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Encyclopedia > 2001 in India

See also: 2000 in India, other events of 2001, 2002 in India and the Timeline of Indian history. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a timeline of Indian history. ...


Contents

Events

January

  • January 1 - Calcutta officially becomes Kolkata, reverting to its precolonial name.
  • January 2 - Power cuts leave huge swathes of northern India in darkness for two days starting early on January 2. A minor fault in Uttar Pradesh leads to a breakdown in the regional grid across Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir, Punjab, and Rajasthan.
  • Early January - The government announces that it aims to double the number of aircrafts operated by Air India in the next five to seven years as well as to sell off a 60% share in the company. Air India's stock of aging craft is thought to have dulled the company's competitive edge in recent years.
  • Early January - The president of the Indian Science Congress, R.S. Paroda, warns a conference of 3,000 Indian scientists that the country could face a severe food shortage in 2020 as the population size outstrips the country's level of supplies.
  • January 4 - The government tests its first homemade jet fighter, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). The plane, originally scheduled to take its maiden flight in 1991, has taken 17 years to develop and will not be ready for service until 2010.
  • January 9-February 21 - More than 100 million people - almost 2% of the world's population - attend the Maha Kumbh Mela festival in Allahabad, making it the largest gathering of human beings in history. On the festival's most important day an estimated 20 million Hindu pilgrims bathe in the sacred waters of the three rivers which meet near the town. The festival is held every 12 years.
  • January 15 - Voters in Indian-administered Kashmir are able to participate in the first local elections in 23 years. The polls decide positions on some 125 village councils. Islamic militants have urged a boycott of the vote, which they say will undermine the separatist movement.
  • January 15 - In a sign of improving relations, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee meets with the visiting chairman of China's National People's Congress, Li Peng. Both leaders say they have made substantial progress in discussing their two countries' disputed borders.
  • January 16- 11 people are killed when six members of the Kashmiri separatist guerrilla group Lashkar-e-Toiba attempt to storm Srinagar's civilian airport.
  • Mid-January - The government announces that it is willing to meet the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) for open negotiations on ending the 20-year insurgency in the northeastern state.
  • Mid-January - The eastern state of Orissa urges further government assistance in the face of a major drought. Officials estimate that the state has lost around $150.7 million in failed rice crops alone. It is thought that deforestation has played a major part in the drought.
  • January 17 - Pakistan reacts angrily to news that the Indian military has successfully test-fired an improved Agni-II intermediate ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead to anywhere in Pakistan.
  • Mid-January - Researchers reveal that unusually high sea temperatures caused by the extreme weather effect known as El Niño have irreversibly damaged coral reefs off India's western coast.
  • Late January - 150 million children across India are immunized against polio in one of the largest vaccination projects ever undertaken.
  • Late January - The government extends its ceasefire in Kashmir for another month despite continuing separatist violence.
  • January 26 - A massive earthquake, measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale, strikes the northwestern state of Gujarat. Estimates of the death toll rise rapidly to 30,000, with some much higher figures being quoted. The epicentre of the quake is some 300 km west of Ahmadabad near the town of Bhuj, which bears the brunt of the destruction. Tremors are felt as far away as Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. The government calls for $1.5 billion in international loans to deal with the devastation. Aftershocks measuring up to 5.8 on the Richter scale hinder the search for survivors and prompt mass evacuations of the affected areas.
  • Late January - The U.K.-based human rights group Amnesty International urges the government to crack down on the widespread use of torture by police.
  • Late January- Researchers in Bangalore announce that the common antibiotic Triclosan has significant effects against the malaria parasite. Malaria is thought to kill around 1 million people every year worldwide.

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Kolkata (Bengali: কলকাতা), formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal, and once the most-populated city in India, although now overtaken by Mumbai (Bombay). ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش) is the fifth largest and the most populous state in India. ... Haryana (हरयाणा) is a state in northwest India. ... Himachal Pradesh (हिमाचल प्रदेश) is a state in northwest India. ... Kashmir is a region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (also Panjab) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Rajasthan (राजस्‍थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Air India (Hindi: एअर इंडिया) is the national flag carrier of India. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... The H.A.L. Tejas (Sanskrit: Radiance) is a fighter aircraft currently under development for the Indian Air Force. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Map of India. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Atal Bihari Vajpayee (often wrongly spelt Behari; अटल िबहारी वाजपेयी in Sanskrit) (born December 25, 1924) was the Prime Minister of India in 1996 and again from 1998 until May 19, 2004. ... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Lĭ Péng (李鵬) (b. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba or Lashkar-i-Taiba (the Army of the Pure) (formed 1990) is a militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The United Liberation Front of Asom is a separatist organization from Assam. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) is a state situated in the east coast of India. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Polish missile wz. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... El Niño is also the nickname of Sergio García. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Vaccination is a term coined by Edward Jenner for the process of administering a weakened form of a disease to patients as a means of giving them immunity to a more serious form of the disease. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a trembling or a shaking movement of the Earths surface. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Ahmedabad or Ahmadābād, is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India. ... Bhuj is a town in Gujarat. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Amnesty International (or AI) is an international non-governmental organization, the stated purpose of which is to promote all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Bangalore (ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು in Kannada) is the capital city of Karnataka. ... Chemical Structure of Triclosan Triclosan (chemically 5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol) is a potent wide-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal agent. ...

