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Encyclopedia > 2006 North Korean nuclear test
North Korea nuclear test

Graphic from the United States Geological Survey showing seismic activity at the time of the test
Type Nuclear test site
Location 41.2943° N 129.1342° E near Kilchu
Operator Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Status Unknown
In use October 9, 2006

The 2006 North Korean nuclear test was the detonation of a nuclear device conducted on October 9, 2006 by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Image File history File links 2006_North_Korean_nuclear_test. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... Kilchu, also variously romanized as Gilju or Kilju, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The director of America's Central Intelligence Agency has said that the test was a "failure" and that the U.S. does not regard North Korea as a nuclear state.[1] North Korea announced its intention to conduct a test on October 3, six days prior, and in doing so became the first nation to give warning of its first nuclear test.[2] The blast is estimated to have had an explosive force of less than one kiloton, and some radioactive output was detected.[3][4] United States officials suggested the device may have been a nuclear explosive that misfired.[3] is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


An anonymous official at the North Korean Embassy in Beijing told a South Korean newspaper that the explosive output was smaller than expected.[5] Due to the secretive nature of North Korea and small yield of the test, there remains some question as to whether it was an unusually small successful test, or a partially failed "fizzle" or dud. An American nuclear test. ...


It was reported the government of the People's Republic of China was given a 20-minute advance warning that the test was about to occur.[6] China sent an emergency alert to Washington, D.C. through the United States embassy in Beijing and President George W. Bush was told by National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley "shortly after" 10 p.m. (UTC-4) that a test was imminent.[7] For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... Stephen J. Hadley Stephen John Hadley (born February 13, 1947 in Toledo, Ohio) is the current U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (commonly referred as National Security Advisor) for President George W. Bush. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7...

Contents

Background

North Korea and weapons
of mass destruction

Events North Korea claims to possess nuclear weapons, and the CIA asserts that it has a substantial arsenal of chemical weapons. ... North Korea claims to possess nuclear weapons, and the CIA asserts that it has a substantial arsenal of chemical weapons. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Weapons There have been a number of North Korean missile tests. ... A North Korean missile test occurred on May 29 and 30 of 1993. ... A Taepodong-1 missile fired in 1998. ... Picture of Taepodong-1 missile test from 1998 Two rounds of North Korean missile tests were conducted on July 5, 2006. ...

  • Taepodong-1
  • Taepodong-2

See also Taepodong-1 is a three-stage intermediate-range ballistic missile developed in North Korea and currently in service there. ... The Taepodong-2 (TD-2, also spelled as Taepo-dong 2[1]), (Korean: 대포동 2호) is a designation used to indicate a North Korean three-stage ballistic missile design that is the successor to the Taepodong-1. ...

v  d  e

North Korea had been suspected of maintaining a clandestine nuclear weapons development program since at least the early 1990s when it constructed a plutonium-producing Magnox nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, and various diplomatic means had been used by the international community to attempt to limit North Korea's nuclear work to peaceful and scientific means and encouraging North Korea to participate in international treaties. In 1994, the United States and North Korea signed the "Agreed Framework", whereby North Korea agreed to freeze its plutonium production program in exchange for fuel, economic cooperation, and the construction of two modern nuclear power plants powered by light-water reactors. Eventually, North Korea's existing nuclear facilities were to be dismantled, and the spent reactor fuel taken out of the country. Musudan-ri is a rocket launching site in North Korea at 40°51′N 129°40′E. It lies in southern North Hamgyong province, near the northern tip of the East Korea Bay. ... On September 9, 2004, there was an event suspected to be a large explosion in North Koreas second northernmost province of Ryanggang. ... The Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center[1] is North Koreas major nuclear facility, operating its first nuclear reactors. ... Korean Peoples Army refers to the armed personnel of the Joseph Stalin. ... General Name, Symbol, Number plutonium, Pu, 94 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight (244) g·mol−1 Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... Schematic diagram of a Magnox nuclear reactor showing gas flow. ... Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... The Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center[1] is North Koreas major nuclear facility, operating its first nuclear reactors. ... The Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea was signed on October 21, 1994 between North Korea (DPRK) and the United States. ... For other uses, see Fuel (disambiguation). ... A nuclear power station. ... A light water reactor or LWR is a thermal nuclear reactor that uses ordinary water (as opposed to heavy water) as its neutron moderator. ...


