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Encyclopedia > 3rd United States Infantry Regiment (TOG)
3d US Infantry Regiment

3d US Infantry Coat Of Arms
Active June 3, 1784-Present
Country USA
Allegiance Federal
Branch Regular Army
Type Infantry Regiment
Role Home Defense (one battalion)
Mechanized Infantry (one battalion)
Size Two battalions
Garrison/HQ 1st Battalion - Fort Myer, VA
2d Battalion - Fort Lewis, WA
Nickname The Old Guard
Motto Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not)
Colors Blue and White

The 3rd United States Infantry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army which serves as Escort to the President or Presidential Guard. Two battalions of the regiment are active today. While both have the same regimental designation, the 1st Battalion is more readily identified by the regimental nickname, The Old Guard (TOG for short). The regimental motto is Noli Me Tangere which stands for "Don't Touch My Tangerine". Image File history File links 3rd_Infantry_Regiment_COA.png // Coat of Arms Blazon: Shield: Argent, six pallets Gules an escutcheon blazoned “Argent a mount Vert debruising all but the embattlements of a castle and tower Gules” on a chief Azure three crosses patee of the first. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Orville Wright flying at Fort Myer, September 17, 1908. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The Belarusian Presidential Guard is a law-enforcement body that was designed to protect the President of Belarus and other high ranking officials. ... Noli me Tangere by Hans Holbein the Younger Noli me tangere is the Latin version of the words spoken, according to the Gospel of John, by Jesus to Mary Magdalen, meaning touch me not (the quotation appears in John 20:17). ...


The 3d US Infantry (The Old Guard) is the oldest active infantry regiment in the army, having been first organized as the First American Regiment[1] in 1784.

Contents

1st Battalion

All but one company of the battalion are stationed at Ft. Myer, Virginia (Company 'A', the Commander in Chief's Guard, is stationed at nearby Ft. McNair, across the river in Washington, DC). The 1st Battalion, 3d Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard) is under the blanket of the Military District of Washington (or, MDW for short). The Old Guard has a twofold mission: a combat mission -- in which the regiment serves as part of the National Capital Region's defense; and a ceremonial mission. Fort Myer is a U.S. Army base located adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. It is now the home of the Air Force Chief of Staff and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. ... Military District of Washington Shoulder Sleeve Insignia Military District of Washington Distinctive Unit insignia Fort Lesley J. McNair, DC is located on the point of land where the Potomac and Anacostia rivers join in Washington, D.C. It has been an Army post for more than 200 years, third only... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Military District of Washington Shoulder Sleeve Insignia Military District of Washington Distinctive Unit Insignia The Military District of Washington (MDW), is one of nineteen major commands of the U.S. Army. ...


Combat Readiness

The Old Guard, while performing primarily in a ceremonial role, is nonetheless an Infantry unit, which is required to maintain the same certifications of all Infantry units in the US Army. In its combat role, the soldiers of The Old Guard train to standards as per their MOS (Military Occupational Specialty); these include: Rifle marksmanship; Nuclear, Biological and Chemical warfare preparedness training (NBC for short); operations in area security, and control of civil disturbances. The Old Guard provides the principal body of garrison troops in Washington, D. C. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, or NBC is the term used in the armed forces of many nations to describe the measures taken to guard and decontaminate against nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


Ceremonial Mission

The 3rd Infantry regiment drill team.
The 3rd Infantry regiment drill team.

