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Encyclopedia > 99 Names of God

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The 99 Names of God, also known as The 99 attributes of Allah (Arabic: أسماء الله الحسنىtranslit: Asma’ Allah al-Ḥusná), are the names of God revealed to man in the Qur'an;[1] even though His names (as adjectives, word constructs, or otherwise) exceed ninety-nine in the Qur'an. The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing Arabic and various other languages, together with various closely related scripts that typically differ in the presence or absence of a few letters. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...


Origin

In one Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad used to call God by all his names: For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...

"Allahumma inni ad`uka bi asma'ika al-husna kulliha"
"اللهم اني ادعوك باسمائك الحسنى كلها"
"O God, I invoke you with all of your beautiful names."
(Narrated by Ibn Maja, book of Du`a; and by Imam Malik in his Muwatta', Kitab al-Shi`r)

The Prophet is also reported to have said in a famous Hadith: Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ...

"Verily, there are ninety-nine names of God, one hundred minus one. He who enumerates them would get into Paradise."
(Sahih Muslim, Vol. 4, p. 1410)

This caused people to search them out in the Qur'an, and a list was compiled. Over time it became custom to recite the list in its entirety. While most Muslims believe that this list is mentioned by the Prophet himself, the specialist Muslim scholars argue that the list was just compiled by a Muslim scholar, (Al Waaleed ibn Muslim). If it was only an attempt of a scholar, they are not necessarily the names proper, and other attempts may still be made. A recent scholar, Dr. Mahmoud Abdel-Razek, made an attempt [1] of this kind and explained in detail why he differs in opinion with Al Waleed about enlisting some of the names. However, reciting the traditional names has developed into a ritual by some Muslims (a bit like a Catholic litany of Saints) as an attempt to enumerate them, while some other muslims believe that the "enumeration" is not just the act of recitation, but applying the attributes that the names suggest. The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Litany of the Saints or Litaniae Sanctorum is a sacred prayer of the Roman Catholic Church and its Eastern Rite. ...


As one Muslim puts it: A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...

"...by reciting and contemplating the names, and by embodying them as far as possible in his actions, the devout Muslim strives to remember God and draws near to Him, and with God's grace makes them part of his own being." [2]

Jihad (Arabic: jihād) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root jhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ...

Palm of the Hand

What could be interpreted as the number 99 written in Arabic is imprinted on human hands. If one looks at his or her palms, thumbs facing upward, the lines in the hands appear as "١٨ ٨١", which are the arabic numerals of 81 and 18, which sum to 99. [3] 99 (ninety-nine) is the natural number following 98 and preceding 100. ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... For other uses, see Arabic numerals (disambiguation). ...


It should be noted that this has no Islamic or Qu'ranic basis supporting it and, from an Islamic perspective, is irrelevant to the concept of the names of God discussed in the previous section. This is very likely a novelty of unknown origin that has developed in some Muslim cultures. Look up novelty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


List of Names

The 99 Names of God according to the tradition of Islam are: Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...

