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Encyclopedia > 2006 United States immigration reform protests
Thousands gather in favor of immigrants rights in Nashville, Tennessee on March 29, 2006.

In 2006, millions of people were involved in protests over a proposed reform to U.S. immigration policy. The protests began in response to proposed legislation known as H.R. 4437, which would raise penalties for illegal immigration and classify unauthorized immigrants and anyone who helped them enter or remain in the US as felons. As part of the wider immigration debate, most of the protests not only sought an overhaul of this bill, but also a path to legalization for those who had entered the US illegally and fewer Immigration Services delays. Image File history File links NashvilleProtest2006. ... Image File history File links NashvilleProtest2006. ... Nashville redirects here. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio Station advertisement in Spanish in East Los Angeles against the H.R.4437. ... Illegal alien and Illegal aliens redirect here. ... Radio Station advertisement in Spanish in East Los Angeles against the H.R.4437. ... For the record label, see Felony Records The term felony is a term used in common law systems for very serious crimes, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... In 2004, United States President George W. Bush proposed a guest worker program to absorb migrant laborers who would otherwise come to the U.S. as illegal aliens. ... Legalization is the process of removing a legal prohibition against something which is currently illegal. ... U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is a part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and performs some of the functions formerly carried out by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, which was part of the Department of Justice. ...


The largest national turnout of protests occurred on April 10, 2006, in 102 cities across the country. Crowds in several cities were estimated to be between 100,000 to over 500,000 people. Almost all of the protests were peaceful and attracted considerable media attention, although there was also controversy over what many people considered anti-American symbolism at some of the protests. Additional protests took place on May Day and many protesters that day carried portraits of revolutionary icon Che Guevara alongside American flags. Socialists and other left-wing organizations joined the protesters as well as some right-wing organizations and religious groups. is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anti-American sentiment is a hostility towards or disapproval of the government, culture, history, and/or people of the United States of America. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14,[1] 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara, El Che or just Che was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, medical doctor , political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition...

Contents

Role of Spanish-language media

Spanish-language media outlets, in particular Univision, Telemundo, Azteca America and various Spanish-language radio stations across the country, in large part aided in mobilizing people for the protests. Eddie "Piolín" Sotelo, a Spanish-language radio personality from Los Angeles, persuaded eleven of his counterparts from Spanish-language radio stations based in Los Angeles to also rally listeners to attend planned protests.[1][2][3] For the similar-sounding film format, see Univisium. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... Eddie Piolín Sotelo is a Mexican-American radio personality, born in Ocotlán, Jalisco in 1972. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Role of the Internet

Internet community sites containing personal blogs also played a significant role in helping to "get the word out" on the dates and locations for the marches and demonstration protests. Whereas Spanish language radio concentrated on the Spanish speaking audience only, the Internet catered to Mexican-Americans and other Hispanic youths. MySpace in particular was seen as a significant source for attracting youth who speak English.[citation needed] Because of the Internet, the various marches and demonstrations which occurred around the nation attracted more than merely illegal aliens, immigrant advocate nonprofit organizations and churches. The Internet was directly responsible for attracting a large percentage of the English-speaking Hispanic American youth. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ...


TE AMO MUCHO MI VIDA


Controversy and backlash over flag symbolism and protests

The initial protests caused much controversy after a minority of protesters waved Mexican and Central American flags instead of American flags flown by the majority of protesters.The issue of these flags was also repeated by media outlets and columnists.[4] One particular incident referred to involved a protest at Montebello High School in California, where a Mexican flag was raised on a flagpole over an United States flag flying in the distressed (or upside-down) position.[5] For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Montebello High School is one of four high schools in the Montebello Unified School District, located at 2100 West Cleveland Ave. ...


