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Encyclopedia > 24 hours of Le Mans

The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the world's most famous sports car endurance race, held annually at Circuit de la Sarthe near Le Mans, France, in the French Sarthe département. It is organised by the Automobile Club de l'Ouest (A.C.O). GTP sports cars racing at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in 1991 Sports car racing is a form of circuit racing, with cars that have two seats and enclosed wheel wells. ... Endurance racing can refer to races involving persons running in events such as marathons or triathlons, long cross-country skiing events, the racing of horses or other animals, or motorsport. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... The Château de Boisclaireau, residence of the Gueroust family, Counts of Boisclaireau, in Sarthe. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... The Automobile Club de lOuest (Automobile Club of the West - referring to the western region of France), sometimes abbreviated to ACO, is the largest automotive group in France. ...

Contents

Overview

Le Mans 1923 poster.
Le Mans 1923 poster.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans circuit, Circuit de la Sarthe.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans circuit, Circuit de la Sarthe.

The first race was held on May 26 and 27 1923 and has since been run annually in June, with exceptions occurring in 1956, when the race was held in July, and 1968, when it was held in September, due to nationwide political turmoils in spring of that year (see May 1968). The race has been cancelled twice: once in the year 1936 (Great Depression) and from 1940 to 1948 (World War II and its aftermath). Image File history File links 1923Lemans. ... Image File history File links 1923Lemans. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... A May 1968 poster: Be young and shut up, with stereotypical silhouette of General de Gaulle. ... The Great Depression was a time of economic down turn, which started after the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The 12 Hours of Sebring, 24 Hours of Daytona and 24 Hours of Le Mans were once widely considered to be the triple crown of sports car racing; driver Ken Miles would have been the only driver to win all three in the same year but for an error in the team orders of the Ford GT40 team at Le Mans, in 1966, which took the win from him, although he finished first. Aston Martin DBR9 at dusk during the 2005 12 Hours of Sebring The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race held at Sebring Raceway, a former Air Force base in Sebring, Florida. ... The Rolex 24 1/2 at Daytona (also frequently referred to as the 24 Hours of Daytona) is a 24-hour sports car endurance race held annually at Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... The term Triple Crown is used in several distinct contexts. ... GTP sports cars racing at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in 1991 Sports car racing is a form of circuit racing, with cars that have two seats and enclosed wheel wells. ... GT40 Mk II front. ... Team Orders in motor racing is the practice of one driver allowing another from the same team or manufacturer to gain a higher finish on the say so of the team management. ... GT40 Mk II front. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


The race is run on a semi-permanent track which, in its current configuration, is 13.650 km (8.482 mi) long, utilizing mostly country roads that remain open to the public for the majority of the year. Over the years, several purpose-built sections have replaced the normal roads, especially the Porsche Curves section, which bypasses the dangerous former Maison Blanche section, between buildings. The permanent Bugatti Circuit surrounds the facilities at the start/finish. A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... The Bugatti Circuit is a race track located in Le Mans, France. ...


Usually, around 50 cars race simultaneously, in a number of different categories and classes. Current classes are LMP1 and LMP2, for "Le Mans prototypes" and LMGT1 and LMGT2, for Gran Turismo or "GT" classes. The overall winner is the car that covers the greatest distance in 24 hours of continuous racing. This rule appears obvious but the 1966 race saw a surprise winner, among the three Ford GT40s that were leading. Ford ordered the leading #1 car to slow down to let the #2 and the #5 cars catch up, in order to create a photo opportunity[1] with all three GT40s crossing the line 1, 2, 3, in a staged finish, only a few meters apart. Yet the #2 car that had covered the same number of laps (360) was pronounced the winner, as it had started further behind on the grid and thus covered a slightly bigger distance in the same time. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gran Turismo is Italian and Spanish for grand touring or grand tourisme. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Team Orders in motor racing is the practice of one driver allowing another from the same team or manufacturer to gain a higher finish on the say so of the team management. ... A photo op, short for photo opportunity, is a carefully planned human event that results in a memorable and effective photograph. ...


To be classified, a car must cross the finish line after 24 hours. This leads to dramatic scenes where damaged cars wait in the pits or on the edge of the track close to the finish line for hours, then restart their engines and crawl across the line to be listed with a finishing distance, rather than dismissed with DNF (Did Not Finish).