# Transliteration Translation
1 Allah (الله) (The) God
2 Ar-Rahman (الرحمن) The All Beneficent
3 Ar-Rahim (الرحيم) The Most Merciful
4 Al-Malik (الملك) The King, The Sovereign
5 Al-Quddus (القدوس) The Most Holy
6 As-Salam (السلام) The Peace and Blessing
7 Al-Mu'min (المؤمن) The Guarantor
8 Al-Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian, The Preserver
9 Al-Aziz (العزيز) The Almighty, The Self Sufficient
10 Al-Jabbar (الجبار) The Powerful, The Irresistible
11 Al-Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Tremendous
12 Al-Khaliq (الخالق) The Creator
13 Al-Bari' (البارئ) The Maker
14 Al-Musawwir (المصور) The Fashioner of Forms
15 Al-Ghaffar (الغفار) The Ever Forgiving
16 Al-Qahhar (القهار) The All Compelling Subduer
17 Al-Wahhab (الوهاب) The Bestower
18 Ar-Razzaq (الرزاق) The Ever Providing
19 Al-Fattah (الفتاح) The Opener, The Victory Giver
20 Al-`Alim (العليم) The All Knowing, The Omniscient
21 Al-Qabid (القابض) The Restrainer, The Straightener
22 Al-Basit (الباسط) The Expander, The Munificent
23 Al-Khafid (الخافض) The Abaser
24 Ar-Rafi (الرافع) The Exalter
25 Al-Mu'izz (المعز) The Giver of Honour
26 Al-Mudhill (المذل) The Giver of Dishonour
27 As-Sami (السميع) The All Hearing
28 Al-Basir (البصير) The All Seeing
29 Al-Hakam (الحكم) The Judge, The Arbitrator
30 Al-`Adl (العدل) The Utterly Just
31 Al-Latif (اللطيف) The Subtly Kind
32 Al-Khabir (الخبير) The All Aware
33 Al-Halim (الحليم) The Forbearing, The Indulgent
34 Al-Azim (العظيم) The Magnificent, The Infinite
35 Al-Ghafur (الغفور) The All Forgiving
36 Ash-Shakur (الشكور) The Grateful
37 Al-Ali (العلى) The Sublimely Exalted
38 Al-Kabir (الكبير) The Great
39 Al-Hafiz (الحفيظ) The Preserver
40 Al-Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
41 Al-Hasib (الحسيب) The Reckoner
42 Al-Jalil (الجليل) The Majestic
43 Al-Karim (الكريم) The Bountiful, The Generous
44 Ar-Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful
45 Al-Mujib (المجيب) The Responsive, The Answerer
46 Al-Wasi (الواسع) The Vast, The All Encompassing
47 Al-Hakim (الحكيم) The Wise
48 Al-Wadud (الودود) The Loving, The Kind One
49 Al-Majid (المجيد) The All Glorious
50 Al-Ba'ith (الباعث) The Raiser of The Dead
51 Ash-Shahid (الشهيد) The Witness
52 Al-Haqq (الحق) The Truth, The Real
53 Al-Wakil (الوكيل) The Trustee, The Dependable
54 Al-Qawiyy (القوى) The Strong
55 Al-Matin (المتين) The Firm, The Steadfast
56 Al-Waliyy (الولى) The Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper
57 Al-Hamid (الحميد) The All Praiseworthy
58 Al-Muhsi (المحصى) The Accounter, The Numberer of All
59 Al-Mubdi' (المبدئ) The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
60 Al-Mu'id (المعيد) The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
61 Al-Muhyi (المحيى) The Giver of Life
62 Al-Mumit (المميت) The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer
63 Al-Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living
64 Al-Qayyum (القيوم) The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
65 Al-Wajid (الواجد) The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing
66 Al-Majid (الماجد) The Illustrious, The Magnificent
67 Al-Ahad (الاحد) The One, the All Inclusive, The Indivisible
68 As-Samad (الصمد) The Self Sufficient, The Impregnable, The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting
69 Al-Qadir (القادر) The All Able
70 Al-Muqtadir (المقتدر) The All Determiner, The Dominant
71 Al-Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward
72 Al-Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away
73 Al-Awwal (الأول) The First
74 Al-Akhir (الأخر) The Last
75 Az-Zahir (الظاهر) The Manifest, The All Victorious
76 Al-Batin (الباطن) The Hidden, The All Encompassing
77 Al-Wali (الوالي) The Patron
78 Al-Muta'ali (المتعالي) The Self Exalted
79 Al-Barr (البر) The Most Kind and Righteous
80 At-Tawwab (التواب) The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting
81 Al-Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
82 Al-'Afuww (العفو) The Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins
83 Ar-Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Compassionate, The All Pitying
84 Malik-al-Mulk (مالك الملك) The Owner of All Sovereignty
85 Dhu-al-Jalal wa-al-Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
86 Al-Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable, The Requiter
87 Al-Jami' (الجامع) The Gatherer, The Unifier
88 Al-Ghani (الغنى) The All Rich, The Independent
89 Al-Mughni (المغنى) The Enricher, The Emancipator
90 Al-Mani'(المانع) The Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender
91 Ad-Darr (الضار) The Distressor, The Harmer (This attribute can only be found in hadith)
92 An-Nafi' (النافع) The Propitious, The Benefactor
93 An-Nur (النور) The Light
94 Al-Hadi (الهادي) The Guide
95 Al-Badi (البديع) The Incomparable, The Originator
96 Al-Baqi (الباقي) The Ever Enduring and Immutable
97 Al-Warith (الوارث) The Heir, The Inheritor of All
98 Ar-Rashid (الرشيد) The Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower
99 As-Sabur (الصبور) The Patient, The Timeless