Because of the controversy, organizers of the protests encouraged protesters to leave their Mexican flags at home, with Cardinal Roger Mahony telling Los Angeles protesters to not fly any flag other than the United States flag because, "...they do not help us get the legislation we need."[6] As a result of this controversy later protests featured fewer Mexican flags and more protesters carrying American flags.[7] This fact, though, did not end the controversy over the protests, with some commentators and bloggers also questioning the statements on signs held by certain protesters, which they described as racist and anti-American.[8] His Eminence Roger Cardinal Mahony Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (b. ... This box:      Racism has many definitions, the most common and widely accepted is that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ... Anti-American sentiment is a hostility towards or disapproval of the government, culture, history, and/or people of the United States of America. ...


The Mexica Movement was one of the most notable groups promoting controversial messages which were seen in the Los Angeles and Dallas marches. Their organization carried large signs stating "All Europeans Are Illegal On This Continent Since 1492" and "We are the ONLY owners of this continent!." They also carried large posters depicting Wisconsin Congressman James Sensenbrenner as a Nazi and the North American continent displayed under the heading, "Stolen Continent." Other controversial groups that countered the immigrant marches included many organizations that the Southern Poverty Law Center classifies as hate groups such as neo-Nazi organizations and others who classify themselves as "Grassroots" organizations. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr. ...


As part of the backlash over the protests and the controversy over the flag symbolism issue, a group who call themselves "Border Guardians" burned a Mexican flag in front of the Mexican Consulate in Tucson, Arizona, on April 9, 2006.[9] The following day the group proceeded to burn two Mexican flags during protest in Tucson, Arizona, which was estimated to have had 15,000 participants. After the police seized a student who had thrown a water bottle at the "Border Guardians", they followed the police officers calling for them to let the student go. As the situation escalated violence broke out and 6 were arrested with dozens being pepper-sprayed. The next day the police arrested the leader of the Border Guardians, Roy Warden, for charges including assault and starting a fire in a public park. Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ...


In addition, California's Oceanside Unified School District "banned flags and signs from its campuses after Mexican flag-wavers clashed with U.S. flag-wavers."[10] Oceanside is the third largest city in San Diego County, California. ...


Opposition

Citizens opposed to illegal immigration have also been active. The Washington Post recently reported that, in one U.S. town, a day labor center at which suspected illegal immigrants congregated was closed and its mayor and two aldermen were voted out of office as a result of immigration concerns.[11][12] ...


Membership in the Minuteman Project increased due in part to backlash from the protests.[13] On May 3, responding to the May 1 boycotts, the Minutemen embarked on a caravan across the United States in an effort to bring attention to the need for border enforcement. The caravan was expected to reach Washington D.C. on May 12. The Minuteman Project Civil Defense Corps was started in April 2005 by a group of American citizens to deter illegal crossings of the United States–Mexico border. ...


Timeline

February

Independence National Historic Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the historic area of downtown (or Center City) Philadelphia where Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, and the National Constitution Center are located, along with dozens of other historic buildings and educational centers. ... This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. ...

