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Encyclopedia > A Bridge Too Far
A Bridge Too Far

original film poster
Directed by Richard Attenborough
Produced by Joseph E. Levine,
Richard Levine
Written by Cornelius Ryan (book),
William Goldman (screenplay)
Starring Dirk Bogarde
James Caan
Michael Caine
Sean Connery
Edward Fox
Elliott Gould
Gene Hackman
Anthony Hopkins
Hardy Kruger
Ryan O'Neal
Laurence Olivier
Robert Redford
Maximilian Schell
Liv Ullmann
Distributed by United Artists
Release date(s) 1977
Running time 176 min.
Language English
IMDb profile

A Bridge Too Far, a book by Cornelius Ryan published in 1974, tells the story of Operation Market Garden, a failed Allied attempt to break through German lines at Arnhem in the occupied Netherlands during World War II. The name for the book comes from a comment made by British Lt. Gen. Frederick Browning, deputy commander of the First Allied Airborne Army, who told Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery before the operation, "I think we may be going a bridge too far." Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (245x608, 78 KB)original movie poster source:www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Joseph E. Levine (September 9, 1905 – July 31, 1987) was an American film producer. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons fictional series consisting of Jurassic Park, The Lost World, and Jurassic Park III. Spoiler warning: // John Arnold Arnold, played by Samuel L. Jackson, ran the main control center from within the visitors center. ... Cornelius Ryan (5 June 1920 – 23 November 1974) was an Irish-American journalist and author mainly known for his writings on popular military history, especially World War II. His two best-known books are The Longest Day (1959), which tells the story of the D-Day (day one of the... William Goldman (born August 12, 1931) is an American novelist, playwright and two-time Academy Award-winning screenwriter. ... Cover of Bogarde biography Sir Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde (28 March 1921 – 8 May 1999), better known by his stage name Dirk Bogarde, was an actor and author. ... James Langston Edmund Caan[citation needed] (born March 26, 1940 in The Bronx, New York) is an Academy Award, Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American film, stage and television actor. ... Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth in Batman Begins Sir Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, CBE (born 14 March 1933), known professionally as Sir Michael Caine, is a double Oscar-winning English film actor. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930 in Edinburgh, Scotland) is an Oscar-winning Scottish actor and producer who is well-known for his portrayal of James Bond. ... Edward Fox (born 13 April 1937) is an English stage, film and television actor. ... Elliot Gould on the cover page of TIME magazine. ... Eugene Allen Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is an Academy Award-winning American actor, considered by many to be one of the most talented performers of his generation. ... Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (IPA: ) is an Academy Award and Emmy Award-winning Welsh-born film, stage and television actor. ... Born Franz Eberhard August Krüger, April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding, Germany. ... Patrick Ryan ONeal (born April 20, 1941) is an American actor. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (22 May 1907–11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ... ÷ Robert Redford (born Charles Robert Redford, Jr. ... Maximilian Schell (left) in the film Judgment at Nuremberg Maximilian Schell (born December 8, 1930) is a Swiss-Austrian actor. ... Liv Ullmann at Cannes in 2000 Liv Johanne Ullmann (born December 16, 1938) is a Norwegian actress, author and film director. ... The current United Artists logo (a variant was used during the 1980s). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Cornelius Ryan (5 June 1920 – 23 November 1974) was an Irish-American journalist and author mainly known for his writings on popular military history, especially World War II. His two best-known books are The Longest Day (1959), which tells the story of the D-Day (day one of the... Combatants United Kingdom United States Poland Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery Gerd von Rundstedt Strength XXX Corps, 35,000 airborne 20,000 Casualties 17,000 casualties 8,000 casualties Operation Market Garden (September 17-September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Sir Frederick Arthur Montague Browning, KBE, CB, DSO (December 20, 1896 - March 14, 1965) was a British military officer. ... Badge of the First Allied Airborne Army The First Allied Airborne Army was part of the Allied Expeditionary Force in North West Europe in 1944 and 1945. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Bernard Law Montgomery Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (November 17, 1887 - March 24, 1976) was a British military officer during World War II often referred to as Monty. ...