Another epithet found in the Qur'an is Dhul Fazl al Azim (ذو الفضل العظيم) "The Lord of Infinite Grace" (2.105, 3.74, 8.29, 57.21, 57.29, 62.4), but it is not part of the traditional list of the 99 names of Allah. For other uses, see Allah (disambiguation). ... Rahman is the transliteration of a Arabic given name رحمن that comes from the triconsonantal root R-Ḥ-M, meaning benevolent. In Islam, the name is considered one of the 99 Names of God. ... (ر Ø­ Ù…) is the triconsonantal root of many Arabic words, and many of those words are used as names. ... Malik (Arabic: ملك ) is a word that means king in Arabic, also adopted in various other oriental languages, also in derived meanings. ... Quddús was the name given to Mullá Muhammad Alí-i-Bárfurúsh by the Báb meaning The Most Holy. ... Sa*lam (s[.a]*l[aum]m), n. ... Mumin is an Arabic Islamic term, frequently referenced in the Quran, meaning beliver and denotes a Muslim that has complete submission to the will of God (Allah), and has faith firmly established in his heart. ... Aziz, originally a Syriac word and name, is also an Arabic name, and spans other areas such as Russia. ... ... Ulema (Arabic: علماء) is the community of legal scholars of Islam and the Sharia. ... Adl is an Arabic term roughly meaning Justice. It is used in the everyday sense of the word: for example, wizeer al-adl translates to The Minister of Justice. ... Depiction of saint Kabir on the cover of a Hindi magazine named Shree Kabir Gyanamrit KabÄ«r (also KabÄ«ra) (Hindi: कबीर, GurmukhÄ«: ਕਬੀਰ, Urdu: ‎) (1398—1397)[ — see talk page] was an Indian mystic; a Bhakti saint, a contemporary of Guru Nanak Dev, who sang the ideals of seeing all of humanity... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Mullah Jalil is a citizen of Afghanistan, held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, in Cuba. ... Karim is a common male name. ... Hakim may refer to: al-Hakim one of names of Allah Hakim, a character on Sesamstraat Naji Hakim, the Lebanese-born organist Hakim Rifle, Egyptian rifle This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Haqq is the Arabic word for truth. ... Hamid is the transliteration of a Arabic given name that comes from the Arabic Triconsonantal root of H-M-D, meaning, meaning [The one] given praise. People named such include: Hamid etemad Hamid Beheshtian Hamid Shabkhiz Hamid Taqvaee Hamid Hassani Hamid Hussain Hamid Ismailov Surnames: Rani Hamid This list is... Al-Batin means the hidden, and is one of the 99 names of Allah according to the Muslim religion. ... Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ... Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ... Surat al-Baqarah (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ... Surat āl-Imrān (The Family of Amram) is the 3rd sura of the Quran with 200 ayat. ... Surat al-Anfal (Arabic: سورة الأنفال ) (the Spoils of War)[1] is the eighth chapter of the Quran, with 85 verses. ... Surat Al-Hadid (Arabic: سورة الحديد ) (The Iron) is the 57th sura of the Quran with 29 ayat. ... Surat Al-Jumua (Arabic: سورة الجمعة ) (The Friday [Congregation]) is the 62nd sura of the Quran with 11 ayat. ...


100th Name of God

Muslims teach that there are 99 names for God and that the 100th name is hidden. The idea has become a kind of mystery with little references to what it means.[2]


Once again, the Hadith about the names of God says: Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ...

"Verily, there are ninety-nine names of God, one hundred minus one. He who enumerates them would get into Paradise."
(Sahih Muslim, Vol. 4, p. 1410)

Sufism

In Sufism, the idea of the 100th name is most prominent. It has become the elusive object of mystic devotion, the symbol of God's transcendent being. Sufism is a mystic tradition of Islam encompassing a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah/God, divine love and sometimes to help a fellow man. ...


Sufis often describe their discipline as the quest to know the one-hundredth name of God and thus to merge their consciousness with the divine reality. [4]


Mahdi

Other such Hadiths, which vary according to different Shi'a sects of Islam, suggest that the 100th Name will be revealed by the Mahdi. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Bahá'í

The Bahá'í Faith has claimed to fulfill the prophecy of the Mahdi, and the 100th name was revealed as "Bahá’" (an Arabic word بهاء meaning "glory, splendor" etc.), and is the root word for Bahá'u'lláh and Bahá'í.[3] The Báb wrote a noted pentagram tablet with 360 derivatives of the word "Bahá'" used in it.[3] While the Bahá'í Faith has roots in Islam, it is an independent religion, and its followers are not considered Muslims. This article is about the generally-recognized global Baháí community. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The official symbol of the Baháí Faith is the five-pointed star, as mentioned by Shoghi Effendi: Strictly speaking the 5-pointed star is the symbol of our Faith, as used by the Báb and explained by Him. ... Shrine of Baháulláh Baháulláh (ba-haa-ol-laa Arabic: ‎ Glory of God) (1817 - 1892), born (Persian: ‎ ), was the founder and prophet of the Baháí Faith. ... Shrine of the Báb at night from above in Haifa, Israel. ... A tablet, in the religious context, is a term traditionally used for religious texts. ...


Arab Folklore

Arab folklore says that the camel knows the 100th name of God but will tell no one. That is why he solemnly holds his head high and plods defiantly across the desert, holding the secret to himself.[citation needed] Arabian folklore has a long and colourful history. ... Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camels are even-toed ungulates in the genus Camelus. ...


