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Encyclopedia > 45rpm single

In music, a single is a short (usually ten minutes or less) record, usually featuring one or two tracks as A-side, often accompanied by several "B-sides"—usually remixes or other songs. Most singles have a single A-side and are named after this song, but some may have a double A-side (a famous example being Strawberry Fields Forever/Penny Lane by the Beatles), where two tracks are given equal billing in the title of the single. Rarely, a single will not be identical in name to the featured track—such as the Nine Inch Nails single, Closer to God. Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music Music City : a collaborative music database All Music Guide: includes a comprehensive and flexible Genre and Style system MusicWiki: A Collaborative Music-related encyclopedia Science... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... A remix is an alternate mix of a song different from the original version, made using the techniques of audio editing. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Strawberry Fields Forever is the title of a 1967 song recorded by the Beatles. ... Penny Lane is a street in the English city of Liverpool. ... The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand, and ushering in the British Invasion of American popular music. ... With Teeth album cover Nine Inch Nails (NIN) is a critically and commercially successful American band formed in Cleveland, Ohio in 1988 by Trent Reznor. ... Closer To God, though ostensibly a single, could in fact be likened to an EP. It contained the song Closer from Nine Inch Nails The Downward Spiral album, as well as 5 remixes of the song, and remixes of several other songs from The Downward Spiral. ...


In the older record format, there was no "track 1" as the disc itself was reversible, so the difference between an A-side and a B-side was one of promotion. CD singles do have a defined ordering of tracks, so that even on a double A-side single, one track has to come first. Some single releases have been released in two different versions, one with each track first (such as Muse's non-album single Dead Star/In Your World or In Your World/Dead Star. Records with more than two A-sides are usually not considered singles, but EPs. 33â…“ LP vinyl record album The vinyl record is a type of gramophone record, most popular from the 1950s to the 1990s, that was most commonly used for mass-produced recordings of music. ... A CD Single is a music single in the form of a compact disc. ... For the TV show on G4 formerly called Extended Play, see X-Play. ...


The lead tracks (and sometimes B-sides) of singles usually come from an album (either one already released or one about to be) and the release of the single is partly to promote sales of the the album. Non-album singles are also produced. A typical number of singles to release from an album is four—more is considered exceptional. An album (from Latin albus white, blank, relating to a blank book in which something can be inserted) is a packaged collection of related things. ...


Singles often feature "radio edit" or "single edit" versions of the main song, which differ from the original recording in being edited to an attractive length for radio play, having expletives censored (often by re-recording with different lyrics), or both.


In the United Kingdom before the early 1990s, singles were released to radio and shops on the same day. As radio airplay increased, the single would climb in the chart, reach a peak position, often about a month later, and then slowly drop out of the chart. Since the early 1990s, record companies have released singles to radio months in advance of their commercial release. This saturates the audience in the song, ensuring that it enters the chart with maximum sales. Thus, today's singles debut at their peak position. This trend has led to the common sight of not one single in the UK Top 75 gaining in the chart. Singles also spend less time at #1 and fall down the chart more rapidly, spending less time overall since they never climb to their peak. In addition, while before the 90s, the first single from an album was released several weeks in advance of the album, today singles are typically released one week, or occasionally two weeks, before the album's release. The trend of single sales declining and no singles rising in the chart has been checked by the recent introduction of digital sales in the UK. // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ...


Some other strategies are employed in the release of lead singles from an album. On occasion, lead singles are released months in advance of the album they appear on. Two examples are Oasis' "Some Might Say" and Pulp's "Help the Aged". Less commonly, two separate singles are released at the same time to promote an album. An example is the simultaneous release of the Manic Street Preachers' "Found That Soul" and "So Why So Sad".


In the United States, since the early 1990s, singles have increasingly not been issued commercially at all. While this precluded them from charting on the Hot 100, Billboard Magazine recognised the trend and in December 1998 modified the rules to allow airplay-only tracks, which they call album cuts, to chart. Since then, airplay-only singles have frequently topped the chart. However, the former rule disqualified such long-term airplay #1 hits as No Doubt's "Don't Speak" from charting on the Hot 100 at all. Recently, Billboard too has accounted for digital sales in its calculation of single chart positions.


Singles have been issued on various formats, including 7-inch, 10 inch and 12 inch vinyl discs (usually playing at 45 rpm); 10 inch shellac discs (playing at 78 rpm); cassette, 3" and 5" CD singles and 7 inch plastic flexi discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc (5", 8", etc.) (Redirected from 12 inch) The 12-inch single gramophone record gained popularity with the advent of disco music in the 1970s. ... 33â…“ LP vinyl record album The vinyl record is a type of gramophone record, most popular from the 1950s to the 1990s, that was most commonly used for mass-produced recordings of music. ... 45 is the natural number following 44 and followed by 46. ... Shellac is a secretion of the lac insect Coccus lacca, found in the forests of Assam and Thailand. ... Flexi disc recordings are a thin format designed to be playable on standard phonograph turntables. ... Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) was a short-lived audio format created by Philips in the early 1990s. ... DVD is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for storing data, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... LD can mean: The laserdisc video format, which looks like a huge compact disc Learning-disabled Legislative district The Lilian day, a version of the Julian day, Lincoln-Douglas Debate, a form of debate. ...


