes and references

Here are a few subtle jokes from the film.

  • When Wallace receives a call for window-cleaning service, his method of getting to his motorbike and out onto the road is a direct homage to the Thunderbirds TV series (specifically, the way Virgil Tracy gets to Thunderbird 2 and into the air). Pastiche music in the style of Barry Gray's Thunderbird's music support this spoof.
  • Beside Wendolene's wools is a store entitled "Bob the Baker" in reference to Bob Baker, the co- writer of A Close Shave.
  • The name of the heroine, Wendolene, is a pun on "Windolene" - a proprietary window-cleaning solution.
  • The name of Wendolene's scheming pet with a dark secret, Preston, is the name of Nick Park's home town in Lancashire.
  • Shaun the Sheep's name is a pun, alluding to the way the sheep is left 'shorn' after falling foul of Wallace's latest invention.
  • There is a sign next to the balls of wool that Wallace collapses that reads "Wool rations: Two per person."
  • Wallace's reference to Wensleydale in these episodes apparently saved the company which makes it. Sales had suffered, and things looked grim, until Nick Park chose to mention this as a favorite cheese, purely because he thought it would be fun to animate. Subsequently, demand for the cheese exploded, the company even licensing Wallace & Gromit for a special version adorned with their likeness.
  • In Gromit's jail scene, the writing 'FEATHERS WUZ ERE' is a reference to the penguin lodger Wallace took in during the previous film The Wrong Trousers, Feathers McGraw. Feathers tried to steal an expensive diamond but was foiled by Wallace and Gromit and jailed (although he was actually jailed in a Zoo, and Gromit is shown as being in an actual Gaol). However, as Feathers McGraw is a known criminal, seen on wanted-posters even before he tries to steal the diamond it can be assumed, that he has been in an ordinary prison earlier in his career and possibly in Gromit's cell.
  • Graffiti on Gromit's prison table has many references to prison escapes, including The Great Escape (with an accompanying drawing) as well as Papillon. The table and graffiti are visible for less than one second before they are obscured by Gromit placing the present on the table.
  • Also in the jail scene, Gromit is reading a book called 'Crime And Punishment' by 'Fido Dogstoyevsky'. Crime and Punishment is a classic novel written by Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky, so the author name on Gromit's book is a double-pun on the original author's name. The spine of the book also has a penguin on it that looks like Feathers McGraw, with the words "A Penguin Classic", another double-pun, which also derives from the name of the book publisher Penguin Books.
  • The penguin, Feathers McGraw, actually makes a reappearance in one of the scenes when Gromit is separated by Wallace during the truck chase. In the shot when Gromit is about to be hit by the sign that informs him of the drop, Feathers can be seen for a split second to the bottom right in the beginning of the shot. However, it is difficult to tell whether it is actually him, or just a rock that looks like him.
  • When Gromit plummets down a precipice, the side-car he is travelling in turns into an aeroplane at the touch of a button. Gromit first avoids certain death, then uses the plane to attack Preston's truck. The side-car aeroplane is reminiscent of the gadgetry used by James Bond in his various films. Coincidentally the death-defying escape down the precipice is mirrored in the opening scene of GoldenEye which opened in cinemas one month before A Close Shave was first shown. However, considering the length of time needed to produce each Wallace and Gromit film, the scene was most probably storyboarded and shot months or even years in advance and it seems unlikely that the scene could have been influenced by Goldeneye. Its more immediate influence (supported by the music, the bombardment of Preston's van and Wallace's RAF salute) is Second World War air-battle movies such as Battle of Britain and 633 Squadron.
  • The sheep's arrangement on top of Wallace's motorcycle during their escape in the chase scene parodys that of motorcycle display teams.
  • There are a number of instances in the film which are obvious parallels to the films The Terminator and Terminator 2: Judgment Day.
  • As the truck catches up to Wallace's motorbike, Wallace exclaims "We're going at maximum speed". A scene in the second Terminator film has Arnold Schwarzenegger stating that their vehicle "has reached its maximum speed" as a truck is bearing down on them from behind.
  • Preston is described as a "Cyber-dog", and emerges as a robot from Wallace's "knit-o-matic" with fur and skin removed. This is a parallel with Arnold Schwarzenegger's Terminator from both films, whose flesh is removed to show its robotic structure.
  • Preston punches through a door and opens the handle from the other side much as the Terminator does in the first film, in the same exposed robotic state.
  • As Gromit pounds Preston with his Porridge-gun, he drives Preston further back to the edge of a precipice, where he could be sucked into the Knit-o-matic. At just the last moment, Preston avoids this fate. In the second Terminator film, Linda Hamilton's character pounds the T-1000 (played by Robert Patrick), with shotgun rounds, forcing it to the edge of a precipice. Hamilton's character then runs out of shells, allowing the T-1000 to avoid destruction at the last moment.
  • The screenplay for A Close Shave was co-written by Nick Park and Bob Baker. In addition to Preston the cyber-dog, Baker also co-created another mechanical dog, K-9 from Doctor Who.
  • In another Aardman Animation production, Rex the Runt, Wallace is seen as a window cleaner, as he is in this film. In Rex the Runt, Bad Bob pushes Wallace and his ladder away from the window, making him fall.

Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed Supermarionation. The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. ... Barry Gray (July 18, 1908 in Lancashire, England - April 26, 1984 in Guernsey, Channel Islands) was a British musician and composer who is best known for his work for Gerry Anderson. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Shaun the Sheep is a British stop-motion animated childrens television series produced by Aardman Animations. ... Country of origin England Region, town Wensleydale, North Yorkshire Source of milk Cows and ewes Pasteurized Yes Texture medium, crumbly Aging time 3-6 months Certification None Wensleydale cheese is a cheese produced in the town of Hawes in Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England. ... The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... The Great Escape, written by James Clavell, W.R. Burnett, and Walter Newman (uncredited), and directed by John Sturges is a popular 1963 World War II film, based on a true story about Allied prisoners of war with a record for escaping from German prisoner-of-war camps. ... Categories: Literature stubs ... Crime and Punishment (Russian: Преступление и наказание) is a novel by Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky, first published in the literary journal The Russian Messenger in twelve monthly installments in 1866,[1] and was later published as a novel. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... It has been suggested that Penguin Modern Poets, Penguin Great Ideas be merged into this article or section. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... GoldenEye is a 1995 spy film. ... Battle of Britain is a 1969 film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S Benjamin Fisz. ... 633 Squadron 633 Squadron is a World War II film directed by Walter Grauman and produced by Cecil F. Ford for United Artists in 1964 starring Cliff Robertson, George Chakiris and Harry Andrews. ... The Terminator (also known as Terminator in some early trailers and posters) is a 1984 science fiction/action film featuring former bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger in what would become his best-known role, and also starred Linda Hamilton and Michael Biehn. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Linda Carroll Hamilton (born September 26, 1956) is an American movie actress born in Salisbury, Maryland. ... Robert Patrick (born November 5, 1958) is a Saturn Award-winning American film and television actor. ... Bob Baker (born in Bristol, England in 1939) is an accomplished television and film writer. ... K-9, or K9, is the name of several robotic dogs in the long-running British science fiction television series, Doctor Who. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who explores time and space in his TARDIS time ship with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. ... The main characters. ... The main characters. ...

Deleted scenes

Because of the time-consuming nature of production, the running length had to be worked out by estimating each storyboarded shot's rough time, to avoid wasting days or weeks filming too much footage for the 30 minutes. The original storyboard was estimated to take up as long as 42 minutes of film, so an entire section at 'Ramsbottom Manor', featuring homages to the horror genre, and Walt Disney's Bambi, was cut out of the story and never shot. However this was a motif that would seem to have later found a place in Curse of the Were-Rabbit. Horror Movie redirects here. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Thumper with Bambi (right) Bambi, based on the 1923 book Bambi, A Life in the Woods by Felix Salten, is a Disney cartoon movie that debuted on August 13, 1942. ... Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit is a 2005 stop-motion animated film, the first feature-length Wallace and Gromit film. ...


Eventually, about 5 minutes of actual shot footage had to be cut out of the film to trim it to the usual 30 minutes. The cut footage included some shots with Wallace and Wendolene in the wool shop recalling the Noel Coward film Brief Encounter. Sir Noël Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an Britain/British actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... Brief Encounter (1945) is a British film directed by David Lean starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard. ...


Sequels

After A Close Shave, Wallace And Gromit's next major outing was in a set of 10 2½-minute shorts called Cracking Contraptions, each showing one of Wallace's inventions. These appeared on the Internet and were also released as a limited edition Region 2 DVD, later on the Curse of the Were-Rabbit DVD. The true sequel to A Close Shave is the feature film Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit. In 2007, a Shaun the Sheep spin-off series was also released. Wallace and Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films, a series of ten short-animated sequences, and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Shaun the Sheep is a British stop-motion animated childrens television series produced by Aardman Animations. ...


