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Encyclopedia > 2 Tone
2 Tone
Stylistic origins: Ska, Punk rock, Reggae, Rocksteady Pop,
Cultural origins: late 1970s in West Midlands, England
Typical instruments: Guitar, Bass guitar, Keyboard, Trumpet, Trombone, Saxophones, Drums
Mainstream popularity: Mostly late 1970s and early 1980s in the United Kingdom; moderate commercial success in North America and Europe
Other topics
2 Tone Records - Ska punk

2 Tone (or Two Tone) is a music genre created in England in the late 1970s by fusing elements of ska, punk rock, rocksteady, reggae and pop music. 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Two Tone (or 2 Tone) is a style of music created by fusing elements of punk rock and ska. ... Ska (pron. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a population of around 2,600,000 people. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a bass string instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, or using a pick. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register, above the French horn, trombone, baritone, euphonium, and tuba. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Ska (pron. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ...


The 2 Tone sound was developed by English musicians (mostly based in the West Midlands area) who heard 1960s Jamaican ska songs and decided to play a similar style of music. They combined that style with influences from contemporary punk and pop music. These bands included The Specials, The Selecter, The Beat and Madness. The new music genre (and associated subculture) became known as 2 Tone, because most of the bands were signed to the record label 2 Tone Records. Other record labels associated with the 2 Tone sound were Stiff Records and Go Feet Records. The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a population of around 2,600,000 people. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Selecter were a ska revival band from Coventry, England, formed in the late 1970s and who became one of the essential bands of the British ska movement. ... The Beat, known in North America as The English Beat, was one of the most important 2 Tone ska music groups. ... Madness are an English pop/ska band from Camden Town, London that formed in 1976. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Stiff Records is a record label created in London in 1976 by entrepreneurs Dave Robinson and Andrew Jakeman (aka Jake Riviera), and active until 1985. ... Go Feet Records was a record label founded by and predominantly used for The Beat (aka The English Beat) who had some success in the British Charts in the 1980s. ...


The music term 2 Tone was coined by Jerry Dammers of the Specials, who has said he came up with the idea because he liked the black-and-white check pattern on his scooter when he was a young mod. However, many people think the name refers to the black-and-white outfits worn by rude boys and skinheads — and to unity between black people and whites. Dammers, with the assistance of Horace Panter, created the Walt Jabsco logo to represent the 2 Tone movement. It was based on an early album cover photo of Peter Tosh, and included an added black-and-white check pattern. [1] Jerry Dammers (born Jeremy Dammers on 22 May 1955, in Ootacamund, India) was the founder and keyboard player of the Coventry-based ska band, The Specials (later changed to The Special A.K.A.). He also contributed in founding the 2 Tone record label, which helped to popularize the new... A modern scooter A scooter is a two-wheeled motor vehicle with a step-through frame. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in Britain during the 1960s. ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ... The term white people (also whites or white race) has been defined as being a member of a group or race characterized by light pigmentation of the skin and to a human group having light-coloured skin, especially of European ancestry. ... Horace Panter, also known as Sir Horace the Gentleman Panter, was the bassist for the early Coventry Ska band the Specials. ... Peter Tosh on the cover of his album The Toughest Peter Tosh (October 19, 1944 – September 11, 1987) was a pioneer reggae musician, as well as a trailblazer for the Rastafarian movement. ...


Artists associated with the 2 Tone genre

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Beat, known in North America as The English Beat, was one of the most important 2 Tone ska music groups. ... The Bodysnatchers The Bodysnatchers were a seven-piece all-girl band involved in the British ska revival of the early 1980s. ... Madness are an English pop/ska band from Camden Town, London that formed in 1976. ... The Selecter were a ska revival band from Coventry, England, formed in the late 1970s and who became one of the essential bands of the British ska movement. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Toasters are a third wave ska band from New York formed in 1981 by Robert Bucket Hingley. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Panter, Horace:Ska'd For Life Sidgwick & Jackson, 2007

Sidgwick & Jackson was a publishing company founded in Britain in 1908 and current a wholly owned subsidiary of Pan Macmillan and now operating as an imprint of that larger publishing house. ...

