FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > 2008 Summer Olympics
Games of the XXIX Olympiad

同一個世界同一個夢想 (One World, One Dream)
The "Dancing Beijing" emblem, depicting a Chinese
seal inscBold textribed with the character "Jīng" (京, from the name
of the host city) in the form of a dancing figure.
Image File history File links Soccerball_current_event. ... Sport from childhood. ... Womens Australian rules football is a team sport. ... Image File history File links Beijing_2008. ...

Host city Beijing, China
Nations participating (See below)
Athletes participating 10,500 (approx.)[1]
Events 302 in 28 sports
Opening ceremony August 8
Closing ceremony August 24
Stadium Beijing National Stadium

The 2008 Summer Olympics (simplified Chinese: 二零零八年北京夏季奥林匹克运动会; traditional Chinese: 二零零八年北京夏季奧林匹克運動會; pinyin: èr líng líng bā nián běi jīng xià jì ào lín pǐ kè yùn dòng huì), officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, will be celebrated from August 8, 2008, to August 24, 2008, with the opening ceremony commencing at 08:08:08 pm CST (12:08:08 UTC) at the Beijing National Stadium in Beijing, People's Republic of China.[a] Some events will be held outside Beijing, namely football (soccer) (in Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenyang and Tianjin), equestrian (in Hong Kong) and sailing (in Qingdao). Peking redirects here. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Montreals Olympic Stadium The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the big centrepiece stadium of the Summer Olympic Games. ... The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Birds Nest for its architecture is a stadium that is being built in Beijing, China for 2007 completion. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Certain regions of eastern Asia, including Greater China, observe a time zone eight hours ahead of UTC (UTC+8), and currently do not observe daylight saving time. ... UTC redirects here. ... The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Birds Nest for its architecture is a stadium that is being built in Beijing, China for 2007 completion. ... Peking redirects here. ... Peking redirects here. ... Football (soccer) has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932 as a mens competition sport. ... Categories: China geography stubs | Cities in China ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... This article is about a city. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. ... Sailing at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 9 to 21. ... Tsingtao redirects here. ...


The Olympic games were awarded to Beijing, People's Republic of China after an exhaustive ballot of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on July 13, 2001. The official logo of the games, titled "Dancing Beijing," features a stylized calligraphic character jīng (, meaning capital), referencing the host city. The mascots of Beijing 2008 are the five Fuwa, each representing one color of the Olympic rings. The Olympic slogan, One World, One Dream, calls upon the world to unite in the Olympic spirit. Athletes will compete in 302 events in 28 sports, just one event more than was on the schedule of the Athens games of 2004. Several new National Olympic Committees (NOCs) have also been recognized by the IOC. Five cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2008 Summer Olympics (formally known as Games of the XXIX Olympiad), which were awarded to Beijing, on July 13, 2001. ... Peking redirects here. ... The exhaustive ballot is a voting system used to elect a single winner. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Dancing Beijing is the title of the official emblem of the 2008 Summer Olympics to be held in Beijing in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Calligraphy is an art dating back to the earliest day of history, and widely practiced throughout China to this day. ... Peking redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Friendlies (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fúwá; literally Good-fortune Children) are the mascots of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. ... The Olympic symbols are various logos, icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee for various aspects related to the promotion of the Olympic Movement around the world. ... A sportsperson (British and American English) or athlete (principally American English) is any person who participates regularly in a sport. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ...


The Chinese government has promoted the games to highlight China's emergence on the world stage,[2][3] amidst concerns about environmental issues and gross human rights violations, particularly in Tibet. Nevertheless, former IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch has said the Beijing games will be "the best in Olympic history."[4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Juan Antonio Samaranch Don Juan Antonio Samaranch i Torelló, Marquis of Samaranch (es: Don Juan Antonio Samaranch i Torelló, marqués de Samaranch) (born July 17, 1920 in Barcelona) is a Spanish sports official and was president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 1980 to 2001. ... Peking redirects here. ...

Contents

Host selection process

Countdown Clock
Countdown Clock

Beijing was elected the host city on July 13, 2001, during the 112th IOC Session in Moscow, beating Toronto, Paris, Istanbul, and Osaka. Prior to the session, five other cities—Bangkok, Cairo, Havana, Kuala Lumpur, and Seville—submitted bids to the IOC but failed to make the shortlist in 2000. The voting distributions were as follows. Five cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2008 Summer Olympics (formally known as Games of the XXIX Olympiad), which were awarded to Beijing, on July 13, 2001. ... Peking redirects here. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

2008 Summer Olympics bidding results
City NOC Round 1 Round 2
Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China China 44 56
Toronto Flag of Canada Canada 20 22
Paris Flag of France France 15 18
Istanbul Flag of Turkey Turkey 17 9
Osaka Flag of Japan Japan 6

Whereas the "political structures" of the non-Chinese bids were clearly described, the IOC evaluation commission made an exception for Beijing and just quoted Beijing's position[5]: «The political system is classed as "working for China"». The evaluation commission also declared: "The overall presence of strong governmental control and support is healthy." Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Peking redirects here. ... Peking redirects here. ...


After the first round of voting, Beijing held a significant lead over the other four candidates. Osaka received only six votes and was eliminated. In the second round, Beijing was supported by an absolute majority of voters, eliminating the need for subsequent rounds.[6] Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple majority. ...


After winning the bid, the vice premier of the PRC Li Lanqing declared (2001, August 17th): "The winning of the 2008 Olympic bid is an example of the the international recognition of China's social stability, economic progress and the healthy life of the Chinese people." Previously, Beijing had bid to host the 2000 Summer Olympics. It led the voting over the first three rounds, but ultimately lost to Sydney in the final round in 1993. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Li Lanqing (岚清,born May 1932) is a prominent Chinese politician. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Peking redirects here. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Development and preparation

Venues

By May 2007, construction of all thirty-one Beijing-based Olympic Games venues had begun.[7] The Chinese government is also investing in the renovation and construction of six venues outside Beijing as well as fifty-nine training centers. Its largest architectural pieces will be the Beijing National Stadium, Beijing National Indoor Stadium, Beijing National Aquatics Centre, Olympic Green Convention Centre, Olympic Green, and Beijing Wukesong Culture & Sports Center. Almost 85 percent of the construction budget for the six main venues is being funded by US$2.1 billion (RMB¥17.4 billion) in corporate bids and tenders. Investments are expected from corporations seeking ownership rights after the 2008 Summer Olympics. Some venues will be owned and governed by the State General Administration of Sports, which will use them after the Olympics as facilities for all future national sports teams and events. The following is a list of competition venues that will be used for the 2008 Summer Olympics. ... An Olympic Park is a venue or group of venues set up when a country hosts the Olympic Games. ... May 2007 is the fifth month of that year. ... This article is about the built environment. ... The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Birds Nest for its architecture is a stadium that is being built in Beijing, China for 2007 completion. ... The Beijing National Indoor Stadium is an indoor arena that is located in the Olympic Green in Beijing, China. ... The Bejing National Aquatics Centre also called the Water Cube The Beijing National Aquatics Centre, also known as the Water Cube, is an aquatics centre that is currently being built alongside Beijing National Stadium in the Olympic Green for the 2008 Summer Olympics. ... The Olympic Green Convention Centre is a new convention centre located in the Olympic Green in Beijing. ... The Olympic Green is an Olympic Park in Beijing, China that is under construction for the 2008 Summer Olympics. ... The Wukesong Indoor Stadium is an indoor arena that is currently under construction for the 2008 Summer Olympics. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ...


It was announced on July 8, 2005 that the equestrian events are to be held in Hong Kong because of the "uncertainties of equine diseases and major difficulties in establishing a disease-free zone." The five venues outside Beijing will be located in Qingdao, Hong Kong, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Qinhuangdao.[8] is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tsingtao redirects here. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Categories: China geography stubs | Cities in China ...


Beijing National Stadium

Model of the Beijing National Stadium
Model of the Beijing National Stadium

The centerpiece of the 2008 Summer Olympics will be the Beijing National Stadium, nicknamed the "Bird Nest" because of its nest-like skeletal structure.[9] Construction of the venue began on December 24, 2003. The Guangdong Olympic Stadium was originally planned, constructed, and completed in 2001 for the Games, but a decision was made to construct a new stadium in Beijing.[citation needed] Government officials engaged architects worldwide in a design competition. A Swiss firm, Herzog & de Meuron Architekten AG, collaborated with China Architecture Design & Research Group to win the competition. The National Stadium will feature a lattice-like concrete skeleton forming the stadium bowl and will have a seating capacity of 80,000 people. Architects originally described the overall design as resembling a bird's nest with an immense ocular—an opening with a retractable roof over the stadium. However, in 2004, the idea of retractable roof was abandoned for economic and safety reasons. The Beijing National Stadium will be the site of the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as the athletics events and soccer finals. The stadium's designer Ai Weiwei has since withdrawn his support for China's Olympic games, saying "he wants nothing to do with them anymore".[10][11] The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Birds Nest for its architecture is a stadium that is being built in Beijing, China for 2007 completion. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Deep cup nest of the Great Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Guangdong Olympic Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Guangzhou, China and is one of the largest stadiums anywhere in the world. ... Allianz Arena in Munich. ... A retractable roof is a technology used in many sports venues. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ai Weiwei (艾未未), born in 1957 in Beijing, is one of the leading artists as well as independent curators and architectural designers in China. ...