March

  • March 7: 40,000 rallied in front of the Capital in Washington D.C..
  • March 10: 100,000 marched from Union Park to Federal Plaza in Chicago but organizers say that about 250,000- 500,000 actually marched.[15]
  • March 23: 10,000-15,000 marched to Zeidler Park in Milwaukee.[16]
  • March 24: 20,000 marched to Senator Jon Kyl's office in Phoenix.[17] Tens of thousands of workers participate in a work stoppage in Georgia[18].
  • March 25: 750,000 (average estimate) marched from Olympic and Broadway to the City Hall in Los Angeles in what was called by a coalition "La Gran Marcha" (aka "The Grand March"). According to the Los Angeles Police Department, at least 500,000 marched to City Hall in protest the proposed Congressional legislation HR 4437 which had then passed the House of Representatives and moved onto the Senate for debate.[19]
  • March 25: 50,000 demonstrated in front of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.[20]
  • March 25: In downtown Cleveland, Ohio at the Public Square near Tower City and downtown Cleveland, a few hundred people of Mexican, Central American, Argentine, Chilean, Dominican, and Puerto Rican descent gathered to protest bill HR 4437.[citation needed]
  • March 26: 7,000 people rallied at the Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.[11]
  • March 27: 50,000 marched to the McNamara Federal Building in Detroit.[21]
  • March 27: In an infamous event called "Black Monday", over 125,000 Latino students from the LAUSD walked out of Los Angeles middle and high schools. Students marched out onto Los Angeles freeways, led a march to Los Angeles City Hall, then, began rioting in heavily-populated Hispanic neighborhoods, after Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa urged the students to display peaceful marching.[citation needed]
  • March 29: 8,000-9,000 marched from The Coliseum to Legislative Plaza in Nashville.[22]
  • March 30: Robert Pambello, the principal of Reagan High School in Houston, placed a Mexican flag over the American one and was ordered to remove it[23]. In April he was forced to resign from his position.
  • March 31: Echoing "Black Monday" in Los Angeles, numerous High school students protested in several cities in the United States.
  • 3,000 high school and middle school students in Las Vegas walk out of class to protest. Some college and community college students join them on their protest; many were charged with truancy.[24]
  • Approximately 6,000 people met at Chicano Park in San Diego and walked through Downtown to City College. Most of the attendees were from several middle and high schools.[citation needed]

Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... This page is about the current Arizona Senator; for his father, a U.S. Representative from Iowa, see John Kyl; for a U.S. Representative from Mississippi with a similar name, see John Kyle. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Los Angeles City Hall is the center of government in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Colorado State Capitol Building The Colorado State Capitol Building, located in Denver, Colorado, is the home of the Colorado legislature. ... Denver redirects here. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... In the United States, a town square is an area in the middle of a traditional town consisting of a park or plaza and surrounded by small shops. ... Tower City may refer to: Tower City, Pennsylvania Tower City, North Dakota This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Legislation Pending in Congress Something akin to a panic has descended upon the immigrants’ rights community with the introduction in December 2005 of Republican House Judiciary Committee Chairman Sensenbrenner’s HR 4437, The Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Detroit redirects here. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... Los Angeles City Hall is the center of government in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... LP Field is a football stadium in Nashville, Tennessee, used primarily as the home stadium of the NFLs Tennessee Titans, but also used by Tennessee State University. ... Nashville redirects here. ... Reagan High School John H. Reagan High School is a secondary school located at 413 East 13th Street in Houston, Texas with a zip code of 77008. ... Houston redirects here. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Chicano Park is a 7. ... San Diego redirects here. ...

