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(Redirected from 21st November)
November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 40 days remaining.
235 - Anterus is elected Pope. 1783 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, the marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight (flight time: 25 minutes, Maximum height: 100m, distance: 9 km). 1789 - North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state. 1791 - Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic. 1861 - American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war. 1877 - Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record sound (this is considered to be Edison's first great invention). 1922 - Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator. 1927 - striking coal miners, some with their families, were attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes 1941 - The radio program King Biscuit Time is broadcast for the first time (it would later become the longest running daily radio broadcast in history and the most famous live blues radio program). 1942 - The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (the highway was not usable by general vehicles until 1943, however). 1953 - Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the skull of the " Piltdown Man", held to be one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, was a hoax. 1962 - The Chinese People's Liberation Army declared a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War. 1964 - The Verrazano Narrows Bridge opens to traffic (at the time it was the world's longest suspension bridge). 1964 - Second Vatican Council: The third period of the Catholic Church's ecumenical council closes. 1967 - Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing." 1969 - The first ARPANET link is established. 1969 - US President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington, DC on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under terms of the agreement, the US is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free. 1970 - Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast - A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there (there were zero Americans killed, but the prisoners had already moved to another camp; All US POWs were moved to a handful of central prison complexes as a result of this raid). 1974 - The Birmingham Pub Bombings by the IRA killed 21 people. The Birmingham Six were sentenced to life in prison for this and subsequently acquitted. 1974 - George W. Bush is discharged from the US Air Force Reserve. 1979 - The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set afire, killing four. (see: Foreign relations of Pakistan) 1985 - United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Jay Pollard is arrested for spying (he was caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations and was eventually sentenced to life in prison). 1986 - Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contras rebels in Nicaragua. 1995 - Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery. 1995 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 5,000 (5,023.55) for the first time. 2002 - NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members. 2004 - The Nintendo DS is released in North America. 2004 - The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy with regards to the election's integrity.
Births 1694 - François-Marie Arouet (later known as French philosopher (d. 1778) 1761 - Dorothy Jordan, British actress and royal mistress (d. 1816) 1768 - Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, theologian, philosopher (d. 1834) 1787 - Samuel Cunard, shipping magnate (d. 1865) 1835 - Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916) 1854 - Pope Benedict XV (d. 1922) 1860 - Tom Horn, murderer-for-hire, Tom Horn ( http://www.tom-horn.com) 1870 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official 1878 - Gustav Radbruch, German law professor (d. 1949) 1882 - Paul Niehans, physicist (d. 1971) 1898 - René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967) 1902 - Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985) 1904 - Coleman Hawkins, jazz musician (d. 1969) 1912 - Eleanor Powell, actress, dancer (d. 1983) 1916 - Sid Luckman, American football player (d. 1998) 1920 - Ralph Meeker, actor (d. 1988) 1920 - Stan Musial, Baseball Hall of Famer 1921 - Vivian Blaine, actress (d. 1995) 1922 - María Casarès, actress (d. 1996) 1931 - Malcolm Williamson, composer (d. 2003) 1933 - Joseph Campanella, actor 1936 - Dr. Victor Chang, Australian doctor, heart transplantation pioneer 1938 - Marlo Thomas, actress 1939 - Mulayam Singh Yadav, politician, India 1940 - Dr. John, musician 1940 - Richard Marcinko, author and former SEAL team member 1941 - Juliet Mills, actress 1944 - Earl Monroe, basketball player 1944 - Harold Ramis, actor, comedian, screenwriter, director, producer 1945 - Goldie Hawn, actress 1950 - Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete 1952 - Deborah Shelton, actress 1962 - Steven Curtis Chapman, contemporary Christian music star 1963 - Nicolette Sheridan, actress ( , Knots Landing ) Desperate Housewives 1965 - Björk, singer, songwriter, actress 1965 - Alexander Siddig, actor ( ) Star Trek: Deep Space Nine 1966 - Troy Aikman, American football star 1969 - Ken Griffey, Jr., baseball player 1973 - Brooke Kerr, actress 1977 - Jonas Jennings, American football player 1980 - Hank Blalock, baseball player 1984 - Jena Malone, actress
Deaths 496 - Pope Gelasius I 1361 - Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, from the plague 1555 - Georg Agricola, German scientist 1695 - Henry Purcell, composer 1811 - Heinrich von Kleist, writer 1899 - Garret Hobart, Vice President of the United States 1916 - Emperor Austria 1937 - Howard Coffin, co-founder of the Hudson Motor Company 1945 - Robert Benchley, writer, actor 1953 - Larry Shields, jazz musician (b. 1893) 1959 - Max Baer, boxer 1974 - John B. Gambling, radio talk-show host 1988 - Carl Hubbell, baseball star 1993 - Bill Bixby, American actor, director 1995 - Noel Jones, British diplomat 1999 - Quentin Crisp, writer, satirist, actor 2002 - Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer 2002 - Günter Müggenburg, journalist
Holidays and observances
November 20 - November 22 - October 21 - December 21 -- listing of all days