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Encyclopedia > Aérospatiale Puma
Aérospatiale Puma

SA 330 Puma
Description
Role Medium transport/utility helicopter
Crew 3
First Flight
Entered Service
Manufacturer
Dimensions
Length ft in 18.15 m
Rotor Diameter ft in 15.0 m
Height ft in 5.14 m
Weights
Empty lb 3,770 kg
Loaded lb kg
Maximum Takeoff lb 7,400 kg
Capacity 16 passengers
Powerplant
Engines 2 x Turbomeca Turmo IVC turboshafts
Power hp 2 x 1,175 kW
Performance
Maximum Speed mph 258 km/h
Combat Range 309 nautical miles km
Ferry Range miles km
Service Ceiling ft 4,800 m
Rate of Climb ft/min 552 m/min
Thrust/Weight
Power/Mass hp/lb kW/kg
Avionics
Avionics
Armament
Guns Various, including co-axial 7.62 mm machine guns and side-firing 20 mm cannon
Bombs
Missiles
Rockets
Other

The Aerospatiale Puma is a medium-sized twin-engined transport/utility helicopter originally manufactured by Aerospatiale of France. It is also known under the designation SA 330. An SA 330 Puma, public domain photo from navy. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more large horizontal rotors (propellers). ... The Aerospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ...

Contents

History

The SA 330 Puma was originally developed by Aerospatiale to meet a requirement of the French Army for a medium-sized all-weather helicopter. The helicopter also had to be capable of operating by day and night as well as in a wide variety of climates.


In 1967, the Puma was also selected by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and given the designation Puma HC Mk.1. As a result of this decision, the SA 330 was included in a joint production agreement between Aerospatiale and Westland Helicopters of the UK. The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force of the United Kingdom. ... Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset, formed just before the start of World War II. During the war the company produced a number of generally unsuccessful designs, but their Lysander would serve as an important liaison aircraft with the RAF. After the war the...


The first of two Puma prototypes flew on 15 April 1965. Six pre-production models were also built, the last of which flew on 30 July 1968. April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


The first production SA 330 Puma flew in September 1968. On 25 April 1978 the SA 330J Puma achieved the distinction of becaming the first helicopter outside the (then) Soviet Union to be certificated for all-weather operations, including icy conditions. 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events January January 1 - The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law. ...


Production of the SA 330 Puma by Aerospatiale ceased in 1987, by which time a total of 697 had been sold. The Puma was then replaced by an upgraded and improved version, the AS 332 Eurocopter Super Puma. The Eurocopter Super Puma (originally built by Aérospatiale) is a helicopter marketed for civil and military use. ...


Variants of this helicopter were also manufactured, assembled or licence-built by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation of South Africa, ICA of Romania and IPTN of Indonesia.


Users

The SA 330 Puma is one of the most widely used helicopter types in the world. Versions of this helicopter are or were in service with the armed forces of the following countries:

The Puma is also operated by several civilian operators. The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. ... The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. ... The Republic of Chile is a country in South America occupying a long coastal strip between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. ... The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityopiya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country situated in the Horn of Africa. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... The Gabonese Republic, or Gabon, is a nation of west central Africa. ... The Republic of Indonesia is located in the Malay Archipelago, the worlds largest archipelago, between Indochina and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ... The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. ... Kenya (pronounced as KEN-ya) is a country of East Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. ... The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. ... The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, along the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Syria and Israel. ... The Republic of Malawi is a land-locked nation in east Africa. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize, to... The Kingdom of Nepal, situated in the Himalayas, is the worlds only Hindu kingdom. ... The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa and, by far, the most populated nation in Africa. ... The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (, or Islami Jamhooriya-e-Pakistan, in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia and is part of the Greater Middle East. ... The Republic of Portugal (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, the westernmost country in continental Europe. ... Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. ... Senegambia was a loose confederation between the small West African country of Senegal and its smaller neighbor The Gambia (which is surrounded by Senegal, except for an outlet to the sea), which existed from February 1, 1982 to September 30, 1989 following an agreement between the two countries signed on... The Republic of South Africa is a large republic located at the southern tip of the continent. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... The Republic of the Sudan, or Republic of Sudan (in recent years the definite article has increasingly been dropped in common usage) is the largest country in Africa, situated in the northeast part of the continent. ... The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkina Faso in the north. ... The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Zaire (spelt Zaïre in French) was the name of the Second Republic of Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1971 and 1997. ...


