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Encyclopedia > 8th century
Millennia: 1st millennium
Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century
Decades: 700s 710s 720s 730s 740s
750s 760s 770s 780s 790s
Categories: Births - Deaths
Establishments - Disestablishments

The 8th century is the period from 701 - 800 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. A millennium (pl. ... In the Gregorian calendar, the 1st millennium is the period of one thousand years that commenced with the year 1 Anno Domini. ... These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s Years: 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 Events: Categories: 700s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 Events 717 - 2nd Arab siege of Constantinople Categories: 710s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s Years: 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 Events: Categories: 720s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s Years: 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 Significant Persons Anglo-Saxon poet Caedmon active Events Categories: 730s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s Years: 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 Events: Categories: 740s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s Years: 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 Events: Categories: 750s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s - 810s Years: 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 Events: Charlemagne inherits Kingdom of the Franks from Pippin the Younger Categories: 760s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 720s - 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s - 810s - 820s Years: 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 Events: Categories: 770s ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 730s - 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s - 810s - 820s - 830s Years: 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 Events and trends: Charlemagne expands the Frankish kingdom by gains in Saxony, Bavaria and Spain. ... Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Decades: 740s - 750s - 760s - 770s - 780s - 790s - 800s - 810s - 820s - 830s - 840s Years: 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 Events and trends: In 793, the Vikings sack the monastery of Lindisfarne. ... Events September 30 - John VI succeeds Sergius I as Pope. ... Events December 25, Rome, coronation of Charles the Great (Charlemagne) as emperor by Pope Leo III. Celtic monks begin work on the Book of Kells on the Island of Iona. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... Anno Domini (Latin: In the year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ...

Contents

Overview

During this century the Middle East, the coast of North Africa and much of the Iberian Peninsular comes rapidly under Islamic Arab domination. The westward expansion of the Arab Empire is famously halted at the Battle of Tours. Late in the century the Vikings, seafaring peoples from Scandinavia begin raiding the coasts of Europe and the Mediterranean creating a terrifying legacy. They go on to founder several important kingdoms. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic North Africa, including the UN subregion North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, generally divided politically from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Iberia can mean: The Iberian peninsula of southwest Europe; That part of it inhabited by the Iberians, speaking the Iberian language. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Combatants Carolingian Franks Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Charles Martel ‘Abd-al-Raḥmān al-Ghāfiqī† Strength Unknown, possibly 20,000 to 30,000 [1] Unknown, but the earliest Muslim sources, still after the era of the battle[2] mention a figure of 80,000. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


Events

Borobudur from a distance
Borobudur from a distance

Download high resolution version (900x386, 92 KB)The Borobudur in Indonesia. ... Download high resolution version (900x386, 92 KB)The Borobudur in Indonesia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that Chinese Painting Arts be merged into this article or section. ... Han Gan (simp. ... Events Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I begins the Great Mosque of Damascus Births Deaths Categories: 706 ... Events Births Deaths July 12: Bertrada, wife of Pippin III Categories: 783 ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... The Amazighs (also called Berber people or Imazighen (ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ), free men, singular Amazigh) are an ethnic group autochthonous to Northwest Africa and speak various Berber languages. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... The first page of Beowulf Beowulf is an Old English heroic epic poem composed in the later Early Middle Ages (in the 8th, 9th or 10th century). ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. ... Borobudur from a distance Borobudur, located in the Indonesian island of Java, 40 km (25mi) north-west of Yogyakarta, is a Buddhist stupa related to the Mahayana tradition, and the largest Buddhist monument on earth. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... The Jataka stories are a significant body of works about the previous lives of Gautama Buddha. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Kelileh va Demneh manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the lion astray. ... Media:Example. ... John of Damascus (Greek: Ιωάννης Δαμασκήνος/Ioannês Damaskinos; Arabic: Yaḥyā ibn Manṣūr; Latin: Iohannes Damascenus or Johannes Damascenus also known as John Damascene, Χρυσορρόας/Chrysorrhoas, streaming with gold—i. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Barlaam of Calabria an Italian clergyman of the 14th century Saint Barlaam, eventual companion of St. ... Josaphat (saint) — A legendary Christian saint of India. ... The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784. ... The Principality of Nitra or Nitrian Principality ( Slovak: Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko, Nitrava) was a principality in what is today Slovakia and some adjacent territories in present-day Hungary in the Middle Ages. ... Great Moravia was a Slavic empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is a historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now the Russian Federation. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne warriors and traders of Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles and mainland Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late 8th–11th century. ... Lindisfarne Castle Lindisfarne (grid reference NU125421, ), also called Holy Island (variant spelling, Lindesfarne), is a tidal island off the north-east coast of England, which is connected to the mainland of Northumberland by a causeway and is cut off twice a day by tides — something well described by Sir Walter... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Events Vikings sack the monastery of Lindisfarne, Northumbria. ... The Kanem-Bornu Empire existed in Africa, established around 1200 and lasting, in a changed form, until the 1840s. ... Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. ... Mesoamerican chronology The chronology of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica is usually divided into the following eras: Paleo-Indian Period c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its spectacular art, monumental architecture, and sophisticated mathematical and astronomical systems. ... Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian, China The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda (Chinese: 大雁塔; pinyin: ), is located in southern Xian, China. ... 1) The city of Xian in China 2) An alternative spelling of Christian, by analogy with Xmas as an alternative spelling of Christmas. ... Wu Zetian (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) (625 - December 16, 705), personal name Wu Zhao (武曌), was the only woman in the history of China to assume the title of Emperor. ... Events January - An earthquake strikes the Middle East from northern Egypt to northwestern Mesopotamia, destroying many remnants of Byzantine culture. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Events Ciniod succeeds Bridei V as king of the Picts. ... The An Shi Rebellion (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) occurred in China, during the Tang Dynasty, from 756 to 763. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Events End of the reign of Empress Koken of Japan; she is succeeded by Emperor Junnin. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Events Widukind and many other Saxons are baptized. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... From the latin maritimus, maritime refers to things relating to the sea. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Events Widukind and many other Saxons are baptized. ... Events Emperor Nicephorus I of Byzantium suffers a major defeat against the Saracens at Crasus. ... A geographer is a crazy psycho whose area of study is geocrap, the pseudoscientific study of Earths physical environment and human habitat and the study of boring students to death. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Al-Masudi or Abu-Alhasan Ali bin al-Husain. ... Muhammad ibn Ahmad Shams al-Din Al-Muqaddasi (Arabic: محمد بن امحد شمس الدين المقدسي) (also known as Al-Maqdisi) was a notable medieval Arab geographer, author of Ahsan at-Taqasim fi Ma`rifat il-Aqalim (The Best Divisions for Knowledge of the Regions). ...