Some people claim that the 99 names are adjectives of God and do not tell us the true entity of God. The 100th name may be the one that really is the name of God. [5]


Arab Christianity

In Arab Christianity, the idea of the 100th name is based on the trinitarian idea. Thus the 100th name of God for Arab Christians is الثالوث المقدس ath-Thalouth al-Muqaddas, meaning 'Holy Trinity'. Arab Christians like other Christians believe that God consists of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. [citation needed] Arab Christians are people who are ethnically Arab or culturally and linguistically Arabized and who follow the religion of Christianity. ...


Personal Names

According to Islamic tradition, a Muslim may not be given any of the 99 names of God in the exact same form- for example, nobody may be named Al Malik (The King), but may be named Malik 'King'. Similarly, Allah Baksh and so on. An exception may be made in some cases — for example, the son of Khattab ibn Nufayl is named "Umar ibn Khattab", but since his father was famous, he is called Umar ibn al-Khattab. This implies "Umar, the son of the [famous] Khattab" and not "Umar, the son of the [one and only] Khattab". In the same manner, there are people named "x ibn al-y". This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ...


However the names/attributes of God can be combined with the word "‘Abd -" which means servant (i.e. - of God) and are commonly used as personal names among Muslims. For example ‘Abd ar-Rahman ("servant of the Most Compassionate God"). The stylized signature of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire. ...


Some notable people having names resembling those 99 (but without the article "The" which is only used to denote God) are:

  • Muhammad (The one who is praised) resembles al-Hamid (The All Praiseworthy).
  • Ali (High) resembles al-Ali (The High).
  • Khadija as-Salami resembles as-Salam (The God of Peace and blessing).

For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) was the final prophet in Islam. ... Khadija al-Salami (born 1966, in Sanaa, Yemen), is the first Yemeni female film producer. ...

The 99 Comic

An editor based in Kuwait, Teshkeel Comics, has recently begun publishing a cross-cultural series similar in style and graphism to Western super-hero comic books, and based on the theme of the 99 Attributes of God. Inspired by Islamic history, the central theme of "The 99" revolves around ordinary 21st century humans (of both genders) who each acquire one of the 99 Attributes, in the form of a super-power, through one of the 99 mystic Noor gemstones (Gems of Light), which were lost for centuries. It is noted that only a single Attribute can be possessed by a mortal, because their reunion can only exist within God. The series, edited both in English and Arabic, claims to aim at bridging the "civilizations gap" in today's world through entertaining fiction.


See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... At the bottom of the hands, the two letters on each hand combine to form יהוה (YHVH), the name of God. ... The word Sahasra-nāma in Sanskrit means 1000 names. Sahasra-nāma-stotra stands for a poem or a succession of verses (shlokas,) which contain thousand names of God. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Fleming, Marrianne; Worden, David (2004). Religious Studies for AQA; Thinking About God and Morality. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers. ISBN 0-435-30713-4. 
  2. ^ Mellis, J.K., Abu Sharif: Mystery of the 100th Name
  3. ^ a b Lambden, Stephen (1993). "The Word Bahá': Quintessence of the Greatest Name". Bahá'í Studies Review 3 (1).

External links

  • 99 Names of ALLAH With meanings and benefits of recitation.
  • 99 Excellent Names of ALLAH with references to verses where the name appears in the Holy Qur'an.
  • Ninety-nine Names of God with references to verses where the name appears in the Qur'an.
  • The 99 Names and Attributes of Allah, numbered list of names and meanings.
  • The beautiful names of Allah 99 names written clearly in Arabic
  • 99 Names of God, oil paintings of all the 99 names.
  • 99 Names of Allah Almighty 99 names of almighty God 'Allah' with a brief description of each name.
  • Chanting the names in Arabic Version One with music, Version two,Version three, a video.
  • A recent attempt by Dr. Mahmoud Abdel-Razek to enumerate the names of Allah
  • [6]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Names of God - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2412 words)
God's names are seen as his attributes, and God is often, in prayers, referred to by these titles and attributes, such as the Mighty, the All-Powerful, the Merciful, the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Generous, the All-Wise, the Incomparable, the Gracious, the Helper, the All-Glorious, the Omniscient.
In Vaishnavism, the Vishnu sahasranama enumerates names of God.
In Shaivism, the Shiva sahasranama enumerates names of God.
God - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3324 words)
Jah is the name of God in the Rastafari movement
The Maasai name for "God" is Ngai, which occurs in the volcano name Ol Doinyo Lengai ("the mountain of God").
God's names are seen as his attributes, and God is often, in prayers, referred to by these titles and attributes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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