Credits

  • Key Character Animator: Steve Box
  • Character Animators: Loyd Price, Peter Peake, Gary Cureton, Nick Park
  • Assistant Animators: Sergio Delfino, Ian Whitlock
  • Floor Manager: Harry Linden
  • Art Director: Phil Lewis
  • Assistant Art Director - props: Trisha Budd
  • Scenic Artist: Tim Farrington
  • Set Construction: Cod Steaks
  • Model Coordinator: John Parsons
  • Model Sculptor: Linda Langley
  • Model Makers: Jason Spencer Galsworthy, Zennor Witney
  • Model Technician: Del Lawson
  • Mechanical Models: John Wright, Jeff Cliff
  • Photography: Frank Passingham, Tristan Oliver, Simon Jacobs
  • Camera Operators: Sam James, Paul Smith
  • Camera and Animation Assistant: Nick Upton
  • Gaffers: Ian Jewels, John Bradley
  • Animation System Engineer: Allan Yates
  • Technical Crew: Alan Gregory, Bob Gregory, Glenn Hall, John Oaten
  • Storyboard Artist: Michael Salter
  • Graphic Design: Richard Higgs
  • Optical Effects: Computer Film Company, GSE
  • Production Consultant: Peter Thornton
  • Assistant Film Editors: Tamsin Perry, Bridget Mazzey
  • Foley Artist: Jack Stew
  • Dubbing Editor: Adrian Rhodes
  • Dubbing Mixer: Paul Hamblin
  • Special Thanks to: Beth MacDonald, Toby Hannam, John McAleavy, Elizabeth Butler, Mike Booth, Susannah Shaw, Jason Marshall, Charles Copping, Douglas Calder, Adam Vernon, John Truckle, Tara Bacon, Darren Robbie, Ben Cook, Sophie Wright, Beverley Issacs, Curtis Jobling, Barry Shutler, Maxine Guest, Lisa Bilbe, Stuart Markovic, Janet Legg, Viv Paeper, Arthur Sheriff
  • Director of Photography: Dave Alex Riddett
  • Film Editor: Helen Garrard
  • Music: Julian Nott
  • Written by: Bob Baker, Nick Park
  • Executive Producer for BBC: Colin Rose
  • Executive Producers: Peter Lord, David Sproxton
  • Producers: Carla Shelley, Michael Rose
  • Director: Nick Park

Steve Box is an Oscar-winning animator and director who works for Aardman Animations. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Phil Lewis is the current vocalist for American Sleaze Rock band L.A. Guns. ... John Whiteside (Jack) Parsons (October 2, 1914–June 17, 1952), born Marvel Whiteside Parsons, was a rocket propulsion researcher at the California Institute of Technology and co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and Aerojet Corporation. ... John Wright may refer to: John Wright (cricketer) (born 1954), member of the New Zealand cricket team, coach of the Indian cricket team John Wright (inventor), an inventor of electroplating (method patented, 1840) John Wright (politician), New Zealand MP, 1996–2002 John C. Wright (born 1961), science fiction and fantasy... Tristan Oliver is a British camera operator, mainly working with Aardman Animations. ... John Bradley is the name of: John Bradley (Iwo Jima), U.S. Navy corpsman and WWII hero John Bradley (anthropologist), also Australian linguist John Bradley (Ark), American Noahs-flood researcher John Bradley (physician), Canadian physician This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the... Robert P. Gregory (1921, Los Angeles, California - 2003) was an American comics artist and writer best known for various writing/drawing hundreds of Gold Key comics starring the Walt Disney Pictures character Donald Duck. ... Glenn Hall Glenn Hall (born October 3, 1931, in Humboldt, Saskatchewan, Canada) was a professional ice hockey goaltender. ... The Computer Film Company was one of the first digital film special effects companies. ... GSE is a shortening that may refer to: Gothenburg City Airport Government sponsored enterprise Ground Support Equipment This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Peter Kai Thornton CBE (April 8, 1925 – February 8, 2007) was a museum curator and writer. ... Elizabeth Thompson (3 November 1846–2 October 1933) was a British painter. ... Jason Marshall (born February 22, 1971 in Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada) is a professional ice hockey defenceman who currently plays for the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim of the National Hockey League. ... Benjamin Cook (born October 29, 1987) has been declared by the Guinness Book of World Records as having sent the worlds fastest SMS (text) message. ... Sophie Wright was a fictional character on ITVs Emmerdale from 1996-1997. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Promotional headshot from official homepage Julian Nott (born ? in London, England) is a British film composer, prominently of animated films. ... Bob Baker (born in Bristol, England in 1939) is an accomplished television and film writer. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Peter Lord (born 1953) is co-founder of Aardman Animations, a British animation firm best known for claymation films including those involving the characters Wallace and Gromit, and the 2000 film Chicken Run. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Born in Kingston, Jamaica on July 11, 1957, Michael Rose was fortunate enough to be introduced to music as a teenager by his older brother Joseph. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wallace and Gromit


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

Nick Park’s Wallace and Gromit series
Short films: A Grand Day Out - The Wrong Trousers - A Close Shave | Feature film: Curse of the Were-Rabbit
Video games: Wallace & Gromit in Project Zoo - Curse of the Were-Rabbit
Other adventures: Cracking Contraptions - Shaun the Sheep

  Results from FactBites:
 
Close Shave - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (233 words)
Close Shave is one of Australia's longest serving male four voice a cappella quartet.
Close Shave's repertoire is diverse: Popular, Comedy, Gospel, Sea Shanties, Jazz, Swing and of course the Barbershop music style.
Close Shave is a member of AAMBS [1] and has participated in seven conventions since the inaugural convention on the Gold Coast in 1991.
A Close Shave - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1226 words)
A Close Shave is a 1995 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit.
In 'A Close Shave', Wendolene was introduced, and was a second speaking character for the series, voiced by Anne Reid.
The screenplay for A Close Shave was co-written by Nick Park and Bob Baker.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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