February

  • Early February - Authorities and aid workers in Gujarat warn that disease is now the biggest problem threatening the 1 million people made homeless by the January earthquake. Fears of a major epidemic are increased as the thousands of corpses still trapped beneath fallen buildings begin to decompose.
  • Early February - The government grants refugee status to the Karmapa Lama, Tibet's third most important religious leader. The Karmapa has been in India since fleeing the Chinese regime in Tibet in early 2000.
  • February 2 - An unprecedented telephone conversation between Prime Minister Vajpayee and Pakistani military leader General Pervez Musharraf is hailed as a major step in relations between the two countries. Musharraf contacts his Indian counterpart to offer further emergency aid for the survivors of the Gujarat earthquake.
  • Early February - The drug manufacturer Cipla, based in Mumbai, announces that it plans to offer anti-AIDS drugs at very low prices. The three-drug cocktail used to help AIDS victims currently costs around $12,000 per patient per year. Cipla says it will offer a three-tier pricing structure with wholesalers paying $1,200, governments $600, and the French charity Médecins sans Frontières just $350 per patient per year.
  • Mid-February - In a sign of thawing relations, Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh begins an official visit to Myanmar. He is the first Indian minister to go to the country since the military junta came to power there in 1988.
  • Mid-February - Violent protests by Kashmiri separatists in Srinagar intensify. Five Indian policemen are killed on February 19 alone in riots sparked by the death of four stone-throwing demonstrators killed by police in Haigam, 40 km north of Srinagar, four days earlier.
  • Late February - The government extends its ceasefire in separatist Kashmir for an extra three months.
  • Late February - A unilateral 15-day ceasefire is declared by the government in the far northeastern separatist state of Manipur. The cessation of hostilities will begin on March 1 to coincide with the start of the local Yaosang festival.

February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Karmapa is the title given to the head of the Karma Kagyu (Bka rgyud), one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. ... The borders of Historical Tibet (blue), as claimed by the Government of Tibet in Exile. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... General Pervez Musharraf (born August 11, 1943, Delhi, India) became de facto Head of Government (using the title Chief Executive and assuming extensive powers) of Pakistan on October 12, 1999 following a bloodless coup détat. ... Cipla is an Indian pharmaceutical company, best_known for manufacturing cheap anti_AIDS drugs. ... Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the most populous Indian city. ... AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, sometimes written Aids) is a global, human epidemic. ... Médecins Sans Frontières (abbreviated MSF; known as Doctors Without Borders in the English language, as Médicos Sin Fronteras in the Spanish language and as Médicos Sem Fronteiras in Portuguese language) is a nonprofit private organisation created in 1971 by a small group of French doctors led... Jaswant Singh (born 1938) is an Indian politician. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ...

March

  • March 15 - Defense Minister George Fernandes resigns in a bribery scandal which threatens to bring down the government. The leader of the ruling BJP, Bangaru Laxman, has already left his position, but the departures fail to calm opposition parties, who continue to stall the workings of parliament for a third day on March 16. Journalists released secretly filmed footage on the Internet, showing government members from the defense ministry and other senior figures accepting bribes from bogus arms dealers.
  • March 28 - A counter-insurgency Special Operations Group (SOG) patrol claims to have killed Salaudin Ayubi, the Pakistani-based Lashkar-e-Toiba's leader in the Kashmir valley, in a shootout near Srinagar. There has been a spate of attacks by militants in Srinagar in recent months, although the ceasefire announced by the Indian government in November remains nominally in place.
  • Late March - Provisional results of the 2001 census are released, providing official confirmation that the country's population now exceeds one billion. The full census results are not expected until 2003.

