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Encyclopedia > 7th century
Millennia: 1st millennium
Centuries: 6th century - 7th century - 8th century
Decades: 600s 610s 620s 630s 640s
650s 660s 670s 680s 690s
Categories: Births - Deaths
Establishments - Disestablishments

The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. A millennium (pl. ... In the Gregorian calendar, the 1st millennium is the period of one thousand years that commenced with the year 1 Anno Domini. ... These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 550s - 560s - 570s - 580s - 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s Years: 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 World population grows to about 208 million. ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 560s - 570s - 580s - 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s Years: 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 Events: Muhammad, founding Prophet of Islam, escapes from Mecca to Medina. ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 570s - 580s - 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s Years: 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 Events: 622 - Hegira - Muhammad and his followers withdraw from Mecca to Medina - starting year of the Muslim Era. ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 580s - 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s Years: 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 Events: 630 - Serbs and Croats settle the Balkans in the provinces of Moesia, Pannonia and Dalmatia 632 - death of... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s Years: 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 Events 640 - Occupation of Egypt and Syria by followers of Muhammad 642 - Liberation of Persia by followers of Muhammad... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s Years: 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 Events: Buddhism introduced to Tibet Caliph Othman puts Muhammads teachings (the Quran) into 114 chapters Categories: 650s... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s Years: 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 Events: The Synod of Whitby Categories: 660s ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s Years: 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 Events 674-677 - Arab army first besieges Constantinople Categories: 670s ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s Years: 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 Events: Battle of Karbala Categories: 680s ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s - 690s - 700s - 710s - 720s - 730s - 740s Years: 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 Births: Chinese poet Wang Wei. ... Events The future Archbishops of Canterbury, Mellitus, Justus, and Honorius, and the future Archbishop of York Paulinus, are sent to England by Pope Gregory I to aid Augustine in his missionary work. ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... Anno Domini (Latin: In the year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ...

Contents

Overview

During this century, the Eastern Roman Empire continued suffering setbacks, which increased after the 630s, when an Arab prophet called Mohammed militantly established the geographically aggressive Islamic state, and set the stage for the rapid expansion of the Arab Empire. Although life in the countryside deterioated, Constantinople grew to become the largest and wealthiest city in the world. Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Centuries: 6th century 7th century 8th century Decades: 580s - 590s - 600s - 610s - 620s - 630s - 640s - 650s - 660s - 670s - 680s Years: 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 Events: 630 - Serbs and Croats settle the Balkans in the provinces of Moesia, Pannonia and Dalmatia 632 - death of... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Map of Constantinople. ...


Events

The first surah in a handwritten copy of the Qur'an.
The first surah in a handwritten copy of the Qur'an.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (801x1343, 225 KB) I found this picture at the German Wikipedia (de:Bild:Quranfatihaazizefendi. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (801x1343, 225 KB) I found this picture at the German Wikipedia (de:Bild:Quranfatihaazizefendi. ... Surat Al-Fatiha (The Opening or The Exordium) is the opening chapter of the Quran; it consists of a short 7-verse prayer which Muslims repeat at the beginning of every rakah of salat. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Combatants Roman Republic Roman Empire Eastern Roman Empire Persian Empire projected through Parthian and Sassanid dynasties Commanders Lucullus, Pompey, Crassus, Mark Antony, Trajan, Valerian I, Julian, Justinian I, Belisarius, Heraclius Surena, Shapur I, Shapur II, Kavadh I, Khosrau I, Khosrau II, Shahrbaraz, Rhahzadh The Roman-Persian Wars were a series... Age of the Caliphs The initial Muslim conquests (632-732) began after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and were marked by a century of rapid Arab expansion beyond the Arabian peninsula under the Rashidun and Umayyad caliphs, ending with the Battle of Tours— resulting in a vast Muslim... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: ṢāṣānÄ«yān) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226 - 651). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... Khālid ibn al-WalÄ«d (592-642) (Arabic: خالد بن الوليد) also known as Sayf-Allah al-Maslul (the Drawn Sword of God or Sword of Allah), was one of the two famous Arab generals during the enormously successful Muslim conquests of the 7th Century. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire[1], Arab Ghassanids, Bulgarian Empire (later) Muslim Arabs (Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates) The Byzantine-Arab Wars was a long drawn-out war between the Byzantine Empire and the emerging Arab Empire. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Khālid ibn al-WalÄ«d (592-642) (Arabic: خالد بن الوليد) also known as Sayf-Allah al-Maslul (the Drawn Sword of God or Sword of Allah), was one of the two famous Arab generals during the enormously successful Muslim conquests of the 7th Century. ... Sutton Hoo parade helmet (British Museum, restored). ... Ship burial of Igor the Old in 945, depicted by Heinrich Semiradski (1845-1902). ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Xuanzang, Dunhuang cave, 9th century. ... For the town in the Guangdong province of China, see Changan Town Changan (Simplified Chinese: 长安; Traditional Chinese: 長安; pinyin: Ch ngān; Wade-Giles: Chang-an) is the ancient capital of more than 10 dynasties in China. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, and Muhajirs and various other groups. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ... Shugendo (修験道) is an old Japanese way of studying the relationship between Man and Nature. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... Shinto ) is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. ... Bulgar warriors slaughter Byzantines, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. ... Many regard William Shakespeare as the greatest English poet. ... Inscription regarding Tiberius Claudius Balbilus of Rome (d. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Emperor GāozÇ” of Táng China (566 - June 25, 635), born Lǐ Yuān, was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626. ... Chenla, known from Chinese records as Zhenla (真腊), was an early Khmer kingdom. ... Funan was the pre-southern Chinese inhabitant in SEA (the Mongoloid-southern Chinese), which is today became Thai-Lao-and Vietnam. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... From the latin maritimus, maritime refers to things relating to the sea. ... The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief. ...

