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Encyclopedia > 1st millennium
Millennia: 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium - 2nd millennium

In the Gregorian calendar, the 1st millennium is the period of one thousand years that commenced with the year 1 Anno Domini. There is no "year zero" in the Gregorian calendar. These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... The 1st millennium BC encompasses the Iron Age and sees the rise of successive empires. ... In the Gregorian calendar, the 2nd millennium commenced on 1 January 1001, and ended at the end of 31 December 2000. ... The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar in the world. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... For the Nine Inch Nails album, see Year Zero (album). ...


The early 1st millennium marks the peak of the Roman Empire and its subsequent decline. In analysis grouping history by period this same era is a period of transition also known as Late Antiquity, culminating in the transformation of the Eastern Roman Empire into the Byzantine Empire, while the Western Roman Empire collapses, giving rise to the Early Middle Ages. For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Late Antiquity is a rough periodization (c. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus The Western Roman Empire in 395. ... Justinians wife Theodora and her retinue, in a 6th century mosaic from the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna. ...


As the millennium ages, Christianity and Islam rise to power in the 4th and 7th centuries, respectively. The late 1st millennium sees the Vikings incursions and settlements, defeat of the invasion of France by the Islamic armies, founding of the Carolingian dynasties, and as the millennium closes, the gradual transition to what is known as the High Middle Ages. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... The cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, a significant architectural contribution of the High Middle Ages. ...


World population, which had tripled over the preceding millennium, grew more slowly during the thousand year era and could well have diminished. One optimistic estimate the world's population rose from approximately 170 to 300 million, but other estimates vary; one estimate suggests that the world population actually declined from 400 million people to 250 million people. Map of countries by population — China and India, the only two countries to have a population greater than one billion, together possess more than a third of the worlds population. ...

Contents

Events

Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Sometimes the 30s is used as shorthand for the 1930s, the 1830s, or other such decades in various... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... Herculaneum (in modern Italian Ercolano) is an ancient Roman town, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano. ... The city of Stabiae was at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, and therefore was one of the communities damaged by its eruption in 79 AD. Some few people got away from the initial lava, and told others of the coming erruption, but succumbed to the ash as it started to... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Londinium may refer to: An ancient Roman name for London (see History of London) Londinium (movie) A song by Catatonia A fictional planet in the TV show Firefly, (see moons and planets in Firefly) Londinivm, a free MMORPG. Londinium (album), an album by the band Archive This is a disambiguation... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ... Ruins of the training grounds at Olympia The Ancient Olympic Games, originally referred to as simply the Olympic Games (Greek: ; Olympiakoi Agones) were a series of athletic competitions held between various city-states of Ancient Greece. ... Events Gao Zu succeeds Tai Zu as Emperor of the Later Qin Empire in China. ... Inscription regarding Tiberius Claudius Balbilus of Rome (d. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its spectacular art, monumental architecture, and sophisticated mathematical and astronomical systems. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... The Gupta dynasty ruled the Gupta Empire of India, from around 320 to 550. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Viking Age is the term denoting the years from about 800 to 1066 in Scandinavian History[1][2][3]. // In England the Viking Age began dramatically on June 8, 793 when heathen Norsemen destroyed the Abbey church on Lindisfarne, a centre of learning famous across the continent. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Ghana Empire in Africa The Empire of Ghana (existed c. ... Magyar may refer to: The Magyar language The Magyar people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Significant people

