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Encyclopedia > 25th Infantry Division (United States)
25th Infantry Division

US 25th ID Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active October, 1941–
Country USA
Branch Regular Army
Type Infantry
Part of United States Army Pacific Command
Garrison/HQ Schofield Barracks
Nickname Tropic Lightning
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Benjamin R. Mixon

In American military history, the 25th Infantry Division (nicknamed "Tropic Lightning") is a large military unit associated with operations in the Asia-Pacific region. It was activated on October 1, 1941 in Hawaii, and was formed using troops from the Hawaiian Division, a pre-war "square division" (having four regiments of infantry), which had been reorganized and redesignated as the 24th Infantry Division. These steps were part of the on-going mobilization and buildup in Army strength in anticipation of the United States entry into World War II that resulted in the development of the more flexible "triangular division" of three regiments. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The United States Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ... // Also known as USARPAC, the U.S. Army Pacific Command is the army component unit of the U.S. Pacific Command, except the units in Korea. ... Schofield Barracks is a United States Army installation (and census-designated place or CDP) located in the City & County of Honolulu and in the Wahiawa District of the island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq arguably without the explicit backing of the... Combatants United States, Poland, France, Canada, Pakistan, India, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only), Northern Alliance, Italy, Czech Republic, Hungary, Ethiopia, Somalia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Portugal, Bulgaria, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Georgia Taliban, al-Qaeda, Abu Sayyaf, Jemaah... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

World War II

  • Subordinate Units:
    • 27th Infantry Regiment
    • 35th Infantry Regiment
    • 298th Infantry Regiment
    • 161st Infantry Regiment
    • 34th Infantry Regiment
    • 8th Field Artillery Battalion
    • 64th Field Artillery Battalion
    • 89th Field Artillery Battalion
    • 90th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)
    • 25th Signal Company
    • 725th Ordnance Company
    • 25th Quartermaster Company
    • 25th Reconnaissance Troop
    • 65th Engineer Battalion
    • 25th Medical Battalion
    • 25th Counter Intelligence Detachment

After the Japanese air attack on Schofield Barracks, 7 December 1941, the 25th Infantry Division moved to beach positions for the defense of Honolulu and Ewa Point. The 27th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... The 35th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... Schofield Barracks is a United States Army installation (and census-designated place or CDP) located in the City & County of Honolulu and in the Wahiawa District of the island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ...


Following intensive training, the 25th began moving to Guadalcanal, 25 November 1942, to relieve Marines near Henderson Field. First elements landed near the Tenaru River, 17 December 1942, and entered combat, 10 January 1943, participating in the seizure of Kokumbona and the reduction of the Mount Austen Pocket in some of the bitterest fighting of the Pacific campaign. The threat of large enemy attacks caused a temporary withdrawal, but Division elements under XIV Corps control relieved the 147th Infantry and took over the advance on Cape Esperance. The junction of these elements with Americal Division forces near the cape, 5 February 1943, ended organized enemy resistance. Guadalcanal, position (inset) and main towns Guadalcanal is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Honiara International Airport (IATA: HIR, ICAO: AGGH), formerly known as Henderson Field, is an airport located on Guadalcanal Island in the Solomon Islands. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kokumbona is a village on the island of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. ... Constituted October 1, 1933 in the Organized Reserves. ... Chart of Ironbottom Sound and surrounding waters and islands. ... Americal Division Shoulder Patch The Americal Division of the United States Army was formed in May 1942 on the island of New Caledonia. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A period of garrison duty followed, ending 21 July: On that date, advance elements debarked on Munda, New Georgia. The 35th Infantry, under the Northern Landing Force, took part in the capture of Vella Lavella, 15 August to 15 September 1943. Meanwhile, other elements landed on New Georgia, took Zieta, marched through jungle mud for 19 days, and captured Bairoko Harbor, winning the island. Elements cleared Arundel Island, 24 September 1943, and Kolombangara Island with its important Vila Airport, 6 October. Organized resistance on New Georgia ended, 25 August, and the division moved to New Zealand for rest and training, last elements arriving on 5 December. The 25th was transferred to New Caledonia, 3 February-14 March 1944, for continued training. is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Munda is the largest settlement on the island of New Georgia in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands, and consists of a number of villages. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ... ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ... Bairoko Harbor is situated along the northwestern shore of the island of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. ... Arundel Island is an island, part of the New Georgia Islands in the Solomon Islands. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New Georgia Islands Kolombangara is an island in the New Georgia Islands group of the Solomon Islands. ... Vila is a site at the southern end of Kolombangara in the Solomon Islands, originally the location of the Vila Stanmore coconut plantation. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The division landed in the San Fabian area of Luzon, 11 January 1945, to enter the struggle for the liberation of the Philippines. It drove across the Luzon Central Plain, meeting the enemy at Binalonan, 17 January. Moving through the rice paddies, the 25th occupied Umingan, Lupao, and San Jose and destroyed a great part of the Japanese armor on Luzon. On 21 February, the division began operations in the Caraballo Mountains. It fought its way along Highway No. 5, taking Digdig, Putlan, and Kapintalan against fierce enemy counterattacks and took Balete Pass, 13 May, and opened the gateway to the Cagayan Valley, 27 May, with the capture of Santa Fe. Until 30 June, when the division was relieved, it carried out mopping-up activities. On 1 July, the division moved to Tarlac for training, leaving for Japan, 20 September. San Fabian is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Central Luzon region contains the largest plain of the Philippines and produces most of the countrys rice supply. ... Binalonan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Umingan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. ... Lupao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. ... San Jose City is a 2nd class city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Caraballo Mountains is a mountain range in the central part of Luzon, Philippines. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Tarlac Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Tarlac City Founded: 1872 Population: 2000 census—1,068,783 (23rd largest) Density—350 per km² (14th highest) Area: 3,053. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The division's rapid movements during its campaigns led to the adoption of the nickname Tropic Lightning. It remained on occupation duty in Japan for the next five years.