Significant persons

For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... This limestone statue of a Boddhisattva was probably created in the Henan province of China around 570, in the Northern Qi Dynasty. ... Events Abu Bakr becomes first caliph or Successor of the Prophet, leader of Islam Abu Bakr defeats Mosailima in the Battle of Akraba. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (name). ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... The population of the Earth rises to about 208 million people. ... Events Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib is assassinated. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Emperor Taizong of Tang China (Chinese: , January 23, 599–July 10, 649), born LÄ­ ShìMín (Chinese: ), was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China from 626 to 649. ... Events The Chinese win the war at Ordos. ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Khālid ibn al-WalÄ«d (592-642) (Arabic: خالد بن الوليد) also known as Sayf-Allah al-Maslul (the Drawn Sword of God or Sword of Allah), was one of the two famous Arab generals during the enormously successful Muslim conquests of the 7th Century. ... Events After the great slaughter at Woddesbeorg, Ceawlin is deposed as both king of Wessex and Bretwalda. ... Events August 5 - In the Battle of Maserfield, Penda king of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald, king of Bernicia. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire[1], Arab Ghassanids, Bulgarian Empire (later) Muslim Arabs (Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates) The Byzantine-Arab Wars was a long drawn-out war between the Byzantine Empire and the emerging Arab Empire. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: ṢāṣānÄ«yān) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226 - 651). ... Khan Asparukh or Khan Asparoukh (d. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bulgar warriors slaughter Byzantines, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century. ... The Unknown Archont The House of Vlastimirovic is named for Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Antara Ibn Shaddad al-Absi عنترة بن شداد العبسي, pre-Islamic Arab hero and poet (fl. ... Augustine Eriugena, Irish writer and philosopher (noted especially for his natural philosophy), fl. ... Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त) (598-668) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. ... Cenn Fáelad mac Aillila, Irish scholar, died 679. ... Events Adamnan becomes abbot of the monastery on Iona. ... Saint Gregory redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope of Rome... Events Byzantine general Belisarius conquers Milan and the Ostrogoth capital Ravenna. ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (c. ... Heraclius and his sons Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Head of king Shapur II (Sasanian dynasty A.D. 4th century). ... For the historical drama, see Yeon Gaesomun (TV series). ... Goguryeo was an ancient kingdom located in the northern Korean Peninsula and southern Manchuria. ... Emperor Taizong of Tang China (January 23, 599–July 10, 649), born Li Shimin (李世民 LÄ­ ShìMín), was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China from 626 to 649. ... PULAKESI II (C.610-642 A.D.): Pulakesi II ascended the throne in C.610 A. D., and he has been rightly regarded as the ablest monarch in the Chalukyan line. ... Isaac of Nineveh (d. ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ... St. ... Dae Jo-yeong (大祚榮, 대조영; unknown - 719), also known in Korea as King Go (고왕), established the state of Balhae, reigning from 699 to 719. ... Alternate meaning: Bohai Sea Balhae (698 - 926) was an ancient kingdom established as the successor to Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period, Japan. ... Motto (official) Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1(Persian) Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic (ancient) Kerdār-e nÄ«k, pendār-e nÄ«k, goftār-e nÄ«k (Persian) Noble deeds, noble thoughts, noble words Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān 2 Capital... Shatranj. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Sa`ad ibn AbÄ« Waqqās (Arabic: ) was an early convert to Islam and important companions of the Prophet Muhammad. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Decades and years


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