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Encyclopedia > 20th Congress of the CPSU

The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during February 14February 26, 1956. It is known especially for Nikita Khrushchev's Secret Speech, which denounced recently deceased Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the All... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchyov (Khrushchev) (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв   listen?, April 17, 1894 â€“ September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... The Secret Speech is the common name of a speech given on February 25, 1956 by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denouncing the actions of Josef Stalin. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ...


During the morning closed session of the last day of the Congress, Khrushchev, the Communist Party Secretary, took the opportunity to give a stinging rebuke of the policies of Stalin, his late predecessor. Khrushchev denounced Stalin's cult of personality, and Stalin's apparent support of the concept of individuality. He went on to denounce a list of crimes committed by Stalin's supporters, many of which had previously been denied by the Soviet Union. Adolf Hitler built a strong cult of personality, based on the Führerprinzip. ... Individualism, in general, is a term used to describe a theoretical or practical emphasis of the individual, as opposed to, and possibly at the expense of, the group. ...


The speech shocked delegates to the congress, as it flew in the face of years of Soviet propaganda, which had claimed that Stalin was a wise, peaceful, and fair leader. After long deliberations, in a month the speech was reported to the general public, but the full text was published only in 1989. North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


One of its most notable fallouts was the collapse of the United States Communist Party which had previously been composed of many die-hard Stalinists. Stalin's fall from grace left the party badly fractioned, and it never regained its former influence. The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is one of several Marxist-Leninist groups in the United States. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ...


See also: Congress of the CPSU The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
TWENTIETH CONGRESS OF CPSU (7827 words)
The line of the 20th Congress was formally approved of, and accepted as the guiding line of the socialist countries, in the Declaration of the Communist Parties of the 12 Socialist countries which was issued after a meeting in Moscow in November 1957.
To be specific, it began with the 20th Congress of the CPSU in 1956'…The document continues, (Ed.) 'The errors of the 20th Congress brought great ideological confusion in the international communist movement and caused it to be deluged with revisionist ideas.
This is clearly a reversal of the public estimate of the 20th Congress made by the CPC in 1956, and repeated in its support for the declaration of 1957 and the statement of 1960.
Polish culture: "1956 - A European date" (1040 words)
The events of the era (the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Nikita Khrushchev's speech, the workers' uprising in Poznan, the Polish October and the Soviet intervention in Hungary have been frequently analysed and commemorated as the first schism within the Soviet totalitarian system.
The role of the Congress has an importance beyond the power struggle that made it possible: using a routine conference as a means, it was necessary to take steps to adapt a system which was suffocating as a result of its contradictions.
Colloquium in Moscow with the "Memorial Centre" the Franco-Russian Centre for Social and Human Sciences of Moscow "The 20th Congress of the CPSU in the History of the Soviet Union", organised under the initiative of Professor Alexis Berelowitch.
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