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Encyclopedia > 3Com Corporation
3Com
Image:3com logo.gif
Type Public (NASDAQ: COMS)
Founded 1979
Location Marlborough, Massachusetts
Key people R. Scott Murray, Pres. & CEO
Eric A. Benhamou, Chairman
Donald Halstead, III, CFO & Exec. VP
Industry Computer Networks
Products Network hardware
Revenue $651.244 million USD (2005)
Employees 1,925
Website www.3com.com

3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. The company was co-founded in 1979 by Robert Metcalfe and is headquartered in Marlborough, Massachusetts. The name 3Com comes from the company's focus on "Computers, Communication and Compatibility". Image File history File links 3Com logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A public company is a company owned by the public rather than by a relatively few individuals. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... A computer network is a system for communication between computers. ... Revenue is a US business term for the amount of money that a company can receive from its activities, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... This article is about general United States currency. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... NASDAQ (originally an acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations ) is a U.S. electronic stock exchange. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... A computer network is a system for communication between computers. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Robert Metcalfe (born 1946 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American technology pioneer who invented Ethernet, founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfes Law. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Boston Boston Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 sq mi  27,360 km² 183 miles  295 km 113 miles  182 km 13. ...

Contents

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small local area, like a home, office, or small group of buildings such as a home, office, or college. ... A wide area network or WAN is a computer network covering a wide geographical area, involving a vast array of computers. ... It has been suggested that Hotspot (wifi) be merged into this article or section. ... A modem (a portmanteau word constructed from modulator and demodulator) is a device that modulates a carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... Network management, typically applied to large scale networks such as computer networks, telecommunication networks etc. ... Computer security is a field of computer science concerned with the control of risks related to computer use. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... PBX redirects here. ... CTI may stand for: City Telecom (H.K.) Limited Computer telephony integration Cryptologic Technician Interpretive Conference Technologies Inc. ... BlackBerry 7100t Telecommunication refers to the communication of information at a distance. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a protocol developed by the IETF MMUSIC Working Group and proposed standard for initiating, modifying, and terminating an interactive user session that involves multimedia elements such as video, voice, instant messaging, online games, and virtual reality. ...


History

Robert Metcalfe invented Ethernet at Xerox PARC, and subsequently co-founded 3Com in 1979. 3Com began making Ethernet adaptor cards for IBM PCs and a range of software and PC-based equipment to provide shared services over a LAN using XNS protocols: Robert Metcalfe (born 1946 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American technology pioneer who invented Ethernet, founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfes Law. ... Ethernet is a frame-based computer networking technology for local area networks (LANs). ... Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) was a flagship research division of the Xerox Corporation, based in Palo Alto, California, USA, which essentially created the modern personal computer paper paradigm. ... A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small local area, like a home, office, or small group of buildings such as a home, office, or college. ... Xerox network services (XNS) is a protocol stack which provided routing and packet delivery developed by Xerox at Xerox PARC in the later 1970s and early 1980s. ...

  • 3+Share file and printer sharing.
  • 3+Mail e-mail.
  • 3+Remote for routing XNS over a PC serial port.
  • NetConnect for routing XNS between Ethernets.
  • (MultiConnect?) was a chassis-based multi-port 10Base2 Ethernet repeater.
  • 3Server, a server-grade PC for running 3+ services.
  • Etherterm terminal emulation.
  • Etherprobe LAN analysis software.
  • DynamicAccess software products for Ethernet load balancing, response time and RMON II distributed monitoring.

3Com's expansion beyond its original base of PC and thin Ethernet products began in 1987 when it merged with Bridge Communications. This provided a range of equipment based on Motorola 68000 processors and using XNS protocols compatibly with 3Com's Etherterm PC software. In computing, load balancing is a technique used to spread work between many processes, computers, disks or other resources. ... In telecommunication, response time is the time a system or functional unit takes to react to a given input. ... RMON stands for Remote Monitoring. ... Motorola (NYSE: MOT) is an international communications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. ...

  • CS/1, CS/200 commmunication servers ("terminal servers")
  • Ethernet bridges and XNS routers
  • GS/1-X.25 X.25 gateway
  • CS/1-SNA SNA gateway
  • NCS/1 network control software running on a Sun2.

They acquired:

They merged with U.S. Robotics in 1997, which made Dial-up access and included Palm, Inc. The modem business was rapidly shrinking. 3Com attempted to enter the DSL business, but was not successful. 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Centrum means center in Latin and several other European languages. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... OnStream Networks was a Santa Clara, California-based supplier of Circuit Emulation Service (CES) based Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) solutions. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... U.S. Robotics (popularly nicknamed USR), based in Schaumburg, Illinois and founded in 1976, is a company that makes computer modems and related technologies. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Palm, Inc. ... A typical DSL Modem Digital Subscriber Line, or DSL, is a family of technologies that provide digital data transmission over the wires used in the last mile of a local telephone network. ...