March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... George Fernandes (born 1930) is an Indian politician. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... Counter-insurgency is the combatting of Insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba or Lashkar-i-Taiba (the Army of the Pure) (formed 1990) is a militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... For alternative meanings, see March (disambiguation). ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

April

  • Beginning of April - Widespread strike action by private owners of buses, taxis, and motorized rickshaws contributes to chaotic traffic conditions in Delhi, as new rules come into force requiring a switch from diesel fuel to compressed natural gas in a bid to combat urban air pollution.
  • Early April - Customs and excise chief B.P. Verma is arrested on charges of corruption.
  • April 2-4 - A conference in Delhi, organized under the UN Environment Programme's Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), brings together for the first time the members of a new task force on the future of tigers in the wild - thought to number 5,000-7,000 in total.
  • Early April - In a bold attempt to hasten an end to violence in separatist Kashmir, the government offers unconditional peace talks to Kashmiri militants. However, with no invitation to the Pakistani authorities it is not likely to attract much response from the separatists.
  • Early April - The Tibetan spiritual leader, the 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, welcomes news that tens of thousands of Dalits (lower-caste Hindus) are to convert to Buddhism on October 14.
  • Early April - Tea production in the northeastern region of Darjeeling is adversely affected by an indefinite general strike called by the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) over the government's failure to identify the perpetrators of an attack on their leader, Subhas Ghising.
  • Mid-April - Extra troops are despatched to the Bangladeshi border after 18 soldiers are killed in escalating shooting incidents. Tension in the region has mounted over a disputed section of the border south of Assam.
  • Mid-April - Opposition parties recommence the disruption of parliament in an attempt to force the government to launch an investigation into an allegedly corrupt arms deal.
  • April 18 - The country's space program is brought into a new era with the successful test launch of its geostationary satellite launch vehicle, the GSLV-D1, at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. The program had caused embarrassment for the country's space agency in late March when the first test launch, broadcast live on television, was aborted as flames burst from the craft on ignition. Communications satellites launched in India have hitherto been propelled by Arianespace or Russian rockets, and the GSLV-D1 is planned as a less costly alternative.
  • April 22 - The U.S.-based current affairs magazine TIME apologizes emphatically for the offense caused by the printing of a depiction of the Prophet Muhammad - considered a blasphemy in Islam - which had sparked large riots in Kashmir the previous day.
  • April 22 - The government is outraged when medical reports suggest that many of the 16 soldiers killed by Bangladeshi forces in border skirmishes were mutilated and tortured before being murdered.

April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... Japanese rickshaws c. ... Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ... This article is about the fuel. ... Natural gas - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... This power plant in New Mexico releases sulfur dioxide and particulate matter into the air. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... The borders of Historical Tibet (blue), as claimed by the Government of Tibet in Exile. ... The 14th and current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (born 1935) The 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933) In Tibetan Buddhism, the Dalai Lamas are a sequence of leaders, since 1391, from the Gelug school. ... Tenzin Gyatso is the fourteenth and current Dalai Lama. ... Dalit may have the following meanings. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... The Toy Train approaching Darjeeling Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal and centre of the region of the same name, situated in the foothills of the Himalaya at elevations of between 2,000 and 3,000 metres above sea level. ... Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) is a political party in northern West Bengal, India, formed in 1980. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... Sriharikota is an island off the coast of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... Founded in 1980, Arianespace SA undertakes the production, operation and marketing of the Ariane 4 and Ariane 5 rocket launchers as part of the Ariane programme. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 8:17 am, August 6, 1945, Japanese time. ...

May

  • May 1 - The number of Tibetan children under the age of 13 crossing the Himalayas to enter India doubled to 1,500 in the first four months of the year according to the Reception Centre for Tibetan Refugees.
  • Early May - Ten people are killed in pre-electoral clashes in the northeastern state of Assam as the outlawed separatist United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) clashes with soldiers. State elections are to be held on May 10.
  • Early May - Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pramod Mahajan announces that the government will open up the country's arms production industry to private investors, including up to 26% to foreign capital.
  • Mid-May - The ruling BJP suffers defeat in five key state elections, losing ground to the opposition Congress (I) party in Assam, Kerala, and Pondicherry. In Tamil Nadu a coalition allied to Congress (I) sweeps to power making Jayaram Jayalalitha, a former film star with a conviction for bribery, chief minister there. In West Bengal the communist Left Front is returned to power continuing its record as the world's longest serving elected communist government.
  • Mid-May - Prime Minister Vajpayee announces that India will honour the ASEAN treaty keeping Southeast Asia a nuclear weapons-free zone.
  • Mid-May - Tarun Gogoi, the new Congress (I) chief minister of Assam, declares that he will press for a ceasefire with separatist rebels, but he faces opposition from the BJP-controlled federal government.
  • Mid-May - Indian troops cooperate with their Myanmar counterparts in a joint offensive along their common border. Rebels from Nagaland, Manipur, and Assam are targeted.
  • May 24 - The government extends an offer of talks on Kashmir to Pakistani ruler General Pervez Musharraf but ends India's six-month unilateral ceasefire in the disputed region.