Marketing

Emblem

Dancing Beijing emblem depicted in a flower garden.
Main article: Dancing Beijing

The 2008 Summer Olympics emblem entitled "Dancing Beijing" (Chinese:舞动的北京) was unveiled in August 2003 in a ceremony attended by 2,008 people at Qi'niandian (祈年殿) — the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Beijing's Temple of Heaven (天壇 or 天坛). The emblem combines elements of traditional Chinese society—a red seal and a calligraphic word for jing (京) ("national capital") with athletic features. The open arms of the calligraphic word symbolizes the invitation of China to the world to share in its culture. IOC president Jacques Rogge was very happy with the emblem, saying, "Your new emblem immediately conveys the awesome beauty and power of China which are embodied in your heritage and your people."[12] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (965x496, 491 KB) Summary Image taken from the Creative Commons section of Flikr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (965x496, 491 KB) Summary Image taken from the Creative Commons section of Flikr. ... Dancing Beijing is the title of the official emblem of the 2008 Summer Olympics to be held in Beijing in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dancing Beijing is the title of the official emblem of the 2008 Summer Olympics to be held in Beijing in the Peoples Republic of China. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for August, 2003. ... The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Manchu: Abkai mukdehun) is a complex of Taoist buildings situated in southeastern urban Beijing, in Xuanwu District. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Jacques Rogge Count Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942 in Ghent, Belgium) is by profession an orthopedic surgeon. ...


Mascots

Main article: Fuwa

The Fuwa (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fúwá; literally "good-luck dolls") were unveiled as the mascots of the games by the National Society of Chinese Classic Literature Studies on November 11, 2005, at an event marking the 1000th day before the opening of the games. They were originally named "The Friendlies", but this name was dropped as Chinese officials were worried that it would be misunderstood as "friendless" or "friend lies."[13] The Friendlies (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fúwá; literally Good-fortune Children) are the mascots of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (400x1985, 358 KB) Summary 2008 Summer Olympic mascots (Friendlies). ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Fuwa consist of five members that incorporate fish, giant panda, fire, Tibetan antelope, and swallow designs. They roughly correspond with the five elements of Chinese philosophy: water, metal, fire, wood, and earth, but none of them represent metal, and sky is not an element. The Fuwa each have as their primary color one of the colors of the five Olympic Rings. The five Fuwa are named Beibei, Jingjing, Huanhuan, Yingying, and Nini. When the first syllable of each of the five names are said together, the result is the phrase (Běijīng huānyíng nĭ) which means "Beijing welcomes you".[14] The Friendlies (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fúwá; literally Good-fortune Children) are the mascots of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Panda Bear redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Genera Many, see text. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ): wood, fire... Yin Yang symbol and Ba gua paved in a clearing outside of Nanning City, Guangxi province, China. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... . Bön . Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether . ... In Chinese alchemy, wood was one of the five elements. ... . Bön . Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether . ... Among the recognizable Olympic symbols: The Olympic flag: A white flag with the Olympic Rings on it in five colours. ...


Tickets

The Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee began publicizing in early August 2006 that it will sell over 7 million tickets for various sporting events and ceremonies to the general public.[15] The chief of the committee expressed her hopes that all Chinese people would have a chance to come to the games. The committee has, therefore, set low ticket prices so as to encourage the Chinese people to become more involved in the Olympics. For other uses, see August (disambiguation). ...


On April 14, 2007, tickets to the general public went on sale through the Beijing Organizing Committee for domestic tickets (which will account for 75% of the sales) and through each nation's NOC for overseas ticket sales.[16] By June 2007, 2.2 million tickets—about a third of the supply volume—had already been sold.[17] is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ...


Slogan

Both the 2008 Olympic emblem and slogan appear side by side in this image.

On June 26, 2005, The Beijing Olympic Committee announced that the slogan for the 2008 Olympics will be "One World, One Dream" (simplified Chinese: 同一个世界 同一个梦想; traditional Chinese: 同一個世界 同一個夢想; pinyin: Tóng Yíge Shìjiè Tóng Yíge Mèngxiǎng.)[18] The slogan calls upon the whole world to join in the Olympic spirit and build a better future for humanity. It was chosen from over 210,000 entries submitted from around the world.[9] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


Merchandising

Officially branded merchandise is sold at special stores
Officially branded merchandise is sold at special stores

Since early 2007, licensed Olympics merchandise stores have been in business throughout China. More than 800 official stores were in operation at the end of July 2007. Since August 2007, Olympic merchandise has been made available online, with more than 5000 products available via the official merchandising website, which include apparel, mascot dolls, key-chains and commemorative chopsticks.[19] In November 2007, overseas Olympic E-shop provide online access to customers all over the world to Licensed Products of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. (Excluding the USA, Japan, UK, Canada and China)[20] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... July 2007 is the seventh month of that year. ...


Public transport

Further information: Beijing Subway
This is a map of the Olympic venues in Beijing. Several expressways encircle the center of the city, providing for quick transportation around the city and between venues.
This is a map of the Olympic venues in Beijing. Several expressways encircle the center of the city, providing for quick transportation around the city and between venues.

Anticipating a huge rush during the games, Beijing's subway system is currently undergoing a major expansion which will increase its capacity to more than twice its existing size. The system currently is composed of four lines and 64 stations. An additional seven lines and more than eighty new stations are being constructed, including a direct link to Beijing Capital International Airport. In the airport itself, eleven unmanned trains, each transporting a maximum of 83 passengers, will expedite the movement of people throughout the new terminal building.[21] Most of them are scheduled to operate from June 30, 2008, one month before the beginning of the games. In January 2007, the BOCOG announced that the Metro cars will be fitted with video screens showing the latest news and events during the games. Additionally, cellphone signals would be made available, so that people can use their communication devices in the metro stations or underground.[22] The logo of Beijing Subway The Beijing Subway (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a rapid transit system that serves downtown Beijing and its various outlying suburbs. ... Image File history File links Beijing_2008_olympic_venues. ... Image File history File links Beijing_2008_olympic_venues. ... For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... The logo of Beijing Subway The Beijing Subway (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a rapid transit system that serves downtown Beijing and its various outlying suburbs. ... Beijing Capital International Airport (SEHK: 694),(simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... January 2007 is the first month of that year. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ...


According to the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, a new five-level emergency alert system for extreme weather and security threats will be implemented in the airport. This system is designed to ensure smooth and safe transportation for the estimated three million domestic and overseas visitors who will flock to Beijing for the games in August 2008.[23] Some emergency situations can reach an entire population. ... Trends in natural disasters, Pascal Peduzzi (2004) Is climate change increasing the frequency of hazardous events? Environment Times UNEP/GRID-Arendal Extreme weather includes weather phenomena that are at the extremes of the historical distribution, especially severe or unseasonal weather. ...


On the ground, Beijing is set to designate thirty-eight official public transit routes that will link the Olympic venues. During the games, 2,500 large-size buses and 4,500 minibuses will be operated by a total of 8,000 drivers to transport people across various venues. Prior to the games, public transport will be optimized in order to reduce the existing 110 overlapping routes.[24] Autobus redirects here. ... Volkswagen minibus A minibus is a motor vehicle that is designed to carry fewer people than a full-size bus. ...


Smoking is banned in the 66,000 cabs, the violation of which would lead to a fine of 100 to 200 yuan (13 to 26 USD). Beijing authorities are thus trying to make the event a non-smoking event. For the food preparation, see Smoking (cooking). ... The word cab has a number of meanings, most of which are abbreviations: A cabriolet is kind of a light, horse-drawn carriage which replaced the heavier hackney carriage in the 19th century as the vehicle for hire of choice in Paris and London, and was the forerunner of the... The word violation, when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language. ...


Sports

This pictogram depicts Athletics.
This pictogram depicts Athletics.
Decorative flower garden in Tiananmen Square depicting various Olympic sports.

The programme for the Beijing 2008 Games is quite similar to that of the Athens Games held in 2004. The 2008 Olympics will see the return of 28 sports, and will hold 302 events (165 men’s events, 127 women’s events, and 10 mixed events), one event more in total than in Athens. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (978x553, 644 KB) Summary Image taken from the Creative Commons section of Flikr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (978x553, 644 KB) Summary Image taken from the Creative Commons section of Flikr. ... For the 1989 protest, see Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. ... Archery competition at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ...


Overall nine new events will be held, which include two from the new cycling discipline of BMX. Women will compete in the 3000m steeplechase for the first time. In addition, marathon swimming events for men and women, over the distance of 10 kilometers, will be added to the swimming discipline. Team events (men and women) in table tennis will replace the doubles events. In fencing, women's team foil and women's team sabre will replace men's team foil and women's team epee.[b][25][26] Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. ... A BMX race. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ... Ping Pong redirects here. ... This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ...