In recent years, each car has a team of three drivers. Before 1970 only two drivers per car were allowed and even solo driving was permitted, in the early decades. Until the early 1980s, most of the cars were raced with a two-driver team. In 1952, Frenchman Pierre Levegh competed alone and looked like the winner but made a shifting mistake in the final hour which handed victory to a Mercedes-Benz 300SL. Luigi Chinetti won in 1949 with a 23.5 hour stint behind the wheel. In 1950, Louis Rosier won the race with his son Jean-Louis Rosier, who drove the car during only two turns. Pierre Levegh (December 22, 1905 - June 11, 1955) was a French sportsman, mainly remembered for a disaster that killed him and around 80 spectators during the 24 hours of Le Mans in 1955. ... 1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing Coupe from the Ralph Lauren collection 1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing Coupe from the Ralph Lauren collection Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Category:1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing Coupe The Mercedes-Benz 300SL was available as a two-seat closed sports car with characteristic... Luigi Chinetti, among other achivements with Ferrari, drove their first car to win the 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Louis Rosier (born in Chapdes-Beaufort, November 5, 1905 - died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, October 29, 1956) was a Formula One driver from France. ... Jean-Louis Rosier is the son of Louis Rosier. ...


Le Mans start

Toyota GT-One LM proto, 1998.

Traditionally, the race starts at 16:00 on the Saturday, although in 1968 the race started at 14:00, because of the lateness of the race on the calendar, and 1984 when the race started at 15:00 due to the conflicting French General Election. In 2006, the ACO scheduled a 17:00 start time on Saturday, June 17 in order to maximize television coverage in between the FIFA World Cup games. In 2007 the race is due to start June 16 at 15:00 due to the French General Election the following day. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1515x1035, 315 KB)The Toyota GT-One sportscar in the pit straight of the 1998 24 heures du Mans Courtesy Toyota Motorsport This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1515x1035, 315 KB)The Toyota GT-One sportscar in the pit straight of the 1998 24 heures du Mans Courtesy Toyota Motorsport This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or... The Toyota GT-One, also known as the TS020, was raced in the 1998 and the 1999 Le Mans by Toyota in the GTP category (known as GT1 prior to 1999). ... The FIFA World Cup Trophy, which has been awarded to the world champions since 1974. ...


The races used to begin with what became known as the "Le Mans start": cars are lined up on one side of the track, drivers on the other. When the French flag dropped at 16:00, the drivers ran across the track to their cars, entered and started them. This became a safety issue after the introduction of safety belt harnesses in 1967, which needed to be properly strapped, preferably by mechanics. At that time drivers entered the first curves with unfastened belts and locked their belts in the straight, if possible.


In 1969, for his first Le Mans 24 hours, a young Belgian talent and F1 GP winner, Jacky Ickx, made a pointed demonstration of the danger of this start method, when instead of running across the track to his machine, he slowly walked towards it, then entered his car and locked the safety belts properly. Sadly, in the first lap of the race, the privateer racer John Woolfe was killed. Despite starting in the last position with an outdated Ford GT40, Ickx managed to win the race in a dramatic finish 24 hours later by only 120 meters. Interestingly, while driving a Porsche 911 to Paris after the race, Ickx was involved in a road accident where he escaped unharmed, having worn his seatbelt. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... GT40 Mk II front. ... Porsche 911 in hillclimb The Porsche 911 (pronounced as nine eleven) is a sports car made by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


So the traditional Le Mans practice was partially discontinued the next year in 1970; for this year, the cars were still lined up in echelon formation along the pit straight, with engines off, but the drivers were strapped in prior to the start. On the starter's signal, the drivers could start their engines and start the race. In 1971, a full rolling start was introduced, as used in the Indianapolis 500, thus called the "Indianapolis Start". A rolling start is a type of start in an autoracing race, in which the cars are led at a certain speed by the safety car, before being allowed to accelerate at a certain point just before the start line. ... Indy 500 redirects here. ...


