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Encyclopedia > 7th Cavalry
7th Cavalry
Image:7CavRegtCOA.jpg
7th Cavalry Coat of Arms
Active: September 21, 1866
Country: United States
Allegiance:
Branch: Regular Army
Type: Armored Cavalry
Role:
Size:
Command structure:
Current commander:
Garrison/HQ:
Ceremonial chief:
Colonel of the Regiment: {{{colonel_of_the_regiment}}}
Nickname: Garry Owen
Patron: {{{patron}}}
Motto: The Seventh First
Colors: Yellow
Identification symbol: {{{identification_symbol}}}
March: Garry Owen
Mascot: {{{mascot}}}
Notable battles or wars:
Notable commanders: George Armstrong Custer
Anniversaries:
Decorations:
Battle honours:
Distinctive Unit Insignia, US 7th Cavalry
Distinctive Unit Insignia, US 7th Cavalry

The United States 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. Its official nickname is "Garryowen", which alludes to the traditional Irish drinking song Garryowen that was adopted as its march tune. Image File history File links 7CavRegtCOA.jpg Coat of Arms. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839–June 25, 1876) was a United States Army cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... A battle honour is an official acknowledgement to recognize a military units achievements in specific wars or operations. ... Image File history File links 7th_Cav_Crest. ... Image File history File links 7th_Cav_Crest. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kircholm, a 1925 painting by Wojciech Kossak. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Garryowen, also known as Garry Owen (and Garyowen, Gary Owen and Gary Owens), is an Irish dance tune (MIDI file) of the 1800s which became the marching tune for the US 7th Cavalry Regiment during the late 1800s. ...

Contents


Indian Wars

The regiment was constituted on July 28, 1866 in the Regular Army as the 7th Cavalry. It was organized on September 21, 1866 at Fort Riley, Kansas as part of an expansion of the Regular Army following the demobilization of the wartime volunteer and draft forces. From 1866 through 1871, the regiment was posted at Ft. Riley and fought in the Indian Wars, notably at the Battle of the Washita in 1868. Combatants Native Americans USA Indian Wars is the name used by historians in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Fort Riley is a census-designated place and United States Army post, in Northeast Kansas, on the Kansas River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq. ... The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Native Americans USA Indian Wars is the name used by historians in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ... The Battle of Washita occurred on November 27, 1868 when George Armstrong Custer’s 7th U.S. Cavalry attacked Black Kettle’s Cheyenne village on the Washita River (near present day Cheyenne, Oklahoma). ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Typical of post-Civil War cavalry regiments, the Seventh was organized as a twelve company regiment without formal battalion organization. However, battalions — renamed "squadrons" in 1883 — did exist. Companies A–D were assigned to 1st Battalion; Companies E–H were assigned to 2nd Battalion; and Companies I–L were assigned to 3rd Battalion. Throughout this period, the cavalryman was armed with Colt Single Action Army .45 caliber revolvers and single shot Springfield carbines, caliber .50–70 until 1870 and caliber .45–70 until 1892. He used one of the many variants of the McClellan saddle. Sabres were issued but not carried on campaign. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO code In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The term Colt, when used by itself, can refer to: A firearm produced by Colts Manufacturing Company, founded by Samuel Colt. ... The Model 1873 Trapdoor Springfield was the first ever standard issued Breech-loading rifle for the United States Army. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The McCellan Saddle was that saddle designed by George B. McClellan, a career Army officer in the U.S. Army, and adopted by the Army in 1859. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Szabla. ...