The Old Guard is also known as 'Escort to the President.' The majority of the regiment is made up of 'line platoons', which, among other duties march in military parades. The Old Guard is the only unit in the US Army that has an Act of Congress specifically providing it with the right to march with fixed bayonets. There are several casket teams and firing parties in the line platoons; these participate in military funerals. Among the ceremonial tasks and honors the regiment carries out, the following duties are also included -- each of which is assigned to a Specialty Platoon: the guarding of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery; The Continental Color Guard (or CCG - see also Color Guards); The Presidential Salute Battery, which serves at all Full Honors General officer (and State) funerals, as well as at arrivals and departures of foreign dignitaries; the Caisson Platoon, which provides horses and riders to pull caisson (the wagon that bears a casket) in military and state funerals, as well as riderless horses in Full Honors funerals. Also part of The Old Guard, is the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps, which plays traditional arrangements of marching music, dating back to the time of the Continental Army. The Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps marches in the Colonial red uniform -- to be "better seen through the smoke of battle;" the uniform includes tri-corner hats and powdered wigs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3604x2848, 790 KB) by Petty Officer 2nd Class Kitt Amaritnant; August 22, 2006; The 3rd U.S. Infantry’s U.S. Army Drill Team executes precision drill movements during a festival at Fort Eustis, Va. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3604x2848, 790 KB) by Petty Officer 2nd Class Kitt Amaritnant; August 22, 2006; The 3rd U.S. Infantry’s U.S. Army Drill Team executes precision drill movements during a festival at Fort Eustis, Va. ... An Act of Vaginapenis is a bill or resolution adopted by both houses of the United States Congress to which one of the following events has happened: Acceptance by the President of the United States, Inaction by the President after ten days from reception (excluding Sundays) while the Congress is... The Tomb of the Unknowns (also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, although it has never been officially named) is a monument in Arlington National Cemetery, United States dedicated to the American soldiers who have died without their remains being identified. ... [[ Historical Information Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts Pvt. ... // Origins The practice of carrying standards, to act both as a rallying point for troops, and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. ... Caisson is a two-wheeled, horse-drawn carriage used to hold and transport the coffin during a military funeral or a state funeral. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The riderless horse, Sargeant York, during the funeral procession for Ronald Reagan, with Reagans own boots reversed in the stirrups. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ...


2d Battalion

Stationed at Ft.Lewis, Washington, the 2d Battalion, 3d Infantry Regiment, serves as one of three infantry battalions of the 3d Stryker Brigade Combat Team in the 2d Infantry Division ('Indian Head'). After a 31-year hiatus from service, The 2-3 was reactivated on 15 March 2001. 2-3 Infantry is part of the initial Stryker brigade combat team. Utilizing the new Stryker vehicle platform, this unit is part of the conversion to the Army's Future Force Unit of Action system. For the manufacturer of medical and orthopedic products, see Stryker Corporation. ... The 2d Infantry Division is a formation of the United States Army. ... The Future Force Unit of Action (UA) will be the US Army’s tactical warfighting echelon. ...


Official Mission Statement

1st Battalion - 3d U.S. Infantry Regiment Mission Statement

On order, 3d US Infantry Regiment deploys by air or land to: conduct NBC operations, conduct area security operations, and control civil disturbances in support of the Military District of Washington’s defense to the National Capital Region. Conduct Joint and Army ceremonies and funerals in order to represent the US Army and the Military. (DA & MDW Approved SEP 2003)


Lineage

  • Organized August-September 1784 in Pennsylvania and New Jersey (New York and Connecticut companies organized in 1785)
  • Redesignated 29 September 1789 as the Regiment of Infantry
  • Redesignated 3 March 1791 as the 1st Infantry Regiment
  • Redesignated in 1792 as the Infantry of the 1st Sub-Legion
  • Redesignated 31 October 1796 as the 1st Infantry Regiment
  • Consolidated May-October 1815 with the 5th Infantry Regiment (constituted 12 April 1808), the 17th Infantry Regiment (constituted 11 January 1812), the 19th Infantry Regiment (constituted 26 June 1812), and the 28th Infantry Regiment (constituted 29 January 1813) to form the 3d Infantry Regiment
  • Consolidated August-December 1869 with one-half of the 37th Infantry Regiment (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit designated as the 3d Infantry

(2d and 3d Battalions inactivated 18 November 1921 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota; activated 8 June 1922 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota) This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width {{{WidthUS}}} miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Fort Snelling is a former military fortification located at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers in Hennepin County, Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ...

  • Assigned 24 March 1923 to the 7th Division
  • Relieved 15 August 1927 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 6th Division
  • Relieved 1 October 1933 from assignment to the 6th Division and assigned to the 7th Division
  • Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 6th Division

(1st Battalion inactivated 1 June 1941 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; activated 14 February 1942 in Newfoundland) Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 7th Infantry Division (Light). ... The 6th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. Known as Red Star, and formerly called the Sight Seein Sixth. (Shoulder patch: Six pointed red star. ... Fort Leonard Wood is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) post located in the Missouri Ozarks. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


(2nd Battalion (less Headquarters and Headquarters Company) inactivated 1 September 1942 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota (Headquarters and Headquarters Company concurrently inactivated in Greenland); battalion activated 22 October 1943 at Camp Butner, North Carolina) This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ...