The Le Mans start is also the reason why left hand drive Porsche street cars continue to have their ignition switches on the left of the steering column rather than on the more customary location of the right-side: this enabled the driver to start the engine with the left hand while engaging the first gear with the right hand, depressing the clutch with the left foot and stepping on the gas with the right foot simultaneously, thus allowing the Porsche to get off the starting line more quickly than other race cars. This article concerns rules of the road regarding land vehicles; for sea-going vehicles, see International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. ... This article is about the auto company. ...


Races

For race summaries, see Category:24 Hours of Le Mans.

The circuit

Main article: Circuit de la Sarthe

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Car design

A Pescarolo C60 prototype in 2006
A Pescarolo C60 prototype in 2006

Unlike many other races where the speed in corners and acceleration is more important, top speed was a critical parameter for being competitive in Le Mans. This led to special body designs like the "Long Tail" bodies pioneered by Charles Deutsch and Robert Choulet. Braking at the end of the Mulsanne Straight is also critical; the first use of disc brakes on a car was for a Jaguar C-Type racing at Le Mans in 1953. The Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR still used drum-brakes in 1955, but had an additional opening hood which was used as a parachute-like "air brake". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2174x1454, 688 KB) Pescarolo C60 Judd, essais préliminaires 24 heures du Mans 2006, Dimanche 4 juin 2006 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Franck Montagny Henri... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2174x1454, 688 KB) Pescarolo C60 Judd, essais préliminaires 24 heures du Mans 2006, Dimanche 4 juin 2006 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Franck Montagny Henri... A Pescarolo Sport C60 Hybrid Le Mans Prototype. ... Charles Deutsch, French aerodynamics engineer and automobile maker, founder of the brand DB with René Bonnet, and later of the CD. He later founded the SERA vehicle engineering Research and Development Company. ... Robert Choulet is a French aerodynamics engineer influential in race car aerodynamics who worked on the unsuccessful Matra 640 and the famous Porsche 917 LH. He worked with the Ligier Formula 1 team at his beginings in 1976 and later with Alfa Romeo. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Vehicle brake. ... The Jaguar C-type (also called the Jaguar XK 120C) is a racing car built by Jaguar and sold from 1951 to 1953. ... The Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR was a sports racing car in 1955. ... A drum brake with the drum removed as used on the rear wheel of a car or truck. ...


Cars were reaching impressive speed on the Mulsanne: in 1971, during night practice, a Porsche 917LH (Langheck - long tail), driven by Pedro Rodriguez (1968 Le Mans winner), clocked at a top speed of 398 km/h, or about 249 mph. The Porsche 917 gave Porsche its first overall wins at the 24 hours of Le Mans in 1970 and 1971. ... Pedro Rodríguez (18 January 1940 – 11 July 1971) was a Mexican Grand Prix motor racing driver. ...


During the 1970s, top speeds decreased after the introduction of new regulations that reduced the size and power of the engines, while the evolution of aerodynamics allowed the engineers to improve the speed on a lap by increasing downforce and thus increasing speed in curves and reducing top speed. This evolution, which brings less stress on the car, was also favored by drivers because it made the car easier to drive, leading to lower forces in acceleration and braking while reduced speed in the straight required less attention and gave more relaxation to the driver which is an important benefit in a 24 hour race. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Acceleration is the time rate of change of velocity, and at any point on a velocity-time graph, it is given by the slope of the tangent to that point basicly. ...


By the late 1980s, the fastest cars were again reaching impressive top speeds. In 1988, a WM P87 powered by a turbocharged PRV engine and driven by Roger Dorchy reached the speed of 405 km/h (251.7 mph) early in the race. This performance is generally considered as non-significant, though, because it was considered a media coup by a team seeking budget: the car was tuned for top speed with all air orifices taped, as a result the engine broke soon after. But the next year a Sauber C9-Mercedes reached a top speed around 400 km/h (248.5 mph) without any special tuning during the race, and FISA felt that it had grown unsafe. The PRV engine is an automobile petrol V6 engine that was developed jointly by Peugeot, Renault and Volvo Cars and sold from 1974 to 1998. ... The Sauber Mercedes C9 was a Group C prototype race car introduced in 1987 as a continuation of the partnership between Sauber as a constructor and Mercedes-Benz as an engine builder for the World Sportscar Championship. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ...


