Around 2055 BC, a descendant of the pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs, reunited the Two Lands, founded the Eleventh Dynasty and ruled as Mentuhotep II, the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom.
The New Kingdom is the period covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th centuryBC to the 11th centuryBC, between the Second Intermediate Period, and the Third Intermediate Period.
Egypt was conquered by the Persian Empire in 525 BC and annexed by the Persians until 404 BC.
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