However, in 2002, rumors circulated that North Korea was pursuing both uranium enrichment technology and plutonium reprocessing technologies in defiance of the Agreed Framework (Pakistani metallurgist Abdul Qadeer Khan confessed in 2004 to selling uranium enrichment technology to North Korea between 1991 and 1997 and additional technology up until 2000[8]). In 1993 a report in the German magazine Stern stated that North Korea had obtained 56 kilograms of plutonium on the black market. North Korea reportedly told American diplomats in private that they were in possession of nuclear weapons, citing American failures to uphold their own end of the "Agreed Framework" as a motivating force. North Korea later clarified that it did not possess weapons yet, but that it had a right to possess them. In late 2002 and early 2003, North Korea began to take steps to eject International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors while re-routing spent fuel rods for plutonium reprocessing for weapons purposes. Throughout the course of 2003, North Korean and American officials exchanged harsh words and staged military exercises which were interpreted by the other party to be aggressive. As late as the end of 2003, North Korea claimed that it would freeze its nuclear program in exchange for American concessions – in particular a non-aggression treaty – but a final agreement was not reached and talks continued to be cancelled or fall through. North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2003 after not receiving light-water reactors promised by the U.S. which were going to be delivered in exchange for North Korea not developing their own power plants, as understood in the "Agreed Framework." These pie-graphs showing the relative proportions of uranium-238 (blue) and uranium-235 (red) at different levels of enrichment. ... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, NI & BAR, HI (Urdu: عبدالقدیر خان) (born April 1, 1936 in Bhopal, British India) is a Pakistani Scientist and metallurgical engineer widely regarded as the founder of Pakistans nuclear program. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ... Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. ... Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Opened for signature July 1, 1968 in New York Entered into force March 5, 1970 Conditions for entry into force Ratification by the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the United States, and 40 other signatory states. ...


In early 2004 a team of American inspectors, led by former Los Alamos National Laboratory director Siegfried S. Hecker, were allowed to inspect North Korea's plutonium production facilities. Hecker later testified before the United States Congress that while North Korea seems to have successfully extracted plutonium from the spent fuel rods, he saw no evidence at the time that they had actually produced a workable weapon. In September 2004, though, North Korean officials announced they had successfully processed Yongbyon plutonium into a workable nuclear deterrent. Through 2005 more diplomatic talks were attempted between the United States, North Korea, South Korea, the People's Republic of China, Japan, and Russia (the six-party talks) but little concrete change occurred. Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... Siegfried S. Hecker while director of Los Alamos National Laboratory. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... South Korean name Chinese name Japanese name Russian name The six-party talks aim to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons program. ...


Because North Korea had not conducted a successful test of a nuclear device, the extent of its actual nuclear weapons program remained ambiguous through 2005 and much of 2006. Though North Korea conducted numerous missile tests (some of which were branded failures by international experts), the question of whether they had actually mastered all aspects of nuclear weapons technology – ranging from material production to complex nuclear weapon design needed to produce the final detonation – remains unanswered. The first nuclear weapons, though large, cumbersome and inefficient, provided the basic design building blocks of all future weapons. ...


North Korean statements

North Korea announces plans to conduct a nuclear test, October 3.

Rumours of an impending nuclear test circulated during 2005 and early 2006, though none came to immediate fruition. On October 3, 2006, however, North Korea claimed that it would soon conduct a nuclear test, and on October 9, 2006, the state claimed to have successfully conducted a test. The Korean Central News Agency, the state's news agency, issued the following statement: [9] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) is the state news agency of North Korea and has existed since December 5, 1946. ...