May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... This article is about the month of May. ... The United Liberation Front of Asom is a separatist organization from Assam. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... Kerala (or Keralam) is a state in South India, occupying a narrow strip of Indias southwestern coast. ... Pondicherry (पॉंडिचेरी in Hindi), currently undergoing a name change to Puduchery, is the name of a union territory and its capital in the south of India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôščim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ... Left Front election propaganda in Kolkata 2004 DSP-meeting in Kolkata West Bengal Left Front Committee meeting for solidarity with Tripura Left Front is a front of Indian leftist parties. ... Main languages See Languages of ASEAN Secretary General Ong Keng Yong of Singapore Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 550,000,000 122. ... Nagaland is a state in the north-eastern part of India. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ...

June

  • June 2 - The federal government imposes direct rule in the northeastern state of Manipur after the state government collapsed.
  • Early June - Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh signs a defense deal with Russia worth a potential $10 billion including plans to establish an air-defense system to cover the entire country and several projects to develop new aircraft.
  • June 6 - Police intercept an illegal consignment of 85 human skulls near the border with eastern Nepal. The heads were apparently en route to the lucrative tourist trade in the Himalayan country and are believed to have been raided, some fairly recently, from Christian graveyards in northeast India. No smugglers are caught.
  • June 10 - The Kashmiri separatist All Party Hurriyat Conference announces the suspension of all strikes and rallies in the province pending a summit between Indian and Pakistani leaders scheduled for July.
  • June 15 - A plot to bomb the U.S. embassy in New Delhi, allegedly masterminded by the notorious Osama bin Laden, is foiled by police.
  • June 17 - Thousands of demonstrators clash with police and set fire to the Manipur state legislature in Imphal. The protests are over an agreement between the government and separatist rebels from the neighbouring state of Nagaland to extend their three-year ceasefire for another year, and to widen the deal to areas beyond the state. The protestors claim that the extension will undermine regional security.
  • June 18 - The government announces that Pakistani military ruler General Pervez Musharraf is expected in India on July 14 for a landmark summit with Indian leaders.
  • June 21 - A deal is signed by which the world famous Taj Mahal monument is to receive private sponsorship from the Taj Hotel Group.
  • June 22 - At least 64 people die when a train plunges off a bridge in Kerala state. The following day 50 people drown in West Bengal when an overcrowded boat capsizes on the Ganges River.

June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... Jaswant Singh (born 1938) is an Indian politician. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... New Delhi ( नई दिल्ली ) is the capital of India, and is part of the National capital territory of Delhi. ... Osama bin Laden Usāmah bin Muhammad bin `Awad bin Lādin (born March 10, 1957) (Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عود بن لادن), commonly known as Osama bin Laden (أسامة بن لادن), is the figurehead of al-Qaeda, an Islamist movement that has been involved in attacks against civilians and military... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ... Nagaland is a state in the north-eastern part of India. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... Taj Mahal is the name of a monument located in Agra, India. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... Kerala (or Keralam) is a state in South India, occupying a narrow strip of Indias southwestern coast. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôščim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ... The Ganges River is a very important river. ...