Contents

The film

A film version under the same title was released in 1977, directed by Richard Attenborough and featuring an ensemble cast of many film stars, including Dirk Bogarde, James Caan, Michael Caine, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Elliott Gould, Edward Fox, Gene Hackman, Anthony Hopkins, Jeremy Kemp, Laurence Olivier, Robert Redford, Liv Ullmann, Maximilian Schell, Hardy Krüger and Ryan O'Neal. The music was scored by John Addison, who was a soldier with the British XXX Corps during Operation Market Garden. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cover of Bogarde biography Sir Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde (28 March 1921 – 8 May 1999), better known by his stage name Dirk Bogarde, was an actor and author. ... James Langston Edmund Caan[citation needed] (born March 26, 1940 in The Bronx, New York) is an Academy Award, Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American film, stage and television actor. ... Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth in Batman Begins Sir Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, CBE (born 14 March 1933), known professionally as Sir Michael Caine, is a double Oscar-winning English film actor. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930 in Edinburgh, Scotland) is an Oscar-winning Scottish actor and producer who is well-known for his portrayal of James Bond. ... Elliott in The Signal-Man Denholm Mitchell Elliott (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Elliot Gould on the cover page of TIME magazine. ... Edward Fox (born 13 April 1937) is an English stage, film and television actor. ... Eugene Allen Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is an Academy Award-winning American actor, considered by many to be one of the most talented performers of his generation. ... Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (IPA: ) is an Academy Award and Emmy Award-winning Welsh-born film, stage and television actor. ... Jeremy Kemp (born 3 January 1935 in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England is an actor. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (22 May 1907–11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ... ÷ Robert Redford (born Charles Robert Redford, Jr. ... Liv Ullmann at Cannes in 2000 Liv Johanne Ullmann (born December 16, 1938) is a Norwegian actress, author and film director. ... Maximilian Schell (left) in the film Judgment at Nuremberg Maximilian Schell (born December 8, 1930) is a Swiss-Austrian actor. ... Born Franz Eberhard August Krüger, April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding, Germany. ... Patrick Ryan ONeal (born April 20, 1941) is an American actor. ... John Addison (1920-1998) was a British composer. ...

The film begins with a description of the state of affairs five years into the war. D-Day had come and gone and the allies were bogged down by difficult supply lines. Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded General Patton (U.S.) and Field Commander Montgomery (UK), each of whom had competing plans for ending the war. Under political pressure, Eisenhower chose Montgomery's Operation Market Garden. Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician. ... George Smith Patton, Jr. ... Bernard Law Montgomery Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (November 17, 1887 - March 24, 1976) was a British military officer during World War II often referred to as Monty. ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Poland Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery Gerd von Rundstedt Strength XXX Corps, 35,000 airborne 20,000 Casualties 17,000 casualties 8,000 casualties Operation Market Garden (September 17-September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to...


September, 1944: the allies are advancing but have paused in Belgium. The film opens with a family observing the German withdrawal and celebrating the arrival of the allied forces. A new German Field Marshal arrives at the Nazi HQ and discovers he has few resources in men or equipment and worse, morale is very poor. A local teenage Dutch boy keeps careful notes of German troops evacuating through his town; information he will later pass on to the Belgian resistance. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Operation Market Garden: 35,000 men are to be flown 300 miles behind enemy lines in Holland, laying a "carpet of airborne troops" to seize the bridges with "thunderclap surprise" and hold them until they can be taken over by allied ground troops. Arnhem is to be the final bridge, the bridge which turns out to be "too far".


Gene Hackman plays the Polish General who says nothing during the Market Garden command briefing, after which he voices his doubt that the plan can work. He is one of two dissident voices that are shuttled aside but correctly forecast defeat. American command worries about parachuting in daylight but note it is a "no moon period" anyway meaning a night drop would be difficult.


The Dutch teenager manages to pass through German lines and discover that German Field Marshal Walter Model is at the German command HQ, an important bit of information for the underground because Model is a prominent figure and is always accompanied by crack German troops. A young British intelligence officer asks British command to allow another low level recon mission of the landing zone. Later, learning a German Panzer tank division (Model's unit) is near the drop zone, his concerns are also brushed off and he is actually removed from duty by a British doctor who claims he is too stressed to perform his duties. Walther Model (pronounced modal) (January 24, 1891–April 21, 1945) was a German general, and later a Field Marshal, during World War II. He was noted for his defensive skills, and was nicknamed Hitlers fireman. Model served as an infantry officer in World War I. During the Polish...