From 1871 through 1873, 7th Cavalry companies participated in constabulary duties in the Reconstruction South, and again in 1874-1876 for half the regiment. In 1873 the 7th Cavalry moved its garrison post to Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory. From here, the regiment carried out the historic reconnaissance of the Black Hills in 1874, making the discovery of gold in the Black Hills public and starting a gold rush that precipitated the Black Hills War. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer's disaster at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25 and 26, 1876, while a stunning defeat, demonstrated the sheer bravery of the 7th Cavalrymen: fourteen soldiers received the Medal of Honor during that battle. The regiment was present at the Wounded Knee Massacre on December 29, 1890, the end of the Indian Wars. 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... Reconstruction-era military districts in the South For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Fort Abraham Lincoln was an important infantry and cavalry post about seven miles south of todays Mandan, North Dakota. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... This article is about the place in South Dakota. ... A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... The Black Hills War was a United States civil war between the Lakota Native American tribe and the United States government from 1876 until 1877. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 - June 25, 1876) was an American cavalry commander in the Civil War and the Indian Wars who is best remembered for his defeat and death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against a coalition of Native American tribes, led by... Combatants Lakota Northern Cheyenne Arapaho United States Commanders Sitting Bull Crazy Horse Lt. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ...


Before World War II

In 1892, the Army replaced the Springfield .45–70 Rifle with the U.S. Magazine Rifle, Model 1892, also known as the .30–40 Krag-Jorgensen Rifle. A carbine version, the M1896, issued in 1896. Combatants Allies: Poland, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece,Norway and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead... Closeup of the Krag-Jørgensen receiver and magazine door on a Norwegian M1912 Carbine The Krag-Jørgensen is a repeating bolt action rifle designed by the Norwegians Ole Herman Johannes Krag and Erik Jørgensen in the late 19th Century. ... A carbine is a firearm similar to, but generally shorter and less powerful than, a rifle or musket of a given period. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


From 1895 until 1899, the Regiment served in New Mexico (Fort Bayard) and Oklahoma (Ft. Sill), then overseas in Cuba (Camp Columbia) from 1899 to 1902. An enlisted trooper with the Seventh Cavalry from 1895 to 1897 at Fort Grant Arizona Territory was author Edgar Rice Burroughs. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Fort Sill is a United States Army post near Lawton, Oklahoma; about 85 miles southwest of Oklahoma City. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ...


In 1903 the Army replaced the Krag .30–40 with the M1903 Springfield Rifles, initially in caliber .30–03 and later in its more familiar .30–06 form. In 1911, the Army adopted the superb M1911 Automatic Colt Pistol, replacing the Colt single and double action .45 and .38 caliber revolvers. The term Springfield Rifle may refer to any one of several types of small arms produced by the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, for the United States armed forces. ... Rampant Colt - The original logo of Colts Firearms Colts Manufacturing Company was founded in Hartford, Connecticut in 1847 by Samuel Colt in order to produce revolvers, which Colt held the patent on, during the Mexican-American War. ... The Colt Single Action Army, one of the most popular revolvers of all time For other uses, see Revolver (disambiguation). ...


The Regiment served in the Philippines during the Philippine-American War from 1904 through 1907, with a second tour from 1911 through 1915. Back in the United States, the Regiment was once again stationed in the southwest, in Arizona (Camp Harvey J. Jones), where it patrolled the U.S.-Mexico border and later was part of the Mexican Punitive Expedition of 1916 to 1917. Combatants United States The Philippines Commanders Elwell Stephen Otis Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,840 wounded; 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded of the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... The Pancho Villa Expedition was an abortive punitive expedition conducted by the United States against the military forces of Mexican Revolutionary General Pancho Villa in retaliation for Villas invasion of the United States and attack on the village of Columbus, New Mexico. ...


In December 1917, 7th Cavalry was assigned to the 15th Cavalry Division, a on-paper organization designed for service in France during World War I that was never more than a simple headquarters because of the speed in which the war ended after the entry of the United States. 7th Cavalry was released from this assignment in May 1918. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First World War, also known as... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


On September 13, 1921, 7th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, which assignment was maintained until 1957. The Division and its 2nd Brigade was garrisoned at Fort Bliss, Texas, while the 1st Brigade was garrisoned at Douglas, Arizona. Additional garrison points were used as well. September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 660 miles (1,065 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Douglas (also spelled Douglass) is a masculine given name. ...