July

  • Early July - Police in the southern state of Tamil Nadu are ordered to shoot violent protestors on sight following unrest in the region prompted by the brief detention of the state's former chief minister Muthuvel Karunanidhi. The arrest was ordered by new chief minister Jayaram Jayalalitha, an arch-rival of Karunanidhi.
  • July 4 - The country's first ever private FM radio station - Radio City - is launched in Bangalore.
  • Early July - Archaeologists announce the discovery of possibly the world's second-largest Buddhist stupa (a holy domed building containing relics or artifacts associated with Buddha) in Bihar. It is believed to date from the 6th century.
  • July 5 - Thousands of women clash with police in Imphal, Manipur, in protest at the federal government's negotiations with neighbouring Naga rebels. The rally deliberately contravenes a curfew imposed in the city after riots in June.
  • Early July - The transport ministry announces plans ahead of the India-Pakistan summit to open links with Pakistan, including across the Line of Control in Kashmir.
  • First half of July - 500,000 people are displaced by severe flooding in the eastern state of Orissa.
  • July 13 - Shabir Shah, the leader of the Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Party (JKDP), is arrested ahead of the landmark India-Pakistan summit in Agra.
  • July 17 - Hopes for a new era in Indo-Pakistani relations are disappointed when the summit between Prime Minister Vajpayee and newly appointed Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf fails to make progress on the Kashmir issue and ends without agreement.
  • July 23 - 30,000 people clash with police again in Imphal in continuing protests against the government's peace proposals with neighbouring Naga rebels.
  • July 25 - Famed Bandit Queen turned M.P. Phoolan Devi is assassinated by masked gunman at the gate of her New Delhi residence.
  • Late July - Prime Minister Vajpayee accepts the invitation from Pakistani President Musharraf to travel to Pakistan for a second round of bilateral talks. However, his acceptance comes amid reports that he has privately derided Musharraf's diplomatic skills.
  • July 31 - The ruling BJP orders Prime Minister Vajpayee to remain in office, rejecting his offer to resign. Vajpayee cited difficulties in maintaining a workable coalition in government.

July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... Bangalore (ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು in Kannada) is the capital city of Karnataka. ... A stupa A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... (5th century — 6th century — 7th century — other centuries) Events The first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Persia by the Persian Shah Khosrau I. Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to Caledonia (later known as Scotland) Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland founded by St. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... The word Naga can refer to several different things. ... The line of control (LOC) is a line which demarcates the boundary between the territories controlled by two militaries or political entities, e. ... A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) is a state situated in the east coast of India. ... July 13th is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Taj Mahal Āgra is a city on the Yamuna River in India. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Bandit Queen is a 1994 film based upon the life of Phoolan Devi. ... Phoolan Devi (10 August 1963 - 25 July 2001) was an Indian dacoit-turned-politician. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ...

August

  • August 9 - The security status of four districts of Jammu is changed, so that now all six districts of Jammu as well as all six districts of the Kashmir valley are designated "disturbed areas", leaving Ladakh as the only part of Jammu and Kashmir not covered by the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1990.

August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ...

September

  • Early September - India's first police office dedicated specifically to Internet crimes opens in Bangalore.
  • September 21 - Jayaram Jayalalitha, the controversial former film star, is forced to resign as chief minister of Tamil Nadu after the Supreme Court ruled her appointment was invalid due to her conviction for corruption.
  • September 23 - Three-year-old U.S.-led economic sanctions against India's external defense trade are lifted as part of the U.S. attempt to bolster its regional alliances against Islamic militants. The sanctions were imposed on India and Pakistan in 1998 after they both conducted nuclear weapons tests.
  • Late September - 10,000 soldiers are deployed along the border with Nepal in an effort to combat the flow of militants and criminals who are thought to use southern Nepal as a base for operations in India.
  • September 30 - Madhavrao Scindia, the deputy leader of the opposition Congress (I) party, is one of eight people killed in a plane crash.

September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 92 days remaining, as the final day of September. ... Madhavrao Scindia (1945-2001) was a prominent Indian politician and minister from the Scindia family, who formerly ruled Gwalior. ...

October

  • October 1 - 38 people are killed in a concerted attack on Indian government buildings in Srinagar, Kashmir. A Pakistani suicide bomber from the Jaish-e-Mohammad (Army of Mohammad) detonates a government jeep packed with explosives at the entrance of the buildings, while troops disguised as policemen enter the complex and begin firing. The All-Party Hurriyat Conference of Muslim separatists and the Pakistani government both immediately condemn the attack but the Indian government accuses the Pakistani authorities of collusion.
  • October 2 - Keshubhai Patel resigns his position as chief minister of Gujarat following the poor showing of his BJP in elections there. He is replaced by the BJP's general secretary, Narendra Modi.
  • October 2 - U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell suggests that Muslim Kashmiri separatists in India will be targets in the "war on terrorism".
  • October 7 - Narendra Modi is sworn in as the chief minister of Gujarat.
  • October 8 - Despite increased tensions after attacks in Kashmir, Prime Minister Vajpayee and Pakistani President Musharraf agree to cooperate against international terrorism in a rare telephone conversation.
  • October 12 - The U.S. freezes the assets of the Pakistani-based Kashmiri separatist group Jaish-e-Mohammad as one of its targeted terrorist groups.
  • October 15 - The disgraced former defense minister George Fernandes is reappointed to his post. He left the cabinet in March over a prominent corruption scandal.
  • October 16 - Despite pressure from the U.S. to renew negotiations over Kashmir, the government insists that it will continue to repel incursions into Indian-administered Kashmir by rebels it says are backed by Pakistan. Indian forces began shelling positions on the Pakistani side of the Line of Control the previous day.
  • October 22 - Interest rates are cut to their lowest level since 1973, falling by half a percentage point to 6.5%.
  • October 24 - President K.R. Narayanan signs into law the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance granting extra powers to the police in an effort to combat terrorism. As well as allowing the detention of suspected terrorists for up to three months without charge, the decree makes it a duty for people to report suspicious behavior.
  • October 26 - Japan becomes the latest country to lift economic sanctions imposed on India and Pakistan after both countries conducted nuclear tests in 1998.

