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Encyclopedia > 2014 Winter Olympics
XXII Olympic Winter Games

This Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics bid logo is being used
by the International Olympic Committee
until an official logo of
the 2014 Winter Olympics is unveiled
Image File history File links Soccerball_current_event. ... Sport from childhood. ... Womens Australian rules football is a team sport. ... Image File history File links Lg2014sc. ...

Host city Sochi, Russia
Nations participating (Unknown)
Athletes participating (Unknown)
Opening ceremony February 7
Closing ceremony February 23
Officially opened by (Unknown)
Stadium Olympic Stadium

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. The host city, Sochi, Russia, was elected on July 4, 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session in Guatemala City, Guatemala.[1] This will be Russia's first time hosting the Winter Olympics (the Soviet Union had previously hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow). As well, this will become the first Winter Olympics ever held in the subtropics. Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Montreals Olympic Stadium The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the big centrepiece stadium of the Summer Olympic Games. ... The new Sochi Olympic Stadium will be built in the new Sochi Olympic Park. ... A runner carries the Olympic torch The Winter Olympic Games, Winter Olympics for short but more correctly The Olympic Winter Games, are the cold-weather counterpart to the Summer Olympic Games. ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2014 (MMXIV) will be a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... This is the list of International Olympic Committee (IOC) meetings. ... Guatemala City (in full, La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción; locally known as Guatemala or Guate) is the capital and largest city of the nation of Guatemala. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... The subtropics are the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone, which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, at latitude 23. ...


The official announcement of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee’s senior management is expected in early October 2007.[2]

Contents

Venues

The Games will be organized within two clusters, a coastal cluster in Sochi and a mountain cluster in Krasnaya Polyana. Krasnaya Polyana may refer to: Krasnaya Polyana, Kirov Oblast, an urban settlement in Kirov Oblast, Russia Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar Krai, an urban settlement in Krasnodar Krai, Russia This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Sochi Olympic Park

This sketch shows the Olympic Park concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza.
This sketch shows the Olympic Park concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza.

The Sochi Olympic Park will be built along the Black Sea coast in the Imeretinskaya Lowland. All venues listed below are new and need to be built. They will all be clustered around a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza will be built. This will provide a great compacity of the concept, the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics being gathered within walking distance. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 547 pixelsFull resolution (1036 × 709 pixel, file size: 369 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 547 pixelsFull resolution (1036 × 709 pixel, file size: 369 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ...


The skating and hockey practice halls will also be located around the central basin. Access will be provided by a railway station. Additional facilities will be offered to visitors, such as Olympic Superstore and Outdoor Ice Skating Rink.


The new Sochi Olympic Stadium will be built in the new Sochi Olympic Park. It will be located within walking distance of the Olympic Village and the capacity of the stadium will be 40,000. The Olympic Stadium, designed like a shell to recall the glories of Fabergé art, will provide a spectacular seaside setting for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies. The House of Fabergé was a jewellery firm founded by the Russian jeweller Gustav Fabergé in 1842 in the Imperial Russian capital of Saint Petersburg. ...

The Bolshoi Ice Palace is a description of a 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia that is currently in the planning stages. ... The Maly Ice Palace is a description of a 7,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia that is currently in the planning stages. ... The Sochi Olympic Oval is a description of a 8,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia that is currently in the planning stages. ... The Sochi Olympic Skating Centre is a description of a 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia that is currently in the planning stages. ... The Sochi Olympic Curling Centre is a description of a 3,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia that is currently in the planning stages. ... The new Sochi Olympic Stadium will be built in the new Sochi Olympic Park. ... Centrally located within the Sochi Olympic Park sports venues, the Sochi Medals Plaza will be located near the Sochi Olympic Stadium, the Black Sea coast and the Cauldron. ... An Olympic Park is a venue or group of venues set up when a country hosts the Olympic Games. ...