Two chicanes were consequently put in place in time for the 1990 race to lower top speeds, yet still in 1991 the Sauber Mercedes C11 was clocked at 363 km/h before reaching the braking point for the first chicane and the 1993 Porsche 962C reached 366 km/h, which is the highest Le Mans speed since the introduction of the chicanes. Eventually, the legendary Group-C class was drawn to an end and replaced first by the GT1 class, with such cars as the Dauer 962 LM (a slowed-down version of the famous Porsche 962C), Ferrari F40 GTE, McLaren F1 GTR, Porsche 911 GT1 or Mercedes CLK-LM. At first, these cars weren't reaching such impressive performance as the Group C models (in 1995, the McLaren F1 GTR, while winning the race, only hit 281 km/h on the Mulsanne straight), but in 1997 and 1998, cars such as Porsche GT1, Mercedes CLK-LM, Toyota GT-One and the longtail McLaren F1 GTR were again goin over 320 km/h (Porsche GT1 '97 reached 326 km/h, Toyota GT-One '98 reached 322 km/h, Nissan R390 GT1 '98 reached 326 km/h, McLaren F1 GTR '98 reached 315 km/h). In 1999, the GT1 class was replaced by the LMP class, consisting of prototype cars. The most famous and fastest of them was definitely the '99 Toyota GT-One, which managed to reach 352 km/h on the Mulsanne. That very same year, Audi R8C and Mercedes CLR both also went at 349 km/h, while the winning BMW V12 LMR was clocked at 342 km/h. After 1999, the cars were again slowed down in terms of top speeds, at about the same level as the GT1 cars before them - even the legendary Audi R8 was clocked only at 330 km/h (except for 2000, when it reached 337 km/h on the long straight between the Mulsanne corner and the Indianapolis Corner). The Ford chicane on Le Mans A chicane is a sequence of tight serpentine curves (usually an S-shape curve) in a roadway, used in auto racing and on city streets to slow cars. ...


Accidents

Crashed 1955 Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR.

Le Mans is also known for the worst accident in the history of motor racing, the 1955 Le Mans disaster, in which over 80 people, including Levegh, were killed. In the shock following this disaster, many major and minor races were cancelled in 1955, like the Grand Prix races in Germany and Switzerland. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3544x2124, 3333 KB) Le Mans, 1955 - The chassis of the 300 SLR in which Pierre Levegh had a fatal accident DaimlerChrysler media services This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3544x2124, 3333 KB) Le Mans, 1955 - The chassis of the 300 SLR in which Pierre Levegh had a fatal accident DaimlerChrysler media services This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work... The Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR was a sports racing car in 1955. ... Start of the race, Levegh #20 car is in the center of the frame The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 24 Hours of Le Mans when a race car crashed and flew into the crowd, killing over 80 people. ... Pierre Levegh (December 22, 1905 - June 11, 1955) was a French sportsman, mainly remembered for a disaster that killed him and around 80 spectators during the 24 hours of Le Mans in 1955. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


At the end of the season, having won World Championships in Formula One and Sports Cars, Mercedes withdrew from motor racing generally, and did not return until 1987. That today's DaimlerChrysler Corporation, owner of the Mercedes marque, is still aware of and sensitive to this incident was evidenced by their withdrawal in 1988, after the Sauber-Mercedes suffered high speed crash due to tire failure, and in 1999 after their CLR sports prototypes caught air and backflipped three times at Le Mans. Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... GTP sports cars racing at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in 1991 Sports car racing is a form of circuit racing, with cars that have two seats and enclosed wheel wells. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... The Mercedes-Benz CLR was a Le Mans Prototype racing car created for the 1999 race. ...


Similar accidents involving a Porsche 911 GT1 and a BMW V12 LMR happened at Road Atlanta during the ACO-licenced Petit Le Mans races in 1998 and 2000, respectively. The Porsche 911 GT1 was a racing car designed for competition in the GT1 class at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and sold as a road car for homologation purposes. ... The BMW V12 LMR was entered in Sports car racing from 1998 to 2000. ... Road Atlanta Raceway Road Atlanta is a 2. ... The Petit Le Mans (French for little Le Mans) is a sports car endurance race held annually at Road Atlanta in Braselton, Georgia, USA. The race was first run on October 10, 1998 as part of the IMSA season, then in 1999 became one of the original events of the...