In mid-2006, video gamers held talks with the Chinese government in hopes of allowing video games to be a demonstration sport at the games. Demonstration events have not been held at any Olympic Games (Summer or Winter) since 1992.[27] Namcos Pac-Man is one of the most popular video games ever made. ... A demonstration sport is a sport which is played in order to promote itself, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. ... The 92 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ...


On August 7, 2006, a day before the 2-year countdown to the Beijing Games, the Beijing Organizing Committee released pictograms of the 35 Olympic disciplines. Each pictogram is designed so that people of nations around the world can recognize the different sports being played at the Olympic Games. This set of sport icons is named the beauty of seal characters, due to each pictogram's likeness to Chinese seal script.[28] is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... 《尋隱者不遇》—賈島 松下問童子 言師採藥去 隻在此山中 雲深不知處 Seeking the Master but not Meeting by Jia Dao Beneath a pine I asked a little child. ...


The following are the sports to be contested at the games. The Olympic sport of aquatics has been split into its constituent disciplines of diving, swimming, synchronized swimming, and water polo. The number of events to be contested in each sport is indicated in parentheses. Archery competition at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics. ... For other uses, see Dive. ... Swimmer redirects here. ... Russian synchronized swimming team, May 2007 Synchronized swimming is a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance. ... Water polo is a team water sport. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Archery at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held over a seven day period starting August 9 and ending August 15. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held during the last 10 days of the games starting August 15. ... Image File history File links Badminton_2008. ... Badminton competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Image File history File links Baseball_2008. ... Baseball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over an eleven day period starting August 13 and concluding with the medal finals on August 23. ... Image File history File links Basketball_2008. ... Basketball at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24, 2008. ... Image File history File links Boxing_2008. ... The boxing programme of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China will be held at the Workers Indoor Arena. ... Image File history File links Canoe-Kayak_Slalom_2008. ... Canoeing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 11 to August 23 at the Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park in Beijing. ... Image File history File links Cycling_2008. ... Cycling competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 23. ... Image File history File links Diving_2008. ... Diving competition at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 23. ... Image File history File links Equestrian_2008. ... Equestrian competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 20 at the Hong Kong Sports Institute. ... Image File history File links Fencing_2008. ... Fencing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Image File history File links Hockey_2008. ... Field Hockey at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over a fourteen day period starting on August 10, and culminating with the medal finals on August 23. ... Image File history File links Football_2008. ... Football (soccer) at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held in Beijing and several other cities in China from August 6 to August 24. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gymnastics competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24. ... Image File history File links Handball_2008. ... Handball competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24. ... Image File history File links Judo_2008. ... Judo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 15. ... Image File history File links Modern_Pentathlon_2008. ... Modern Pentathlon competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held on August 21 and August 22 at the Olympic Sports Center Stadium (running, equestrian), Ying Tung Natatorium (swimmming), and the Olympic Green Convention Centre (fencing, shooting). ... Image File history File links Rowing_2008. ... Rowing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Image File history File links Sailing_2008. ... Sailing at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 9 to 21. ... Image File history File links Shooting_2008. ... Shooting competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Image File history File links Softball_2008. ... Softball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over an ten day period starting August 12 and culminating with the medal finals on August 21. ... Image File history File links Swimming_2008. ... Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held over a sixteen day period from August 9 to August 21, with the conventional events ending on August 16 and the new marathon 10 km events being held on August 20 and 21. ... Image File history File links Synchronized_Swimming_2008. ... Synchronized Swimming competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 17 to August 22. ... Image File history File links Table_Tennis_2008. ... Table tennis competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 13 to August 23, at the Peking University Gymnasium. ... Image File history File links Taekwondo_2008. ... Taekwondo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 20 to August 23. ... Tennis competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 17. ... Image File history File links Triathlon_2008. ... Triathlon competition at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held on August 18 and August 19. ... Image File history File links Volleyball_2008. ... Volleyball competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9, 2008 to August 24, 2008. ... Image File history File links Water_Polo_2008. ... The Water Polo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 24. ... Image File history File links Weightlifting_2008. ... Weightlifting competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 9 to August 19. ... Image File history File links Wrestling_2008. ... Wrestling competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, will be held at the China Agricultural University Gymnasium from August 9-19, 2007. ...

Torch relay

2008 Olympic Torch Relay.
2008 Olympic Torch Relay.

The plans accepted by the IOC for the Olympic torch relay were announced on April 26, 2007, in Beijing.[29] The relay, with the theme "Journey of Harmony", will last 130 days, carrying the torch 137,000 km (85,100 mi.) – the longest distance of any Olympic torch relay (though most of it is by air). The relay will begin on March 25, 2008, in Olympia, Greece. From there, it will travel across Greece to Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens, and then to Beijing, arriving on March 31. From Beijing, the torch will follow a route passing through every continent except Antarctica. The torch will visit cities on the Silk Road, symbolizing ancient links between China and the rest of the world. A total of 21,880 torchbearers will be selected from around the world by various organizations and entities.[30] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (1357 × 628 pixel, file size: 52 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2008 Summer Olympics 2008 Olympic Torch... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (1357 × 628 pixel, file size: 52 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2008 Summer Olympics 2008 Olympic Torch... The 2008 Olympic Torch Relay is planned to take place from March 25 to August 8, 2008, prior to the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. ... The Olympic Flame at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics The Olympic Flame, Olympic Fire, Olympic Torch, Olympic Light, Olympic Eye, and Olympic Sun is a symbol of the Olympic Games. ... Olympia among the principal Greek sanctuaries Olympia (Greek: Olympía or Olýmpia, older transliterations, Olimpia, Olimbia), a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times, comparable in importance to the Pythian Games held in Delphi. ... The Panathinaiko Stadium Archery matches in progress at the Panathinaiko Stadium during the 2004 Athens Olympics The Panathinaiko (Panathenaic) Stadium (also known as the Kallimarmaron, i. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... The Silk Road extending from Southern Europe through Arabia, Egypt, Persia, India till it reaches China. ...

2008 Olympic Torch on display in Vilnius, February 16, 2008.
2008 Olympic Torch on display in Vilnius, February 16, 2008.

The BOCOG also plans to carry the flame to the top of Mount Everest.[30] In June 2007, construction began on a 108 km (67 mi) long "highway" scaling the Tibetan side of the mountain. The $19.7 million blacktop project will span from Tingri County of Xigazê Prefecture to the Everest Base Camp. Environmental concerns about the effects of the road on the fragile Himalayan region have been expressed by the media, but denied by the Chinese government.[31] In March 2008, China banned mountaineers from climbing its side of Mount Everest and later persuaded the Nepalese government to close their side as well, officially citing environmental concerns.[32] It also reflected concerns by the communist government that Tibet activists may try to disrupt its plans to carry the Olympic torch up the world's tallest peak.[33] Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Everest redirects here. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... Location in Xigazê Prefecture Tingri County or Dhringgri County (Tibetan: དིང་རི་རྫོང་; Wylie: ding ri rdzong; Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a county of the Xigazê Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region. ... Shigatse (Tibetan: གཞིས་ཀ་རྩེ་; Wylie transliteration: Gzhis-ka-rtse; Modified Wiley: gzhi-ka-rtsa; pinyin (Tibetan): Xigazê; Chinese: 日喀则; pinyin: Rìkāzé, Zhigatse [Zhi-ga-tse], and Xigatse) is the second largest city in Tibet with a population of 80,000. ... Everest Base Camp is the camp at which most expeditions up the worlds highest mountain start from in Nepal. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ...


The original scheduled route agreed in April included a stop in Taipei just before heading for Hong Kong. Taiwan's government, however, later rejected this proposal, claiming that such arrangement would make the Taiwan relay be seen as part of China's domestic route, rather than the international route.[34] Recent negotiations have led the IOC to officially take Taipei off the torch relay. Both China and Taiwan have blamed each other for injecting politics into the event.[35] This article is about the city. ...


The Olympic Torch is based on traditional scrolls and uses a traditional Chinese design known as the "Propitious Clouds" (祥云). The torch is designed to remain lit in 65 kilometer per hour winds, and in rain of up to 50 millimeters per hour.


A man, thought to be a pro-Tibet protester interrupted the speech of China organising committee chief during the Olympic torch lighting ceremony in Greece March 24, 2008.[36] This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Participating NOCs

This map depicts the NOCs that competed at the 2004 Olympics in Athens. A vast majority of these nations are expected to return for the 2008 games.
This map depicts the NOCs that competed at the 2004 Olympics in Athens. A vast majority of these nations are expected to return for the 2008 games.

Though the qualifying competitions for various sports are well underway, it cannot be certain which of the current 205 National Olympic Committees (NOCs)[37] will participate in 2008. Most NOCs participate regularly, although various circumstances could cause a nation to be absent from the games, as was the case for six NOCs at the 2006 Winter Olympics. Nevertheless, placements in various qualifying races can help predict which nations and how many athletes will be at the games. Steven Roush, chief of sport performance for the United States Olympic Committee, expects that the United States will bring about 600 competitors to the games, their largest Olympic team thus far.[38] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 46 KB) Countries which participated in the 2004 Summer Olympics, as listed at the olympic games museum, derived from blank world map. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 46 KB) Countries which participated in the 2004 Summer Olympics, as listed at the olympic games museum, derived from blank world map. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... National Olympic Committees (or NOCs) are the national constituents of the worldwide olympic movement. ... The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ...


