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Encyclopedia > 23 special wards
Administrative divisions of Japan
Regional level
Regions (地方 chihō)
Prefectural level
Prefectures (都道府県 todōfuken)
Subprefectural level
Subprefectures (支庁 shichō)
Designated Cities
(政令指定都市 seirei-shitei-toshi)
Districts (郡 gun)
Municipal level
Core Cities (中核市 chūkaku-shi)
Special Cities (特例市 tokurei-shi)
Cities (市 shi)
Special Wards (特別区 tokubetsu-ku)
Wards (区 ku)
Towns (町 chō / machi)
Villages (村 son / mura)

The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. They are classified as one of a kind in Japan, existing only in Tokyo. In Japanese, they are usually called nijūsanku (23 区), simply meaning "23 wards." The regions of Japan are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts: for example, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Hokkaido Prefecture have branch offices called 支庁 (shicho) in Japanese, which can be translated in English as subprefectures. ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ... Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. ... Core cities are cities of Japan designated by Article 252, Clause 22 and the first term of the Local Autonomy Law. ... Special Cities (特例市) of Japan are cities with populations of at least 200,000, and are delegated a subset of the functions delegated to core cities. ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ... A town (町 chō) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... A village (村 mura or son) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... Tokyo ) , literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized central area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ...


They are special because although they are autonomous with each having a local government, they must at the same time function seamlessly together as one large urban entity in central Tokyo. To this end, certain public services are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government instead of the individual ward. They include the water supply system, sewerage, and fire services.


To finance the joint public services provided to the 23 wards, the metropolitan government levies some of the taxes that would normally be levied by city governments, and also makes transfer payments to wards that cannot finance their own local administration.


The word "special" distinguishes them from the wards (区 ku) of other major Japanese cities. Before 1943, the wards of Tokyo City were no different from the wards of Osaka or Kyoto. In 1943, when the Tokyo city government and prefectural government merged into a single metropolitan government, the wards were placed under the direct control of the metropolis. 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. ... Osaka Castle Location in Japan Osaka (Japanese: 大阪市, ÅŒsaka-shi, â–¶ (help· info)) is the capital of Osaka Prefecture and the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ... Kyoto Hall Mayor Yorikane Masumoto Address 〒604-8571 Kyoto-shi, Nakagyo-ku, Teramachi-Oike, 488 Phone number 075-222-3111 Official website: Kyoto City This page is about the city Kyoto. ...


Since the 1970s, the special wards of Tokyo have exercised a considerably higher degree of autonomy than the wards in other cities, making them more like independent cities than districts. Each special ward has its own elected mayor (区長; kuchō) and assembly (区議会 kugikai).


In 2000, the National Diet designated the special wards as local public entities (地方公共団体 chihō-kōkyō-dantai), giving them a status similar to cities. Since then, they have been calling themselves "cities" instead of wards in English, even though the Japanese designation of "ku" is unchanged. They have also taken over certain public services metropolitan government such as garbage collection and disposal. The National Diet of Japan (国会 kokkai) is Japans legislature. ...


The wards vary greatly in area (from 10 to 60 km²) and population (from less than 40,000 to 830,000). Setagaya has the most people, while neighboring Ōta, the largest area. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A view of southern Setagaya-Ku Setagaya (世田谷区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... ÅŒta (Japanese: 大田区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ...


The total population of the 23 special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005 (source: Tokyo web site (in Japanese)); 8.34 million (as of Sept. 1, 2003), about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area. The 23 wards have a population density of 13,330 per square kilometre (34,500 per square mile). The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the metropolis of Tokyo and the prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ...


List of special wards

Name Kanji Population Pop. Density
(per km²)
Area
(km²)
Major districts
Adachi 足立区 621,848 11,688.87 53.20 Kitasenju, Takenotsuka
Arakawa 荒川区 186,275 18,262.25 10.20 Arakawa, Nippori, Minamisenju
Bunkyō 文京区 181,065 16,009.28 11.31 Hongo, Yayoi, Hakusan
Chiyoda 千代田区 37,988 3,263.57 11.64 Nagatacho, Kasumigaseki, Otemachi, Marunouchi, Akihabara, Yurakucho, Iidabashi
Chūō 中央区 81,996 8,078.42 10.15 Ginza, Nihonbashi, Kachidoki, Tsukiji
Edogawa 江戸川区 637,571 12,787.22 49.86 Kasai, Chuo, Koiwa
Itabashi 板橋区 525,969 16,349.67 32.17 Itabashi, Takashimadaira
Katsushika 葛飾区 426,403 12,238.89 34.84 Tateishi, Aoto
Kita 北区 327,086 15,885.67 20.59 Akabane, Oji, Tabata
Kōtō 江東区 398,805 10,111.69 39.44 Kiba, Ariake, Kameido, Toyocho
Meguro 目黒区 255,833 17,403.61 14.70 Meguro, Nakameguro, Jiyugaoka
Minato 港区 167,098 8,215.24 20.34 Odaiba, Shinbashi, Shinagawa, Roppongi, Toranomon, Aoyama, Azabu, Hamamatsucho, Tamachi
Nakano 中野区 313,325 20,097.82 15.59 Nakano
Nerima 練馬区 674,826 14,012.17 48.16 Nerima, Oizumi, Hikarigaoka
Ōta 大田区 661,157 11,119.36 59.46 Omori, Kamata, Haneda
Setagaya 世田谷区 829,624 14,284.16 58.08 Setagaya, Sangenjaya, Shimokitazawa, Tamagawa
Shibuya 渋谷区 201,524 13,337.13 15.11 Shibuya, Harajuku, Yoyogi, Ebisu, Hiroo
Shinagawa 品川区 332,536 14,636.27 22.72 Shinagawa, Oimachi, Gotanda
Shinjuku 新宿区 297,135 16,299.23 18.23 Shinjuku, Takadanobaba, Okubo, Kagurazaka, Ichigaya
Suginami 杉並区 530,307 15,588.10 34.02 Koenji, Kamiogi, Asagaya
Sumida 墨田区 221,093 16,079.49 13.75 Kinshicho
Toshima 豊島区 252,764 19,428.44 13.01 Ikebukuro, Senkawa, Komagome
Taitō 台東区 162,685 16,139.38 10.08 Ueno, Asakusa
Overall 8,324,913 13,500.22 616.65