October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... October 2nd is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... Keshubhai Patel (born 1929) is a former Cheif Minister of Gujarat state in India from March 1995 to October 1995 and from March 1998 to October 2001. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Narendra Damodardas Modi has been the chief minister of the state of Gujarat in India since October 7, 2001. ... October 2nd is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... Colin Luther Powell (pronounced koh lihn, born April 5, 1937) was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving from January 20, 2001 to January 26, 2005 under President George W. Bush. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... Narendra Damodardas Modi has been the chief minister of the state of Gujarat in India since October 7, 2001. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in Leap years). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Kocheril Raman Narayanan, usually known just as K. R. Narayanan (b. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ...

November

  • November 1 - The government accuses neighbouring Pakistan of provocation, saying it has been slowly increasing its military presence in Kashmir.
  • November 4 - Hundreds of thousands of lower caste Hindus convert to Buddhism in one of the largest mass conversions in recent years.
  • November 6 - Around 15,000 labourers, peasants, women, and lower caste Hindus demonstrate in New Delhi against the government's cooperation with international financial institutions, which they claim is self-destructive.
  • November 12 - A strike called by groups opposed to a plan for greater representation for the ethnic Bodo people brings the state of Assam to a standstill. India's central government has proposed creating Bodo councils in regions where they form a majority of the population, but non-Bodos have raised fears that they will become the targets for racial discrimination at the hands of the new councils.

November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Bodo may stand for: Bodø A city in Norway An ethnic community in India: Bodo A genus of protozoa: Bodo Polish actor and director Eugeniusz Bodo Saint Bodo of Toul This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

December

  • December 7 - The government of the state of Meghalaya is toppled by a vote of no confidence. The United Democratic Party will be replaced by an opposition coalition called the People's Forum of Meghalaya.
  • December 13 - Six gunmen injure 22 people and kill six police officers before they themselves are killed in a dramatic "suicide" attack on the central parliament buildings in New Delhi. No members of the government are hurt. The government blames the attack on two Pakistan-based Kashmiri militant groups, Jaish-e-Mohammad and Lashkar-e-Toiba, the former of which had also attacked the local government centre in Indian-administered Kashmir in October.
  • Early December - The economy shows signs of a rapid slowdown as inflation strikes a 20-year low of 2.27% at the beginning of the month, falling from a 10-year high of 8.57% in February.
  • Mid-December - Tension between India and Pakistan escalates rapidly after the Indian government accuses its Pakistani counterpart of supporting a terrorist attack on the Indian parliament in New Delhi. The threat of all-out war between India and Pakistan looms large across the New Year with both sides massing forces along their common border. There is an exchange of mortar fire across the "line of control", the de facto border in Kashmir, on January 2. However, the leaders of both countries express hope that conflict could be avoided amid a massive international diplomatic effort, including a regional visit from U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair. Some of the heat is released when the leadership of the groups believed to have been involved in the parliamentary attack are arrested in Pakistan and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee announces that war is "unnecessary".

December 7 is the 341st day (342nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Meghalaya (मेघालय) is a small state in north-eastern India. ... There are several political parties called the United Democratic Party. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba or Lashkar-i-Taiba (the Army of the Pure) (formed 1990) is a militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...

Deaths


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2001 in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3610 words)
Air India's stock of aging craft is thought to have dulled the company's competitive edge in recent years.
Communications satellites launched in India have hitherto been propelled by Arianespace or Russian rockets, and the GSLV-D1 is planned as a less costly alternative.
India's central government has proposed creating Bodo councils in regions where they form a majority of the population, but non-Bodos have raised fears that they will become the targets for racial discrimination at the hands of the new councils.
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