Successful marques and drivers

Audi R10, 2006.
Audi R10, 2006.
Belgian driver Jacky Ickx.

The most successful marque in the history of the 24 hour race is Porsche, with 16 overall victories (including seven in a row, from 1981 to 1987), followed by Ferrari with nine (including six in a row, from 1960 to 1965). The early years were dominated by Bentley and Alfa Romeo, with four consecutive wins from 1927 to 1930 and from 1931 to 1934 respectively. The 1950s were dominated by Jaguar with their C-type and D-type cars with wins in 1951, 1953, 1955, 1956, and in 1957 where D-type Jaguars finished 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 6th. The turn of the century saw a new power arrive in the Audi R8 V8 powered (wins in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004 and 2005) and Audi R10 V12 diesel powered race car in 2006, and Bentley Speed 8 (2003). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2520x1411, 359 KB) [edit] Summary Audi R10, 24 heures du Mans 2006, essais qualificatifs, Jeudi 15 juin 2006 [edit] Information [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2520x1411, 359 KB) [edit] Summary Audi R10, 24 heures du Mans 2006, essais qualificatifs, Jeudi 15 juin 2006 [edit] Information [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Audi R10 The Audi R10 is a racing car prepared for sports car racing in the LMP1 class of the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other similar endurance races. ... Image File history File links Jacky_Ickx. ... Image File history File links Jacky_Ickx. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the auto company. ... Ferrari is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello and Modena, Italy. ... Bentleys winged B badge and hood ornament Bentley Motors Limited is a British based manufacturer of luxury automobiles and Grand Tourers. ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ... Jaguar Cars Limited is a British luxury car manufacturer, with headquarters in Browns Lane, Coventry, England. ... The Jaguar C-type (also called the Jaguar XK 120C) is a racing car built by Jaguar and sold from 1951 to 1953. ... Wikimedia Commons has more media related to: Jaguar D-type The Jaguar D-type, like its predecessor, is a factory-built race-car. ... Audi R8 behind its trophies The Audi R8 is a Sports Prototype race car introduced in 1999 for Sportscar racing as a redevelopment of their Audi R8R (open top LMP) and Audi R8C (closed top LMGTP). ... Audi R10 The Audi R10 is a racing car prepared for sports car racing in the LMP1 class of the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other similar endurance races. ... The Bentley Speed 8 is a LMP class race car that competed in the Le Mans series from 2001-2003. ...


In a personal spat between the two companies' owners, Ford won the race four times (1966 to 1969) with its GT40, built for the express purpose of defeating Ferrari, after founder Enzo Ferrari backed out of a deal to sell his company to Ford. Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after Toyota and General Motors, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The only Japanese company to win the race so far has been Mazda, which won the 59th race in 1991 with its rotary-engined 787B prototype. Toyota almost took the overall win in 1998 and 1999, but on both occassions mechanical woes in the final hours prevented them from taking the top step of the podium. They suffered a broken transmission while leading with an hour and a half to go in 1998, and in 1999 suffered a tyre puncture whilst chasing the leading BMW which effectively sealed them in second place. Mazda Motor Corporation ) (TYO: 7261 ) is a Japanese automotive manufacturer based in Hiroshima, Japan. ... Wankel Engine in Deutsches Museum Munich, Germany The Wankel rotary engine is a type of internal combustion engine, invented by German engineer Felix Wankel, which uses a rotor instead of reciprocating pistons. ... Mazda 787B at the Mazda Museum. ... Toyota Motor Corporation ), or Toyota is a Japanese multinational corporation and the worlds largest automaker by sales revenue as of 2007[3]. Together with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu, the company was the worlds second largest auto company by revenue of $179 billion and total vehicle production, most...