April

Students Of Jersey City's McNair Academic High School gather to protest the proposed H.R. 4437 at Liberty State Park after walking out of their school at 2:00pm on April 10, 2006.
  • Atlanta, Georgia, at least 50,000 people rallied for both pro-amnesty and anti-amnesty.[36]
  • Boston, Massachusetts, approximately 2,000 demonstrators march from Boston Common to Copley Square.[37]
  • Charleston, South Carolina, at least 4,000 people gathered and protested the inability of lawmakers to agree on legislation that would lead to citizenship.[38]
  • Fort Myers, Florida, an estimated 75,000 people took part in "The Great March" which affected traffic in nearby areas of the march. The stream of protesters was at least a mile long at times.[39]
  • Grand Junction, Colorado 3,000 plus marched between two city parks, delegations were sent from all over Western Colorado.
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, anywhere from 10,000 to 20,000 protesters halt traffic Downtown. Speeches took place outside of the City-County Building throughout the afternoon.[40]
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, a well organized march of approximately 3,000 people was held. Protesters marched two miles from Jaycee Park to the Federal Courthouse during the first day of the Clark Country Spring Break, waving Mexican and American flags alike. They protested in favor of amnesty.[41]
  • Lexington, Kentucky, over 10,000 people gathered at the courthouse plaza in downtown Lexington in support of comprehensive immigration reform, at 10-10-10, the largest rally in recent Kentucky History.
  • Pensacola, Florida, over 1,000 people gathered in Martin Luther King, Jr Plaza in downtown Pensacola to protest pending legislation that would enact penalties on undocumented immigrants and their employers.
  • Phoenix, Arizona, at least 100,000 people took to the streets.[42]
  • New York City, between 70,000 and 125,000 people demonstrated in front of City Hall. Senators Hillary Clinton and Chuck Schumer spoke at the rally. Neither called for amnesty, though many of the crowd's signs and chants did.[43]
  • Oakland, California, an estimated 10,000 people took part in the demonstration.[44]
  • Salt Lake City, Utah, a unity rally was held at the City-County Building; there were an estimated 15,000 protesters.[45]
  • San Antonio, Texas, an estimated 18,000 people marched from Milam Park to the Federal Building in downtown.
  • San Jose, California, an estimated 25,000 demonstrators marched several miles from King and Story to city hall. Highway access to US-101 and I-680 was closed, causing significant traffic backups.[46]
  • Seattle, Washington, between 15,000 and 25,000 marched to a rally at the federal building where speakers in support of the demonstrators, such as Mayor Greg Nickels and County Executive Ron Sims spoke. Just five thousand were expected.[47]
  • April 11: Several protests occurred in Nevada.
  • In Las Vegas, Nevada, a rally with an estimated minimum of 300+ was held at the Cashman Center; several important opposition figures showed up, such as Jim Gilchrist, the Nevada Secretary of State, local radio host Mark Edwards, and numerous state Minuteman Project branches to protest against amnesty.[48]
  • In Carson City, Nevada, an estimated 200 students walked out of class, rallying in front of the Governor's Mansion.[49]
  • In Reno, Nevada, between 2,000 to 4,000 protesters marched through the downtown area, from the University of Nevada, Reno campus to the Bruce R. Thompson Federal Building, and continued to a designated spot near the Meadowood Mall. Traffic was held and diverted along South Virginia Street during the march.[50]
  • April 13: Students from several Woodburn, OR (a town with a large Hispanic community) schools marched out of class.[51]
  • April 19: Students from various Denver high schools and middle schools walked out of class and marched to the capitol.[52]
  • April 27: Approximately 200 volunteers and supporters built a 6 foot high, quarter mile section of barbed wire fencing along the Mexico and United States border to send a clear message to Americans and leaders in Washington regarding the lack of security at our borders.[53]
  • April 28: Nuestro Himno, a Spanish language rendition of the Star Spangled Banner, is played simultaneously on about 500 Spanish language radio stations across the country. President Bush denounced the effort saying the National Anthem should be sung in English[54]