Korean War

Open warfare once again flared in Asia, now the division's primary area of concern, on 25 June 1950. The North Korean People's Army crossed the 38th Parallel on that day in an unprovoked attack on the Republic of South Korea. Acting under United Nations orders, the Tropic Lightning Division moved from its base in Japan to Korea between 5 July - 18, 1950. The division, then under the command of MG William B. Kean, successfully completed its first mission by blocking the approaches to the port city Pusan. For this action, the Tropic Lightning received its first Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. But other battles later in the conflict further enhanced the division's reputation for exceptional combat effectiveness. The division participated in the break-out from the Pusan perimeter and the successful drive into North Korea in October 1950. Task Force Dolvin, the 89th Tank Battalion under LTC Dolvin on 24 November and together these units successfully drove the enemy to the Yalu River. In a sudden and unexpected reversal, however, an overwhelming number of Chinese Communist troops crossed the Yalu and pushed back United Nations forces all along the front. The division was forced to carry out a systematic withdrawal and ordered to take up defensive positions on the south bank of the Chongchon River 30 November 1950. Eventually, these lines failed. However, after a series of short withdrawals a permanent battle line was established south of Osan. is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Korea now has the fourth-largest military in the world. ... The United Nations Command (Korea) is the unified command structure for the multinational military forces supporting the Republic of Korea (South Korea or ROK) during and after the Korean War. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pūsan is also a Vedic Hindu god. ... Korean P.U.C. The Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation is issued by the government of South Korea to both Korean military and foreign units. ... The 89th Medium Tank Battalion was an Armored tank unit of the United States Army. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Amnok River, or the Yalu River, is a river on the border between China and North Korea. ... The Chŏngchŏn River is a river of North Korea having its source in the Rangrim Mountains of Chagang Province and emptying into the Yellow Sea at Sinanju. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After a month and a half of planning and reorganization, a new offensive was launched 15 January 1951, and was successfully completed by 10 February with the recapture of Inchon and Kimpo Air Base. This was the first of several successful assaults on the Chinese/North Korean force, which helped turn the tide in the United Nation's favor. The division next participated in Operation Ripper, during which it drove the enemy across the Han River. Success continued with Operation Dauntless, Detonate and Piledriver in the Spring of 1951. These offensives secured part of the famous "Iron Triangle" which enhanced the United Nations' bargaining platform. With leaders of four nations now at the negotiating tables in the summer of 1951, Division activity slowed to patrol and defensive actions to maintain the line of resistance. This type of action continued into the winter of 1952. When negotiations began to fail, the division assumed the responsibility of guarding the approaches of Seoul 5 May 1953. 23 days later, a heavy Chinese assault was hurled at it. The division held its ground and the assault was repulsed; the brunt of the attack was absorbed by the 14th Infantry Regiment ("Golden Dragons"). By successfully defending Seoul from continued attack from May to July 1953, the division earned its second Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. Again negotiators moved toward peace. In July, the division again moved to reserve status at Camp Casey where it remained through the signing of the armistice 27 July 1953. Fourteen division soldiers were awarded Medals of Honor during the Korean Conflict, making the division the most decorated division of that war. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Han River is the name of four unrelated rivers: Han River, or Han Gang, is a river in Korea, passing through Seoul and entering the Yellow Sea Han River, or Han Shui, is a tributary of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central China Han River, or Han Jiang, is... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 14th Infantry Regiment is a U.S. Army light infantry regiment, known as the Golden Dragons. ... Camp Casey, Korea Located in Dongducheon (also Tongduchon), Republic of Korea, Camp Casey (named in 1952 after Major Hugh B. Casey) is one of several US Army bases in South Korea near the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Division's 14th Infantry Regiment had three recipients of the Medal of Honor, Donn F. Porter, Ernest E. West and Bryant E. Womack. The 24th Infantry Regiment had two recipients, Cornelius H. Charlton and William Thompson. The 35th Infantry Regiment had three recipients, William R. Jecelin, Billie G. Kanell and Donald R. Moyer. Finally, the 27th Infantry Regiment had five recipients, John W. Collier, Reginald B. Desiderio, Benito Martinez, Lewis L. Millett and Jerome A. Sudut. The 14th Infantry Regiment is a U.S. Army light infantry regiment, known as the Golden Dragons. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Donn F. Porter was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Ernest E. West was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Bryant E. Womack was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... The 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry has served as part of the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division since 24 August 1995 at Fort Lewis, Washington. ... Cornelius H. Charlton (24 July 1929 – 2 June 1951) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of Americas highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Korean War. ... William Thompson was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... The 35th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... William R. Jecelin was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Billie G. Kanell was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Donald R. Moyer was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... The 27th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... John W. Collier was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Reginald B. Desiderio was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Benito Martinez was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ... Lewis L. Millett (born 1920) was awarded the Medal of Honor during the Korean War for leading the last major American bayonet charge. ... Jerome A. Sudut was a soldier in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. ...