In August 1998, Bruce Claflin was named COO. In March 2000, with stiff competition with Cisco, 3Com exited the high-end router business, upsetting some of its customers. Cisco may refer to: Cisco Systems, a computer networking company Cisco IOS, an internet router operating system CISCO Security Private Limited, a security company in Singapore Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation, a statutory board in Singapore Abbreviation for San Francisco, California Cisco (wine) The Cisco Kid, a fictional character created...


In the server Network interface card business, the more lucrative part of the NIC business, 3Com remained second in market share, after Intel. 3Com never managed to beat Intel with its own products or even with joint ventures with Broadcom. It started developing Gigabit Ethernet cards in-house but later scrapped the plans. Engineers who worked on the project either left or were fired. Later, it formed a joint venture with Broadcom , where Broadcom would develop the main ASIC component and the NIC would be 3Com branded. The venture fell apart some time later and 3Com had no longer the talent to pursue Gigabit Ethernet on its own. A transitional network card with both BNC Thinnet (left) and Twisted pair (right) connectors. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is a U.S.-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Broadcom Corporation NASDAQ: BRCM is a leading supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) is a term describing various technologies for implementing Ethernet networking at a nominal speed of one gigabit per second defined by the IEEE 802. ... Broadcom Corporation NASDAQ: BRCM is a leading supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... An ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) is an integrated circuit (IC) customised for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use. ...


In July 2000, 3Com spun-off Palm as an independent company. After the IPO, 3Com still owned 80% of Palm but 3Com's market cap was smaller than Palm's. U.S. Robotics was also spun out again as a separate company at this time. Palm, Inc. ... In financial markets, an initial public offering (IPO) is the first sale of a companys common shares to public investors, any other issuance by the company being called a Secondary Market Offering. ... Market capitalization, often abbreviated to market cap, is a business term that refers to the aggregate value of a firms outstanding common shares. ...


3Com tried to move into the smart consumer appliances business and on June 2000, 3Com acquired internet radio startup Kerbango for $80M. It developed its Audrey appliance, which made an appearance on the Oprah TV show. It scrapped both products less than a year later. Photo of the 3Com Audrey. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show is the longest-running daytime television talk show in the United States, and is hosted, produced and owned by Oprah Winfrey. ...


In January of 2001 Bruce Claflin became CEO. At this point, the company's main cash-cow, the Network interface card business, was also shrinking rapidly, mainly because the functionality was integrated into the southbridge chipset. The company started slashing or selling divisions and going through numerous phases of RIFs. The company went from employing more than 12,000 employees to less than 2,000. A transitional network card with both BNC Thinnet (left) and Twisted pair (right) connectors. ... The Southbridge is a chip that implements the ‘slower’ capabilities of the motherboard in a northbridge/southbridge chipset computer architecture. ... The term Reduction in Force is used by various corporate Human Resources departments as a synonym for downsizing. ...


In May 2003, the company left its Silicon Valley Santa Clara headquarters for Marlborough, MA. It also formed a venture with Huawei where 3Com will sell and rebrand products under the joint venture. A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ... Official website: http://www. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Huawei Technologies Co. ...


In 2003 3Com sold its CommWorks Corporation subsidiary to UTStarcom, Inc. The CommWorks subsidiary was based in Rolling Meadows, Illinois, and developed wireline telecommunications and wireless infrastructure technologies. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CommWorks Corporation was the subsidiary of 3Com Corporation based in Rolling Meadows, Illinois and sold to UTStarcom, Inc. ... UTStarcom (NASDAQ:UTSI) is a manufacturer of telecommunications equipment based in Alameda, California. ... CommWorks Corporation was the subsidiary of 3Com Corporation based in Rolling Meadows, Illinois and sold to UTStarcom, Inc. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... BlackBerry 7100t Telecommunications is the communication of information over a distance. ... Wireless is an old-fashioned term for a radio receiver, referring to its use as a wireless telegraph; now the term is used to describe modern wireless connections such as in cellular networks and wireless broadband Internet. ...


In January 2006, Bruce Claflin announced he will be leaving the company.


Note: As of February 2006, the Rolling Meadows and Santa Clara locations will be downsized and then eventually closed before the end of this year.


See also

The 3Station was a diskless workstation, developed by Bob Metcalfe at 3Com and first available in 1986. ...

References

This article was originally based on material from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, which is licensed under the GFDL.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (FOLDOC) is an on-line, searchable encyclopedic dictionary of computing subjects. ... GNU logo (similar in appearance to a gnu) The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free content, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. ...

External links

Data


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