Krasnaya Polyana

  • Russian National Sliding Centre — Luge, Bobsleigh and Skeleton
  • Psekhako Ridge — Biathlon, Cross-country skiing and Nordic combined
  • Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort — Alpine skiing and Snowboard
  • Alpica Service Mountain Resort — Freestyle skiing
  • Russian National Ski-jumping Centre — Ski jumping and Nordic combined
  • Mountain Olympic Village

Krasnaya Polyana may refer to: Krasnaya Polyana, Kirov Oblast, an urban settlement in Kirov Oblast, Russia Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar Krai, an urban settlement in Krasnodar Krai, Russia This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... An Olympic Park is a venue or group of venues set up when a country hosts the Olympic Games. ...

Additional sports

Several sports applied for inclusion into the official sport program of these Olympic Games. The sports included:

On November 28, 2006, the Executive Board of the IOC decided not to include these sports in the review process of the program [5]. The international orienteering symbol. ... Ski mountaineering is a sport that combines the techniques of skiing (often ski touring) with those of mountaineering. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


New disciplines or events within the existing Olympic winter sports may be added until 2011.


Bid process

2014 Winter Olympics bidding results
City NOC Name Round 1 Round 2
Sochi Flag of Russia Russia 34 51
PyeongChang Flag of South Korea South Korea 36 47
Salzburg Flag of Austria Austria 25 -

The original seven applicant cities that presented bids to host the 2014 Winter Olympics (formally known as XXII Olympic Winter Games) were: Sochi, Russia Salzburg, Austria Jaca, Spain Almaty, Kazakhstan PyeongChang, South Korea Sofia, Bulgaria Borjomi, Georgia On June 22, 2006, the Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee selected... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Pyeongchang County (Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ...   (Austro-Bavarian: SÃ¥izburg) is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Lg2014sc. ... Image File history File links PyeongChang 2014 Winter Olympics bid logo. ... Image File history File links Lg2014sz. ...


Construction

Construction of the olympic infrastructure is expected under direction of the Federal Target Programme (FTP).


Telecommunications

According to the FTP, $580 million will be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region.


Expected to be built:

  • network of TETRA mobile radio communications for 100 user groups (with capacity of 10 thousands subscribers);
  • 700 km of fiber-optic cables along Anapa-Dzhubga-Sochi highways and Dzhubga-Krasnodar branch;
  • digital broadcasting infrastructure, including radio and TV broadcasting station (building and communications tower) with coverage from Grushevaya Polyana (Pear Glade) to Sochi and Anapa cities. The project also includes construction of infocommunications centre for broadcasting abroad via three HDTV satellites.

During the Olympic games, telecommunications backbones of UTK, Rostelecom and TransTeleCom providers will be used. Genera More than 150[1] Look up tetra in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending light through an optical fiber. ... Anapa (Russian: ) is a seaport town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Rostelecom, which is part of Svyazinvest, is Russias leading long-distance telephony provider. ...


Power infrastructure

By July 2007 the total output of Sochi power stations was 350 MW. Planned before 2011 is construction and improvement of four power stations and four cascaded hydroelectric power stations with total output of 1129 MW. Operations cost is expected to approximate 83.6 billion rubles ($3.2 billion). For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... The ruble or rouble is a unit of currency. ...


It is expected to

Power generation will take 33.7 billion rubles ($1.3 billion), while investments in power infrastructure, power grids (that will be totally rebuilt) will require 49.9 billion rubles ($1.9 billion). Construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the Black Sea bottom, is planned as well. Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... A thermal power station near Sofia, Bulgaria A thermal power station comprises all of the equipment and systems required to produce electricity by using a steam generating boiler fired with fossil fuels or biofuels to drive an electrical generator. ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... Cogeneration (also combined heat and power or CHP) is the use of a power station to simultaneously generate both heat and electricity. ... Mzymta from the Akhshtyrskaya cave Mzymta (Russian: , Adyghe: Мэзмыт|э; Ubykh for frantic) is a river in Western Caucasus, Russia, flowing through Krasnodar Krai and the city of Sochi. ... In a combined cycle power plant, or combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plant, a gas turbine generator generates electricity and the waste heat from the gas turbine is used to make steam to generate additional electricity via a steam turbine, this last step enhances the efficiency of electricity generation. ... Tuapse (Russian: , Adyghe: ТIуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shores of the Black Sea. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ...