Participation changes

Since the last Olympics, the political statuses of a handful of nations have changed such that new NOCs have been created, or wish to be created. In contrast, Korea has entered into talks about sending a joint team to the games.


The Marshall Islands gained NOC status in February 2006, and is expected to participate in the Games.[39] Representatives from Tuvalu also met with IOC president Jacques Rogge in 2005, who indicated that the country was likely to be voted a full-fledged Olympic member at the 119th IOC session in 2007.[40] At that meeting, the Tuvalu Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee was accepted as a new National Olympic Committee.[41] Jacques Rogge Count Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942 in Ghent, Belgium) is by profession an orthopedic surgeon. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May 2006 (just after the 2006 Winter Olympics), the citizens of Montenegro voted in a referendum that severed its political union with Serbia. The states of Serbia and Montenegro, which participated at the 2004 Games jointly as Serbia and Montenegro, will now compete separately. The Montenegrin Olympic Committee was accepted as a new National Olympic Committee at the 119th IOC session along with Tuvalu.[41] May 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → May 1, 2006 (Monday) Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association outraged Vatican by planning to ordain another bishop, Liu Xinhong in Anhui Province. ... First page of Pobjeda, May 22, 2006. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ...


A dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles was to have taken place in July 2007,[42] giving Curaçao and Sint Maarten—like Aruba—a status aparte. This status would have permitted the islands to create their own NOCs, allowing them to compete separately at the games. However, the dissolution was postponed until December 2008, four months after the scheduled 2008 Olympics,[43][44] forcing any newly formed NOCs to wait until the 2012 Olympics to participate in the Summer Games. July 2007 is the seventh month of that year. ... For other uses, see Curaçao (disambiguation). ... Motto Semper pro grediens (Latin) Anthem O sweet Saint-Martins Land Capital (and largest city) Philipsburg Official languages Dutch, English Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  -  Administrator Franklyn Richards constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles, separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands as from December 15... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... London 2012 redirects here. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ...


On February 17, 2008, the IOC also promised to recognize the Republic of Kosovo as a new independent nation. However, it is not probable that athletes from the newly formed republic will be able to qualify for the Olympics in time to send a delegation to Beijing. Their participation is additionally compromised by the fact that the new nation has yet to be recognized by many other international athletic federations.[45] is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


North Korea and South Korea have considered sending a united team to the 2008 Olympics.[46][47] In the past, the two nations have walked together in the parade of nations during the opening ceremonies, but have never competed as one team. The two NOCs met with IOC president Jacques Rogge on September 5, 2006, to discuss the possibility of creating such a combined team.[48] In early 2007, Korean Olympic Committee President Kim Jung-Kil and North Korean Olympic Committee President Mun Jae-duk met to further discuss the logistics of sending a unified team.[47] At the meeting, South Korea advocated for the selection of athletes based on performance, while North Korea hoped for equal representation of athletes if the two indeed sent a joint team.[49] The NOCs failed to reach an agreement on representation, but said they would have further discussions in the future.[50] Jacques Rogge Count Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942 in Ghent, Belgium) is by profession an orthopedic surgeon. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Calendar

The following calendar for the 2008 Olympic Games is the most recent version of the games schedule, last updated 2007-03-29. Each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent a medal-awarding final for a sport. The number in each box represents the number of finals that will be contested on that day.[51] Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
August 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th T
Ceremonies
Archery 1 1 1 1 4
Athletics 2 4 6 6 5 3 6 7 7 1 47
Badminton 1 2 2 5
Baseball 1 1
Basketball 1 1 2
Boxing 5 6 11
Canoeing 2 2 6 6 16
Cycling 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 2 1 1 18
Diving 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
Fencing 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football (soccer) 1 1 2
Gymnastics 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 1 1 18
Handball 1 1 2
Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 14
Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Rowing 7 7 14
Sailing 2 1 2 2 2 2 11
Shooting 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 15
Softball 1 1
Swimming 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 34
Synchronized swimming 1 1 2
Table tennis 1 1 1 1 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 2 2 4
Triathlon 1 1 2
Volleyball 1 1 1 1 4
Water polo 1 1 2
Weightlifting 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 15
Wrestling 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 18
August 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 302

Archery at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held over a seven day period starting August 9 and ending August 15. ... Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held during the last 10 days of the games starting August 15. ... Badminton competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Baseball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over an eleven day period starting August 13 and concluding with the medal finals on August 23. ... Basketball at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24, 2008. ... The boxing programme of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China will be held at the Workers Indoor Arena. ... Canoeing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 11 to August 23 at the Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park in Beijing. ... Cycling competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 23. ... Diving competition at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 23. ... Equestrian competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 20 at the Hong Kong Sports Institute. ... Fencing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Field Hockey at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over a fourteen day period starting on August 10, and culminating with the medal finals on August 23. ... Football (soccer) at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held in Beijing and several other cities in China from August 6 to August 24. ... Gymnastics competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24. ... Handball competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 24. ... Judo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 15. ... Modern Pentathlon competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held on August 21 and August 22 at the Olympic Sports Center Stadium (running, equestrian), Ying Tung Natatorium (swimmming), and the Olympic Green Convention Centre (fencing, shooting). ... Rowing competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Sailing at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 9 to 21. ... Shooting competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9 to August 17. ... Softball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held over an ten day period starting August 12 and culminating with the medal finals on August 21. ... Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics will be held over a sixteen day period from August 9 to August 21, with the conventional events ending on August 16 and the new marathon 10 km events being held on August 20 and 21. ... Synchronized Swimming competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 17 to August 22. ... Table tennis competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 13 to August 23, at the Peking University Gymnasium. ... Taekwondo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 20 to August 23. ... Tennis competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 17. ... Triathlon competition at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held on August 18 and August 19. ... Volleyball competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 9, 2008 to August 24, 2008. ... The Water Polo competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics will be held from August 10 to August 24. ... Weightlifting competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing will be held from August 9 to August 19. ... Wrestling competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, will be held at the China Agricultural University Gymnasium from August 9-19, 2007. ...

Media Reporting and Movement of Journalists

International Broadcasters
Nation Broadcaster Cite
Flag of Australia Australia Seven Network
Flag of Brazil Brazil Globo
Flag of Canada Canada CBC, Radio-Canada, TSN, RDS
Flag of Chile Chile TVN
Flag of the People's Republic of China China CCTV-1, CCTV-5
Flag of Finland Finland YLE TV2
Flag of France France France 2
Flag of Germany Germany ARD, ZDF
Flag of Greece Greece ERT
Flag of Ireland Ireland RTÉ [52]
Flag of Italy Italy RAI (Rai Due)
Flag of Japan Japan NHK, others
Flag of Mexico Mexico Televisa
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands NPO/NOS [53]
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand TV ONE
Flag of Peru Peru ATV
Flag of Serbia Serbia RTS
Flag of Singapore Singapore StarHub CableTV, MediaCorp TV
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia STV
Flag of South Korea South Korea KBS
Flag of Spain Spain TVE
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC [54]
Flag of the United States United States NBC

In their bid for the Olympic games in 2001, Beijing confirmed to the olympic evaluation commission that there will be no restrictions on media reporting and movement of journalists up to and including the Olympic Games.“[55] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Rede Globo (Portuguese: Globe Network) better known as Globo or TV Globo is Latin Americas biggest television network. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Cipher-block chaining ... CBC redirects here, as this is the most common use of the abbreviation. ... TSN may also refer to The Sporting News, The Sierra Network, Team Sportscast Network or taxonomic serial number. ... Réseau des sports (commonly known as RDS), is a Canadian French language cable television specialty channel showing sports and sport-related shows. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... TVN may be: TVN (Chile) (Televisión Nacional de Chile); public broadcaster TVNORGE; a Norwegian commercial television channel TVN (Poland); commercial broadcaster TVN (Panama) (Televisora Nacional, S.A.); commercial broadcaster TVN Entertainment Corporation; a US cable television company TVN (Australia); the only thorougbred horse racing channel in Australia: [1] Category... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... CCTV-1 is the primary channel of the CCTV (China Central Television ) Network in the Peoples Republic of China. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Finlands National Broadcasting Company YLE (Yleisradio in Finnish, Rundradion in Swedish) was founded in 1926. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... ARD (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland – the Consortium of public-law broadcasting institutions of the Federal Republic of Germany), is a joint organization of Germanys regional public broadcasting agencies. ... Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television), ZDF, is a public service German television channel based in Mainz. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... ERT can stand for: European Round Table of Industrialists, an influential European interest group Estrogen Replacement Therapy — see Hormone Replacement Therapy Electrical resistivity tomography, a geophysical imaging technique Elliniki Radiophonia Tileorassi, the Greek State Television Network Emergency Response Team, a SWAT-like branch of the RCMP Earth-received time, a... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rai Due is one of the three main television channels broadcast by Italian public television company RAI alongside with Rai Uno and Rai Tre. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... For the article on the defunct Venezuelan television channel, see Televisa Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The logo of the Netherlands Public Broadcasting. ... The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS, Dutch Broadcasting Foundation) is one of the Dutch broadcasters in the Dutch public broadcasting system, Publieke Omroep. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... TV One (usually referred to as One, sometimes as TV1 or TVNZ One, or by its former name Channel One) is a New Zealand national television network owned and operated by state-owned media company TVNZ. It is targeted at an older audience, compared to other major television channels in... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... ATV can refer to: All-terrain vehicle, the a personal recreational vehicle normally consisting of a motorcycle-like engine, four balloon tires and a fiberglass body; a four-wheeler. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... RTS may refer to: General Real-time strategy, a genre of video games Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site, also known as the Reagan Test Site Reclaim the Streets, an anarchist organization The Rapid Transit Series, a long running bus model originally manufactured by General Motors Corporation Return to... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... StarHub Cable Vision Limited is the sole cable television operator in Singapore. ... // MediaCorp (Chinese: 新传媒; pinyin: XÄ«n Chuánméi) is a conglomeration group of commercial media companies in Singapore specializing largely in television and radio broadcasting, and to a lesser extent, in periodicals and newspaper publishing and filmmaking. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... The STV Tower: Slovak TVs headquarters in Bratislava Slovak Television (STV; Slovenská televízia in Slovak) is a state-owned public television network in Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... KBS (Korean Broadcasting System) is South Koreas premier public broadcaster and one of four major Korean television networks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... TVE may stand for: Televisión Española Township and Village Enterprise This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the television network. ...