External links

Punk rock
2 Tone - Anarcho-punk - Art punk - Celtic punk - Christian punk - Cowpunk - Crust punk - Dance-punk - Deathrock - Emo - Folk punk - Garage punk - Gaelic punk - Glam punk - Gothabilly - Hardcore punk - Post-hardcore - Horror punk - Mod revival - Nazi punk - New Wave - No Wave - Noise rock - Oi! - Pop punk - Post-punk - Psychobilly - Punk blues - Punk Pathetique - Queercore - Riot Grrrl - Ska punk - Skate punk - Taqwacore
Other topics
Afro-punk- Protopunk - DIY ethic - First wave punk musicians - Second wave punk musicians - List of punk bands - Punk subculture - Punk movies - Punk fashion - Punk ideologies - Punk visual art - Punk dance - Punk literature - Punk zine - Rock Against Communism - Straight edge
Ska

Mento - Calypso - Jazz - R&B - Rocksteady - Reggae - 2 Tone - Third wave ska - Ska jazz - Ska punk - Christian ska - J-ska - List of ska musicians - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music genres - Caribbean music in the UK - Culture of Jamaica - Dancehall (venue) - Skank (dance) - Sound system (Jamaican) - Toasting - Jamaican record producers - Studio One - Trojan Records - Blue Beat Records - 2 Tone Records - Moon Ska Records - Asian Man Records
Rude boy - Mod - Skinhead - Trojan skinhead - Chelsea girl - Suedehead - Scooterboy
Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Seattles Mill a h-Uile Rud play tuneful hardcore punk sung entirely in Scots Gaelic Celtic punk, also known as Paddybeat and Celtcore, is a genre of music typically associated with Irish punks or punks from the Irish diaspora, though other Celtic nationalities, such as Scottish, Manx and Welsh... Christian punk is a form of Christian alternative music and a subgenre of punk rock with some degree of Christian lyrical content. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Deathrock (also spelled death rock) is a term used to identify a subgenre of punk rock or goth, which incorporated elements of horror and first emerged most prominently in the West Coast of the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Emo is a genre of rock music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Garage punk is a subgenre of punk rock that is closely related to garage rock. ... Ceòl Gàidhlig Mar Sgian Nad Amhaich compilation 7 single with Oi Polloi, Mill a h-Uile Rud, Atomgevitter and Nad Aislingean Gaelic Punk is a subgenre of punk rock consisting of groups and bands singing in Scottish Gaelic as an effort to preserve and spread knowledge of the... Glam punk is glam rock and punk rock music. ... Gothabilly is a portmanteau expression which refers to the fusion of rockabilly music and the Goth culture. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in the United Kingdom in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree). ... Two Punk Front members (1978). ... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ... No Wave was a short-lived but influential music and art scene that thrived briefly in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s alongside the punk scene there. ... Lightning Bolt Live at the Southgate House 2005. ... Oi! is a working class street-level subgenre of punk rock that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s. ... Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Allmusic. ... Punk Pathetique is a sub-variant of Punk Rock termed by Garry Bushell. ... Queercore is a cultural and social movement that began in the mid 1980s as an offshoot of punk. ... Riot grrrl (or riot grrl) is an indie-punk feminist movement that reached its height in the 1990s but continues to exert influence over alternative cultures. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was originally a derivative of hardcore punk , so named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Taqwacore is a genre of punk music dealing with Islam and its culture, originally conceived in Michael Muhammad Knights novel, The Taqwacores. ... Afro-punk (sometimes spelled Afropunk or AfroPunk) is a term referring to African American and black people experiences of punk culture. ... Protopunk is a term used to describe a number of performers who were important precursors of punk rock, or who have been cited by early punk rockers as influential. ... The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... Early punk rock musicians (1970s-1980) // 999 Acme Sewage Company Abrasive Wheels The Adicts The Adverts Alternative TV Amazorblades Angelic Upstarts Anti-Nowhere League Anti-Pasti The Angry Samoans The Au Pairs The Automatics The Avengers Bad Brains Bad Religion The Bags Big Balls and the Great White Idiot Big... This is a list of bands that are considered part of the second wave of punk rock, beginning in the 1980s. ... 