For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... OKC redirects here. ... For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... Foley Square is a city park situated in lower Manhattan on the site of the historic Five Corners neighborhood and named after a prominent Tammany Hall district leader and local saloon owner, Thomas F. “Big Tom” Foley (1852-1925). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Paramount Theatre under renovation, downtown Aurora. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Dome of the Cathedral of Saint Paul The Cathedral of Saint Paul is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city of St Paul, Minnesota. ... Minnesota State Capitol at Night The Minnesota State Capitol is located in Minnesotas capital city, Saint Paul, and houses the Minnesota Senate, Minnesota House of Representatives, the Office of the Attorney General and the Office of the Governor. ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States of America. ... “Des Moines” redirects here. ... Image File history File links YEAH!.jpg Summary Students from Jersey City, NJs, McNair Academic High School gather at a protest at Liberty State Park on April 10, 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links YEAH!.jpg Summary Students from Jersey City, NJs, McNair Academic High School gather at a protest at Liberty State Park on April 10, 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Location of Jersey City within Hudson County Coordinates: , Country State County Hudson Government  - Mayor Jerramiah T. Healy  - Business Administrator Brian P. OReilly Area  - City 21. ... Dr. Ronald E. McNair Academic High School is a public high school located at 123 Coles Street in Jersey City, in Hudson County, New Jersey. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Boston redirects here. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Reno redirects here. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Indianapolis redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... Knoxville redirects here. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... Image:Boston common Boston Massachusetts USA.jpg Boston Common in 2005, with the State House looming in the background 1890 Map of Boston Common and the adjacent Public Garden View of the Water Celebration, on Boston Common, October 25th 1848 Boston Common Engraving For the television series, see Boston Common... Trinity Church with the Old John Hancock Tower in Copley Square Trinity Church reflected in the windows of the John Hancock Tower Copley Square is an area of the Back Bay district of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... Fort Myers is the county seatGR6 and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ... Mt. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... Nickname: Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... REDIRECT Hillary Rodham Clinton   This is a redirect from a title with another method of capitalisation. ... Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is the senior U.S. Senator from the state of New York, serving since 1999. ... Oakland redirects here. ... For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... The intersection of King and Story serves as an important marker for the center of a neighborhood in East San Jose, California. ... Highway 101 redirects here. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-280 SCL 0. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels Gregory J. Greg Nickels (born August 7, 1955) became the 51st and current mayor of Seattle, Washington on January 1, 2002. ... Ron Sims, born in 1948, is currently the King County Executive. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... James Jim Gilchrist (born 1949) is the founder of the Minuteman Project, a group whose aim is to prevent illegal immigration across the USAs southern border. ... This is an incomplete list of Secretaries of State for each state in the United States. ... Mark Edwards Mark Edwards is the current host of the radio show Wake up America, Monday-Fridays from 10:00 PM {PST} – 12:00 AM {PST} for KDWN-AM 720, and is very passionate about the topic of illegal aliens; the primary topics on the show relate to illegal aliens... The Minuteman Project Civil Defense Corps was started in April 2005 by a group of American citizens to deter illegal crossings of the United States–Mexico border. ... Look up Amnesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: Proud of its Past. ... Reno redirects here. ... Meadowood Mall is a one-level, 900,000 sf super-regional mall anchored by Reno’s only Macy’s Women, Macy’s Men/Home, Sears and JCPenney. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... (Spanish for Our Anthem) is a Spanish-language version of the United States national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner. The debut of the translation came amid a growing controversy over immigration in the United States (see 2006 U.S. immigration reform protests). ... Nicholson took the copy Key gave him to a printer, where it was published as a broadside on September 17 under the title The Defence of Fort McHenry, with an explanatory note explaining the circumstances of its writing. ...

May

A rally on May 1 in Chicago
  • May 1: The "Great American Boycott" takes place across the United States and at a few locations abroad.[55]
    • An estimated 75,000 protested in Denver[citation needed] and over a million in L.A.[citation needed]
    • The El Paso, Texas area saw close to 2,000 marchers that walked m from Sunland Park, New Mexico to the San Jacinto Plaza in downtown; another segment of marchers walked from the Chamizal Memorial National Park to the same downtown plaza. Numerous college students from local universities, New Mexico State and the University of Texas at El Paso also participated.[citation needed]
    • Austin, Texas, witnessed a gathering of thousands of residents.[citation needed]
    • An estimated 400,000 marched in Chicago, according to police, though organizers pegged the total at closer to 700,000[56]
    • The boycott was said to have had "little economic impact" in Arizona[57]
    • Modesto, California saw close to 10,000 people marching in the streets, possibly the largest assembly of people in the city's history. Major city streets were shut down as a direct result.[58]
    • Boston, Massachusetts had 2,000-2,500 people rally in Boston Commons, Chelsea, East Boston, and Somerville. There were also university and high school walkouts to a rally at Harvard Square, which then joined the Boston Commons rally.[citation needed]
    • Over 15,000 protesters were reported in Santa Barbara, California.[59]
    • Some supporters have hailed this as "the most important boycott since the days of the civil rights movement"[60].
    • Approximately 20,000 marched in the Bay Area of California[61].
    • A California newspaper reported that an altercation took place between police and protesters.[62]
    • Local news estimates that 3,000+ people marched from Jaycee Park in Las Vegas, Nevada; some local businesses suffered but the majority of businesses felt no financial impact.[63]
    • According to the L.A. Observed, an altercation occurred between protestors and police at McArthur Park in Los Angeles.[64]
    • Around 1,000 protesters in Tijuana, Mexico blocked the international border crossing in support of rights for illegal immigrants.
Immigrant rights protest in the US/Mexico border in Tijuana
  • May 2: The Minuteman Project says that 400 new members joined in April in response to the protests.[65]
  • May 3: In response to the pro-immigration reform boycott, the Minutemen started a two-vehicle caravan across the United States which reached Washington, D.C. on May 12.[66][67]
  • May 25: The United States Senate passes S. 2611 which includes a path to citizenship for up to 8.5 million illegal immigrants.