The field of scientific research in the DPRK successfully conducted an underground nuclear test under secure conditions on October 9, Juche 95 (2006), at a stirring time when all the people of the country are making a great leap forward in the building of a great, prosperous, powerful socialist nation.

It has been confirmed that there was no such danger as radioactive emission in the course of the nuclear test as it was carried out under scientific consideration and careful calculation. Underground nuclear testing refers to experiments with nuclear weapons that are performed underground. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Juche Idea (also Juche Sasang or Chuche; pronounced // in Korean, approximately joo-cheh) is the official state ideology of North Korea and the political system based on it. ...


The nuclear test was conducted with indigenous wisdom and technology 100 percent. It marks an historic event as it greatly encouraged and pleased the KPA and people that have wished to have powerful self-reliant defence capability. Korean Peoples Army refers to the armed personnel of the Joseph Stalin. ...


It will contribute to defending the peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in the area around it. The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ...

Later, the North Korean envoy to the U.N. said it would be better for the Security Council to offer its congratulations rather than pass "useless" resolutions.[10] A United Nations Security Council Resolution is voted on by the fifteen members of the United Nations Security Council, the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...


Threats of war

On October 10, 2006, an unnamed North Korean official was quoted as saying that North Korea could launch a nuclear missile unless the U.S. sits down for face-to-face talks.[11] However, few, if any, military and defense experts believe that the North Koreans possess the technology to mount a nuclear warhead to a ballistic missile.[12] is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A nuclear missile is a type of: missile nuclear weapon It could also refer to a missile with some form of nuclear propulsion, such as the Project Pluto cruise missile. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ...


On October 11, the Associated Press reported that North Korea has threatened war if attempts are made to penalize them through further sanctions.[13] This statement occurred even as Japan moved to tighten sanctions on the communist country.[13] South Korea said they were ensuring their troops were prepared for nuclear war.[13] A U.S. Army major, stationed along the border between North and South Korea, said that the overall situation was "calm" but that "Communist troops were more boldly trying to provoke their southern counterparts: spitting across the demarcation line, making throat-slashing hand gestures, flashing their middle fingers and trying to talk to the troops."[13] is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... “spit” redirects here. ... The finger. ...


On that day, the North Korean Foreign Ministry stated that "if the U.S. keeps pestering us and increases pressure, we will regard it as a declaration of war and will take a series of physical corresponding measures."[14]


On October 17 North Korea denounced U.N. sanctions over its nuclear test as a declaration of war and the United States and other nations suspect that North Korea is seeking to conduct a second nuclear test despite international pressure.[15] is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Kim Jong Il's alleged apology

On October 20, 2006, Kim Jong Il allegedly said that he was "sorry" over his country's nuclear test, and wished to return to talks with the UN. Kim Jong Il was quoted by a Chinese envoy as saying, is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kim Jong-il (born February 16, 1942) has been the leader of North Korea since 1994. ...

If the U.S. makes a concession to some degree, we will also make a concession to some degree, whether it be bilateral talks or six-party talks

Kim Jong Il also said that he has no future plans to test another nuclear device. The U.S. State Department discounted this report.[16]

Return to six-party talks

On October 31, 2006, North Korea agreed to rejoin six-nation disarmament talks. The agreement was struck in a day of unpublicized discussions between the senior envoys from the United States, China and North Korea at a government guesthouse in Beijing. [1] The talks resumed on December 18, 2006 [2]. is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Yield estimates and authenticity

The site vs. 50-year predictions, according to USGS, indicating the probability of the detected blast being due to natural causes.