7th Cavalry Regiment continued to train as a horse cavalry regiment right up to World War II, including participation in several training maneuvers at the Louisiana Maneuver Area on April 26May 28, 1940; August 1222, 1940; and August 8October 4, 1941. Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ...


World War II

7th Cavalry Regiment was dismounted on February 28, 1943, and started packing up for deployment to the Pacific Theater, still part of 1st Cavalry Division. 7th Cavalry staged at Camp Stoneman, California on June 18, 1943, and departed the San Francisco Port of Embarkation on June 26, 1943. It arrived in Australia on July 11, 1943, where it trained for combat, and then participated in the New Guinea campaign, which began on January 24, 1943, and did not end until December 31, 1944. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) is the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it, in World War II. Pacific War is a more common name, around the world, for the broader conflict between the Allies and Japan... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The New Guinea campaign was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Fighting in the Australian mandated Territory of New Guinea (the north-eastern part of the island of New Guinea and surrounding islands) and Dutch New Guinea, between Allied and Japanese forces, commenced with the Japanese... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry was relieved from duty in this campaign, and moved on to be reorganized under special Cavalry and Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment on December 4, 1943, and then trained for combat, and participated in the Bismarck Archipelago campaign, which started on December 15, 1943, and did not end until November 27, 1944. December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the coast of New Guinea in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, named in honour of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and belonging to Papua New Guinea. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry moved to Oro Bay, New Guinea on February 22, 1944, and moved by Landing Craft to Negros Island to reinforce the units there on March 4, 1944, securing Lombrum Plantation. February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Negros is an island of the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry moved on to Hauwei Island, which it secured on March 1213, 1944. The regiment continued on, and arrived at Lugos Mission on Manus Island on March 15, 1944. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Location of Manus Province in Papua New Guinea Manus Province is the smallest province in Papua New Guinea with a land area of 2100km², but with more than 220,000km² of water. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

The Leyte campaign started on October 17, 1944, and 7th Cavalry moved on towards the Philippines, and assaulted Leyte on October 20, 1944. 7th Cavalry reached the Visayan Sea in late December, 1944, and reassembled with the 1st Cavalry Division near Tunga on January 7, 1945. Leyte did not end until July 1, 1945, but 7th Cavalry was needed for the Luzon campaign, which started on December 15, 1944. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2780x2177, 526 KB) American troops of Troop E, 7th Cavalry Regiment, advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, Philippine Islands. ... The Battle of Leyte in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the invasion and conquest of Leyte in the Philippines by Allied forces under the command of General Douglas MacArthur between October 20 and December 31, 1944. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Visayan Sea is a small sea within the Philippine archipelago, surrounded on three sides by the islands of the Visayas. ... Tunga may refer to: A river in India. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Luzon, home to the Filipino capital Manila, saw the showdown between Japanese commander Tomoyuki Yamashita and General Douglas MacArthur on December 15, 1944. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Deploying again by landing craft, 7th Cavalry landed at Luzon on January 27, 1945, where the regiment engaged until the end of the Luzon campaign on July 4, 1945. 7th Cavalry again reorganized — this time entirely under Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment, but still designated as a Cavalry Regiment, on July 20, 1945 to prepare for the invasion of the main Japanese islands. However, the invasion was not to be. 7th Cavalry Regiment was at Lucena Batangas in the Philippines until September 2, 1945, when it was moved to Japan to start Occupation duty. Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Japanese Archipelago extends from north to south along the eastern coast of the Eurasian Continent, the western shore of the Pacific Ocean. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (246th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Surrender of Japan Japan surrendered to the Allies...


Occupation of Japan and Korean War

The 7th stayed in Japan as part of the occupation force. Ironically, one of its officers during this period was Lt. Col. Brice C. W. Custer, the nephew of former commander George Armstrong Custer. Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States, United Kingdom Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China, Soviet Union Commanders Douglas MacArthur Kim Il-sung, (Peng Dehuai de facto) Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ...