British commanders planning the drop note they are badly short of landing aircraft and the area near Arnhem is ill-suited for a landing. They will have to land 8 miles from the bridge. Hackman gets his best line when he walks up to check the British officers uniform insignia and says "Just making sure whose side you're on" implying that the plan is so dangerous that it could only have been drafted by the enemy. The Dutch teen is on his bike when he sees the American recon aircraft photographing the Panzer division and sees the tanks himself, hidden in the forest line. British officers briefing: everyone is surprised they are going to attempt a landing 8 miles from the bridge but of course they have to make the best of it, Brits are famous for keeping a "stiff upper lip".


British technical support preparing the portable radios for the mission note they are not likely to work for the 8 miles from the drop zone to Arnhem bridge. As with most others questioning the mission, they choose not to rock the boat and do not convey their concerns up the change of command. But the young British intelligence officer does show the British commander the recon pictures and it is quite clear the Panzer division is staged at Arnhem. The British commander speculates the tanks are not operative and dismisses the photos, also ignoring the reports from the Dutch underground which were courtesy of the teenage boy.


At the ground forces (Thirty Corp) briefing, the overall plan is outlined, laying out the bridges that will be taken by the paratroopers, held and then secured by ground forces. Speed is the vital factor. Arnhem must be reached within 2-3 days. It is the crucial bridge, the last means of escape for the German forces and the last route to Germany for Allied forces who hope to finish the War by Christmas by virtue of Operation Market Garden. There is only a single highway for the advance.


The initial phases of Market Garden go as planned but the German Panzers cause heavy losses for Thirty Corp. The advance is also slowed by the single lane highway. The paratroopers do take and hold Arnhem in some exciting battle scenes, but can only hold so long. Thirty Corp never makes it to Arnhem and the paratroopers are forced to withdraw, Operation Market Garden has failed.


The scenes around the 'Arnhem' bridge were actually shot in Deventer, where a similar bridge over the IJssel was still available. The bridge at Arnhem, while still unchanged from 1944, was by the mid-1970s sitting in modern urban surroundings which could not be used to portray a 1940s city. A few scenes were shot in Zutphen, where the old municipality house (a white building which in the film featured the Nazi command center) and the main church can be seen. Deventer is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel on the east bank of the IJssel river. ... Satellite image of the IJssel basin River IJssel, sometimes called Gelderse IJssel (Gelderland IJssel) to avoid confusion with its Holland counterpart, is a 120 km long branch of the Rhine in the Dutch provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel. ... Zutphen (old alternate spelling: Zutfen) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands on the right bank of the IJssel at the influx of the Berkel, and a junction station 29 km by rail N.N.E. of Arnhem. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Taken from DVD packaging: "An epic retelling of World War II's most tragic blunder, A Bridge Too Far meticulously depicts the ambitious plan which resulted in more Allied casualties than the entire Normandy landing. Painstakingly recreated on actual battlefield locations and boasting a remarkable all-star cast, A Bridge Too Far accurately recaptures the monumental scope, excitement and danger behind one of the biggest military gambles in history." Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Mont Saint-Michel, one of the famous symbols of Normandy. ...


The movie's treatment of military history is somewhat misleading compared to the original book; in particular, the reasons for the delay in XXX Corps reaching the Arnhem bridge, which led to the failure of the attack, differ considerably from the book. The XXX Corps was an infantry corps in the British Army. ...


According to an episode of the Dutch TV history programme Andere Tijden (site in Dutch) (English: Different Times) about the making of this movie, the producer Joseph E. Levine told the Deventer town government that their town should get the world premiere for A Bridge Too Far, on June 14, 1977. This never came to be, though, and Deventer even missed out on the Dutch premiere, which was held in Amsterdam. June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


