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Encyclopedia > 2 Enoch

The Second Book of Enoch (usually abbreviated 2 Enoch, and otherwise variously known as Slavonic Enoch or The Secrets of Enoch) is a Jewish pseudepigraphic apocalyptic text of uncertain date and unknown authorship. It is unrelated to the Book of Enoch; the numbering of these texts has been applied by scholars to distinguish the texts from one another. The text has been preserved only in Slavonic, but this has certainly been translated from Greek. It is widely held that the Greek version may itself have been a translation from Hebrew or Aramaic. Dates ranging from the 1st century BCE to the 10th century CE have been proposed, with the late 1st century CE often preferred. Authorship no earlier than the 7th century CE is sometimes argued for due to the specifics of a detailed solar calendar that is presented in the work. In the Book of Genesis, Enoch or Hanoch (חֲנוֹךְ Initiated; dedicated; disciplined, Standard Hebrew Ḥanoḫ, Tiberian Hebrew Ḥănôḵ) is a name shared by two individuals named in the Genealogies of Genesis and subsequent Jewish, Christian, and Islamic writers. ... Judaism is the religious culture of the Jewish people. ... Pseudepigrapha (from the Greek words pseudos = lie and epigrapho = write) is a text or a number of texts whose claimed authorship or authenticity is incorrect. ... Look up Apocalypse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Apocalypse is a Greek word and is formed by the combination of apo (away) with calypse (disclose). ... The Book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphal apocryphal work attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. ... Old Church Slavonic (also called Old Church Slavic or Old Bulgarian, incorrectly Old Slavic) is the first literary Slavic language, developed from the Slavic dialect of Solun (Thessaloniki) by 9th century Byzantine missionaries, Saints Cyril and Methodius. ... Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by 6 million people mainly in Israel, parts of the Palestinian territories, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a four-thousand year history. ... A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere). ...

It was first rediscovered by Professor M I Sokolov in 1886 in the archives of the Belgrade Public Library. Today, the text is known from five manuscripts in two versions (known simply as "the longer" and "the shorter") with most scholarship agreeing that the shorter is probably closer to the original. Some commentators have perceived a Christian influence, either on the original text, or in later editing. 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ...

The book begins with a first-person account by Enoch of a journey through the ten heavens that culminates in a meeting with God. This is followed by a discussion about the creation of the world, and God's instructions to Enoch to return to Earth and disseminate what he has learned. These teachings are then described as taking place within a 30-day stay, at the end of which Enoch is taken back to heaven and transformed into the angel Metatron. At this point, the text switches to third-person and tells the stories of Methuselah, Nir (Noah's younger brother), and Melchizedek. An early Christian portrayal of Metatron Metatron (alternate spelling: Metraton, sometimes referred to as the latin Metator) is the name of an angel in Judaism and some branches of Christianity. ... Methuselah or Metushélach (Hebrew מְתוּשֶׁלַח / מְתוּשָׁלַח Man of the dart, or alternatively when he dies, it shall be sent Standard Hebrew Mətušélaḥ / Mətušálaḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Məṯûšélaḥ / Məṯûšālaḥ) was the oldest person whose age is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. ... Noah or Nóach (Rest, Standard Hebrew נוֹחַ Nóaḥ, Tiberian Hebrew נֹחַ Nōªḥ; Arabic نوح Nūḥ), is a character from the Book of Genesis and the Quran who builds an ark to save his family and the worlds animals from the Deluge, the universal flood. ... Meeting of Abraham and Melchizedek — by Dieric Bouts the Elder, 1464–67 Melchizedek or Malki-tzédek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק / מַלְכִּי־צָדֶק My king is righteous, Standard Hebrew Malki-ẓédeq / Malki-ẓádeq, Tiberian Hebrew Malkî-ṣéḏeq / Malkî-ṣāḏeq), sometimes written Melchisedec, Melchisedech or Melchisedek, is a character in the Bible who appeared in Genesis to...

External link

Text of 2 Enoch on sacred-texts.com

  Results from FactBites:
Enoch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (261 words)
Enoch, one of the five sons of Midian
Enoch, Katherine, extensively written about in A Cornish Shopkeeper's Diary 1843, R Glynn, as someone who loved a drink, leading to the authors expression of drunken abandonment 'I was enoched, not a muscle would move nor the gods awaken me.'
Enoch Root, a recurring character in Neal Stephenson's novels Cryptonomicon and The Baroque Cycle.
Iranica.com - ENOCH, BOOKS OF (1112 words)
In its present state, 1 Enoch includes at least five separate compositions loosely joined to one another and sharing a common perception of Enoch as an exemplary righteous individual who was granted access to heavenly mysteries regarding the governance of the cosmos, the progression of history, and the final judgment of the created order.
Since neither recension ("short" and "long") of 2 Enoch survives except only in Old Slavonic, it is often referred to as "the Slavonic Book of Enoch." Most scholars now hold that the "short" version is older and that the "long" version is an expansion incorporating interpolations that are mostly Christian.
According to 2 Enoch ("short," 17.1 ff.), the first created being is the so-called "age of creation," brought forth for human benefit divided into years, seasons, months, days, and hours.
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