During World War II and the Korean War, it used the main weapons of the U.S. Army (namely, the M1 Garand, M1 Carbine, M1911A1, and BAR). However, it converted to a tank unit, and used mainly the M26 Pershing. The conduct of 7th Cavalry soldiers with respect to their placement at No Gun Ri during the early part of the Korean War has come under fire. Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States, United Kingdom Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China, Soviet Union Commanders Douglas MacArthur Kim Il-sung, (Peng Dehuai de facto) Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ... The M1 Garand (more formally the United States Rifle, Caliber . ... The M1 Carbine (formally the United States Carbine, Caliber . ... The M1911 is a . ... The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR, properly pronounced bee ay are) is a family of automatic rifles (or machine rifles) and light machine guns used by the United States and other countries during the 20th century. ... The Heavy Tank M26 Pershing was an American tank used during World War II and the Korean War. ... No Gun Ri is a village in South Korea, located in Hwanggan-myeon, Yeongdong County, North Chungcheong province. ... No Gun Ri is a village in South Korea, located in Hwanggan-myeon, Yeongdong County, North Chungcheong province. ...


7th Cavalry Regiment was reorganized under a new Table of Organization & Equipment on March 25, 1949, when the Troops were once again designated as Companies. March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


Cold War

The regiment was relieved from its assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division on October 15, 1957, and then reorganized under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) on November 1, 1957. HQ & HQ Company transferred to the control of the Department of the Army. 01 November, As part of this reorganization, Company "A" redesignated, 1st Battle Group, 7th Cavalry and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. Company "B" redesignated 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry and Company "C" redesignated, 3d Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry and assigned to the 10th Infantry Division. The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... (Redirected from 1st Cavalry Division) Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ...


After the Korean War, 7th Cavalry was used mainly in a reconnaissance role. It received the M14 rifle, along with various other new weapons and equipment (including the M60 Super Patton tank). Also, a few OH-13s were used by the reconnaissance squadrons. Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Caliber: 7. ... The M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... Ohios 13th district The 13th congressional district of Ohio is currently represented by Representative Sherrod Brown. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ...


Three battalions, the 1st, 2nd and 5th served during the Vietnam War, armed with the new M16 rifle, the M203 grenade launcher replacing the M79 grenade launcher. Claymore mines were also used extensively. The experiences of the 1st and 2nd Battalions at the Battle of Ia Drang were recounted in the book We Were Soldiers Once...And Young by Lt Gen Harold G. Moore, then a lieutenant colonel and commander of the 1st Battalion, and UPI correspondent Joseph L. Galloway. The book was later adapted into the film We Were Soldiers, with Mel Gibson as Moore and Barry Pepper as Galloway. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... M16 is the U.S. military designation for a family of rifles derived from the ArmaLite AR-15 and further developed by Colt. ... M203 generally refers to the United States Army designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ... Caliber: 40 mm grenade Action: Single shot, breech loaded Mass: 3 kg (6. ... Parts of the M18A1 Claymore The M18A1 Claymore Antipersonnel Mine is a weapon often used by many countries around the world, named after the large Scottish sword, by the inventor, Norman A. MacLeod. ... Combatants North Vietnam United States Commanders Nguyen Huu An Col. ... We Were Soldiers Once . ... Lieutenant General Harold G. Hal Moore (born February 13, 1922) is a retired U.S. Army Lieutenant General. ... Joseph L. Galloway is currently the Military Affairs consultant for the Knight-Ridder chain of newspapers. ... We Were Soldiers is a 2002 war film that dramatized the Battle of Ia Drang during the Vietnam War. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an Academy Award–winning American actor, director and producer best known for acting in the Mad Max movie series, the Lethal Weapon series, acting in and directing the Academy Award–winning Braveheart and directing the 2004 blockbuster The Passion of the... Barry Robert Pepper (born April 4, 1970 in Campbell River, British Columbia) is a Canadian-born actor. ...