Broadcasting

Likely competitors in the Games, especially swimmers, have voiced dissatisfaction with the IOC's decision to schedule some events to meet the requests of NBC, which paid US$5.7 billion[56] for exclusive United States broadcasting rights to the Summer and Winter Games from 2000 through 2012.[57] NBC requested that popular events, such as swimming, athletics, basketball, and gymnastics, be broadcast live during television primetime in the United States between 8:00 and 11:00 p.m. EDT (between 00:00 and 03:00 UTC) for maximum advertising revenue. This would require events to be held in the early morning between 8:00 and 11:00 a.m., Beijing time. The IOC granted the request for swimming and gymnastics but denied it for athletics and basketball.[58] The IOC has precedent for its decision: at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, some swimming, gymnastics, and athletics finals were held in the morning. Also, at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, gymnastics finals were held in the afternoon which allowed most of Europe to view gymnastics during their primetime. This article is about the television network. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... An athlete carries the Olympic torch during the 2002 torch relay The Winter Olympic Games are a winter multi-sport event held every four years. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PrimeTime is a television newsmagazine from ABC News. ... Eastern Standard Time redirects here. ... Johnson winning the 100 m final The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were held in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ...


In the Philippines, for the first time since 1996, state-run television network NBN, was not awarded the broadcast rights to the Beijing games. Instead, the IOC has awarded the broadcast rights of the 2008, 2010 and 2012 Games to Solar Entertainment, a major player in the country's cable television market.[59] However, it is still not known as to how Solar will broadcast the games, although it is likely that Solar will broadcast the games on free TV through NBN, as with the Asian Games in Doha in 2006. It is possible that it could partner with other major television networks, such as RPN (another state-run network where it has a co-production agreement on its primetime block) or ABS-CBN (a commercial and largest TV network where it had previously co-broadcast boxing bouts, and former having broadcasted the games in 1992 Summer Olympics). In 2004, NBN ran into funding issues, which almost inhibited the network from broadcasting the Summer Games in Athens.[60] The IOC's decision likely reflects this issue. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... National Broadcasting Network is the official government TV station in the Philippines. ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... London 2012 redirects here. ... Solar Entertainment Corporation is an established media concern with consistence of cable television, film and broadcasting based in Makati City, Philippines. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio Philippines Network, Inc. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Philippines | Television networks ... The Games of the XXV Olympiad were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Canada the public network CBC/Radio-Canada and cable networks TSN and RDS will broadcast its final games before a private consortium involving CTV/Rogers/TQS takes over for the 2010 Winter Olympics, which will be happening within Canadian borders, in Vancouver. The Sports Network (commonly known as TSN) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel and is Canadas leading English language sports television channel. ... Le Réseau des sports (commonly known as RDS), is a Canadian French language cable television specialty channel showing sports and sport-related shows. ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


In Brazil the Games will be broadcasted by TV Globo, Rede Bandeirantes (free-to-air) and Sportv, ESPN Brasil and BandSports (cable-tv networks). // TV Globo Rio de Janeiro History In July of 1957 the President of the Republic, Juscelino Kubitschek, approved the concession of TV for the Radio Globe and, in 30 of December of the same year, the National Advice of Telecommunications published decree granting canal 4 of Rio De Janeiro to... Rede Bandeirantes (Portuguese: Bandeirantes Network), officially nicknamed Band, is a television network from Brazil, based in São Paulo. ... Launched in June 1995, ESPN Brasil was the first ESPN broadcaster launched outside the United States. ...


Concerns and controversy

Concerns over the games include the potential for boycotts from pro-Tibetan organizations such as Students for a Free Tibet as well as from organizations such as Amnesty International upset with China's involvement in the crisis in Darfur. China has also been battling problems with air pollution both in the city of Beijing and in neighboring areas, which the Beijing Organizing Committee (BOCOG) says it hopes to remedy before the games. This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Students For a Free Tibet is a nonprofit student-led organization that uses education, grassroots organizing and nonviolent direct action to advance the cause of Tibetan independence. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ...


Olympic lawmaking

The Beijing municipal authority has declared that more than 70 local laws and decrees would be made before the 2008 Summer Olympics which would banish local people who don't have hukou (residency permits) of Beijing. It would also banish vagrants, beggars, and people with mental illness from the city. The municipal authority also made it clear that it would strengthen border control, call for a "special holiday", or forcible shutout, to make Beijing citizens stay at home during the Olympics. It also seeks to strengthen controls over Chinese and foreign NGOs and forbid any protests during the games. The government has also strengthened its laws relating to prosecution of those deemed to be disseminating material not beneficial to the state.[61] A hùkǒu (Chinese: ) or hùjí (Chinese: ) refers to residency permits (household registration) issued in mainland China (by the Peoples Republic of China) and Taiwan (by the Republic of China). ... A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ...


The Geneva-based group, Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions has claimed that 1.5 million Beijing residents will be displaced from their homes for the Olympics event. Beijing's Olympic organizing committee and China's Foreign Ministry have put the number at 6,037.[62] Some sources say that as of May 2005, 300,000 residents have been evicted in preparation for the games and that police in Beijing placed many people under arrest for protesting against the evictions.[63] While other sources can be found to say that nearly 15,000 people have been relocated.[64] 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Wikimedia Commons has media related to: May 2005 Deaths in May May 26: Eddie Albert May 25: Ismail Merchant May 25: Sunil Dutt May 25: Graham Kennedy May 22: Thurl Ravenscroft May 21: Howard Morris May 21...


The Beijing government has issued new mandates that require police officers in the city to act more appropriately. The government has circulated pamphlets urging officers to desist from using foul language, lose their arrogance, and not hang up on people who call to report crimes. They have been told that violators will be reprimanded. By doing this, Beijing hopes to clean up its image in time for the games.[65] Police officers in South Australia A police officer (or policeman/policewoman) is a warranted worker of a police force. ...


A drive has also been launched to improve the poor English translations common on Chinese signage and labeling in readiness for the Olympics.[66]


Protests and potential boycotts

Students for a Free Tibet campaign to protest the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics.

Boycotts and protests have occurred at past Olympic Games by groups of protesters, activists, and political groups who have had grievances against the host countries or another participating nations. In some cases, these activities have been sanctioned by member states, such as in the 1976, 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics. Image File history File linksMetadata Beijing2008GamesOverlogo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Beijing2008GamesOverlogo. ... Students For a Free Tibet is a nonprofit student-led organization that uses education, grassroots organizing and nonviolent direct action to advance the cause of Tibetan independence. ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow was a part of a package of actions to protest against the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ...


While no state has indicated a willingness to boycott the 2008 games, some groups are initiating independent campaigns to do so and other notable groups have called for protests. It has been reported that Chinese intelligence services were monitoring the activities of foreigners suspected of plotting demonstrations during the Olympics. In addition to monitoring NGOs that are concerned with domestic Chinese issues, the Chinese intelligence is also monitoring possible terrorism-related activities and anti-American demonstrations.[67] Chinese intelligence agencies are active outside of the Peoples Republic of China. ... NGO redirects here. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Anti-American sentiment is a hostility towards or disapproval of the government, culture, history, and/or people of the United States of America. ...


