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Encyclopedia > 1st New Zealand Parliament


Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
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The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand. It opened on 24 May 1854, following New Zealand's first general election (held the previous year). It was dissolved on 15 September 1855 in preparation for that year's election. New Zealand had not yet obtained "responsible government" (that is, the power to manage its own affairs), and so the 1st Parliament did not hold any significant power.


The 1st Parliament was held before the creation of either political parties or the office of Premier. There were, however, appointments made to the Executive Council (the formal institution upon which Cabinet is based). From 14 June 1854 to 2 August 1854, there was a four-person cabinet led by James FitzGerald (a fifth member, Dillon Bell, also joined for a short time). Then, from 31 August 1854 to 2 September 1854, there was another four-person cabinet led by Thomas Forsaith. Some historians consider FitzGerald and Forsaith to be New Zealand's first Prime Ministers, but neither held any formal leadership role, and since "responsible government" had not yet been obtained, they had little real power. Henry Sewell, appointed shortly after the 2nd New Zealand Parliament opened, is more often considered to have been the first Prime Minister.


The 1st Parliament consisted of thirty-seven representatives representing twenty-four electorates. Two regions of the country (the inland regions of the lower North Island and the northwest corner of the South Island) were not part of any electorate, and so were not represented.


Electoral boundaries for the 1st Parliament

Image:NewZealandElectorates1853-Labeled.png


Initial composition of the 1st Parliament

Member Party Electorate
Bacot, John None Pensioner Settlements
Bartley, Thomas Houghton None City of Auckland
Cargill, John None Dunedin Country
Carleton, Hugh None Bay of Islands
Cautley, William None Waimea
Clifford, Charles None City of Wellington
Crompton, William None Omata
Cutten, William None Dunedin Country
Featherston, Isaac None Wanganui and Rangitikei
FitzGerald, James None Town of Lyttelton
Forsaith, Thomas None Northern Division
Gledhill, Francis None Town of New Plymouth
Gray, John None Southern Division
Greenwood, Joseph None Pensioner Settlements
Hart, Robert None City of Wellington
Kelham, James None City of Wellington
King, Thomas None Grey and Bell
Lee, Walter None Northern Division
Ludlam, Alfred None Hutt
Macandrew, James None Town of Dunedin
Mackay, James None Town of Nelson
Merriman, Frederick None Suburbs of Auckland
Monro, David None Waimea
Moorhouse, William Sefton None Akaroa
O'Brien, Loughlin None City of Auckland
O'Neill, James None City of Auckland
Picard, Alfred Christopher None Motueka and Massacre Bay
Porter, William Field None Suburbs of Auckland
Revans, Samuel None Wairarapa and Hawkes Bay
Rhodes, William None Wellington Country
Sewell, Henry None Town of Christchurch
Stuart-Wortley, James None Christchurch Country
Taylor, Charles John None Southern Division
Travers, William None Town of Nelson
Wakefield, Edward Gibbon None Hutt
Wakefield, Edward Jerningham None Christchurch Country
Weld, Frederick None Wairau



Changes during term

  • Thomas Houghton Bartley, MP for City of Auckland, resigned on 11 July 1854. He was replaced by William Brown, who was elected on 4 August 1854.
  • William Oldfield Cautley, MP for Waimea, and William Travers, MP for Town of Nelson, both resigned on 26 May 1854. Travers subsequently constested the Waimea seat that Cautley had vacated, being elected on 21 June. Travers' own Nelson seat was won by Samuel Stephens on 19 June.
  • Frederick Ward, MP for Wairau, resigned on 13 June 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • Samuel Stephens, MP for Town of Nelson, died on 26 June 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • James Frederick Stuart-Wortley, MP for Christchurch Country, resigned on 18 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • Alfred Ludlum, MP for Hutt, resigned on 9 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • William Henry Cutten, MP for Dunedin Country, resigned on 23 July 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • James Kelham, MP for City of Wellington, resigned on 3 August 1855. His seat remained vacant.
  • Isaac Featherston, MP for Wanganui and Rangitikei, resigned on 9 August 1855. His seat remained vacant.



  Results from FactBites:
 
Parliament of New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (849 words)
The Parliament of New Zealand consists of the Queen of New Zealand and the New Zealand House of Representatives and, until 1951, the New Zealand Legislative Council.
New Zealand essentially follows the Westminster system of government, and is governed by a cabinet and Prime Minister chosen by the House of Representatives.
The New Zealand Parliament's lower house is the New Zealand House of Representatives.
1st New Zealand Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (453 words)
The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.
New Zealand had not yet obtained "responsible government" (that is, the power to manage its own affairs), and so the 1st Parliament did not hold any significant power.
The 1st Parliament was held before the creation of either political parties or the office of Premier.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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