The apparent low yield of the test has raised questions as to whether it was a successful nuclear detonation, as the North Korean announcement claimed, or whether it was an unsuccessful nuclear detonation. Initially doubts existed as to whether it was a detonation of conventional explosives meant to appear like a nuclear detonation, but detection of airborne radioactive isotopes appears to have confirmed that it was to some degree nuclear.[4] The advance warning of the test sent to the Chinese government reportedly said that the planned test yield was to be equivalent to approximately four kilotons in strength,[17] but most outside estimates, based largely on seismic readings, have put the yield at much less than that. Image File history File links North_Korea_Nuclear_Test. ... Image File history File links North_Korea_Nuclear_Test. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... // The explosive yield of a nuclear weapon is the amount of energy discharged when the weapon is detonated, expressed usually in the equivalent mass of trinitrotoluene (TNT), either in kilotons (thousands of tons of TNT) or megatons (million of tons of TNT), but sometimes also in terajoules (1 kiloton of... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ...


At a meeting with President Putin, Russian Defense Minister Sergey Ivanov stated that "the power of the tests carried out was 5 to 15 kilotons",[18] though this early estimate is now much higher than any other international estimate. An early report by the Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (South Korea) said the blast was equivalent to an earthquake registering 3.58 on the Richter scale,[19] which corresponds to the explosion of 100 tons of TNT. This was later revised to at least 800 tons,[20] corresponding to a blast wave of 4.2. The U.S. Geological Survey also estimates the blast wave at 4.2.[21] (Note that 4.2 is considerably more powerful than 3.58 because the Richter scale is a logarithmic scale.) Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... A logarithmic scale is a scale of measurement that uses the logarithm of a physical quantity instead of the quantity itself. ...


According to Jane's Defence Weekly, "initial and unconfirmed South Korean reports indicate that the test was a fission device with a yield of .55 kT ... The figure of .55 kT, however, seems too low given the 4.2 register on the Richter scale. This could suggest — depending upon the geological make-up of the test site — a yield of 2–12 kT."[22] Janes Defence Weekly (abbreviated as JDW) is a weekly magazine reporting on military and corporate affairs. ...


An official in France's Atomic Energy Commission reported that they estimated the blast was "about or less than a kiloton" and expressed uncertainty about whether or not the blast was actually nuclear.[23][24] There have been various large planned and unplanned non-nuclear explosions comparable in yield to small nuclear detonations, such as the U.S. "Minor Scale" explosion from 1985, which used conventional explosives to simulate a 4 kiloton detonation. According to the Washington Times anonymous U.S. intelligence sources speculated there "was a seismic event that registered about 4 on the Richter scale, but it still isn't clear if it was a nuclear test. You can get that kind of seismic reading from high explosives."[25] The Wall Street Journal explains that this blast was equivalent to the explosive force of about $100,000 worth of ammonium nitrate.[26] International experts have said that it will take some time to confirm whether it was a successful nuclear test, as North Korea claimed, or an unsuccessful one, or perhaps not even a nuclear test at all.[27] The Commissariat à lÉnergie Atomique or CEA, the Atomic Energy Commisson, in English, is a French public establishment of an industrial and commercial character whose mission is to develop all applications of atomic energy, both civilian and military. ... Since the invention of high explosives, there have been a number of extremely large explosions, many accidental. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Related Compounds Other anions Ammonium nitrite; ammonium perchlorate Other cations Sodium nitrate; potassium nitrate; hydroxylammonium nitrate Related compounds Nitrous oxide Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 Â°C, 100 kPa) Infobox disclaimer and references The chemical compound ammonium nitrate, the nitrate of...


By comparison, the first plutonium-core nuclear device tested by the United States (Trinity test) had a yield of 20 kilotons of TNT, and the first nuclear device detonated by India in 1974, though of primitive design, had a yield in the region of 12 kilotons of TNT. If the North Korean nuclear test is less than even a kiloton in yield, it would be a historically small inaugural nuclear test. Even if it were as many as the reported intentional yield of 4 kt it would be the smallest nuclear test ever conducted by a state as its first test. While some advanced nuclear powers have developed very small tactical nuclear weapons which are in the low-kiloton range, these are generally regarded as being far more technologically challenging than developing weapons in the 15-20 kiloton range, requiring advanced weapons materials and core geometries.[28] The Trinity test was the first test of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States on July 16, 1945 at , thirty miles (48 km) southeast of Socorro on what is now White Sands Missile Range, headquartered near Alamogordo, New Mexico. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ...