Significant persons

Charles Martel (or, in modern English, Charles the Hammer) (23 August 686 – 22 October 741) was proclaimed Mayor of the Palace, ruling the Franks in the name of a titular King, and proclaimed himself Duke of the Franks (the last four years of his reign he did not even bother... Events June 18 - Constantine V succeeds Leo III as emperor of the Byzantine Empire. ... Combatants Carolingian Franks Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Charles Martel ‘Abd-al-Raḥmān al-Ghāfiqī† Strength Unknown, possibly 20,000 to 30,000 [1] Unknown, but the earliest Muslim sources, still after the era of the battle[2] mention a figure of 80,000. ... Events October 10 - Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. ... Pippin the Younger Pippin the Younger or Pepin[1] (714 – September 24, 768), often known under the mistranslation Pippin the Short or the ordinal Pippin III, was the king of the Franks from 751 to 768 and is best known for being the father of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... // Death of Pepin the Short (714 - 768), king of the Franks since 751. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Events December 4 - Austrasian King Carloman dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frank kingdom (Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Franks at Rome on Christmas Day, 800). ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ... Rabanus Maurus (left), supported by Alcuin (middle), presents his work to Otgar of Mainz Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus or Ealhwine (c. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... Bede (IPA: ) (also Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede, or (from Latin) Beda (IPA: )), (ca. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Bold textItalic text == Headline text ==He was born a 4 headed man but 3 of his 4 heads died along with all but one of his 90 hearts. ... Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... Li Po redirects here. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Du Fu or Tu Fu (chin. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Han Gan (simp. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ...

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

The Rhine (German: ; Dutch: ; French: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ... Northern Europe is marked in dark blue Northern Europe is a name of the northern part of the European continent. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... A blank sheet of paper Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its spectacular art, monumental architecture, and sophisticated mathematical and astronomical systems. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Modern horseshoes are most commonly made of iron and nailed onto the hoof. ... Pattadakal is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka famous for its group of monuments that comprise of initial experiments in Hindu temple architecture. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... St. ... Yi Xing (Yi-xing) (一行) (683 – 727) was a Chinese astronomer and buddhist monk of the Tang Dynasty. ... A simple escapement. ... Chinese history, astronomers have created celestial globes to assist the observation of the stars. ...

Decades and years


  Results from FactBites:
 
Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (2323 words)
The majority of the temples in Nara represent a Buddhist architectural style introduced from the Korean peninsula and the Chinese mainland in the 8th century which underwent a unique process of development in Japan.
In view of the fact that nearly all the wooden buildings from that period in those countries are no longer in existence, the nominated property may be considered to be of special significance from the point of view of world history.
By comparison with the Heian-kyû (the Kyoto Imperial Palace), which existed from the 9th to the 11th century, the Nara Palace was in use for a very limited period of 74 years (710-84).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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