Map of Adachi-ku. ... Arakawa (Japanese: 荒川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Arakawa (Japanese: 荒川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Japan. ... Akamon Gate at the University of Tokyo. ... For the woman who was at one point the oldest person on Earth, see Kamato Hongo. ... This article is about a Japanese historical era. ... National Diet Building, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine, Kudan Kita 3-1-1, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Otemon, the Great Gate of Edo Castle (Kokyo) Chiyoda (千代田区; -ku) is a special ward in central Tokyo, Japan. ... Nagatacho (永田町 Nagata-chō) is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Kasumigaseki (霞が関, 霞ヶ関)is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Yomiuri Shimbun headquarters Otemachi (大手町) is a district of Chuo Ward, Tokyo. ... Skyline of Marunouchi district, viewed from Imperial Palace gardens Marunouchi gate of Tokyo Station Marunouchi (丸の内) is a commercial district of Tokyo located in Chiyoda Ward, between Tokyo Station and the Imperial Palace. ... Akihabara (秋葉原) is also known as Akihabara Electric Town (Akihabara Denki Gai). ... JR train above Yurakucho Yurakucho is a neighborhood of Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan situated in between the Ginza and Hibiya Park, near the neighborhood of Shinbashi. ... Iidabashi (飯田橋) is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Chūō (中央区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Ginza area of Tokyo, Japan The Wako department store occupies a busy corner in Ginza Ginza (銀座) is a place in Chūō Ward, Tokyo named after the silver coin foundry or Ginza established here in 1612 (Edo period). ... Nihombashi (the bridge) Marker from which distances are measured Nihombashi (or Nihonbashi, 日本橋, lit. ... Tsukiji as seen from Shiodome Frozen tuna at Tsukiji Tuna auction at Tsukiji The Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market, commonly known as the Tsukiji fish market (Japanese: 築地魚市場, Tsukiji uoichiba) is the biggest wholesale fish and seafood market, and one of the biggest markets of any kind in the world. ... Edogawa (Japanese: 江戸川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Kasai may be Kasai, Hyogo in Japan the Kasai River in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Kasai province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, now divided into eastern and western districts This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Itabashi (板橋区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Itabashi (板橋区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Katsushika (葛飾区; ku) is a special ward located in northeast Tokyo, Japan. ... Tateishi-sama, inside the stone fence behind the torii Tateishi (立石) is a neighborhood in Katsushika, Tokyo, Japan. ... Kita (Japanese: 北区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Tshi, Tchwi, or Oji, a group of Negro peoples of Ghana. ... Kōtō (江東区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Tokyo Tower and Zojoji by night, Shiba Park Roppongi Hills Rainbow Bridge connecting central Tokyo to Odaiba Minato (港区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... View of Odaiba in the distance from the Rainbow Bridge, with the Fuji TV studio in the background Odaiba (お台場) (sometimes known as Daiba) is a large artificial island in Tokyo Bay, Japan. ... Dentsu Building Shinbashi Station Shinbashi (æ–°æ©‹) is a district of Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan, located south of Ginza, east of Toranomon and north of Hamamatsucho. ... Shinagawa (品川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Roppongi Hills Roppongi (六本木) is a district of Minato Ward, Tokyo, Japan, chiefly known for its nightlife and the presence of Western tourists and expatriates, although the vast majority of visitors are Japanese. ... Aoyama (青山; lit:Blue mountain) is a neighborhood of Tokyo, located in the northeastern Minato Ward. ... Azabu (麻布) is a district of Minato Ward in Tokyo, Japan, built on a marshy area of foothills south of central Tokyo. ... JR Tamachi Station Tamachi (田町) is the informal name for the area surrounding Tamachi Station in Minato Ward, Tokyo, generally referring to the districts of Shiba, Shibaura and Mita. ... Nakano (中野区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Nerima (練馬区; -ku) is the northwestern-most of the 23 special wards comprising the urban center of Tokyo, Japan. ... Nerima (練馬区; -ku) is the northwestern-most of the 23 special wards comprising the urban center of Tokyo, Japan. ... ÅŒta (Japanese: 大田区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Omori Belport, headquarters of Isuzu Omori (大森) is a district located a few kilometers south of Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan accessed by rail via the Keihin Tohoku line, or by road via Dai Ichi Keihin. ... Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai Kūkō) is an international airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan. ... A view of southern Setagaya-Ku Setagaya (世田谷区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Setagaya (世田谷区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Shimokitazawa Station Shimo-Kitazawa Station (下北沢駅) is an interchange station on the Odakyu Odawara and the Keio Inokashira lines located in Tokyos Setagaya ward. ... Tamagawa (Japanese: 玉川) may refer to the following places in Japan: Tamagawa, Ehime, a former town in Ehime Prefecture that is now part of the city of Imabari, Ehime Tamakawa, Fukushima, a village in Fukushima Prefecture Tamagawa, Saitama, a village in Saitama Prefecture Tamagawa, Yamaguchi, a town in Yamaguchi Prefecture The... Shibuya at night The statue of Hachiko is a favorite meeting spot in Tokyo. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Harajuku Station at night Street performers on the bridge by Harajuku Station Harajuku (原宿) is the common name for the area around Harajuku Station on the Yamanote Line in the Shibuya ward of Tokyo, Japan. ... Yebisu (恵比須, 恵比寿, 夷, 戎, 蛭子) is also called Ebisu, Hiruko (蛭子), and Kotoshiro-nushi-no-kami (事代主神). ... Shinagawa (品川区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Shinagawa (品川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Neon signs along Yasukuni-dori in Shinjuku Shinjuku (新宿区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Takadanobaba (Japanese: 高田馬場) is a district located in Tokyos Shinjuku ward. ... Ichigaya (市谷) is a neighborhood in Tokyo, Japan. ... Suginami (杉並区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Sumida (Japanese: 墨田区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Ikebukuro Ikebukuro at night Ikebukuro at night Ikebukuro (池袋), a part of Toshima ward, is a large commercial and entertainment district of Tokyo, Japan. ... Cherry blossoms at Ueno Park Cast in 1692, the bronze bell at Sensoji rang the time for centuries. ... Shinobazu Pond and Bentendo Hall in early spring Tokyo National Museum Pagoda of Kaneiji, now in Ueno Zoo Rodins Gates of Hell in front of the National Museum of Western Art Ueno (上野) is a district in Tokyos Taitō Ward, best known as the home of Ueno Station... The Kaminarimon is the outer gate of the Sensoji, Asakusas famous temple. ...