Transport

115 billion rubles are expected to be spent on a transportation infrastructure. Specialized railway (light metro), will be constructed from Adler to Krasnaya Polyana, which will connect the Olympic Park, the airport and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... View of Adlersky City District from Khosta coast Adlersky City District (Russian: ) is the southernmost of four city districts of the city of Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Krasnaya Polyana may refer to: Krasnaya Polyana, Kirov Oblast, an urban settlement in Kirov Oblast, Russia Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar Krai, an urban settlement in Krasnodar Krai, Russia This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Existing Tuapse-Adler railroad (102 km long) will be reconstructed, ensuring two tracks everywhere between, to allow stable regional traffic and improve the bandwidth. Moreover, the railroad is expected to stretch up to the airport. Russian Railways is going to establish high-speed Moscow-Adler transportation and it also plans to build a new railroad (more than 60 km long) passing by the territory of Ukraine.[3] This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Russian Railways emblem Russian Railways electric locomotive VL10 Russian Railways (Russian: ), is the state-owned railway company of Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... View of Adlersky City District from Khosta coast Adlersky City District (Russian: ) is the southernmost of four city districts of the city of Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ...


At the Sochi airport, where a new terminal has been built, a runway extension is planned up to 3.5 km, possibly overlapping Mzymta river. Backup airports will be built in Gelendzhik, Mineralnye Vody and Krasnodar by 2009. [4] Adler-Sochi International Airport (IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Адлер-Сочи) is an airport located in Adler District of the resort city of Sochi situated at the Black Sea coast in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mzymta from the Akhshtyrskaya cave Mzymta (Russian: , Adyghe: Мэзмыт|э; Ubykh for frantic) is a river in Western Caucasus, Russia, flowing through Krasnodar Krai and the city of Sochi. ... Gelendzhik (Russian: ) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Black Sea coast some 89 km from Krasnodar. ... Mineralnye Vody (Russian: Минеральные Воды) is a spa town located in the Stavropol Krai in southwestern Russia. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ...


At the Sochi sea port, a new remote terminal will be constructed to allow docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3000 passengers. The terminal is to be placed 1.5 km off shore. Cargo terminal of the sea port is to be moved off the Sochi centre. For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ...


Other infrastructure

Besides that, funds will be spent on construction of 15 modern sport venues and some hotels for 10.3 thousands guests. The first of the olympic hotels, "Zvezdny" (Stellar), will be rebuilt anew. [5] For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ...


Significant funds are to be spent on construction of sewage treatment facilities. Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ...


Security

Russian military promised to prepare documentation for the task of implementing security measures with S-400 Triumf advanced surface-to-air missile system. S-400 will be prepared for providing secure 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. [6] The S-400, 48N6DM The S-400 Triumf (Russian: ; English: ) is a new generation of anti-aircraft/anti-missile weapon system complex developed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. ...


Financing

The following funds have been approved within the Federal budget for the development of Sochi: Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ...

Funds approved
from 2006 till 2014
Year Billions of rubles
2006 4.9
2007 15.9
2008 31.6
2009 27.3
2010 22.2
2011 27.1
2012 26.3
2013 22.1
2014 8.4

Total funds to be approved and invested according to the Federal Target Programme is 327.2 billion rubles. 192.4 billion rubles must come from the Federal budget and 7.1 billion rubles — from Krasnodar Krai budget and from Sochi budget. The ruble or rouble is a unit of currency. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ...


Financing from non-budget sources (including private investor funds) is distributed as follows:

  • Tourist infrastructure — $2.6 billion;
  • Olympic venues — $500 million;
  • Transport infrastructure — $270 million;
  • Power supply infrastructure — $100 million.