  • Inactivated 20 November 1946 in Germany
  • Reorganized 1 July 1957 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System
  • Withdrawn 16 January 1986 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System

ANNEX Orville Wright flying at Fort Myer, September 17, 1908. ... Military District of Washington Shoulder Sleeve Insignia Military District of Washington Distinctive Unit insignia Fort Lesley J. McNair, DC is located on the point of land where the Potomac and Anacostia rivers join in Washington, D.C. It has been an Army post for more than 200 years, third only... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ...


Constituted 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as the 3d Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment.

  • Reorganized and redesignated 23 November 1866 as the 37th Infantry Regiment.

One-half of the 37th Infantry consolidated August-December 1869 with the 3d Infantry and consolidated unit designated as the 3d Infantry (remaining half of the 37th Infantry consolidated in June 1869 with the 5th Infantry and consolidated unit designated as the 5th Infantry--hereafter separate lineage) Fort Wayne was the third fort built in Detroit, Michigan. ... Newport Barracks was a military barracks in Newport, Kentucky, operational between 1803 and 1894. ... Fort Columbus, 1803-1904, Kings County, Governors Island. ...


3d Infantry Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

War of 1812

  1. Canada
  2. Chippewa
  3. Lundy's Lane

Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom, Canadian provincial forces Native Americans First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson Isaac Brock† George Prevost Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6...

Mexican-American War

  1. Palo Alto
  2. Resaca de la Palma
  3. Monterey
  4. Vera Cruz
  5. Cerro Gordo
  6. Contreras
  7. Churubusco
  8. Chapultepec

Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government...

Civil War

  1. Bull Run
  2. Peninsula
  3. Manassas
  4. Antietam
  5. Fredericksburg
  6. Chancellorsville
  7. Gettysburg
  8. Appomattox
  9. Texas 1861
  10. Florida 1861
  11. Florida 1862
  12. Virginia 1863

Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Lincoln, President Ulysses S. Grant, General Jefferson Davis, President Robert E. Lee, General Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action...

Indian Wars

  1. Miami
  2. Seminoles
  3. Comanches
  4. New Mexico 1856
  5. New Mexico 1857
  6. New Mexico 1858
  7. New Mexico 1860
  8. Montana 1887

Combatants Native Americans Various (see text) Indian Wars is the name used by historians in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ...

Spanish-American War

  1. Santiago
  2. East LA

Combatants United States Republic of Cuba First Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 379 U.S. dead; considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War took place...

Philippine-American War

  1. Malolos
  2. San Isidro
  3. Luzon 1899
  4. Luzon 1900
  5. Jolo 1911

Combatants United States Philippines Commanders William McKinley Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,000 Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ...

World War II

  1. American Theater, Streamer without inscription;
  2. Northern France

Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...

Vietnam

  1. Counteroffensive, Phase II
  2. Counteroffensive, Phase III
  3. Tet Counteroffensive
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase IV
  5. Counteroffensive, Phase V
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase VI
  7. Tet 69/Counteroffensive
  8. Summer-Fall 1969
  9. Winter-Spring 1970
  10. Sanctuary Counteroffensive
  11. Counteroffensive, Phase VII
  12. Consolidation I

Decorations

(copied directly from the Regimental Website) The Valorous Unit Award is a decoration which is awarded to units of the United States Army which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America. ... The Meritorious Unit Commendation is a mid-level unit award of the United States military which is awarded to any military command which displays exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service, heroic deeds, or valorous actions. ... The Superior Unit Award is a decoration of the United States Army which is awarded in peacetime to any unit of the Army which displays outstanding meritorious performance of a difficult and challenging mission carried out under extraordinary circumstances. ...


References

  1.   Mahon, John K. and Danyk, Romana. Army Lineage Series: Infantry: Part I: Regular Army. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, US Army, 1972.
  • The Old Guard's Homepage
  • The Old Guard's Mission Statement
  • "U.S. Army Capt. Michael J. Trotter: Company Commander Juggles Old Guard's Diverse Missions in Africa" by U.S. Army Spc. Eric M. McKeeby, DefendAmerica.mil, May 11, 2004
  • "Jackman visits deployed Old Guard" by Spc. Eric M. McKeeby/Old Guard Public Affairs, "The Pentagram" July 02, 2004
  • Leech Lake {Battle of Sugar Point}. Private Oscar Burkard received Medal of Honor Oct 5,1898-see List of Medal of Honor recipients.

 
 

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