Cast and roles include

Actor Role
Marlies van Alcmaer Underground leader's wife
Alun Armstrong Cpl. Davies
David Auker 'Taffy' Brace
Michael Bangerter British staff colonel
Hartmut Becker German sentry
Tim Beekman German private
Dirk Bogarde Lt. Gen. Browning
Hans von Borsody Gen. d. Inf. Günther Blumentritt
Bertus Botterman Dutch villager
Michael Byrne Lt. Col. Giles Vandeleur
James Caan SSgt. Eddie Dohun
Michael Caine Lt. Col. J.O.E. Vandeleur
Nicholas Campbell Capt. Glass
Erik Chitty Organist
Sean Connery Maj. Gen. Roy Urquhart
Paul Copley Pvt. Wicks
Michael Graham Cox Capt. Cleminson
Hans Croiset Old Dutch lady's son
Lex van Delden SS-Oschaf. Matthias
Harry Ditson U.S. private
Donald Douglas Brig. Gerald Lathbury
Keith Drinkel Lt. Cornish
Denholm Elliot RAF meteorologist officer
David English Pvt. Andrews
Peter Faber Capt. Harry Bestebreutje
Colin Farrell Cpl. Hancock
Edward Fox Lt. Gen. Brian Horrocks
Christopher Good Maj. Carlyle
Elliot Gould Col. Robert Stout
Norman Gregory Pvt. Morgan
Frank Grimes Maj. Fuller
Gene Hackman Maj. Gen. Stanislaw Sosabowski
Garrick Hagon Lt. Rafferty
Brian Hawksley Vicar
Geoffrey Hinsliff British wireless operator
Anthony Hopkins Lt. Col. John Frost
John Judd Sgt. Clegg
Richard Kane Col. Weaver
Jeremy Kemp RAF briefing officer
Walter Kohut GFM Walter Model
Hardy Krüger SS-Gruf. Ludwig
Stanley Lebor Regimental Sergeant major
Sean Mathias Irish Guards lieutenant
Paul Maxwell Maj. Gen. Maxwell Taylor
Barry McCarthy Pvt. Clark
Anthony Milner Pvt. Dodds
Stephen Moore Maj. Robert Steele
Ryan O'Neal Brig. Gen. James Gavin
Laurence Olivier Dr. Jan Spaander
Josephine Peeper Cafe waitress
Donald Pickering Lt. Col. Mackenzie
Wolfgang Preiss GFM Gerd von Rundstedt
Anthony Pullen Shaw U.S. Captain
John Ratzenberger U.S. Lieutenant
Robert Redford Maj. Julian Cook
John Salthouse Pvt. 'Ginger' Marsh
Maximilian Schell SS-Ogruf. Wilhelm Bittrich
Edward Seckerson British Padre
Peter Settelen Lt. Cole
Gerald Sim Col. Sims
Mary Smithuysen Old Dutch lady
John Stride Grenadier Guards major
Liv Ullmann Kate Ter Horst
Siem Vroom Underground leader
Chris Wiliams Cpl. Merrick
Fred Williams SS-Hstuf. Gräbner
Michael Wolf Field Marshall Model's aide
Erik van't Wout Underground leader's son
Tom van Beek Jan Ter Horst