Pro-Tibetan independence groups, such as Students for a Free Tibet, have initiated a campaign to protest the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.[68][69][70] The group plans to protest for Tibetan independence and objects to the Chinese government's use of the Tibetan antelope (chiru) as one of its five mascots.[71] The Tibetan People's Movement has also demanded representation of Tibet with its own national flag. Hollywood actor Richard Gere in his position as the chairman of the International Campaign for Tibet called for the boycott of the games to put pressure on China to make Tibet independent. There has also been plans by Tibetans to organise their own version of Olympics in May at the headquarters of Tibetan government-in-exile, because Tibet doesn't get representation.[72] The Free Tibet logo, one of several that exist The International Tibet Independence Movement (ITIM) is a movement to establish historical Tibet, comprising the three traditional provinces of Amdo, Kham, and Ü-Tsang as an independent kingdom. ... Students For a Free Tibet is a nonprofit student-led organization that uses education, grassroots organizing and nonviolent direct action to advance the cause of Tibetan independence. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Misha Since the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France the Olympic Games have a mascot, usually an animal native to the area or occasionally human figures representing the cultural heritage. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... ... Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (born August 31, 1949) is an American actor. ... Flag of Tibet flown at the Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc, Czech Republic, on 10 March 2006 at the 47th anniversary of the defeat of the Tibetan uprising in 1959. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ...


The press freedom organisation Reporters Without Borders has advocated a boycott expressing concerns over violations of free speech and human rights in China. It hopes that international pressure and petition can effect the release of prisoners of conscience, and hold China to promises made to the IOC, regarding improvements in human rights.[73] Freedom of the Press (or Press Freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Prisoner of conscience (POC) is a term coined by the international human rights advocacy organization Amnesty International. ... Alternative meanings at IOC (disambiguation) The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organize this sports event every four years. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


Activists working to address the ongoing violence in Darfur, Sudan, have called for pressure to be exerted on China because of their financial and diplomatic support for Omar al-Bashir, who is responsible for the Sudanese government's proxy militias. These advocates, which include actress Mia Farrow, NBA athlete Ira Newble, and Sudan researcher Eric Reeves, have organized a global advocacy campaign called Olympic Dream for Darfur. Some have begun to refer to the Beijing Olympics as the "Genocide Olympics" as noted in The China Post as a way of connecting Beijing's close political and economic ties to the Sudanese regime. The Chinese government, in turn, has criticised the activists for "politicising" the Olympics and outlined its plans to help the Sudanese economy.[74][75] Combatants JEM factions NRF alliance Janjaweed SLM (Minnawi)  Sudan African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) Commanders Ibrahim Khalil Ahmed Diraige Omar al-Bashir Minni Minnawi Luke Aprezi Strength N/A N/A 7,000 The Darfur conflict is a crisis in the... For other uses, see Darfur (disambiguation). ... Field Marshal Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن احمد البشير, born January 1, 1944) is a Sudanese military leader, politician, and current president of Sudan. ... A Janjaweed miltiaman mounted The Janjaweed (Arabic: جنجويد; variously transliterated Janjawid, Janjawed, Jingaweit, Jinjaweed, Janjawiid, Janjiwid, Janjaweit, etc. ... Mia Farrow (born Maria de Lourdes Villiers-Farrow on February 9, 1945) is an American actress. ... Eric Miller Reeves is a Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly representing the states sixteenth Senate district, including constituents in Wake county. ... The China Post (Chinese: 英文中國郵報) is one of the three English-language newspapers published in Taiwan, the other two being Taiwan News and the Taipei Times. ...


Calls for sustained pressure and possible boycotts of the Olympics have come from former French presidential candidate François Bayrou,[76] actor and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Mia Farrow,[77] Genocide Intervention Network Representative Ronan Farrow,[77] author and Sudan scholar Eric Reeves[78] and the The Washington Post editorial board.[79] Filmmaker Steven Spielberg, founder of the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education, sent a letter to Hu Jintao on April 2, 2007 to discuss and possibly end China's involvement in the conflict.[80] In February 2008, Spielberg announced he was stepping down from his role as an artistic advisor in protest of the Chinese government's refusal to pressure Khartoum to stop the "continuing human suffering" in the Darfur region. He noted: "Sudan's government bears the bulk of the responsibility for these on-going crimes, but the international community, and particularly China, should be doing more."[81] Additionally, a group of 106 lawmakers in the United States have circulated a letter calling for the US to boycott the coming Olympics because of China's support of the Sudanese regime and the forced relocation[63] of 300,000 Chinese poor to make room for the games.[82] Congresswoman Maxine Waters introduced a similar resolution in early August 2007.[83] François Bayrou François Bayrou (IPA: ) is a leading candidate for the French Presidental election of 2007. ... UNICEF Logo The United Nations Childrens Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: ; French: ; Spanish: ) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. ... Mia Farrow (born Maria de Lourdes Villiers-Farrow on February 9, 1945) is an American actress. ... The Genocide Intervention Network (or GI-Net) is a non-profit organization that envisions a world in which the global community is willing and able to protect civilians from genocidal violence. ... Ronan Farrow, Genocide Intervention Network Representative and UNICEF Spokesperson for Youth Ronan Seamus Farrow (born Satchel OSullivan Farrow on December 19, 1987) is an American human rights activist and freelance journalist. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Maxine Waters (born Maxine Moore Carr on August 15, 1938) has served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1991, representing the 35th District of California (map). ... August 2007 is the eighth month of that year. ...


On September 28, 2007, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Desmond Tutu urged China to intervene in the ongoing protests in Myanmar. Tutu said that if China did not take a stance against the military rulers in Myanmar he would "join a campaign to boycott the Beijing Olympics".[84] His call has been taken up by the U.S. Campaign for Burma. is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African cleric and activist who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. ... Protesters in Yangon with a banner that reads non-violence: national movement in Burmese, in the background is Shwedagon Pagoda The 2007 Burmese anti-government protests are a wave of anti-government protests that started in Burma (also known as Union of Myanmar) on August 15, 2007. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... The United States Campaign for Burma (USCB) is a U.S.-based membership organization dedicated to empowering grassroots activists around the world to bring about an end to the military dictatorship in Burma. ...


The British Olympic Association (BOA) will require that before leaving for China, British Olympic team members sign an agreement, stating that they "are not to comment on any politically sensitive issues." However, BOA spokesman Graham Newsom stated that the BOA didn't intend to censor athletes, and referred to a rule in the International Olympic Committee charter which states, "No kind of demonstration or political, religious or racial propaganda is permitted in any Olympic sites, venues or other areas."[85][86] The British Olympic Association (BOA) is responsible for the United Kingdoms participation in the Olympic Games. ...


The Chinese government did however get a boost from US President George W. Bush, who declined to support actions taken in protest of the Chinese government, declaring: "I view the Olympics as a sporting event."[87]


Environmental and health issues

Concern has been raised over the air quality of Beijing and its potential effect on the athletes.[c] Although the Beijing Municipal Government, in its bid file in 2001, committed to lowering air pollution, increasing environmental protection, and introducing environmental technology,[88] research data show that even if the city were to dramatically cut down its emissions, pollution would still drift over the neighboring provinces,[89] from which 50 percent of Beijing's air is believed to originate.[90] At current levels, air pollution is at least 2 to 3 times higher than levels deemed safe by the World Health Organization. Marco Cardinale of the British Olympic Association has stated that air pollution coupled with heat and humidity makes it "very unlikely we'll see outstanding performances in endurance sports."[89] Despite this, Beijing, in its commitment to improve air quality, will remove 60,000 taxis and buses from the roads by the end of 2007 and plans to relocate 200 local factories, including a prominent steel factory,[89] before the games begin.[90] The Chinese government has provided assurances that "blue skies are a requirement not only for Beijing, but also for the places around it."[91] The United States Olympic Committee has also expressed its assurance that the air quality of Beijing will not be a concern for the U.S. delegation to the games.[92] Nevertheless, recent medical research by the IOC suggest air pollution could pose a risk to the health of athletes.[93] WHO redirects here. ... Dr. Marco Cardinale is the Research Manager of the British Olympic Association [1] and a honorary lecturer at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. ... The British Olympic Association (BOA) is responsible for the United Kingdoms participation in the Olympic Games. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... Autobus redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ... Alternative meanings at IOC (disambiguation) The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organize this sports event every four years. ...


In spite of such efforts, several countries have indicated that their athletes will arrive at the games as late as possible to limit exposure to pollution.[94] Some countries have set up offshore training camps in Japan or South Korea to avoid the pollution.[95]


Meteorological findings in April 2007 also have suggested that, based on rainfall data from the past 30 years, there is a 50 percent chance of rain for the opening and closing ceremonies of the games.[96][97] To combat the chance of poor weather, Beijing officials plan to seed clouds to induce rain several days before the games begin by shooting thousands of silver iodate pellets into the air using ground-based rockets.[98][99] While the effectiveness of this method is questionable, Beijing is optimistic that it will reduce the chance of rainfall during the games,[100] and planned to carry out several tests as a practice in the summer of 2007, one year before the games begin.[98] Officials have also stated that inducing rain should also remove some of the pollution from the air.[97] April 2007 is the fourth month of the year. ... Cessna 210 with cloud seeding equipment Cloud seeding, a form of weather modification, is the attempt to change the amount or type of precipitation that falls from clouds, by dispersing substances into the air that serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei. ... Silver Iodate (AgIO3) is a white crystal composed of silver, iodine and oxygen. ...