Criticism

According to IRN.Ru analytical agency, prices for new Sochi houses, located next to the shoreline, reach $15000 per square metre, while price per square metre for average panel apartment building on the outskirts of the city already reaches $2000. «As a result of 2014 Olympics euphoria prices will rise annually by 15-20%», — assumes Irina Tyurina, press secretary of Russian Tourist Industry Union. This leads to decrease in tourist interest to Sochi, which already has fallen below Anapa, Gelendzhik and Adler. Prices for Sochi coastal lands reach $150000 per 100 m². [7] Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A red brick apartment block in central London, England, on the north bank of the Thames An apartment building, block of flats or tenement is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (US) or flats (UK). ... Anapa (Russian: ) is a seaport town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Gelendzhik (Russian: ) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Black Sea coast some 89 km from Krasnodar. ... View of Adlersky City District from Khosta coast Adlersky City District (Russian: ) is the southernmost of four city districts of the city of Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ...


IOC virtually ignored numerous expert statements that broad buildout with sport venues of buffer area of Caucasus Biosphere Reserve, placed under UNESCO protection, and Sochi national park, especially untouched Grushevyi (Pear) Ridge, is unacceptable. «Greenpeace of Russia», right after IOC voting results were announced, said that since then IOC along with Russian Government is fully responsible for any damage to «West Caucasus» natural UNESCO World Heritage Site. According to Sochi bid, in Grushevyi Ridge area it is planned to build a cascade of hydroelectric power stations on Mzymta river, sewage treatment facilities, high-speed railroad, Mountain Olympic Village, track for luge and bobsleigh, and biathlon venue. Alpine skiing venues are being constructed in Rosa Khutor plateau and Psekhako Ridge area. Environmentalists propose to build up Krasnaya Polyana instead of destroying nature protection sites. Plans for construction of «so called olympic venues» are called by environmentalists as «just occasion» for change of zone partitioning of Sochi national park and to allow sale of most valuable lands of the Reserve for buildout by private sector. Territory of the national park is being filled with «non-olympic» and «non-resort» objects: nine private elite sport venues, including golf club and spa centre. Alternative meanings at IOC (disambiguation) The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organize this sports event every four years. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... Greater Caucasus (Russian: , Azerbaijani: Böyük Qafqaz DaÄŸları, sometimes translated as Caucasus Major, Big Caucasus or Large Caucasus) is the major mountain range of Caucasus mountains. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... Mzymta from the Akhshtyrskaya cave Mzymta (Russian: , Adyghe: Мэзмыт|э; Ubykh for frantic) is a river in Western Caucasus, Russia, flowing through Krasnodar Krai and the city of Sochi. ... Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ...


Environmentalists oppose to construction of cargo terminal for ships in the mouth of Psou river in Imeretinskaya Lowland, because this leads to destroying the largest areas of sea-flooded shore and water-marsh ranges.[8] Psou River (Russian: ) is a river in the West Caucasus. ...


In 2006 Accounts Chamber, during its review of spending of budget funds for development programme of Sochi as a mountain climate resort, discovered numerous violations of law. For example, only 5 out of 18 checked national park land leases had necessary permits and environmental review findings.


After IOC Evaluation Commission visited Sochi in February 2007, local authorities promised to buy the lands from Nizhne-Imeretinskaya Bay long-time residents for true market price. But during the followed half a year no local resident could get approved his land as private property.


The President of the Olympic Committee of Russia Leonid Tyagachev told in an interview to «Rossiyskaya Gazeta»[9]: Rossiyskaya Gazeta is a Russian government daily newspaper. ...

«The votes given by representatives of Asian countries in the International Olympics Committee … were given to Russia thanks to the goal-oriented work of the representative of Uzbekistan, the vice-president of the Olympic Council of Asia, executive director of the International Federation of Amateur boxing Gafur Rakhimov».

Gafur Rakhimov is a controversial figure. Successful Uzbek businessman and philanthropist was dubbed Mafiosi and drugs smuggler. He is denied entry in some countries, such as Australia and the US.[Who said this?]