The other 2 units, the 3rd and 4th reconnaissance squadrons were based in Germany, and Korea. Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Motto: 널리 인간 세계를 이롭게 하라 (Broadly bring benefit to humanity, 弘益人間) Anthem: Aegukga Capital Seoul Largest city Seoul Official language(s) Korean Government Republic  - President Roh Moo-hyun  - Prime Minister Han Myung-sook Establishment    - Gojoseon 2333 BC   - Declaration of Republic March 1, 1919   - Liberation August 15, 1945   - First Republic August 15, 1948  Area    - Total 98...


The 1st, 2nd, and 5th battalions were deactivated after the Vietnam war, and only the 3rd and 4th squadrons remained as divisional reconnaissance squadrons assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division and 2nd Infantry Division respectively. Both the 3rd and 4th squadrons were aviation-tank cavalry squadrons using M60 Patton tank, M113 & M114 Armored Personnel Carriers. Both squadrons had an air cavalry "Delta" Troop, that had both reconnaissance & gunship UH-1B's. The gunships were armed with M-5 rocket launchers, and M-22 anti-tank guided missiles. In the early 80's the 3rd Squadron became the divisional cavalry squadron for the 8th Infantry Division and was stationed at Coleman Barracks West Germany. The Squadron consisted of two ground troops, two aviation troops and a headquarters troop. The ground troops were equipped with M60A3 tanks, M113 Armored Personnel Carriers, ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle, a M113 variant) and a morter section with 4.2 inch mortars mounted in a M113 variant. In 1989 the M60 tanks were replaced with M1A1 Abrams tanks. The aviation troops were equipped with OH-58 scout helicopters and AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters. The 3rd Squadron was deactivated along with the 8th Infantry Division in 1991. Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... The M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the United States Armys principal tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... Australian Army Iroquois The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the USMC) known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ...


However, between 1974 and 1975 other units were reactivated. The 1st Battalion became an armored unit, the 2nd Battalion and 5th Battalion as mechanized infantry. In 1978, the 5th Battalion was once again deactivated. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


Persian Gulf War

The 1st Squadron and 4th Squadron fought in the Persian Gulf War. The 1st Squadron was the divisional cavalry squadron for the 1st Cavalry Division and assigned to an aviation brigade. See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... The 1st Cavalry Division (1st Cav Div) is a heavy armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Fort Hood, Texas. ...


The 4th Squadron was also the divisional cavalry squadron for 3rd Armored Division. Ground troops were armed with the M3A1 Bradley CFV. Air cavalry Troops AH-1F Cobras, OH-58C scouts. Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3rd Armored Division, Spearhead. ... The M2 Bradley and M3 Bradley are American infantry fighting vehicles. ... AH-1W SuperCobra of the U.S. Marines The AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter, designed by Bell Helicopter Textron. ... The OH-58 Kiowa scout helicopter has the primary missions of reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence gathering. ...


Iraq War

The 3rd Squadron fought in the Iraq War, Operation Iraqi Freedom and as the "Eyes and Ears" for the 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized) and the "Iron Fist" for the XVIII Airborne Corps. The unit was engaged with the enemy earlier or more often in the war than any other unit. The 3rd Squadron was the spearhead and the screening force for the main elements of the 3rd Infantry Division. It has been suggested that 2003 invasion of Iraq be merged into this article or section. ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom Australia Poland Spain Japan Iraq Commanders Tommy Franks Saddam Hussein Strength 263,000 375,000 The 2003 invasion of Iraq, termed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US administration, began on March 20. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... Patch of the XVIII Airborne Corps. ...


Current status

Currently, the 1st Squadron is in the 1st Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division. The 2nd Battalion is assigned to the 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, as a combined arms battalion, with two tank and two mechanized infantry companies. The 1st Squadron is stationed at Fort Hood, Texas and the 2nd Battalion at Fort Bliss, Texas. The 1st Cavalry Division (1st Cav Div) is a heavy armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Fort Hood, Texas. ... Fort Hood is a census-designated place and US Army post located outside of Killeen Texas. ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ...