Another issue of concern is that of Beijing's poor tap water supply. A high-ranking Beijing official has stated that tap water in the city should be avoided.[citation needed] The water coming out of the water plants is safe, according to Bi Xiaogang of the Beijing Water Management Bureau; the process of transporting the water throughout the city is what contaminates it. Beijing is suffering from a drought of 15 years as well as a lack of major fresh water sources elsewhere, so many locals drink bottled water instead of that from the tap.[101] Officials of the city water authority have ensured, however, that "the safety and efficiency of the water system" will be maintained and that the recycled water supplied to the Olympic Village will be as clean as tap water.[102] A water tap Tap water (running water) is part of indoor plumbing, which became available in the late 19th century and common in the mid-20th century. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... A 1. ...


Following recent scares regarding the safety of food products manufactured in China, the United States Olympic Committee has decided to import food for its athletes. In particular, athletes were concerned that eating meat that was raised in China could contain enough steroids to cause the athletes to test positive for steroid use.[103] The United States Olympic Committee's plan to bring its own food to China has disappointed the leader of food services for the Beijing Olympics.[104] The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ...


Class discrimination

The new toilet facilities built in the Beijing stadiums can no longer be used by regular Chinese citizens living or working in the area. Concerns have been raised by Communist party officials that the hygiene issues of local citizens would affect the Beijing Olympic image.[105] There is now a penalty of 100 to 500 Yuan imposed on any Chinese locals caught using the bathrooms.[105] The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Olympics Portal

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Five cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2008 Summer Olympics (formally known as Games of the XXIX Olympiad), which were awarded to Beijing, on July 13, 2001. ... See also: 2008 Summer Olympics The 2008 Summer Paralympic Games, the thirteenth Paralympics, will be held in Beijing, China from September 6 - 17, 2008. ... The following is a list of competition venues that will be used for the 2008 Summer Olympics. ... The 2008 Olympic Torch Relay is planned to take place from March 25 to August 8, 2008, prior to the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. ... Zhang Jigang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; (born December 25, 1958) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese choreographer and high-ranking Military General. ... Zhang Yimou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ;  ) (born November 14, 1951) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese filmmaker and one-time cinematographer. ... Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games , lit. ...

References

Citations

  1. ^ 6th Coordination Commission Visit To Begin Tomorrow. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-05-20.
  2. ^ "China's coming out party", Toronto Star, August 2007. 
  3. ^ "2008-The Year of China?", BusinessCenter.TV, 2007-08-07. Retrieved on 2008-01-02. 
  4. ^ "Beijing 2008 will be best-ever Games: Samaranch", BOCOG, 2007-06-25. Retrieved on 2007-06-25. 
  5. ^ Report of the IOC Evaluation Commission for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in 2008, pg.60
  6. ^ Beijing 2008: Election. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-12-18.
  7. ^ "All Beijing-based Olympic venues under construction", BOCOG, 2007-05-11. Retrieved on 2007-05-11. 
  8. ^ Olympic Venues, Beijing 2008. Retrieved on May 15, 2006.
  9. ^ a b "The Olympic Games en route for Beijing", International Olympic Committee, 2007-07-13. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. 
  10. ^ "Stadium designer blasts China Olympics", Aljazeera, 2007-08-12. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. 
  11. ^ Chinese architect slams Olympic 'pretend smile'. Reuters. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.
  12. ^ "Rogge's Message for Beijing Olympics Emblem Unveiling", People's Daily Online, 2003-08-03. Retrieved on 2006-12-19. 
  13. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/sports/2006-10/17/content_710034.htm
  14. ^ "The Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games", BOCOG. Retrieved on 2006-12-19. 
  15. ^ "China to sell over 7mn tickets", Gulf Times Newspaper, 2006-08-07. Retrieved on 2006-08-14. 
  16. ^ "Beijing 2008 tickets go on sale", BOCOG, 2007-04-15. Retrieved on 2007-05-05. 
  17. ^ "Olympic Opening ceremony tickets getting hot", BOCOG, 2007-06-21. Retrieved on 2007-06-25. 
  18. ^ "'One World One Dream' selected as the Theme Slogan for Beijing 2008 Olympic Games", BOCOG, 2005-12-25. Retrieved on 2007-05-05. 
  19. ^ Lei, Lei. "Official Olympics gear now just a click away", China Daily, 2007-07-31. Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  20. ^ The Overseas Olympic E-shop goes on-line 29 November 2007. The Official Website of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Retrieved on 2007-11-29.
  21. ^ "Un-manned trains to operate at new airport terminal building", BOCOG, 2007-06-13. Retrieved on 2007-06-17. 
  22. ^ "Official: passengers can watch the Games in Beijing metro", BOCOG, 2007-01-31. Retrieved on 2006-02-15. 
  23. ^ "Beijing airport to launch emergency alert mechanism for Olympics", BOCOG, 2007-06-25. Retrieved on 2007-06-25. 
  24. ^ "38 public transit routes to the Olympic venues", BOCOG, 2007-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  25. ^ "Beijing 2008: Games Programme Finalised", International Olympic Committee, 2006-04-27. Retrieved on 2006-05-10. 
  26. ^ Programme of the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, Beijing 2008, International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on May 15, 2006.
  27. ^ Morris, Chris. "Competitive gaming trying to earn a berth in the Olympics", Game Over, Cable News Network, 2006-05-31. Retrieved on 2006-06-03. 
  28. ^ "Pictograms of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games unveiled", BOCOG, 2006-08-07. Retrieved on 2006-08-09. 
  29. ^ "Beijing 2008: BOCOG Announces Olympic Torch Relay Route", International Olympic Committee, 2007-04-26. Retrieved on 2007-04-26. 
  30. ^ a b "Beijing 2008 Olympic Torch Relay Planned Route and Torch Design unveiled", BOCOG, 2007-04-26. Retrieved on 2007-04-26. 
  31. ^ "China to build highway on Mt Everest for 2008 Olympics", The Hindu, 2007-06-20. Retrieved on 2007-06-25. 
  32. ^ "Climbers banned from Everest as China seeks to stop protests on summit", The Independent, 2008-03-17. Retrieved on 2008-03-23. 
  33. ^ "China closes its side of Everest to climbers", CNN, 2008-03-12. Retrieved on 2008-03-13. 
  34. ^ "Taiwan rejects 'domestic' Olympic torch route", Taiwan Journal, 2007-05-04. Retrieved on 2007-08-15. 
  35. ^ "China blames Taiwan for scuttling Olympic torch relay through Taipei, labels 'vile precedent'", Yahoo! Canada Sports, 2007-09-21. Retrieved on 2007-09-24. 
  36. ^ {{cite news |Olympic torch begins epic journey">"Olympic torch begins epic journey", CNN, 2007-03-24. Retrieved on [[2008 -03-24]]. 
  37. ^ National Olympic Committees. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  38. ^ "About 600 athletes to compete for the U.S. at 2008 Olympic Games", BOCOG, 2007-08-03. Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  39. ^ "Marshall Islands joins Olympic Family", ONOC, 2006-02-10. Retrieved on 2006-12-17. 
  40. ^ "Robert Meets IOC President", ONOC, 2005-04-02. Retrieved on 2006-12-17. 
  41. ^ a b "Two new National Olympic Committees on board!", International Olympic Committee, 2007-07-06. Retrieved on 2007-07-08. 
  42. ^ Regions and territories: Netherlands Antilles. BBC News (2007-12-12). Archived from the original on 2006-01-04. Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  43. ^ "Agreement on Division of Netherlands Antilles", Netherlands Government Information Service, 2007-02-13. Retrieved on 2007-07-20. 
  44. ^ "Regions and territories: Netherlands Antilles", BBC, 2006-12-12. Retrieved on 2006-12-17. 
  45. ^ "IOC to recognise Kosovo", News24, 2008-02-17. Retrieved on 2008-02-17. 
  46. ^ "Koreas 'to unify Olympics teams'", BBC, 2006-05-14. Retrieved on 2006-12-17. 
  47. ^ a b "Two Koreas to meet on unified team in Beijing Olympics", BOCOG, 2007-02-08. Retrieved on 2006-02-15. 
  48. ^ "Two Koreas Make Progress in Creation of Unified Team", International Olympic Committee, 2006-09-05. Retrieved on 2006-09-10. 
  49. ^ "North, South Korea discuss joint team in 2008", NBC Sports, 2007-02-12. Retrieved on 2007-02-15. 
  50. ^ "Koreas fail to agree on fielding joint team for Beijing Olympics", AP, 2007-02-13. Retrieved on 2007-02-28. 
  51. ^ Olympic Games Competition Schedule. BOCOG (2006-11-09). Retrieved on 2007-02-05.
  52. ^ China to mark its territory with Olympics 2008. RTÉ News (2007-11-12). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  53. ^ NOS brengt Olympische Spelen en EK Voetbal in HDTV. Broadcast Magazine. Broadcast Press. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  54. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2005/nov/09/broadcasting.bbc2
  55. ^ Report of the IOC Evaluation Commission for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in 2008, pg.73
  56. ^ "Some Shows Turn NBC Olympics Into Also-Ran", New York Times, 2006-02-26. Retrieved on 2008-01-22. 
  57. ^ "Are the IOC and NBC Unfairly Prohibiting Internet Coverage of the Sydney Olympics?", 2001-01-09. Retrieved on 2007-05-06. 
  58. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic Swimming Finals in the Morning Looks to be a Reality", About, Inc., 2006-10-26. Retrieved on 2006-12-19. 
  59. ^ IOC signs 2008, 2010 and 2012 broadcast rights deal for the Philippines, International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.
  60. ^ Ronnie Nathanielsz. GMA saves TV Coverage, Manila Standard Today. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.
  61. ^ 法制晚报 (Fazhi Wanbao, or Evening Paper of Legal System), April 10 2006, A05
  62. ^ "Beijing to evict 1.5 million for Olympics: group", Reuters, 2007-06-05. Retrieved on 2007-06-06. 
  63. ^ a b Macartney, Jane. "Thousands of homes destroyed to make way for Olympic tourists", TimesOnline, 2005-05-26. Retrieved on 2006-05-14. 
  64. ^ China Defends Relocation Policy
  65. ^ "New Guidelines For Beijing Police Ahead Of 2008 Games", GamesBids, 2007-05-11. Retrieved on 2007-05-11. 
  66. ^ "Beijing stamps out poor English", BBC News, 15 October 2006
  67. ^ Hutzler, Charles (2007-07-23). China Sees Activists As Olympic Threat. Associated Press. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  68. ^ Denyer, Simon. "Tibetan Protesters train hard for Beijing Olympics". Retrieved on 2007-05-30. 
  69. ^ August, Oliver. "Tibet activists begin Beijing Games protest", Times Online, 2004-08-31. Retrieved on 2007-05-30. 
  70. ^ Wade, Stephen (2007-08-07). Protests, Smog Cloud Olympics a Year Out. Associated Press. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  71. ^ Students for a Free Tibet, 2008 Olympics Campaign, blog.studentsforafreetibet.org. Retrieved on January 8, 2007.
  72. ^ Tibetan Olympics from May 15-25 Dharamshala, March 20, 2008 Hindustan Times
  73. ^ "Boycott Beijing 2008: Repression continues in China, one year before Olympic Games", Reporters Without Borders, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-03
  74. ^ Bloomberg, Frederick Kempe. "China hopes to avoid 'genocide Olympics'", China Post, 2007-05-26. Retrieved on 2007-05-30. 
  75. ^ "China's Games", Washington Post, 2007-05-29. Retrieved on 2007-05-30. 
  76. ^ Call for Olympic boycott stirs up pre-poll France, Reuters. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.
  77. ^ a b The 'Genocide Olympics', The Wall Street Journal, 2007-03-28. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  78. ^ On Darfur, China and the 2008 Olympic Games, Sudan Tribune, 2007-02-11. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  79. ^ China and Darfur: The Genocide Olympics?, The Washington Post, 2006-12-14. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  80. ^ Steven Spielberg. "Steven Spielberg on Darfur/China situation", Spielbergfilms, 2007-05-11. Retrieved on 2007-05-13. 
  81. ^ [1]
  82. ^ "China defends Darfur role, deflects Olympic warning", Reuters AlertNet, 10 May 2007
  83. ^ Bresnahan, John (2007-08-07). Waters Wants To Boycott Beijing Olympics. The Politico Crypt. Retrieved on 2007-08-08.
  84. ^ Desmond Tutu vädjar till Burmas ledare Dagens Nyheter, September 28, 2007.
  85. ^ "Olympics - UK athletes barred from political comments", The Guardian, February 10, 2008. 
  86. ^ Olympic Charter. International Olympic Committee (October 16, 2007). Retrieved on 2008-02-10.
  87. ^ Bush defends US record on Darfur. BBC News (2008-02-14). Retrieved on 2008-03-12.
  88. ^ Report of the IOC Evaluation Commission for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in 2008. International Olympic Committee (2001-05-15). Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  89. ^ a b c Oster, Shai. "Will Beijing's Air Cast Pall Over Olympics?", The Wall Street Journal, 2007-02-15. 
  90. ^ a b Mone, Gregory. "Choking at the Olympics". Popular Science (August 2007): 33–35. ISSN 0161-7370. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. Lay summary – Popular Science (June 2007). 
  91. ^ "Promise of clean air during Olympics", BOCOG, 2007-03-13. Retrieved on 2007-03-16. 
  92. ^ "USOC official: air quality not a concern for U.S. Olympic delegation in Beijing", BOCOG, 2007-08-03. Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  93. ^ "Olympic Worry in the Air", The Wall Street Journal, 2008-03-18. Retrieved on 2008-03-23. 
  94. ^ "WHO fears over Beijing pollution", BBC, 2007-08-17. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
  95. ^ "Olympians gripe about Beijing's air quality", Los Angeles Times, 2008-03-12. Retrieved on 2008-03-23. 
  96. ^ "Beijing to keep skies clear on Games' opening day", BOCOG, 2007-04-26. Retrieved on 2007-04-27. 
  97. ^ a b Tandan, Marc. "The Buzz: Is China's weather plan for the Olympics all wet?", The Virginian-Pilot, 2007-04-27. Retrieved on 2007-04-27. 
  98. ^ a b Xiaohua, Sun. "Weather drills get under way for 2008 Olympics", China Daily, 2007-07-18. Retrieved on 2007-07-19. 
  99. ^ Watts, Jonathan. "Organisers to give Olympic clouds a silver lining", Guardian Unlimited, 2007-05-12. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. 
  100. ^ Robertson, Laura. "Beijing Fights Olympic Rain, But Can it Prevent the Protestors' Storm?", CBN News, 2007-04-27. Retrieved on 2007-04-27. 
  101. ^ "Beijing 2008 advice: Don't drink the water", Associated Press, 2007-05-09. Retrieved on 2007-05-11. 
  102. ^ Xiaohuo, Cui. "New water treatment system for Olympics", China Daily, 2007-07-19. Retrieved on 2007-07-19. 
  103. ^ "Steroid use". 
  104. ^ "China hurt over U.S. food plan for Games", CNN, 2008-02-22. Retrieved on 2008-02-22. 
  105. ^ a b Singtao Shanghai news. Section A-14. [07-22-2007]

Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that China Daily Hong Kong Edition be merged into this article or section. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Yahoo redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Oceania National Olympic Committees (acronym: ONOC) is an international organisation that congregates the 16 national Olympic committees (NOCs) of Oceania. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Oceania National Olympic Committees (acronym: ONOC) is an international organisation that congregates the 16 national Olympic committees (NOCs) of Oceania. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The NBC Sports logo used since 1989. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Oh you hot lesbians. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternative meanings: The China Post, Chunghwa Post China Post (中国邮政) is the postal service operating in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ... August 2007 is the eighth month of that year. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing Organizing Committee, known also as BOCOG is the informal name for the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper, serving the area around Norfolk, Virginia. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that China Daily Hong Kong Edition be merged into this article or section. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Christian Broadcasting Network, or CBN, is a Christian television broadcasting network in the United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that China Daily Hong Kong Edition be merged into this article or section. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The number 8 is associated with prosperity and confidence in Chinese culture.[1]
  2. ^ The fencing programme will again include all six individual events and four team events, though the team events will be a different set than were held in 2004. The International Fencing Federation's rules call for events not held in the previous Games to receive automatic selection and for at least one team event in each weapon to be held. Voting is conducted to determine the fourth event. In 2004, the three men's team events and the women's épée were held. Thus, in 2008, the women's foil and sabre events and men's épée were automatically selected. Men's sabre was chosen over foil by a 45–20 vote.[2]
  3. ^ Poor-quality air in China contributes to the death of about 400,000 Chinese annually. Ozone and fine particulate matter—bits of carbon, sulfates, and industrial by-products—will be the two biggest pollution threats to the athletes in 2008. When high ozone levels are present, lungs are not able to absorb as much air, causing coughing, wheezing, or headaches.[3]

Look up eight in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In Chinese culture, certain numbers are believed by some to be auspicious (吉利) or inauspicious (不利) based on the Chinese word that the number name sounds similar to. ... Fédération Internationale dEscrime (FIE) (English: International Fencing Federation) is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. ... For other uses, see Ozone (disambiguation). ... Particulates, alternatively referred to as particulate matter (PM), aerosols or fine particles, are tiny particles of solid or liquid suspended in a gas. ... For other uses, see Carbon (disambiguation). ... The sulfate anion, SO42− The structure and bonding of the sulfate ion In inorganic chemistry, a sulfate (IUPAC-recommended spelling; also sulphate in British English) is a salt of sulfuric acid. ... A by-product is a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction, and is not the primary product or service being produced. ... Cough is also the name of a band, see Cough (band) A cough is a sudden, often repetitive, spasmodic contraction of the thoracic cavity, resulting in violent release of air from the lungs, and usually accompanied by a distinctive sound. ... Wheezes are continuous, coarse, whistling sounds produced in the respiratory airways during breathing. ... A headache (cephalgia in medical terminology) is a condition of pain in the head; sometimes neck or upper back pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ...

External links

Wikinews has related news:
Forget driving to the Olympics, says Beijing
  • Official Website of the 2008 Summer Olympics
  • IOC Official 2008 Summer Olympics Website

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m