If the North Korean device has fallen significantly short of its predicted yield, it could be classified as a fizzle, indicating that some aspect of the nuclear weapon design or material production did not function correctly. In a fizzle the warhead blows itself apart too fast for the nuclear reactions to generate a large amount of energy, or fails to form a supercritical mass for some other reason. This can indicate poor containment, design, or material quality, but not necessarily the lack of ability to correct the flaw. The first nuclear weapons, though large, cumbersome and inefficient, provided the basic design building blocks of all future weapons. ...


In plutonium-based weapons a fizzle can result from predetonation, insufficient precision in the explosive lenses used to compress the plutonium core, or impurities in the plutonium itself, among other factors.[28] General Name, Symbol, Number plutonium, Pu, 94 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight (244) g·mol−1 Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... Modern high explosive lenses. ... The first nuclear weapons, though large, cumbersome and inefficient, provided the basic design building blocks of all future weapons. ...


On October 13, 2006, CNN reported that two U.S. government officials with access to classified information stated that the initial air sampling over North Korea shows no indication of radioactive debris from the event that North Korea says was an underground nuclear test. Some hours later, the report was reversed and stated there was evidence of radiation, though not enough data has been collected yet to be conclusive. The newspaper Hankyoreh reported an unnamed North Korean diplomat had acknowledged that the actual yield was smaller than expected.[29] is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...


On October 14, 2006, the United States government reported that a test had found radioactive gas compatible with a nuclear explosion.[3] is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The office of John Negroponte, the US National Intelligence Director confirmed that the size of the explosion was less than 1 kiloton.[30] John Dimitri Negroponte (born July 21, 1939 in the United Kingdom) (IPA ) is an American (of Greek origin) career diplomat. ...


Test site location

A map of the Korean peninsula. The estimated location of the test (41.311°N, 129.114°E) is marked in red.
NASA Blue Marble Image of estimated location of the test (41.2943° N 129.1342° E)

According to initial reports from South Korean government sources, the test was carried out at a mountain in Musadan-ri in Hwadae-kun, near the city of Kilchu, in North Hamgyŏng province on the northeast coast.[31] However, later reports from the state National Intelligence Service identified the site as being a place in Sangpyong-ri, about 15 km from the coastal city of Kimchaek and about 50 km west of Musadan-ri.[32] Image File history File links 2006_North_Korean_nuclear_test. ... Image File history File links 2006_North_Korean_nuclear_test. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1007x616, 343 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2006 North Korean nuclear test ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1007x616, 343 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2006 North Korean nuclear test ... Hwadae is a county in southern North Hamgyong province, North Korea, with an area of about 460 km² and a population of approximately 70,000. ... Kilchu, also variously romanized as Gilju or Kilju, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... The National Intelligence Service (NIS) is the chief intelligence agency of South Korea. ... Kimchaek, formerly Sŏngjin (성진), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. ...


The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources reported seismic waves measuring 3.58 on the Richter scale.[19] The United States Geological Survey reported that a seismic event occurred at 01:35:27 UTC (10:35:27 a.m. local time, UTC+9) on October 9, 2006 and measured 4.2 on the Richter scale. It occurred at the geographic coordinates 41°17′38.4″N, 129°08′2.4″E with a horizontal location uncertainty of ±9.6 km (6.0 miles). This is 73 km (45 miles) north of Kimchaek, 90 km (55 miles) southwest of Chongjin, 180 km (112 miles) south of Yanji, and 385 km (240 miles) northeast of Pyongyang.[33] InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Japan Standard Time Korea Standard Time External links Find cities currently in UTC+9 Category: ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... Kimchaek, formerly Sŏngjin (성진), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. ... Chŏngjin (Chŏngjin-si), North Koreas third largest city. ... Yánjí (Chinese: 延吉; pinyin: ) is the capital city of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. ... Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ...