The division remained in Korea until 1954 and returned to Hawaii from September through October of that year. After a 12-year absence, the 25th Infantry Division had finally returned home.


Vietnam

In response to a request from the U.S. Military Assistance Command in Vietnam, the division sent 100 helicopter door-gunners to the Republic of South Vietnam in early 1963. By August 1965, further division involvement in the coming Vietnam Conflict included the deployment of Company C, 65th Engineer Battalion, to South Vietnam to assist in the construction of port facilities at Cam Ranh Bay. By mid 1965, 2,200 men of the Tropic Lightning Division were involved in Vietnam. The division was again ordered to contribute combat forces in December of that year. Map of the Republic of South Vietnam. ... Cam Ranh Bay is a deep-water seaport in Vietnam in the province of Khanh Hoa. ...


In response to a MAC-V request, the division deployed 4,000 3rd Brigade infantrymen and 9,000 tons of equipment from Hawaii in 25 days to the Northwest sector of South Vietnam to firmly establish a fortified enclave from which the division could operate. Operation Blue Light was the largest and longest airlift of personnel and cargo into a combat zone in military history before Operation Desert Shield. The Brigade deployed its first soldiers from Hickam Air Force Base, Honolulu, to the central highlands at Pleiku. These men arrived in Vietnam 24 December 1965. By mid-January, the deployment operation was complete - giving combat planners in Vietnam a favorable balance of power. The division was heavily engaged from April 1966 until 1972 throughout the area of operations in Southeast Asia. During this period, Tropic Lightning soldiers fought in some of the toughest battles of the war. The U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, or MACV (phonetically mack vee), was the United States unified command structure for all its military forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Hickam Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force base located in the city and county of Honolulu on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. ... Pleiku is a town in central Vietnam seated in the central highland region. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


During the Tet offensives of 1968 and 1969, Tropic Lightning soldiers were instrumental in defending the besieged city of Saigon. Due to its success in fending off that attack, the 25th Infantry Division spent most of 1970 more involved in the Vietnamization Program than in actual combat. From May through June 1970, Tropic Lightning soldiers participated in Allied thrusts deep into enemy sanctuaries located in Cambodia. In these Incursion operations, the division units confiscated thousands of tons of supplies and hundreds of weapons. This operation crippled the Cambodian-based efforts against American units. Following its return from Cambodia to South Vietnam, the division resumed its place in the Vietnamization Program. The war was winding down. By late December 1970, elements of the 25th Infantry Division were able to begin redeployment to Schofield Barracks. Second Brigade was the last element of the Tropic Lightning Division to depart Vietnam. It arrived at Schofield Barracks in the early days of May 1971. During the war in Vietnam, 22 Medals of Honor were awarded to Tropic Lightning soldiers. Combatants Republic of Vietnam, United States, Republic of Korea, New Zealand, Australia National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Vietnam Commanders William C. Westmoreland Võ Nguyên Giáp Strength 1. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam, United States National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Vietnam Commanders Lu Lan (ARVN, II Corps), Do Cao Tri (ARVN, III Corps), Nguyen Viet Thanh (ARVN, IV Corps), Creighton W. Abrams (U.S.) Pham Hung (political), Hoang Van Thai (military) Strength 58...