Image File history File linksMetadata May_1_2006_Rally_in_Chicago. ... Image File history File linksMetadata May_1_2006_Rally_in_Chicago. ... A flyer for the May 1st, 2006 Great American Boycott events in Los Angeles, California. ... Modesto is the county seat of Stanislaus County in the U.S. state of California. ... Boston redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Tijuana (Spanish [], English usually []), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... Image File history File links Protests. ... Image File history File links Protests. ... Tijuana (Spanish [], English usually []), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Senate Bill 2611 (Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act) (abbreviated CIRA), is a United States Senate bill dealing with immigration reform. ...

Legislation

Main article: H.R. 4437

H.R. 4437 (The Border Protection, Anti terrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005) was passed by the United States House of Representatives on December 16, 2005 by a vote of 239 to 182. It is also known as the "Sensenbrenner Bill," for its sponsor in the House of Representatives, Jim Sensenbrenner. H.R. 4437 was seen by many as the catalyst for the 2006 U.S. immigration reform protests. Radio Station advertisement in Spanish in East Los Angeles against the H.R.4437. ... Radio Station advertisement in Spanish in East Los Angeles against the H.R.4437. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Frank James (Jim) Sensenbrenner, Jr. ...


Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 previously amnestied 2.7 million illegal aliens. The Immigration Reform and Control Act (Simpson-Mazzoli Act (IRCA), Pub. ...


The companion bill passed by the United States Senate is S. 2611, which never passed conference committee. The House Republican leadership, stated that it rejects S. 2611 wholly and will pass legislation that only addresses border security. The end of the 109th Congress marked the death of this bill. Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Senate Bill 2611 (Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act) (abbreviated CIRA), is a United States Senate bill dealing with immigration reform. ... A conference committee in the United States Congress and bicamerial state legislature is a committee appointed by the members of the upper and lower house to resolve disagreements on a bill passed in different versions of each House. ...


Organizations

The following organizations mobilized from hundreds (FAIR) to millions of people (Great American Boycott) around immigration reform in the United States during 2006. The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) is a non-partisan, non-profit 501(c)(3) educational organization in the United States that advocates for reforms of U.S. immigration policies that would result in significant immigration reduction. ... A flyer for the May 1st, 2006 Great American Boycott events in Los Angeles, California. ...

A flyer for the May 1st, 2006 Great American Boycott events in Los Angeles, California. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Wilshire Boulevard in the Miracle Mile District, looking east toward Downtown Los Angeles Wilshire Boulevard in Westwood, looking east toward the Millionaires Mile Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west arterial roads in Los Angeles, California. ... The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) is a non-partisan, non-profit 501(c)(3) educational organization in the United States that advocates for reforms of U.S. immigration policies that would result in significant immigration reduction. ... The Minuteman Project Civil Defense Corps was started in April 2005 by a group of American citizens to deter illegal crossings of the United States–Mexico border. ... The American Patrol is an organization that claims to advocate soverignty, law, order, and the removal of illegal aliens that are criminals and/or terrorists. ...