The 3rd Squadron is part of the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division, while the 5th Squadron is part of the division's 1st Brigade. Both are based at Fort Stewart in Georgia. The 4th Squadron is part of the 2nd Infantry Division, stationed in various bases north of Seoul, South Korea. Fort Stewart is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post primarily located in Liberty County, Georgia, but also occupying significant portions of Bryan County, Georgia. ... Patch of the United States Army 2nd Infantry Division. ... Seoul (Sŏul|서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ...


Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

  • Indian Wars:
  1. Comanches;
  2. Little Big Horn;
  3. Nez Perces;
  4. Pine Ridge;
  5. Montana 1873;
  6. North Dakota 1874
  • Mexican Expedition:
  1. Mexico 1916-1917
  • World War II:
  1. New Guinea;
  2. Bismarck Archipelago (with arrowhead);
  3. Leyte (with arrowhead);
  4. Luzon
  • Korean War:
  1. UN Defensive;
  2. UN Offensive; CCF Intervention;
  3. First UN Counteroffensive;
  4. CCF Spring Offensive;
  5. UN Summer-Fall Offensive;
  6. Second Korean Winter;
  7. Third Korean Winter
  • Vietnam:
  1. Defense;
  2. Counteroffensive;
  3. Counteroffensive, Phase II;
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase III;
  5. Tet Counteroffensive;
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
  7. Counteroffensive, Phase V;
  8. Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
  9. Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
  10. Summer-Fall 1969;
  11. Winter-Spring 1970;
  12. Sanctuary Counteroffensive;
  13. Counteroffensive, Phase VII;
  14. Consolidation I;
  15. Consolidation II;
  16. Cease-Fire
  • Southwest Asia:
  1. Defense of Saudi Arabia;
  2. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
  3. Cease-Fire

Decorations

  1. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for ANTIPOLO, LUZON
  2. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for YONCHON, KOREA
  3. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for TAEGU, KOREA
  4. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PUSAN, KOREA
  5. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PLEIKU PROVINCE
  6. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for BINH THUAN PROVINCE
  7. Valorous Unit Award for QUANG TIN PROVINCE
  8. Valorous Unit Award for FISH HOOK
  9. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA
  10. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945
  11. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for WAEGWAN-TAEGU
  12. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA 1952-1953
  13. Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece) for KOREA

USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action on or after 7 December 1941 against an armed enemy. ... The Valorous Unit Award is a decoration which is awarded to units of the United States Army which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America. ... The Meritorious Unit Commendation is a mid-level unit award of the United States military which is awarded to any military command which displays exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service, heroic deeds, or valorous actions. ... Philippine P.U.C. The Philippine Presidential Unit Citation is a decoration of the Republic of the Philippines which has been awarded to certain units of the United States military for actions both during and subsequent to the Second World War. ... Korean P.U.C. The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation is issued by the government of South Korea to both Korean military and foreign units. ...

Sources

  • 1st Cavalry Division - Army Modular Forces Webpage explaining division's transition to new modular organisation, along with new order of battle.
  • 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment Association
  • GlobalSecurity.org (search for 7th Cavalry)
  • United States Army Center of Military History; CMH Publication 60-1; "Army Lineage Series: ARMOR-CAVALRY, Part I: Regular Army and Army Reserve." Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 69-60002.
  • Shelby L. Stanton; ORDER OF BATTLE: U.S. ARMY, World War II; 1984; Presidio Press; ISBN O-89141-195-X.

  Results from FactBites:
 
U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1074 words)
The 7th Cavalry was organized in 1866 at Fort Riley, Kansas, after the US Civil War as part of an expansion of the regular army following the demobilization of the wartime volunteer force.
The 1st Squadron was the divisional cavalry squadron for the 1st Cavalry Division and assigned to an aviation brigade.
The 5th Squadron recently activated in July 21, 2004 and assigned to 1st Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division, as a mechanized Infantry unit and based at Fort Stewart, Georgia, The 7th Cavalry is currently a parent regiment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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