Reorganization and Light Infantry Status

After its return to Schofield Barracks, the 25th Infantry Division remained the only Army division to have never been on the mainland. In a time of overall military downsizing, it was reduced to a single brigade numbering 4,000 men. The division was reactivated in March 1972. It was reorganized to include as a "Roundout" Brigade the 29th Infantry Brigade of the Hawaii Army National Guard which included: the 2nd Battalion, 299th Infantry, Hawaii Army National Guard; 100th Battalion, 442d Infantry, US Army Reserve; and the 1st Battalion, 184th Infantry California Army National Guard. Now reorganized, the 25th Infantry Division trained for the next eight years throughout the Pacific Theater and continued to improve its combat capabilities with troop deployment varying in size from squads, who participated in training missions with Fijian forces, to operations as large as Operation Team Spirit, where more than 5,000 divisional troops were airlifted to South Korea for this annual exercise. Seal of the Army National Guard The Hawaii National Guard is comprised of both Army and Air National Guard components. ... Seal of the Army National Guard The California Army National Guard is a component of the California National Guard, the United States Army and the United States National Guard. ...


In 1985, the division began its reorganization from a conventional infantry division to a light infantry division. The four primary characteristics of this new light infantry division were to be: mission flexibility, rapid deployment and combat readiness at 100 percent strength with a Pacific Basin orientation. Major configuration changes included the addition of a third infantry brigade, an additional direct-support artillery battalion and the expansion of the combat aviation battalion to a brigade-sized unit. With the transfer of large quantities of heavy equipment, the 25th Infantry Division earned the designation "light"—the reorganization was completed by 1 October 1986. Training became more sophisticated and more intense. In 1988, the division's first battalions participated in rotations at the Joint Readiness Training Center, Fort Chaffee, Arkansas. This training center provides the most realistic training available to light forces in the Army. Coupled with Joint/Combined training exercises Cobra Gold in Thailand, Kangaroo in Australia and Orient Shield in Japan, the division's demanding exercise schedule significantly increased the division's fighting capabilities. Until 1993 Operation Team Spirit in Korea remained the division's largest annual maneuver exercise, involving more than half of the division's strength. Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Fort Polk is a United States Army base located in Leesville, Louisiana. ... Fort Chaffee is in the northwest Arkansas region adjacent to the city of Ft. ...


Desert Storm and the Post-Cold War Era

Not many of the Tropic Lightning's units participated in Operation Desert Storm, due to the division being earmarked for Pacific contingencies, such as a renewal of hostilities in Korea. However, during the Gulf War, one platoon each from Companies A, B and C, 4th Battalion, 27th Infantry ("Wolfhounds"), deployed to Saudi Arabia in January 1991. These Tropic Lightning soldiers were scheduled to be replacement squads in the ground campaign; however, after observing their outstanding performance in desert warfare training, the Assistant Commander of Third U.S. Army asked for them to become the security force for the Army's Forward Headquarters. In that role, the Wolfhound platoons were alerted and attatcheded with Third Army (Forward) into Kuwait City 26 February, where they secured the headquarters area and conducted mop-up operations in the city and its adjacent mine fields. Company A's platoon was separated from the other Wolfhounds following that battle to accompany General H. Norman Schwarzkopf into Iraq 1 March 1991 to provide security at the truce signing. The three platoons returned to Schofield Barracks without casualties on 20 March 1991. Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... General H Norman Schwarzkopf KCB, also known as Stormin Norman (born August 22, 1934) is a retired United States Army General who, while he served as Commander-in-Chief (now known as Combatant Commander) of U.S. Central Command, was commander of the Coalition Forces in the Gulf War of... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1995, the division underwent another reorganization and reduction as a part of the Army's downsizing. First Brigade and its direct support units were inactivated and moved to Fort Lewis, Washington, where they were again reactivated as a detached brigade of the 25th Infantry Division (Light). In early 2005, an airborne brigade was created at Fort Richardson, Alaska and added to the 25th. Today the "Tropic Lightning" Division is composed of three light infantry brigades (two in Hawaii; one at Fort Lewis), the airborne brigade at Fort Richardson, an Aviation Brigade, Division Artillery, a Division Support command and a complement of separate battalions. As a major ground reserve force for the U.S. Pacific Command, the "Tropic Lightning" Division routinely deploys from Schofield Barracks to participate in exercises in Japan, Korea, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia and the Big Island of Hawaii. Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... Fort Richardson is a United States Army installation in the U.S. state of Alaska, adjacent to the city of Anchorage. ...


