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Encyclopedia > 1st Polish Army

The 1st Polish Army (Polish Pierwsza Armia Wojska Polskiego, 1 AWP for short) was a Polish Army unit formed in the Soviet Union in 1944, from previously existing 1st Polish Corps. This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... The Civil Flag of Poland has been used since the early 20th century. ...   Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Gen. Zygmunt Berling, commander of the 1st Polish Army
Gen. Zygmunt Berling, commander of the 1st Polish Army

It operated under the auspices of the Red Army. It first entered combat in the summer of 1944, fighting in the battles during the Soviet crossing of the river Vistula. In September 1944 it was involved in fighting around Warsaw in an attempt to support the Warsaw Uprising. However, those efforts received minimal Soviet support and ended in failure. In the winter of 1945 the army fought in Pomerania, breaking through the Pommernstellung fortified line and capturing Kolobrzeg. In the Spring of 1945 the army, now numbering 78,556 soldiers, was shifted to the front on the river Oder in preparation for the final Soviet offensive of the war in Europe. During the offensive it crossed the river on April 16 and joined the Battle of Berlin. In it, among other actions, the Polish units of the 1st army crossed the Hohenzollern Canal and advanced on Kremmen, Flatow, Paaren and Nauen. They ended their campaign by participating in the capture of the Brandenburg Gate. The army was disbanded after the war, on 22 August 1945. Its constituent units went on to serve in the armed forces of the newly created Polish People's Republic. Polish Wiki [[1]] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Polish Wiki [[1]] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... General Zygmunt Berling Zygmunt Henryk Berling (27 April 1896 - 11 July 1980), Polish general and politician, most known as the commander of the 1st Polish Army during the Second World War. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Warsaw Uprising (Powstanie Warszawskie) was an armed struggle during the Second World War by the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from German occupation and Nazi rule. ... Kołobrzeg (pronounce: [kɔwɔbʒεg], German Kolberg) is a city in Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland with some 50,000 inhabitants (2000). ... The Oder (or Odra) River (German: Oder, Polish/Czech: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe (mostly in Poland). ... The Battle of Berlin was one of the final battles of the European Theatre of World War II. A massive Soviet army attacked Berlin from the east. ... The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate (German: Brandenburger Tor) is a triumphal arch, the symbol of Berlin, Germany. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish Peoples Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ...


Organisation

Polish artillery units on the Byelorussian front
Polish artillery units on the Byelorussian front

The 1st Polish Army was very similar in organisation to other standard general purpose armies making up the bulk of Red Army's order of battle. It had a good mix of infantry units and artillery together with other support arms. Its armor capability was considerably weaker, with only one tank brigade permanently attached. In manpower it was broadly equivalent to an American infantry corps. At the end of the war in 1945, it consisted of the following large units (honorific names given in brackets) Source: Military Museum Warsaw This work is copyrighted. ... Source: Military Museum Warsaw This work is copyrighted. ... An honorific is a term used to convey esteem or respect. ...

  • 4th infantry division (Jan Kilinski)
  • 6th infantry division
  • 1st cavalry brigade
  • 3rd howitzer artillery brigade
  • 5th heavy artillery brigade
  • 1st anti-aircraft artillery division
  • 1st engineer brigade
  • 1st mortar brigade (attached from High Command Reserve))
  • 1st fighter aviation regiment (Warszawa)

  Results from FactBites:
 
History of the Polish Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (670 words)
Polish Army (Polish: Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland.
Polish Armed Forces consist of the Army (Wojsko LÄ…dowe), Navy (Marynarka) and Air Force (Lotnictwo) branches and are under the command of the Ministry of National Defense (Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej).
First Polish Army was created in the 10th century kingdom of Poland, under Piast dynasty.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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