Versions

Aerospatiale versions

  • SA 330 A: Prototypes, originally called "Alouette IV".
  • SA 330 B: Initial production version.
  • SA 330 "Orchidee": SA 330 modified to carry an "Orchidee" surveillance system for the French Army.
  • SA 330 C: Initial export production version.
  • SA 330 E: Version produced by Westland Helicopters for the RAF under the designation HC Mk 1.
  • SA 330 F: Initial civilian export production version with Turbomeca Turmo IIIC4 turboshaft engines.
  • SA 330 G: Upgraded civilian version with Turbomeca Turmo IVC engines and composite main rotor blades.
  • SA 330 H: Upgraded French Army and export version with Turbomeca IVC engines and composite main rotor blades.
  • SA 330 L: Upgraded version for so-called "hot and high" conditions.
  • SA 330 Z: Prototype with "fenestron" tail rotor.

Versions by other manufacturers

  • Atlas Aircraft Corporation Oryx: This is a remanufactured and upgraded SA 330 Puma built for the South African Air Force.
  • ICA IAR 330 L: This is a licence-built version of the SA 330 Puma manufactured by ICA of Romania. Designated as the SA 330 L by Aerospatiale.
  • IPTN NAS 330 J: This is a version that was assembled by IPTN of Indonesia under the local designation NAS 330 J and the Aerospatiale designation of SA 330 J. Eleven units were produced.
  • Westland Puma HC Mk. 1: This is the SA 330 E version assembled by Westland Helicopters for the RAF.

Oryx M2 The Atlas Oryx (named after the Oryx antelope) is a medium_sized utility helicopter manufactured by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation (now Denel Aviation) of South Africa. ... SAAF flag The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the Air Force of South Africa. ... Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. ... The Republic of Indonesia is located in the Malay Archipelago, the worlds largest archipelago, between Indochina and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ...

See also

List of aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers The Eurocopter Super Puma (originally built by Aérospatiale) is a helicopter marketed for civil and military use. ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... Oryx M2 The Atlas Oryx (named after the Oryx antelope) is a medium_sized utility helicopter manufactured by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation (now Denel Aviation) of South Africa. ... This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: Piston engines Allison V-1710 BMW 801 Bristol Aquila Bristol Centaurus Bristol Hercules Bristol Jupiter Bristol Mercury Bristol Pegasus Bristol Perseus Bristol Phoenix Bristol Taurus Continental O-200 Daimler-Benz DB 601 de Havilland Gipsy Major Hispano-Suiza 12Y Hispano-Suiza 12Z Hitachi Hatsukaze Gnome Monosoupape... -1...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This list of commercial airports is indexed by their three-letter alphanumeric IATA airport code: The following web address (http://www. ... This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by country of origin. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...

Films

The Puma can be seen as a modified Mil-24 Hind in Rambo: First Blood Part II and Rambo III Released on Friday, May 24, 1985, the second movie of Rambo, Rambo: First Blood Part II, has Rambo (Sylvester Stallone) released from prison by Federal order to document the possible existence of POWs in Vietnam, under the belief that he will find nothing and the government can sweep the issue... Released on Wednesday, May 25, 1988, Rambo III, sees Rambo (Sylvester Stallone) going to Afghanistan to rescue Colonel Trautman, who was captured while trying to document the atrocities of the occupying Russian army on the local forces, so the US government would aid them. ...


 
 

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