Transformation and the Long War

The division did not take part in the fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq from 2001–2003. However, in early 2004, units from the division deployed to Iraq to take part in the combat operations of that country. Second Brigade deployed around February 2004 to Iraq and returned to Schofield Barracks a year later. The 3rd, Brigade 25th Infantry Division began deploying to Afghanistan in March of 2004. The first element to deploy was 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment ("Wolfhounds"). They were accompanied by B Battery, 3d Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment. The Wolfhounds operated in the volatile Paktika Province on the border with Pakistan in the Waziristan region. The 25th Infantry Division redeployed to Schofield Barracks Hawaii in April of 2005. The 25th Infantry Division is recognized for the first successful free democratic elections in Afghanistan on October 9, 2004. One of the missions of the 25th Infantry Division was to track down insurgent Taliban and Al-Qaeda members in the mountainous terrain of Afghanistan. The United States 7th Field Artillery Regiment is a United States Army field artillery regiment, whose lineage traces back to the early 20th century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In July 2005, a 4th Brigade was added to the 25th Infantry Division as an airborne brigade stationed in Fort Richardson, Alaska. It deployed in October 2006 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 2nd Brigade began its transformation as a Stryker Brigade Combat Team while the 3rd Brigade began its transformation as a Unit of Action (UA) in the same year. The (Light) status was dropped from the division name in January 2006. On 15 December 2006 the former 172nd Infantry Brigade reflagged as the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division. The Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled all wheel drive (AWD) armored combat vehicles (ACVs) produced by General Dynamics Land Systems, in current use by the US Army. ... The Brigade Combat Team (BCT) is the basic deployable unit of maneuver in the US Army. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 172nd Infantry Brigade (Separate) (now designated the 1st brigade of the 25th Infantry Division) of the United States Army is a highly deployable unit capable of being sent to any destination worldwide in order to protect U.S. national interests and has proudly served the Army since its inception...


Current Structure

OrBat of the 25th Infantry Division

25th Infantry Division Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1837 × 1223 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1837 × 1223 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

  • 1st Brigade Combat Team (Stryker) (Formerly 172nd Infantry Brigade)
    • 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry Regiment
    • 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment
    • 5th Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment
    • 2d Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 25th Support Battalion
    • Delta Company, 52nd Infantry Regiment (Anti-tank)
    • 73d Engineer Company
    • 184th Military Intelligence Company
    • 176th Signal Company
  • 2nd Brigade Combat Team (Stryker)
    • 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment
    • 2d Squadron, 14th Cavalry Regiment
    • 2d Battalion, 11th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 225th Support Battalion
    • Beta Company, 52nd Infantry Regiment (Anti-tank)
    • 66th Engineer Company
    • 185th Military Intelligence Company
    • 556th Signal Company
  • 3rd Brigade Combat Team (Infantry)
  • 4th Brigade Combat Team (Airborne)
  • Combat Aviation Brigade
    • HHC, Combat Aviation Brigade
    • 209th Aviation Support Battalion
    • 2nd Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment
    • 3rd Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment
    • 2nd Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment
  • 45th Sustainment Brigade
    • Special Troops Battalion
    • 45th Support Operations
    • 524 Combat Service Support Battalion
    • 17th Corp Support Battalion
  • 8th Theater Sustainment Command
    • 8th Special Troops Battalion
    • 29th Engineer Battalion
    • 84th Engineer Battalion
    • 125th Finance Battalion
  • 8th Military Police Brigade Hawaii
    • 728th Military Police Battalion
  • Separate Battalions
    • 65th Engineer Battalion