The famous statue of Octavian at the Prima Porta Caesar Augustus (Latin:IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS) ¹ (23 September 63 BC–19 August AD 14), known to modern historians as Octavian for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, is considered the first and one of the most... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC - 60s BC - 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC Years: 68 BC 67 BC 66 BC 65 BC 64 BC 63 BC 62 BC 61 BC 60... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... 29 is my favourite colour!!!!!!!! Events Romans captured Sofia. ... For other uses, see 33 (disambiguation). ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... A Gentile refers to a non-Israelite; the word is derived from the Latin term gens (meaning clan or a group of families) and is often employed in the plural. ... Cài Lún (Wade-Giles: Tsai Lun, 蔡倫) (c. ... Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... For other uses, see Zhang Heng (disambiguation). ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... This article deals with the fourth century BC founder of the Maurya dynasty. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Events Chandragupta I succeeds his father Ghatotkacha as ruler of the Gupta Empire Births Saint Bassiano, first Bishop of Lodi, Italy. ... The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... Constantine. ... “Augustinus” redirects here. ... The Church Fathers or Fathers of the Church are the early and influential theologians and writers in the Christian church, particularly those of the first five centuries of Christian history. ... Attila (AD 406 - 453), also known as Attila the Hun was Khan of the Hun people from 434 until his death and leader of the Hunnic Empire. ... Theodoric the Great (454 - August 30, 526), known to the Romans as Flavius Theodoricus, was king of the Ostrogoths (488-526), ruler of Italy (493-526), and regent of the Visigoths (511-526). ... Statue of Aryabhata on the grounds of IUCAA, Pune. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Here is a chronology of the main Indian mathematicians: BC Yajnavalkya, 1800 BC, the author of the altar mathematics of the Shatapatha Brahmana. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... This limestone statue of a Boddhisattva was probably created in the Henan province of China around 570, in the Northern Qi Dynasty. ... Events Abu Bakr becomes first caliph or Successor of the Prophet, leader of Islam Abu Bakr defeats Mosailima in the Battle of Akraba. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... It has been suggested that Isidro be merged into this article or section. ... Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त) (598-668) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. ... Events Childeric II succeeds Clotaire III as Frankish king Constantine IV becomes Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Constans II Theodore of Tarsus made archbishop of Canterbury. ... Here is a chronology of the main Indian mathematicians: BC Yajnavalkya, 1800 BC, the author of the altar mathematics of the Shatapatha Brahmana. ... Bede, commonly known as the Venerable Bede, (c. ... Events April 11 - Adeodatus succeeds Vitalian as Pope. ... Events Hlothhere becomes king of Kent Maelduin becomes King of Dalriada Foundation of Ely, England Births Bede, English monk, writer and historian (or 672) Deaths Childeric II, Frankish king of Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy Domangart II, King of Dalriada General Kim Yu-shin of Silla Heads of states Japan - Temmu... Events Abkhazia becomes independent, and will remain such until the 15th century Births Alcuin, missionary and bishop (approximate date) Deaths May 25 - Bede, English Historian and monk Categories: 735 ... Ê¿Abd Allāh ibn AbÄ« Isḥāq (died AD 735 / AH 117) is the earliest known grammarian of the Arabic language. ... Arabic is a Semitic language. ... Charles Martel (or, in modern English, Charles the Hammer) (23 August 686 – 22 October 741) was proclaimed Mayor of the Palace, ruling the Franks in the name of a titular King, and proclaimed himself Duke of the Franks (the last four years of his reign he did not even bother... Former Byzantine emperor Anastasius II leads a revolt against emperor Leo III Theuderic IV succeeds Chilperic II Battle of Toulouse - Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlani, the governor Muslim Spain (al-Andalus) is defeated by Duke Odo of Aquitaine preventing an Arab invasion of Gaul. ... Charlemagne and Pippin the Hunchback. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire around 1630, superimposed over modern European state borders Capital None Language(s) Latin, German, many others Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 962–967 Otto I  - 973–983 Otto II  - 996–1002 Otto III  - 1014– 1024 Henry II  - 1027–1039 Conrad II  - 1046... Khwarizmi comemmorated on this Soviet stamp. ... Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: ÆlfrÄ“d //) (c. ... Al Battani (ca. ... For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ... Bjarni Herjólfsson (fl. ...

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... This article is about the branch of mathematics. ... A cup of coffee. ... Modern horseshoes are most commonly made of steel and nailed into the hoof wall. ... Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period, Japan. ... Species Humulus lupulus L. Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... Mediaeval drawing of the Ptolemaic system. ... Krishna and Radha are shown playing chaturanga on an 8x8 Ashtāpada. ... This article is about the navigational instrument. ... Wootz is a steel characterized by a pattern of bands or sheets of micro carbides within a tempered martensite or pearlite matrix. ...

Cultural landmarks

+ 43 AD Permanent Roman invasion of Britain begins under the new Roman emperor Claudius, anxious to make a name for himself. After the early battles have been won, Claudius travels personally to take the surrender of eleven tribes in the southeast of Britain. Julius Caesar led the first in 55 BC during the last days of the Roman Republic and many of the Britons had been paying tribute since. Events Aulus Plautius, with 4 legions, landed on Britain. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Britain was the target of invasion by forces of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire several times during its history. ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law This article discusses the nature of the imperial dignity, and its dynastic development throughout the history of the Empire. ... For other persons named Claudius, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus Roman provinces on the eve of the assassination of Julius Caesar, c. ...


Centuries and decades

1st century 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s
2nd century 100s 110s 120s 130s 140s 150s 160s 170s 180s 190s
3rd century 200s 210s 220s 230s 240s 250s 260s 270s 280s 290s
4th century 300s 310s 320s 330s 340s 350s 360s 370s 380s 390s
5th century 400s 410s 420s 430s 440s 450s 460s 470s 480s 490s
6th century 500s 510s 520s 530s 540s 550s 560s 570s 580s 590s
7th century 600s 610s 620s 630s 640s 650s 660s 670s 680s 690s
8th century 700s 710s 720s 730s 740s 750s 760s 770s 780s 790s
9th century 800s 810s 820s 830s 840s 850s 860s 870s 880s 890s
10th century 900s 910s 920s 930s 940s 950s 960s 970s 980s 990s

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Bronze arrowheads for sale (609 words)
1st Millennium B.C. A Near Eastern bronze tanged and barbed arrowhead with a pronounced central rib measuring 110 mm/4.3 ins.
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