Further testing?

October 11 false alarm

A suspected second North Korean nuclear test was reported by the Japanese broadcaster NHK the next day on October 11, 2006. While the Japanese government confirmed there was a tremor, it claimed no knowledge of whether it was due to a nuclear test.[34][35] The second tremor was a magnitude 5.8, which is larger than the earthquake caused by the first possible nuclear explosion.[36] United States and South Korean sources stated it was unlikely the event was due to a nuclear test.[37] The earthquake did not occur in North Korea but east of Japan in a seismically-active area of the Pacific.[38] NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article describes the structure of the Japanese Government For an outlook on current and historical political events, see Politics of Japan. ... For Korea as a whole, see Korea. ... Pacific redirects here. ...


Evidence of second test preparation

On October 16, 2006, U.S. spy satellites detected vehicles and people near the site of North Korea's initial nuclear test. U.S. officials said they could not be certain of what the North Koreans were doing in the area, but the activity could be preparations for a second nuclear blast, NBC and ABC said. [39] is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the television network. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ...


On October 18, 2006, U.S. officials say North Korea's military has informed the People's Republic of China it intends to carry out a series of underground nuclear tests, NBC News reported. [40] The Associated Press, citing CNN Television, reports that the North Koreans have informed the People's Republic of China that they are prepared to make "as many as three additional tests." [41] No further tests occurred in 2006, however. is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


International reaction

Main article: International reactions to the 2006 North Korean nuclear test

International condemnation of the tests by governments has been nearly unanimous, including from North Korea's close ally and benefactor,[42] the People's Republic of China. All five veto-wielding permanent members of the United Nations Security Council condemned the nuclear test. On October 10, however, South Korean Prime Minister Han Myung-Sook told Parliament that South Korea will not support any United Nations resolution containing military measures against North Korea in retaliation for its nuclear test.[43] The People's Republic of China and Russia have also ruled out "military measures" against North Korea. The Japanese government also deemed the nuclear test "totally unforgivable." International reactions to the 2006 North Korean nuclear test were nearly unanimous in their condemnation and denunciation of the test. ... “Security Council” redirects here. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Han Myung-Sook (한명숙, 韓明淑, born March 24, 1944) is a Korean deputy from the ruling Uri Party. ... In the technical terminology of political science the PRC was a communist state for much of the 20th century, and is still considered a communist state by many, though not all, political scientists. ...


Economic impact

Negative economic effects were seen throughout the region after the test. South Korea's KOSPI index fell 2.4% to 1319.4,[44] forcing the Korea Exchange to suspend trading for five minutes upon receiving the news.[45] The Japanese and Taiwanese stock exchanges were closed for a market holiday on the day of the test.[46] The Japanese yen also fell to a seven-month low against the United States dollar while oil on the world market rose above US$60 a barrel.[47] Gold prices rose 1% as a safe haven investment.[48] Several stock markets in Asia from Singapore to Manila have traded lower possibly due to the tests.[49] American stock markets were mixed, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average down at its open the next day; however, at 10:30 a.m. EDT, the Dow rebounded and concluded the day with an increase of 7.60 points (+0.06%).[50]. NSE and BSE of India, however, showed some strength. The Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) is an index of all companies traded on the Korea Stock Exchange. ... This article discusses buying gold as an investment. ... Linear graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today Logarithmic graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSE: DJI, also called the DJIA, Dow 30, or informally the Dow Jones or The Dow) is one of several stock market indices created by nineteenth-century... NSE may be: Nagoya Stock Exchange (Japan) National Stock Exchange (Chicago) National Stock Exchange of India Network SouthEast a former sector of British Rail. ... The Three-Letter Acronym or Abbreviation (TLA) BSE could stand for Bachelor of Science in Engineering Baku Stock Exchange Barbados Stock Exchange Battle Space Entity (military simulations) Black Sun Empire - Dutch drum and bass production trio Bolshaya Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya (Большая Советская Энциклопедия, Great Soviet Encyclopedia) - the most comprehensive encyclopedia ever written in Russian...


