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Encyclopedia > 1st Colorado Volunteers

The 1st Colorado Volunteers (officially the 1st Regiment of Colorado Volunteers) was a volunteer infantry regiment of the United States Army formed in the Colorado Territory in 1861 and active in the American West in the late 19th century. the regiment was formed by order of William Gilpin, the first governor of the territory, and began enlistment in August 1861, six months after the organization of the territory. Known as "Gilpin's Pet Lambs" for the involvement of the governor in its formation, the regiment served in the western theater of the American Civil War, notably in the New Mexico Campaign of Spring 1862, in which they helped repulsed the advance of the Confederate Army under Sibley at the Battle of Glorieta Pass [1] (http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/civwar/civilwar.html). The first colonel of the regiment was John P. Slough, replaced in April 1862 by Major John Chivington, later implicated for his role as commander of the 1st Colorado Cavalry in the November 1864 Sand Creek Massacre. This group of political volunteers is working to promote voter turn-out. ... Infantry in the First World War Infantry (or Infantrymen) are soldiers who fight primarily on foot, using personal weapons. ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, and New Mexico territories in 1860 The Colorado Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States that existed between 1861 and 1876. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article is for the American West. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... The New Mexico campaign was a military operation in 1862 of the American Civil War in which the Confederate General Henry Hopkins Sibley invaded the New Mexico Territory in an attempt to control the southwest and the gold fields of Colorado and the ports of California. ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... Henry Hopkins Sibley was a brigadier general during the American Civil War fighting on the side of the Confederate States of America in the New Mexico Territory. ... Battle of Glorieta Pass Conflict American Civil War Date March 26-28, 1862 Place Santa Fe County and San Miguel County, New Mexico Result Union victory The Battle of Glorieta Pass was the decisive battle of the New Mexico campaign fought during the American Civil War from March 26 - March... Colonel John Chivington (1821-1894), born in Lebanon, Ohio, was the hero of Glorietta Pass and the man responsible for the Sand Creek Massacre. ... The Sand Creek Massacre refers to an infamous incident in the Indian wars of the United States that occurred on November 29, 1864 when Colorado Militia troops in the Colorado Territory massacred an undefended village of Cheyenne and Arapaho encamped on the territorys eastern plains. ...


References

  • Colorado.gov site on the regiment (http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/civwar/civilwar.html)

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