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Encyclopedia > 2004 Iowa Democratic caucuses

In the United States, the 2004 Iowa Democratic caucuses (held January 19) were the first major test of some of the leading contenders for the Democratic Party's nomination as its candidate for the 2004 presidential election. Despite the extremely small number of votes cast, the fact the Iowa caucuses are the first test of voter sentiment gives them a status far greater than their intrinsic importance merits. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Since 1976, the Iowa caucus has been the first indication of which candidate for President of the United States would win the nomination of his or her political party at that partys national convention. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Presidential election results map. ...

Contents


Candidates

Howard Brush Dean III, M.D. (born November 17, 1948) is a prominent American Democratic politician, currently serving as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas (R) Senators Patrick Leahy (D) Jim Jeffords (I) Official language(s) None Area 24,923 km² (43th)  - Land 23,974 km²  - Water 949 km² (3. ... This article is about the American politician, former Senator, and 2004 Vice Presidential candidate. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State; Old North State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley (D) Senators Elizabeth Dole (R) Richard Burr (R) Official language(s) English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Richard Andrew Gephardt (born January 31, 1941) served as a U.S. Representative from Missouri from January 3, 1977, until January 3, 2005. ... State nickname: The Show Me State Other U.S. States Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City (largest metropolitan area is Saint Louis) Governor Matt Blunt (R) Senators Kit Bond (R) Jim Talent (R) Official language(s) English Area 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² (21st)  - Land 68,898 mi... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Senators Edward Kennedy (D) John Kerry (D) Official language(s) English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, for the 10th District of Ohio (map). ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Governor Bob Taft (R) Senators Mike DeWine (R) George V. Voinovich (R) Official language(s) None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ...

Campaign

The first contenders for the nomination arrived in Iowa almost two years before the caucuses were held. The first to arrive were Dick Gephardt and Howard Dean, who began to make occasional speeches there and started to build an organization. In 2003 John Kerry, John Edwards, Carol Moseley Braun, and Dennis Kucinich all began to campaign heavily in the state. State nickname: The Hawkeye State Other U.S. States Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Governor Thomas Vilsack (D) Senators Chuck Grassley (R) Tom Harkin (D) Official language(s) English Area 145,743 km² (26th)  - Land 144,701 km²  - Water 1,042 km² (0. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carol Moseley Braun Carol Moseley Braun (born August 16, 1947), American politician and lawyer, was the first (and to date only) black woman elected to the United States Senate (representing Illinois). ...


Gephardt went into the campaign as the front runner. He is from a neighbouring state, Missouri, had strong union backing, and he had won the state in 1988. During 2003, however, Howard Dean began to grow in popularity across the country on a strong anti-war message that appealed to the party base. Gephardt continued to do well, but Kerry and Edwards both sank to single digit levels of support. Kucinich and Moseley Braun were never considered strong contenders and polled poorly throughout the campaign. State nickname: The Show Me State Other U.S. States Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City (largest metropolitan area is Saint Louis) Governor Matt Blunt (R) Senators Kit Bond (R) Jim Talent (R) Official language(s) English Area 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² (21st)  - Land 68,898 mi... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Three of the Democratic candidates sat out the caucuses. Joe Lieberman and Al Sharpton did not believe they could get sufficient support in the state and concentrated their efforts on New Hampshire. Wesley Clark got into the race at too late a time to be competitive in Iowa. Joseph Isadore Lieberman, (born February 24, 1942) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Connecticut. ... Reverend Al Sharpton The Reverend Alfred Charles Al Sharpton Jr. ... State nickname: The Granite State Other U.S. States Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Governor John Lynch (D) Senators Judd Gregg (R) John Sununu (R) Official languages English Area 24,239 km² (46th)  - Land 23,249 km²  - Water 814 km² (3. ... Wesley Clark This article is about the general. ...


On January 10 Howard Dean got a major boost when long serving Iowa Senator Tom Harkin endorsed him. On January 15 Carol Moseley Braun withdrew from the race and also threw her support behind Dean. January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Thomas Richard Harkin (born November 19, 1939) is the junior United States Senator from Iowa. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


During the last weeks of the campaign however the polls began to indicate a significant change in support. Dean and Gephardt had been hammering each other with negative advertisements. Both candidates began hemorrhaging support to revived Edwards and Kerry campaigns. Edwards received a major boost when he was endorsed by Iowa's largest newspaper. At the last minute Edwards also reached a deal with Kucinich for all of Kucinich supporters to go to the Edwards camp if they were not viable in their caucuses.