The sales of singles are recorded in charts in most countries in a Top 40 format. These charts are often published in magazines and numerous television shows and radio programs count down the list. In order to be eligible for inclusion in the charts the single must meet the requirements set by the charting company, usually governing the number of songs and the total playing time of the single. Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...


In popular music, the relative commercial and artistic importance of the single (as compared to the EP or album) has varied over time, technological development, and according to the audience of particular artists and genres. Singles have generally been more important to artists who sell to the youngest purchasers of music (younger teenagers and pre-teens), who tend to have more limited financial resources and shorter attention spans. Perhaps the golden age of the single was on "45's" in the 1950s and early 1960s in the early years of rock music; albums became a greater focus as artists like The Beatles and others created albums of uniformly high quality and coherent themes (one of many examples being the concluding medley on Abbey Road), a trend which reached its apex in the development of the concept album. Over the 1980s and 1990s, the single has generally received less and less attention as albums, which on compact disc had virtually identical production and distribution costs but could be sold at a higher price, became most retailers' primary method of selling music. The single became almost exclusively a promotional tool for radio play and to appear on television via the video clip. Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and mostly distributed commercially. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand, and ushering in the British Invasion of American popular music. ... Abbey Road can refer to: Abbey Road, a street in north London, England Abbey Road Studios is the world-famous recording studio complex owned by the EMI company and located at 3 Abbey Road, St Johns Wood, London NW8 9AY Abbey Road, an album recorded by The Beatles at... Usually, in popular music, an album of an artist or group simply consists of a number of unconnected songs that the members of the group or the artist have written or have chosen to cover. ... Size of CD compared to pencil. ... A music video (also video clip, promo) is a short film meant to present a visual representation of a popular music song. ...


Dance music, however, has followed a different commercial pattern, and the single, especially the 12-inch vinyl single, remains a major method by which dance music is distributed.


As of 2005, the single seems to be undergoing somewhat of a revival. Commercial music download sites reportedly sell mostly single tracks rather than whole albums, and the increase in popularity seems to have rubbed off on physical formats [1]. Portable MP3 players, which make it extremely easy to load many songs from different artists and play them, are claimed to be a major factor behind this trend. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A related development has been the popularity of mobile phone ringtones based on pop singles (on some modern phones, the actual single can be used as a ringtone). These are reportedly a very lucrative new business for the music industry. A ring tone is the sound made by a telephone when ringing. ...


In a reversal of the above paragraph, recently a single has been released based on a ringtone itself. The Crazy Frog ringtone, which had become a cult hit in Europe in 2004, was released as a mashup with Axel F in June 2005 amid a massive publicity campaign and subsequently hit #1 on the UK charts.


Video singles

In relation to music singles, the industry has released music videos as singles as well. Originally released on very short VHS cassettes (T-15), these eventually were released on LaserDisc as LD-singles (18-cm or 8" format, instead of the full 1'/12"/30-cm LD), and on cDVD as DVD-singles (8-cm or 3.5" format, instead of the full 12-cm/5.25" DVD). Top view VHS cassette with US Quarter for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, better known by its acronym VHS, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (with some of its critical technology under lucrative... Pioneers LaserDisc Logo The Laserdisc (LD) was the first commercial optical disc storage medium, and was used primarily for the presentation of movies. ... A Mini-DVD-RAM with DVD Round Holder. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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In 2006 the label was again newsworthy, as litigation between Apple Records' parent company and California's Apple Computer was concluded (see Apple Corps v Apple Computer).
While the A-sides of singles and albums showed the familiar green apple, the flipsides displayed the apple cut in half.
The label also released singles, the most successful (non-Beatle) of which was Mary Hopkin's "Those Were the Days", a massive worldwide hit that Hopkin also recorded in four other languages (French, German, Italian, Spanish).
Famous People - celebrity and historical (1157 words)
His single, "Diana", was recorded when he was only sixteen, and is still regarded as the fastest selling 45rpm single in history.
The first single, "Don't Tell Me", was released early, and by June 2004, has gone to number one in Argentina, top five in the U.K. and Canada, and top ten in Australia, Brazil, and a European composite chart.
The third single, "Nobody's Home", only managed to reach number forty-one on the Billboard Hot 100, but due to the fans and people's acceptance for the song, it easily became a hit.
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