Alun Armstrong (born July 17, 1946) is an actor from Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. ... Cover of Bogarde biography Sir Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde (28 March 1921 – 8 May 1999), better known by his stage name Dirk Bogarde, was an actor and author. ... Sir Frederick Arthur Montague Browning, KBE, CB, DSO (December 20, 1896 - March 14, 1965) was a British military officer. ... Günther Blumentritt (February 10, 1897-October 12, 1967) was a German general. ... Michael Byrne was born in Kilkenny, Ireland in 1761. ... Lt. ... James Langston Edmund Caan[citation needed] (born March 26, 1940 in The Bronx, New York) is an Academy Award, Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American film, stage and television actor. ... Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth in Batman Begins Sir Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, CBE (born 14 March 1933), known professionally as Sir Michael Caine, is a double Oscar-winning English film actor. ... Brig. ... Nicholas Campbell as Dominic Da Vinci Nicholas Campbell (b. ... Erik Chitty (born 8 July 1907 in Kent — died 22 July 1977), was an English actor of film and television. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930 in Edinburgh, Scotland) is an Oscar-winning Scottish actor and producer who is well-known for his portrayal of James Bond. ... Robert Elliott Urquhart, CB, DSO (November 28, 1901 - December 13, 1988) was a British military officer. ... Paul Copley (b. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Donald Wills Douglas may be: Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. ... Sir Gerald William Lathbury was a British Army officer during the Second World War and later became Govenor of Gibraltar . ... Keith Drinkel is a British actor. ... Denholm Mitchell Elliott, CBE (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Melvin Franklin (far left), with the Temptations in 1967. ... Edward Fox (born 13 April 1937) is an English stage, film and television actor. ... Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (September 7, 1895 - January 4, 1985) was a British military officer. ... Elliott Gould (born August 29, 1938), born Elliott Goldstein, was one of the most prominent American film actors in the early 70s, best known for playing Trapper John in the satirical 1970 film M*A*S*H. Time magazine put him on its cover in 1970, when he was at... Eugene Allen Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is an Academy Award-winning American actor, considered by many to be one of the most talented performers of his generation. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Garrick Hagon is a British film and theatre actor and voice actor best known for his portrayal of Biggs Darklighter in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope and Goemon Ishikawa XIII in the Manga UK dubs of The Secret of Mamo and Goodbye Lady Liberty. ... Geoffrey Hinsliff (born 1937 in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England) is a British actor best known for his portrayal of Don Brennan in Coronation Street from 16 August 1987 to 8 October 1997. ... Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (IPA: ) is an Academy Award and Emmy Award-winning Welsh-born film, stage and television actor. ... John Frost, after having received a medal Major-General John Dutton Johnny Frost (December 31, 1912 - May 21, 1993) was a British airborne officer, prominent in Operation Market Garden. ... Jeremy Kemp (born 3 January 1935 in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England is an actor. ... Walther Model (pronounced modal) (January 24, 1891–April 21, 1945) was a German general, and later a Field Marshal, during World War II. He was noted for his defensive skills, and was nicknamed Hitlers fireman. Model served as an infantry officer in World War I. During the Polish... Born Franz Eberhard August Krüger, April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding, Germany. ... Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (June 25, 1900 – August 27, 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... General Maxwell Davenport Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was an American soldier and diplomat of the mid-20th century. ... Anthony Milner (born May 13th, 1925, in Bristol, UK, died September 22nd, 2002), was a composer, teacher and conductor. ... Stephen Moore refers to multiple people: Stephen Moore is an English actor. ... Patrick Ryan ONeal (born April 20, 1941) is an American actor. ... James Maurice Jumpin Jim Gavin (born as James Nally Ryan; March 22, 1907, New York, New York - February 23, 1990, Baltimore, Maryland) was an American Lieutenant General. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (22 May 1907–11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ... Donald Pickering is an English actor born in 1933. ... Wolfgang Preiss (February 27, 1910 at Nuremberg - November 27, 2002 at Baden-Baden) was a German cinema and television actor. ... Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (December 12, 1875 - February 24, 1953) was a field marshal of the German Army during World War II. He held some of the highest field commands in all phases of the war. ... John Ratzenberger. ... ÷ Robert Redford (born Charles Robert Redford, Jr. ... John Salthouse (b. ... Maximilian Schell (left) in the film Judgment at Nuremberg Maximilian Schell (born December 8, 1930) is a Swiss-Austrian actor. ... Wilhelm Bittrich Wilhelm Willi Bittrich (February 26, 1894 – April 19, 1979) was a General of the German SS during World War II. Born in the town of Wernigerode in the Harz mountains of Germany, Bittrich served as an army officer during World War I. He joined the SS-Verfügungstruppe... John Stride (born July 11, 1936) is an English actor best known for his television work during the 1970s. ... Liv Ullmann at Cannes in 2000 Liv Johanne Ullmann (born December 16, 1938) is a Norwegian actress, author and film director. ... Kate ter Horst, maiden name Kate A. Arriëns (1906 - February 21, 1992) was a Dutch nurse - later a doctor - who tended wounded and dying Allied soldiers during the Battle of Arnhem. ... Fred Williams, (1927-1982) is an Australian painter, known particularly for his landscapes. ... Michael Wolf is the President and COO of MTV Networks. ...

Accuracy of the film

The film was never intended to be a literal retelling of the book, and certain liberties were understandably taken. Nevertheless, it tried for an admirable degree of accuracy.