2004 Results

The results were very similar to that indicated by last minute polling, but were a surprise compared with weeks earlier.

Candidate No. State Delegates Percentage Potential National delegates
John Kerry 1,128 37.6 20
John Edwards 954 31.8 18
Howard Dean 540 18.0 7
Richard Gephardt 318 10.6 0
Dennis Kucinich 39 01.3 0
Wesley Clark 3 00.0 0
Uncommitted 15 00.5 -

Source: Des Moines Register John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... This article is about the American politician, former Senator, and 2004 Vice Presidential candidate. ... Howard Brush Dean III, M.D. (born November 17, 1948) is a prominent American Democratic politician, currently serving as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. ... Richard Andrew Gephardt (born January 31, 1941) served as a U.S. Representative from Missouri from 1977 until January 3, 2005. ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, for the 10th District of Ohio (map). ... Wesley Clark This article is about the general. ...


About 100,000 Iowans are thought to have participated. The initial county caucuses assigned delegates for further caucuses with delegates not being bound to vote for the candidate. Actual delegates to the Democratic National Convention will be chosen later: 29 at the district caucuses on April 24, 2004 and 16 at the state convention on June 12, 2004. Besides the 45 delegates assigned through the caucus system, Iowa has another 11 delegates, 10 of which are assigned by the state party and one is elected at large at the state convention. An estimated 2160 delegates to the National Convention are expected to be required to win the nomination. April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ...


The results showed a similar pattern across the state. Dean failed to win the support of the college areas, as he had hoped, and Gephardt was not successful in winning the union areas.


Consequences

The Iowa caucuses revived the once moribund campaign of Kerry, who proceeded to the New Hampshire primary as one of the front runners, and ultimately captured the Democratic nomination. Edwards, who had been written off even more than Kerry, used the Iowa results and the later South Carolina primary to give him another boost. State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Senators Lindsey Graham (R) Jim DeMint (R) Official language(s) English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density...


The results were a blow to Dean, who had for weeks been expected to win the caucuses. He planned afterward to quickly move to New Hampshire where he expected to do well and regain momentum. At the time, he had far more money than any other candidate and did not spend much of it in Iowa. Dean's aggressive post-caucus speech to his supporters, culminating with a hoarse scream that came to be known as the Dean Scream, was widely shown and mocked on television, although the effect on his campaign was unclear. Howard Dean during the Dean Scream Speech The Dean Scream refers to a speech on Monday, January 19, 2004, following Howard Deans third place loss in the Iowa caucuses despite a advantages in fundraising , volunteer recruitment, and public opinion polls. ...


The results were disastrous for Dick Gephardt. He had frequently stated that a win in Iowa was essential for his candidacy. He had come in as front-runner two years ago but ended up fourth, effectively ending his campaign. He cancelled planned campaign stops in New Hampshire and dropped out of the race on January 20.


Dennis Kucinich was never expected to win much support. His fifth place finish did not affect his plans to continue campaigning.


  Results from FactBites:
 
2004 Iowa Democratic caucuses - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (817 words)
In the United States, the 2004 Iowa Democratic caucuses (held January 19) were the first major test of some of the leading contenders for the Democratic Party's nomination as its candidate for the 2004 presidential election.
The initial county caucuses assigned delegates for further caucuses with delegates not being bound to vote for the candidate.
Actual delegates to the Democratic National Convention will be chosen later: 29 at the district caucuses on April 24, 2004 and 16 at the state convention on June 12, 2004.
DesMoinesRegister.com | Campaign 2004 (1980 words)
Iowa political leaders often say Iowans have the job of reducing the field of presidential candidates for the rest of the nation.
As the 2004 caucus season opened, President George W. Bush was unchallenged in the GOP caucuses while a field of almost a dozen Democrats were seeking votes or testing the waters.
Iowa has moved from the 1976 position as a springboard to the White House to a contest that, as Tennessee Sen. Howard Baker put it, "winnows the field" for the rest of the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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