|Terms of the |
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th |
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th
The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand. It opened on 24 May 1854, following New Zealand's first general election (held the previous year). It was dissolved on 15 September 1855 in preparation for that year's election. New Zealand had not yet obtained "responsible government" (that is, the power to manage its own affairs), and so the 1st Parliament did not hold any significant power.
The 1st Parliament was held before the creation of either political parties or the office of Premier. There were, however, appointments made to the Executive Council (the formal institution upon which Cabinet is based). From 14 June 1854 to 2 August 1854, there was a four-person cabinet led by James FitzGerald (a fifth member, Dillon Bell, also joined for a short time). Then, from 31 August 1854 to 2 September 1854, there was another four-person cabinet led by Thomas Forsaith. Some historians consider FitzGerald and Forsaith to be New Zealand's first Prime Ministers, but neither held any formal leadership role, and since "responsible government" had not yet been obtained, they had little real power. Henry Sewell, appointed shortly after the 2nd New Zealand Parliament opened, is more often considered to have been the first Prime Minister.
The 1st Parliament consisted of thirty-seven representatives representing twenty-four electorates. Two regions of the country (the inland regions of the lower North Island and the northwest corner of the South Island) were not part of any electorate, and so were not represented.
Electoral boundaries for the 1st Parliament
Initial composition of the 1st Parliament
|Member ||Party ||Electorate |
|Bacot, John ||None ||Pensioner Settlements |
|Bartley, Thomas Houghton ||None ||City of Auckland |
|Cargill, John ||None ||Dunedin Country |
|Carleton, Hugh ||None ||Bay of Islands |
|Cautley, William ||None ||Waimea |
|Clifford, Charles ||None ||City of Wellington |
|Crompton, William ||None ||Omata |
|Cutten, William ||None ||Dunedin Country |
|Featherston, Isaac ||None ||Wanganui and Rangitikei |
|FitzGerald, James ||None ||Town of Lyttelton |
|Forsaith, Thomas ||None ||Northern Division |
|Gledhill, Francis ||None ||Town of New Plymouth |
|Gray, John ||None ||Southern Division |
|Greenwood, Joseph ||None ||Pensioner Settlements |
|Hart, Robert ||None ||City of Wellington |
|Kelham, James ||None ||City of Wellington |
|King, Thomas ||None ||Grey and Bell |
|Lee, Walter ||None ||Northern Division |
|Ludlam, Alfred ||None ||Hutt |
|Macandrew, James ||None ||Town of Dunedin |
|Mackay, James ||None ||Town of Nelson |
|Merriman, Frederick ||None ||Suburbs of Auckland |
|Monro, David ||None ||Waimea |
|Moorhouse, William Sefton ||None ||Akaroa |
|O'Brien, Loughlin ||None ||City of Auckland |
|O'Neill, James ||None ||City of Auckland |
|Picard, Alfred Christopher ||None ||Motueka and Massacre Bay |
|Porter, William Field ||None ||Suburbs of Auckland |
|Revans, Samuel ||None ||Wairarapa and Hawkes Bay |
|Rhodes, William ||None ||Wellington Country |
|Sewell, Henry ||None ||Town of Christchurch |
|Stuart-Wortley, James ||None ||Christchurch Country |
|Taylor, Charles John ||None ||Southern Division |
|Travers, William ||None ||Town of Nelson |
|Wakefield, Edward Gibbon ||None ||Hutt |
|Wakefield, Edward Jerningham ||None ||Christchurch Country |
|Weld, Frederick ||None ||Wairau |
Changes during term
- Thomas Houghton Bartley, MP for City of Auckland, resigned on 11 July 1854. He was replaced by William Brown, who was elected on 4 August 1854.
- William Oldfield Cautley, MP for Waimea, and William Travers, MP for Town of Nelson, both resigned on 26 May 1854. Travers subsequently constested the Waimea seat that Cautley had vacated, being elected on 21 June. Travers' own Nelson seat was won by Samuel Stephens on 19 June.
- Frederick Ward, MP for Wairau, resigned on 13 June 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- Samuel Stephens, MP for Town of Nelson, died on 26 June 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- James Frederick Stuart-Wortley, MP for Christchurch Country, resigned on 18 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- Alfred Ludlum, MP for Hutt, resigned on 9 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- William Henry Cutten, MP for Dunedin Country, resigned on 23 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- James Kelham, MP for City of Wellington, resigned on 3 August 1855. His seat remained vacant.
- Isaac Featherston, MP for Wanganui and Rangitikei, resigned on 9 August 1855. His seat remained vacant.