The 172nd Infantry Brigade (Separate) (now designated the 1st brigade of the 25th Infantry Division) of the United States Army is a highly deployable unit capable of being sent to any destination worldwide in order to protect U.S. national interests and has proudly served the Army since its inception... The 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry has served as part of the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division since 24 August 1995 at Fort Lewis, Washington. ... The United States 1st Cavalry Regiment is a unit in the U.S. Army that can trace its lineage to the early 19th Century when it had its genesis as the United States Regiment of Dragoons. ... The 14th Infantry Regiment is a U.S. Army light infantry regiment, known as the Golden Dragons. ... The 27th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... The 14th Armored Cavalry Regiment is an armored cavalry regiment of the United States Army. ... The 35th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... The United States 4th Cavalry Regiment was a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage is traced back to the mid-19th century. ... The United States 7th Field Artillery Regiment is a United States Army field artillery regiment, whose lineage traces back to the early 20th century. ... Soldiers of the 1st Battalion, 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, parachute from a C-130 over Donnelly Drop Zone, located on Ft. ... During World War II, the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion (509th PIB) was the first combat paratrooper unit of the United States Army. ...

Past Commanders

Taken from 25th Infantry Division past commanders

  • MG Maxwell Murray 1941-1942
  • MG J. Lawton Collins 1942-1943
  • MG Charles L. Mullins 1943-1948
  • MG William B. Kean 1948-1948
  • MG Joseph S. Bradley 1948-1951
  • MG Ira P. Swift 1951-1952
  • MG Samuel T. Williams 1952-1953
  • MG Halley G. Maddox 1953-1954
  • MG Leslie D. Carter 1954-1954
  • MG Herbert B. Powell 1954-1956
  • MG Edwin J. Messinger 1956-1957
  • MG Archibald W. Stuart 1957-1958
  • MG John E. Theimer 1958-1960
  • MG J. O. Seaman 1960
  • MG James L. Richardson 1960-1962
  • MG Ernest F. Easterbrook 1962- 1963
  • MG Andrew J. Boyle 1963-1964
  • MG Frederick C. Weyand 1964-1967
  • MG John C.F. Tillison, III 1967
  • MG F.K. Mearns 1967-1968
  • MG Ellis W. Williamson 1968-1969
  • MG Harris W. Hollis 1969-1970
  • MG Edward Bautz, Jr. 1970-1971
  • MG Ben Sternberg 1971
  • MG Thomas W. Mellen 1971-1972
  • MG Robert N. Mackinnon 1972-1974
  • MG Harry W. Brooks, Jr. 1974-1976
  • MG Williard W. Scott, Jr. 1976-1978
  • MG Otis C. Lynn 1978-1980
  • MG Alexander Weyand 1980-1982
  • MG William H. Schneider 1982-1984
  • MG Claude M. Kicklighter 1984-1986
  • MG James W. Crysel 1986-1988
  • MG Charles P. Otstott 1988-1990
  • MG Fred. A. Gorden 1990-1992
  • MG Robert L. Ord, III 1992-1993
  • MG George A. Fisher 1993-1995
  • MG John J. Maher 1995-1997
  • MG James T. Hill 1997-1999
  • MG William E. Ward 1999-2000
  • MG James M. Dubik 2000-2002
  • MG Eric T. Olson 2002-2005
  • MG Benjamin R. Mixon 2005-

Joseph Lawton Collins Joseph Lightning Joe Lawton Collins (1 May 1896 – 12 September 1987) was a general of the United States Army. ... General Herbert B. Powell (1903 - April 3, 1998) was a 4-star U.S. Army General, and Commander, U.S. Continental Army Command from 1960 to 1963. ... GEN Frederick C. Weyand Frederick Carlton Weyand was born in Arbuckle, California, on (September 15, 1916). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Surrounded By Lions is a Seattle-based progressive rock band and formed in 2001 under the name Rookie Alliance. ... General William E. “Kip” Ward General William E. “Kip” Ward was commissioned into the infantry in 1971. ...

Trivia

In Oliver Stone's 1986 Vietnam War film Platoon, the eponymous (fictional) military unit is depicted by its shoulder patches as being part of the 25th Infantry Division.


The stories in The Nam (a Marvel Comics series about the War in Vietnam) are about the 23rd Infantry Brigade, a fictional part of the 25th Infantry Division. The Nam was an historical fiction serial published in comic book form, detailing the U.S. War in Viet Nam from the perspective of active-duty soldiers involved in the conflict. ...


The division's unit patch is nick-named "The Electric Chili Pepper" due to it's shape and lightning bolt symbol in the center. (It is also referred to as an "Electric Strawberry".)


External links

the unit charlie sheen is a member of in the movie platoon is 3/22 25th inf. this can be seen on a sign in the background when he reports for duty.


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