Calendar

         Opening ceremony            Event competitions      1    Event finals and medal count            Exhibition gala            Closing ceremony  
February 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Ceremonies                  
Alpine skiing    1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1   
Biathlon    2       1       1       1       1       1       1       2   
Bobsleigh             1       1                1   
Cross-country skiing    2       2       2       1       1       2       1       1   
Curling                                                                                              1       1   
Figure skating             1                1                         1                1            
Freestyle skiing    1       1                         1       1   
Ice hockey                                                                                     1                                           1   
Luge             1                1       1   
Nordic combined    1       1       1   
Short track    1       1       2       1       3   
Skeleton    1       1   
Ski jumping             1                1       1   
Snowboarding    1       1                2       1       1   
Speed skating    1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1       1                2   
February 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

This article is about the year 7. ... For other uses, see 8 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 9 (disambiguation). ... Events Differentiation of localized Teutonic tribes of the Irminones. ... This article is about the year 11. ... This article is about the year 12. ... For other uses, see 13 (disambiguation). ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... For other uses, see 15 (disambiguation). ... Events A Roman army of 90,000 men commanded by Germanicus gains a victory at Idistaviso, defeating the German war chief Arminius and capturing his wife Thusnelda, and recovering the lost eagles of Varus legions. ... For other uses, see number 17. ... ˑ This article is about the year 18. ... For other uses, see number 19. ... Events Roman Empire Tiberias is built on the Sea of Galilee by Herod Antipas, in honour of Tiberius. ... This article is about the year 21. ... Gaius Sulpicius Galba becomes consul. ... Year 23 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is a recreational activity and sport involving sliding down snow-covered hills with long, thin skis attached to each foot. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... Historic bobteam from Davos around 1910 Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2006-02-04, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ... For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... Freestyle skiing began in the 1930s, when Norwegian skiers began performing acrobatics during alpine and cross-country training. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Icon of Luge at the 2006 Winter Olympics A luge is small one- or two-person sled on which one sleds supine and feet-first. ... The Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in both cross-country skiing and ski jumping. ... Short track speed skating (also Shorttrack speedskating) is a form of competitive ice speed skating. ... United States Air Force Major Brady Canfield, 2003 U.S. skeleton champion, shows his takeoff form. ... Ski jumping is a sport in which skiers go down an inrun with a take-off ramp (the jump), attempting to go as far as possible. ... Snowboarder in a half-pipe Snowboarder riding off cornice Snowboarding contributes greatly to the economies of ski resorts Snowboarding is a sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope on a snowboard that is attached to ones feet using a boot/binding interface. ... Speed skating, or long track speedskating, long track speed skating, is an Olympic sport where competitors are timed while crossing a set distance. ... This article is about the year 7. ... For other uses, see 8 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 9 (disambiguation). ... Events Differentiation of localized Teutonic tribes of the Irminones. ... This article is about the year 11. ... This article is about the year 12. ... For other uses, see 13 (disambiguation). ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... For other uses, see 15 (disambiguation). ... Events A Roman army of 90,000 men commanded by Germanicus gains a victory at Idistaviso, defeating the German war chief Arminius and capturing his wife Thusnelda, and recovering the lost eagles of Varus legions. ... For other uses, see number 17. ... ˑ This article is about the year 18. ... For other uses, see number 19. ... Events Roman Empire Tiberias is built on the Sea of Galilee by Herod Antipas, in honour of Tiberius. ... This article is about the year 21. ... Gaius Sulpicius Galba becomes consul. ... Year 23 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...

External links

is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Candidature files

  • Sochi 2014
  • Salzburg 2014
  • PyeongChang 2014

Mini bid books

  • Salzburg 2014
  • PyeongChang 2014

IOC evaluation report of the applicant cities

  • Conclusions
  • Full evaluation report

References

See also

Olympic Games
v  d  e
SportsMedal countsNOCs
MedalistsSymbols
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2,3, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014

  Results from FactBites:
 
2014 Winter Olympics: Information from Answers.com (1681 words)
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, will be celebrated in 2014, and is an international winter sports athletic event that has yet to be organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
At the time of the 2006 Winter Olympics, Salzburg was considered by the specialists or observers, such as GamesBids or Around the Rings as the favourite, with PyeongChang and Sochi being the other two strongest contenders.
The bid has launched a full-scale campaign in an effort to secure a Winter Olympics, which eluded them by a mere three votes in the 2010 Olympic race, in which the Games were awarded to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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