In 2005, Tom Kristensen set an absolute record of seven victories including six in a row, pulling ahead of legend Jacky Ickx who has a total of six wins. Kristensen could not extend his streak the following year as his car came in third while the sister car won. Tom Kristensen (born 1967-07-07 in Hobro) is a Danish racing driver. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In 2006, the new Audi R10 TDI LMP1 entered by Joest Racing became the first Diesel-engined car to win the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The winning car also bettered the post-1990 course configuration lap record by 1, at 380. However, this fell short of the all-time distance record set in 1971 by over 200km. Audi R10 The Audi R10 is a racing car prepared for sports car racing in the LMP1 class of the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other similar endurance races. ... Established in 1978. ... Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the diesel engine. ...


Three-times winner Woolf Barnato (1928–1930) is the only 24 Hours of Le Mans driver with a perfect wins-to-starts ratio. 1929 Blower Bentley. ...


There have also been other successful manufacturers in the other classes of the race. In the last decade, US makers Dodge and Chevrolet have dominated the GT1 class. They both also hold the record for best overall finish in GT1, third place. In GT2 Porsche is the dominant force, and usually out does its competitors.


In the movies

The 24 hours of Le Mans race was also famously featured in a 1971 movie, titled simply Le Mans, produced by and starring Steve McQueen. This film remains a classic which is still appreciated by racing fans. It was filmed on the circuit during the 1970 race using genuine racing cars of the day, like Porsche 917, Ferrari 512 and Lola T70. The camera car (a Porsche 908) used for the filming of the movie actually competed in the race and finished 9th, but it was not classified, since it had not covered enough distance between stops to change the film reels. Le Mans is a 1971 action film directed by Lee H. Katzin. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool. He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ... The Porsche 917 gave Porsche its first overall wins at the 24 hours of Le Mans in 1970 and 1971. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Lola T70 was built for sports car racing, popular in the mid to late 1960s. ...


There was also a French film where the second half of the film focused on the 24 Hour Le Mans race called "Michel Vaillant", a popular French comic book, motor-racing hero. The film was released in late 2003, having entered a Panoz and a Lola for filming purposes (as genuine entries) in the 2002 edition of the endurance race. Michel Vaillant is a French comic book character created in 1957 by Belgian (French-born) cartoonist Jean Graton. ...


Also on the TV show The Goodies, the episode entitled The Race involves the boys competing in the 24 Hour Le Mans Race. The Goodies was a surreal British television comedy series of the 1970s and early 1980s combining sketches and situation comedy and starring Graeme Garden, Tim Brooke-Taylor and Bill Oddie. ... The Goodies — Bill Oddie, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden The Race is an episode of the British comedy televison series The Goodies. ...


Winners

1952 Le Mans race, depicted on cover of Auto Sport Review magazine. ...

See also

Start of the race, Levegh #20 car is in the center of the frame The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 24 Hours of Le Mans when a race car crashed and flew into the crowd, killing over 80 people. ... A number of video games have been made of Le Mans 24 Hours. ...

References

  • Le Mans 1965 in Automobile Historique n°48 May 2005 (in French)
  • 24 heures du Mans 1973 in Automobile Historique n°49 June/July 2005 (in French)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Racing Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

  • Le Mans Sensations - Photos, news and travel guide dedicated to the 24 Hours of Le Mans
  • EPAF Romorantin - Restauration & rebuild of French le Mans cars

Coordinates: 47°56′30″N, 0°13′30″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grand Prix Tours | Le Mans 24 Hours Tours Packages Hotels and Tickets (173 words)
For most, the 24 hours of Le Mans is considered to be the greatest long-distance classic in the history of motor sports.
The first race was held in May, 1923 and won by a 2-litre Chenard and Walcker from Asnières in France.
Drivers taking part in the 24 hours of Le Mans race and special guests are invited to speak during the 24 hours, so it is ideal for relaxing and regrouping.
24 Hours of Le Mans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2142 words)
In 1969, for his first Le Mans 24 hours, a young Belgian talent and F1 GP winner, Jacky Ickx, made a pointed demonstration of the danger of this start method, when instead of running across the track to his machine, he slowly walked, then entered in his car and locked the safety belts properly.
Le Mans is also known for the worst accident in the history of motor racing, the Le Mans 1955 disaster, in which over 80 people were killed.
The most successful marque in the history of the 24 hour race is Porsche, with 16 overall victories (including seven in a row, from 1981 to 1987), followed by Ferrari with nine (including six in a row, from 1960 to 1965).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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