See also

Tokyo ) , literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized central area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... The Local Autonomy Law (地方自治法 Chihō-jichi-hō) of Japan was passed as Law No. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ... The Five Boroughs of New York City The Five Boroughs may also mean The Five Burghs of the Danelaw. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains 32 London Boroughs, of which 12 (plus the City of London) make up Inner London and 20 Outer London. ...

External links

  • Tokyo Metropolitan Government explanation of special wards (in English)
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Government statistics (in Japanese)
Prefectures of Japan Flag of Japan
Aichi | Akita | Aomori | Chiba | Ehime | Fukui | Fukuoka | Fukushima | Gifu | Gunma | Hiroshima | Hokkaido | Hyogo | Ibaraki | Ishikawa | Iwate | Kagawa | Kagoshima | Kanagawa | Kochi | Kumamoto | Kyoto | Mie | Miyagi | Miyazaki | Nagano | Nagasaki | Nara | Niigata | Oita | Okayama | Okinawa | Osaka | Saga | Saitama | Shiga | Shimane | Shizuoka | Tochigi | Tokushima | Tokyo | Tottori | Toyama | Wakayama | Yamagata | Yamaguchi | Yamanashi
Regions of Japan
Hokkaido | Tohoku | Kantō | Chūbu (Hokuriku - Koshinetsu - Tokai - Chukyo) | Kansai | Chugoku | Shikoku | Kyushu | Ryukyu
Major Cities (Cities designated by government ordinance)
23 wards of Tokyo | Chiba | Fukuoka | Hiroshima | Kawasaki | Kitakyushu | Kobe | Kyoto | Nagoya | Osaka | Saitama | Sakai | Sapporo | Sendai | Shizuoka | Yokohama

  Results from FactBites:
 
23 special wards - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (473 words)
The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan.
To finance the joint public services provided to the 23 wards, the metropolitan government levies some of the taxes that would normally be levied by city governments, and also makes transfer payments to wards that cannot finance their own local administration.
The total population of the 23 special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005 (source: Tokyo web site (in Japanese)); 8.34 million (as of Sept. 1, 2003), about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area.
23 special wards - definition of 23 special wards in Encyclopedia (423 words)
The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) comprise the inner city area of Tokyo, Japan.
Tokyo is not a city; it is a prefecture which stretches from remote mountain villages in the west to the Ogasawara Islands 1000 km to the south, and encompasses more than two dozen cities in addition to the 23 special wards.
The combined population of the 23 special wards is 8.28 million (2002 est.), about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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