  • Leopard tanks of the Dutch Army portrayed German armor (presumably intended to be German Tigers). Their light grey color was incorrect for any German armor of WWII.
  • Unusually for a film of this period, many actors representing Waffen SS soldiers wore their correct distinctive uniforms.
  • Understandably, it was impossible to recreate the armored cars and halftracks that consisted of Graebner's column. A motley collection of crudely fashioned vehicles that were supposed to look something like German armored cars was used instead.
  • In reality, the first few German armored cars of Graebner's column made it across the bridge unscathed due to the fact that they took the defenders by surprise. The British had laid mines on the bridge's approaches and these were expertly avoided by the speeding German drivers.
  • When the lone "Tiger" attacks the British at Arnhem, it attacks from the southern end of the bridge. In reality, after Graebner's failed attack, no more German armored attacks originated from that direction.
  • In the film, the British kill or disperse the resting crew of a German tank, thus allowing General Urquhart to return to his headquarters. In reality, while a number of German tanks (including Royal Tigers) were lost in the battle to British PIATs and 6-pounders, in this case he just waited for them to move off.
  • On the German side, there was no "Maj. Gen. Ludwig". He is a composite of Generals Harzer and Harmel of the 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions.
  • On the American side, there was no "Col. Robert Stout" of the 101st Airborne.
  • The anti-tank guns used by the Germans defending against XXX Corps' advance look like 75 mm PAK 40s, which would be correct.
  • In a road clearing operation, a tankdozer pushes a knocked out M24 Chaffee out of the road - but the British did not use M24s during that period.
  • German military policeman properly wear the appropriate gorget while on duty.
  • During the conference between Model and von Rundstedt where they discuss moving II SS Panzer Corps to Arnhem, the marker designating that unit incorrectly reads, "II SS Panzer Div".
  • Field Marshall Gerd von Rundsted uniform is incorrectly depicted, as his collar tabs correspond to officer ones, instead of general officer tabs - golden oak leaf on a red base, as it can be seen in other actors. His Knight's Cross is also too loose around his neck.

Facts and figures

  • Joseph E. Levine financed the $22 million budget himself. During the production, he would show footage from the film to distributors who would then pay him for distribution rights. By the time the film was finished, Levine had raised $26 million, putting the film $4 million in the black before it had even opened.
  • To tempt the distributors, Levine needed to assemble an all-star cast. The principal players were paid $250, 000 a week, though Sean Connery held out for a total of $750, 000. The part of Major Cook came down to a choice between the two biggest box office stars, Steve McQueen and Robert Redford. Attenborough pushed for McQueen, who he had worked with as an actor on The Sand Pebbles and The Great Escape. But McQueen wanted $3 million, plus $50, 000 for his entourage, $470, 000 to buy a house he couldn't sell and to have his part scheduled so he could immediately begin production on another film he was being paid $3 million for. Levine turned him down and Redford agreed to play the part for $2 million.
  • Shooting of the American-led assault on the Bridge at Nijmegen was dubbed the “Million-Dollar Hour”. Because of the heavy traffic, they had permission to film on the bridge between eight and nine o'clock on the 3rd October 1976, and if they couldn't shoot the scene, they would have to reschedule at a cost - including Redford's overtime - of at least a million dollars. For this reason, Attenborough insisted all corpses keep their eyes closed.
  • Michael Caine's scripted line to order the column of tanks and armored cars into battle, was "Forward, go, charge". Lucky for Caine, Lieutenant Colonel Joe Vandeleur was on the set, so he ask him what the actually line was. Vandeleur replyed "I just said quietly into the microphone, 'Well, get a move on, then.'" And that's the line Caine spoke.

Joseph E. Levine (September 9, 1905 – July 31, 1987) was an American film producer. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930 in Edinburgh, Scotland) is an Oscar-winning Scottish actor and producer who is well-known for his portrayal of James Bond. ... Steve McQueen in The Great Escape Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool. He was considered one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a captivating on-screen persona. ... ÷ Robert Redford (born Charles Robert Redford, Jr. ... The Sand Pebbles is a 1966 film which tells the story of an American gunboat plying the rivers of China in the 1920s. ... The Great Escape, written by James Clavell and W.R. Burnett and directed by John Sturges is a popular 1963 World War II film, based on a true story about Allied prisoners of war with a record for escaping from prisoner-of-war camps. ...

See also

The war film is a film genre that has to do with warfare, usually focusing on naval, air, or land battles, but sometimes focusing instead on prisoners of war, covert operations, military training, or other related subjects. ... Detailing the battleplans in the film Theirs is the Glory. ... Piet J. Kroonenberg is the historical consultant to the European Scout Committee. ...

References

  • Cornelius Ryan (1974). A Bridge Too Far. Coronet Books. ISBN 0-340-19941-5.

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Bridge So Far - a Suspense Story (849 words)
For a filmmaker whose documentaries frequently extol grass-roots democracy, the realization that too much civic involvement is possible came as a surprise to David L. Brown.
A Brisbane resident, he figures it was too much input from too many voices, coupled with political meddling that is primarily to blame for the 16-year delay in reconstructing the country's second busiest bridge.
In “The Bridge So Far: A Suspense Story,” scheduled to air this Sunday, Brown humorously depicts the political backbiting, engineering miscues, and marathon public debates with cartoons (a la Michael Moore) along with commentary from the likes of satirist Will Durst.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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