United Nations' response

On October 14, 2006, the UN Security Council unanimously approved limited military and economic sanctions against North Korea. All five permanent members stated that the sanctions, set out in UNSC Resolution 1718, were intended to penalize the country's regime, not inhabitants. They also stated that if North Korea were willing to cooperate and complied with all the measures contained in the resolution, the sanctions would be lifted. The U.S. compromised on its initial desire to block all imports of military equipment, and to have an unlimited reference to Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter so providing a legal justification for future military action, in order to gain full support for the resolution.[51] United Nations Security Council Resolution 1718 was adopted unanimously by the United Nations Security Council on 14 October 2006. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... United Nations Security Council Resolution 1718 was adopted unanimously by the United Nations Security Council on 14 October 2006. ... Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Councils powers to maintain peace. ...


See also

Related topics

Wikinews story chronology

2005
2006

North Korea claims to possess nuclear weapons, and the CIA asserts that it has a substantial arsenal of chemical weapons. ... South Korean name Chinese name Japanese name Russian name The six-party talks aim to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons program. ... U.S.-North Korea relations developed primarily during the Korean War, but in recent years have been largely defined by the United States suspicions regarding North Koreas nuclear programs, and North Koreas perception of an imminent U.S. attack. ... The Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea was signed on October 21, 1994 between North Korea (DPRK) and the United States. ... Japanese-Korean relations are a controversial issue. ... The Japan-North Korea Pyongyang Declaration, signed in 2002, was the result of the first Japan-North Korea summit meeting. ... // The explosive yield of a nuclear weapon is the amount of energy discharged when the weapon is detonated, expressed usually in the equivalent mass of trinitrotoluene (TNT), either in kilotons (thousands of tons of TNT) or megatons (million of tons of TNT), but sometimes also in terajoules (1 kiloton of... A Taepodong missile A North Korean Missile Test was conducted on July 5, 2006 (Korean time). ... United Nations Security Council Resolution 1718 was adopted unanimously by the United Nations Security Council on 14 October 2006. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ CIA's Hayden: North Korea Nuke Test 'Was a Failure'
  2. ^ "N. Korea to conduct 'safe' nuclear test", UPI, October 3, 2006
  3. ^ a b c "U.S.: Test Points to N. Korea Nuke Blast", Guardian Unlimited, October 14, 2006
  4. ^ a b North Korea Nuclear Test Confirmed by U.S. Intelligence Agency.
  5. ^ " Dud or deception? Experts examine N. Korea claims", CNN, October 10, 2006
  6. ^ North Korea says conducted nuclear test. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  7. ^ Test follows warning from U.N.. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  8. ^ David E. Sanger, "Pakistan Leader Confirms Nuclear Exports," New York Times (13 September 2005): A10.
  9. ^ DPRK Successfully Conducts Underground Nuclear Test. KCNA (2006-10-10). Retrieved on 2006-10-10.
  10. ^ US Asks for Tough UN Sanctions On North Korea Voice of America 9 October 2006
  11. ^ North Korean test 'went wrong,' U.S. official says. Retrieved on 2006-10-11.
  12. ^ Nuclear Weapons Program - North Korea. Retrieved on 2006-10-11.
  13. ^ a b c d Greimel, Hans. "North Korea threatens war over sanctions", Associated Press, 11 October 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-11. 
  14. ^ North Korea: Increased U.S. Pressure Would Be 'Act of War' Fox News October 11, 2006
  15. ^ North Korea Declares UN Scanctions As An Declaration Of warYahoo News October 17, 2006
  16. ^ "Report: Kim ‘sorry’ about N. Korea nuclear test", NBC News, The Associated Press and Reuters, October 20, 2006. 
  17. ^ cnn.com, U.S. official: 'Something went wrong' on blast
  18. ^ North Korea's Power Checked. Retrieved on 2006-10-11.