See also

In 2004, United States President George W. Bush proposed a guest worker program to absorb migrant laborers who would otherwise come to the U.S. as illegal aliens. ... Radio Station advertisement in Spanish in East Los Angeles against the H.R.4437. ... Senate Bill 2611 (Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act) (abbreviated CIRA), is a United States Senate bill dealing with immigration reform. ... A flyer for the May 1st, 2006 Great American Boycott events in Los Angeles, California. ...

References

  1. ^ Gillian Flaccus, The Boston Globe: "Spanish-language media credited on pro-immigrant rallies" March 29, 2006
  2. ^ Melissa Block, NPR-All Things Considered: "Spanish D.J. Organizes Immigration-Reform Protests" March 28, 2006
  3. ^ NPR-Day to Day: "Immigration Protests, Part 1: Spanish-Language Media" April 7, 2006
  4. ^ "The foreign flag rule" by Clarence Page, The Baltimore Sun, April 14, 2006, accessed April 14, 2006.
  5. ^ Student punished for American flag incident by Tracy Garcia, Whittier Daily News, April 1, 2006, and "The American Flag Comes Second" by Michelle Malkin, posted March 29, 2006 01:15 AM. Both accessed April 14, 2006.
  6. ^ "Protesters work to change image" by Peter Prengaman, Associated Press, Long Beach Press-Telegram, April 11, 2006, accessed April 14, 2006.
  7. ^ "Immigrants Must Choose" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, April 14, 2006, accessed April 14, 2006.
  8. ^ "The Signs You Don't See..." by Michelle Malkin, posted April 11, 2006 12:14 PM, accessed April 14, 2006.
  9. ^ "Mexico says U.S. group burning Mexican flag is unacceptable" KVOA TV, Tucson, AZ, April 11, 2006, accessed April 14, 2006.
  10. ^ "The foreign flag rule" by Clarence Page, The Baltimore Sun, April 14, 2006, accessed April 14, 2006.
  11. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/02/AR2006050201805.html
  12. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/02/AR2006050201728.html
  13. ^ http://www.nashvillecitypaper.com/index.cfm?section_id=9&screen=news&news_id=49693
  14. ^ Bahadur, Gaiutra, "Workers step from shadows", Philadelphia Inquirer, February 15, 2006, p. A1.
  15. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/northshore/chi-0605030060may03,1,3397557.story?coll=chi-newslocalnorthshore-hed
  16. ^ Mark Johnson and Linda Spice,Thousands marched for immigrants, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 23, 2006
  17. ^ Yvonne Wingett and Daniel González, Immigrants protested in Valley, cities across U.S., The Arizona Republic, March 28, 2006
  18. ^ http://www.nshp.org/?q=node/1574
  19. ^ Teresa Watanabe and Hector Becerra. "How DJs Put 500,000 Marchers in Motion", LA Times, 2006-03-28. 
  20. ^ Kirk Mitchell and Annette Espinoza, Tens of thousands protest bill, The Denver Post, March 25, 2006
  21. ^ Cite error 8; No text given.
  22. ^ Cite error 8; No text given.
  23. ^ http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=local&id=4040574
  24. ^ "Roughly 1,000 Las Vegas high schoolers protest immigration reform", KVBC, 2006-03-29. 
  25. ^ Herbert Lowe, Rally in NYC, Newsday, April 2, 2006
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ http://sandiego.indymedia.org/en/2006/04/115129.shtml
  28. ^ Dallas Hosts Record-Setting Rally, NBC5i, April 9, 2006
  29. ^ 50,000 throng downtown in immigrant-rights march, San Diego Union-Tribune, April 10, 2006
  30. ^ Thousands of immigrants march for rights in St. Paul, KARE11, April 10, 2006
  31. ^ Abby Simons and Megan Hawkins, Immigrants: 'No Human Being is Illegal', Des Moines Register, April 9, 2006
  32. ^ KXAN, [2]
  33. ^ Karen Jacobs, Immigration rallies sweep through U.S. cities, Reuters, April 10, 2006