100 Demons 150 Watts 27 Devils Joking 28 Days 59 Times The Pain 7 Seconds 88 Fingers Louie 999 The Adverts A Global Threat AFI (band) Against All Authority Against Me! Agent Orange Agnostic Front Akurat ALL Alternative TV Amebix The Analogs Angelic Upstarts The Angry Samoans Anti-Cimex Anti... Punks at a music festival The punk subculture is a subculture/counterculture based on punk rock. ... List of punk movies, i. ... Punk fashion is the styles of clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, jewelry, and body modifications of the punk subculture. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The cover of the God Save the Queen single designed by Jamie Reid. ... The Punk dance term is to describe various forms of dance behavior popular among young fans of loud, hardcore music: rock, heavy metal, nu metal, punk rock and the likes. ... A cover of the punk zine Maximum RocknRoll. ... A punk zine (or punkzine) is a fanzine devoted to punk rock music, bands, or the DIY punk philosophy. ... RAC logo with a skull superimposed over a hammer and sickle. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... Ska (pron. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Third wave ska is a music genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, pop punk, hardcore and jazz. ... Ska jazz is a musical form derived by combining the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmical and harmonic content of ska. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Christian ska is a subgenre of Christian rock and ska. ... Japanese ska or J-ska is ska (スカ) or ska punk music made in Japan by Japanese artists with lyrics in the Japanese language or in English. ... This is a list of notable bands and soloists who have performed ska or ska-influenced music at some point in their careers. ... Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. ... Jamaican music in the United Kingdom // White Reggae White reggae has very low artistic credibility, but it laid a path for genuine reggae in Britain. ... Jamaican culture represents a rich blend of cultures that have inhabited the island. ... The dance halls of Jamaica in the 1950s and 60s were home to public dances usually targeted at younger patrons. ... Skanking is a form of dancing practiced in the ska, ska-core, hardcore punk, and more recently, grime music scenes, The dance style originated in the 1950s or 1960s at Jamaican dance halls, where ska music was played. ... In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Chris Blackwell Lloyd Barnes Richard Browne Clive Chin Lloyd Daley Clement Dodd Clancy Eccles Rupie Edwards Roy Francis Boris Gardiner Joe Gibbs (record producer) Jeremy Harding Derrick Harriott Harry Johnson Niney the Observer Joseph Hoo Kim Keith Hudson Clive Hunt King Jammy Tony CD Kelly Dave Kelly King Tubby Leslie... Studio One is one of reggaes most renowned record labels and recording studios, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ... Trojan Records Trojan Records is a label specialising in ska,rocksteady,reggae and dub music. ... Blue Beat Records was a record label that released Jamaican rhythm & blues and ska music in the United Kingdom in the early and mid 1960s. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Moon Ska Records was one of the most influential ska record labels of the 1980s and 1990s. ... Asian Mans Logo resembling the South Korean flag Asian Man Records is a small, DIY record label run by Mike Park out of his parents garage in Monte Sereno, California. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in Britain during the 1960s. ... Trojan Skinhead is a subculture of skinheads who identify themselves with the subcultures heyday in 1969 when ska music was at its most popular, and with the cults multicultural Jamaican and British working class roots (called The Spirit of 69). Bands/artists The Ethiopians Judge Dread Laurel Aitken... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Suedehead was an early-1970s offshoot of the skinhead subculture in the United Kingdom. ... Originating in the United Kingdom in the 1980s, scooterboy culture emerged from mods and skinheads, although it became a distinct and separate subculture. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
2 Tone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (395 words)
The term 2 Tone was coined by Jerry Dammers of the Specials from Coventry and summed up the West Midlands scene at that time.
With the assistance of The Specials' bassist, Horace Panter, he composed some artwork that was soon to become central to the 2 Tone world, and in fact feature as the label on all their releases.
The logo was based on an early album cover picture of Peter Tosh (which itself was inspired by a photograph of The Impressions), and with the signature fl and white checks dropped in for good measure, Walt Jabsco was born.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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