  19. ^ a b 지진파가 나옵니다. 폭발입니다 Seismic waves. An Explosion. (Korean). Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  20. ^ 북핵 실험의 규모와 의미 The Scale and Implication of North Korea's Nuclear Test (Korean). Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  21. ^ http://www.defensetech.org/archives/002832.html
  22. ^ North Korea claims nuclear test. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  23. ^ France says North Korean blast 'about half a kiloton'.
  24. ^ Scientists Probe North Korea Nuke Test 9 October 2006
  25. ^ Gertiz, Bill, U.S. doubts Korean test was nuclear, Washington Times, October 10, 2006
  26. ^ Seitz, Russel. "Commentary - Parody Physics Package?", Wall Street Journal, 13 October 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-13. 
  27. ^ Success, failure or bluff? Scientists pore over data. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  28. ^ a b For general reference on the history of nuclear weapons and on general parameters of nuclear weapons design, see, for example, Carey Sublette's Nuclear Weapon Archive (esp. the Nuclear Weapons Frequently Asked Questions section). For detailed information, see Chuck Hansen, The Swords of Armageddon: US nuclear weapons development since 1945 (Sunnyvale, CA: Chukelea Publications, 1995).
  29. ^ cnn.com, U.S. official: 'Something went wrong' on blast
  30. ^ US confirms N Korea nuclear test. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  31. ^ N Korea's nuclear test backlash. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  32. ^ North Korean nuclear test site. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  33. ^ Magnitude 4.2 - NORTH KOREA. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  34. ^ "N.Korea may have conducted another nuclear test: NHK," Reuters, 11 Oct. 2006
  35. ^ "N. Korea may have done 2nd nuke test", MSNBC, 11 Oct. 2006.
  36. ^ "Japan reports magnitude-6.0 earthquake", Associated Press, October 11, 2006
  37. ^ "U.S., South Korean, monitors deny Japan report North Korea conducted 2nd test", Associated Press, October 11, 2006
  38. ^ "Magnitude 5.8 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN Tuesday, October 10, 2006 at 23:58:07 UTC", United States Geological Survey, October 11, 2006
  39. ^ Activity at NKorea Test Site. Retrieved on 2006-10-16.
  40. ^ NKorea to China: NK will conduct more nuclear tests. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  41. ^ N. Korea informs China of plan to conduct 3 more nuke tests: CNN+. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  42. ^ North Korea's neighbors caution it not to conduct nuclear test. Retrieved on 2006-10-10.
  43. ^ South Korea opposes any UN military measures against North. Retrieved on 2006-10-10.
  44. ^ Seoul stocks tumble after North Korea confirms nuke test. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  45. ^ N Korea says conducted nuclear test. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  46. ^ Market impact. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  47. ^ Nth Korea says nuclear test conducted. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  48. ^ Gold prices rise 1%. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  49. ^ Asian stocks tumble on North Korean nuclear test announcement. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  50. ^ Current Dow Jones Industrial Average trading. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  51. ^ (November 2006) "North Korean Test Provokes Widespread Condemnation". Arms Control Today. Retrieved on 2006-11-05. 

Front of UPI Headquarters, Washington, D.C. “UPI” redirects here. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international newspaper. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikinews has related news:
North Korea claims it has conducted a nuclear test
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
2006 North Korean nuclear test
  • Feature: North Korean Nuclear Test, Arms Control Today, November 2006
  • UN-Resolution 1718 full text
  • USGS Earthquake Details
  • Seismic data from Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology
  • Position (according to USGS) at Google Maps
  • Military history of the Chik-Tong area
  • Newspaper article on reasons for conducting test
  • Satellite Picture of test site on BBC News website
  • Center for Defense Information factsheet on North Korea including claims of smuggled plutonium

 
 

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