  34. ^ Maria Newman, Immigration Advocates Rally Around U.S., The New York Times, April 10, 2006
  35. ^ [3]
  36. ^ [4]
  37. ^ http://www.thebostonchannel.com/newsarchive/8603503/detail.html
  38. ^ [5]
  39. ^ NBC2.com, "Over 75,000 take part in protest march", April 12, 2006
  40. ^ [6]
  41. ^ [7]
  42. ^ [8]
  43. ^ [9]
  44. ^ Staff writer, "Oakland Adds Voice to Growing National Debate", Oakland Tribune, April 11, 2006.
  45. ^ Jennifer W. Sanchez, "Latinos set demonstrations dates", Salt Lake Tribune
  46. ^ Jessie Mangaliman, Joe Rodriguez and Sandra Gonzales, 25,000 march downtown, San Jose Mercury News
  47. ^ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/266257_rally11.html
  48. ^ http://www.thewakeupamericafoundation.com/000waf-events.shtml
  49. ^ http://www.nevadaappeal.com/article/20060328/NEWS/103280055&SearchID=73241356192303
  50. ^ http://news.rgj.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060410/NEWS18/604100343
  51. ^ Derek Sciba. "Woodburn students march over immigration", KATU, April 13, 2006. 
  52. ^ "Views from the Capitol rally", Rocky Mountain News, April 20, 2006. 
  53. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2006/04/30/state/n072238D91.DTL
  54. ^ [10]
  55. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060501/ts_nm/usa_immigration_dc_4;_ylt=AkjwDajLSyPDxBZuyV3pndpQuk0A;_ylu=X3oDMTBiMW04NW9mBHNlYwMlJVRPUCUl
  56. ^ http://www.suntimes.com/output/news/cst-nws-immigcrowd02.html
  57. ^ http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0501boycott-econ-ON.html
  58. ^ http://www.indybay.org/news/2006/05/1819412.php
  59. ^ http://www.newspress.com/Top/index.jsp
  60. ^ http://www.agrnews.org/?section=archives&cat_id=20&article_id=478
  61. ^ http://www.indybay.org/archives/archive_by_id.php?id=4517&category_id=56
  62. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/northcounty/20060502-9999-7m2vista.html
  63. ^ http://www.kvbc.com/Global/story.asp?S=4848128
  64. ^ http://www.laobserved.com/archive/2006/05/police_fighting_with_prot.php
  65. ^ http://cbs5.com/topstories/local_story_122200429.html
  66. ^ http://www.nashvillecitypaper.com/index.cfm?section_id=9&screen=news&news_id=49693
  67. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/homepage/abox/article_1132964.php

The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel is a daily morning broadsheet printed in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Denver Post is a daily newspaper and online website published in Denver, Colorado. ... KVBC, channel 3 (digital channel 2), is the NBC affiliate serving the Las Vegas, Nevada market. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Newsday is a daily tabloid-size newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the New York City metropolitan area. ... The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California by the Copley Press. ... The Des Moines Register is the daily morning newspaper of Des Moines, Iowa, in the United States. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Marquis of the Salt Lake Tribune on the Tribune Building in Downtown Salt Lake City The Salt Lake Tribune is Salt Lake City, Utahs largest-circulated local daily newspaper. ... The Mercs sections vary by day of the week, but Business, Sports, and The Valley are standard daily fare. ... KATU is a television station in Portland, Oregon, USA. An ABC affiliate, it broadcasts its analog signal on VHF channel 2 and its digital signal on UHF channel 43. ... The Rocky Mountain News is a daily morning tabloid-format newspaper published in Denver, Colorado. ...

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