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Encyclopedia > 1st Cavalry Army

The 1st Cavalry Army (Russian: Первая конная армия) was the most famous Red Army сavalry formation also known as Budyonny's Cavalry Army or simply Konarmia. The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ...


When Russian Civil War broke out in 1918, a popular Сossack leader Budyonny organized out of local Cossacks, as well as common-place criminals, capable to commute on horseback and listen to orders, a small cavalry force in the Don region. This force rapidly grows in numbers, sided with Bolshevik s and eventually became the 1st Cavalry Army. It was transformed from a guerrilla force into military unit under leadership of Semyon Budyonny, Kliment Voroshilov and Bolshevik commissars. The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, and immediately after and because of Lenins dissolution of the Russian Constituent Assembly, between Communist forces known as the Red Army and loosely allied anti-Communist forces known as the White Army. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Semyon Budyonny â–¶ (help· info) (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973) was a Soviet military commander and an ally of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. ... Kircholm, a 1925 painting by Wojciech Kossak. ... The term Don may refer to: Don, Donald Ducks nickname. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Semyon Budyonny â–¶ (help· info) (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973) was a Soviet military commander and an ally of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov () (January 23, 1881 - December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander and politician. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Commissar (комисса́р) was an official title used in post-revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union. ...


This Army played an important role in winning the Civil War for the Bolsheviks, driving the White General Anton Denikin back from Moscow. The White movement, whose military arm is known as the White Army (Белая Армия) or White Guard (Белая Гвардия, белогвардейцы) and whose members are known as Whites (Белые, or the derogatory Беляки) or White Russians (a term which has other meanings) comprised some of the Russian forces, both political and military, which opposed the Bolsheviks after the... Anton Denikin on the day of his resignation in 1920 Anton Ivanovich Denikin (Анто́н Ива́нович Дени́кин) (December 16, 1872 - August 8, 1947) was a Russian army officer before and during World War I. Following the Russian Revolution he was part of the counter-revolutionary White Russian forces in the civil... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...


In 1920 Budyonny's Cavalry Army took part in the invasion of Poland during Polish-Bolshevik War, at first with remarkable success. 1st Cavalry Army pushed Polish forces out of Ukraine and broke through Polish southern frontlines, but later it was bogged down at Lviv. This in turn led to a heavy defeat of the rest of the Bolsheviks forces in the Battle of Warsaw. When Budyonny's Cavalry finally joined the battle it was also soundly defeated in the Battle of Komarów, known as the last great cavalry battle in the history. At this point 1st Cavalry Army moral and discipline were at low point and violence against civilian population and robbery were common place. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... Kiev Offensive (1920) Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date April-June, 1920 Place Ukraine Result inconclusive The Kiev Offensive (or Kiev Operation) was an important military operation, carried out by Polish Army and allied Ukrainian forces during the Polish-Bolshevik War, from April 1920 to June of the same year. ... Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів, L’viv ; see Cities alternative names#L for other names) is a city in western Ukraine, the capital city of the Lviv Oblast (province) and one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish Cud nad WisÅ‚Ä…) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Soviet War, the war that began soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasted until the Treaty of Riga in 1921. ... Battle of Komar w Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 31, 1920 Place Komar w and Wolica Śniatycka, near Zamość Result Decisive Polish victory Battle of Komar w was one of the most important battles of the Polish-Bolshevik War. ...


The remains of 1st Cavalry Army were sent south to fight the Wrangel’s White forces in Ukraine and the Crimea. At the final phase of Russian Civil War 1st Cavalry Army were moved subsequently to Siberia, Central Asia, Altai Krai, Mongolia and ended it jorney at Manchuria and Kamchatka. Conquest of the Chukchi Peninsula was the Army last combat operation in September 1924. This legendary voyage through Eurasia was the basis of myth about invincible 1st Cavalry Army, which has been cultivated by Ыoviet propaganda. Baron Wrangel At a prayer vigil upon accepting command. ... The White movement, whose military arm is known as the White Army (Белая Армия) or White Guard (Белая Гвардия, белогвардейцы) and whose members are known as Whites (Белые, or the derogatory Беляки) or White Russians (a term which has other meanings) comprised some of the Russian forces, both political and military, which opposed the Bolsheviks after the... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, and immediately after and because of Lenins dissolution of the Russian Constituent Assembly, between Communist forces known as the Red Army and loosely allied anti-Communist forces known as the White Army. ... Siberian Federal District (dark red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) Siberia (Russian: , Sibir’; Tatar: Seber) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of Northern Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia (Russian: Средняя Азия/Srednyaya Azia for Middle Asia or Центральная Азия/Tsentralnaya Azia for Central Asia; in Turkic languages Orta Asya; in Persian آسياى مرکزی; (Urdu: وسطى ايشيا)Wasti Asia; Standard Mandarin Chinese... Altai Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) in the Siberian Federal District. ... Manchuria (Manchu: Manju; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Simplified Chinese: 满洲; pinyin: MÇŽnzhōu, Russian: ) is a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... Kamchatka Oblast, an oblast in Russia. ... The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotski Peninsula or Chukotsk Peninsula, at about 66° North, 169° East, is the northeastern extremity of Asia. ... Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the landmass composed of Europe and Asia. ...


Notable figures in 1st Cavalry Army

Semyon Budyonny â–¶ (help· info) (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973) was a Soviet military commander and an ally of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov () (January 23, 1881 - December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander and politician. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov, GCB (Russian: ) (December 1 [O.S. November 19] 1896–June 18, 1974), was a Soviet military commander and politician who, in the course of World War II, led the Red Army to liberate the Soviet Union from the Nazi occupation... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United States United Kingdom and others Axis Powers: Germany Japan Italy and others Commanders Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Winston Churchill Adolf Hitler Hideki Tojo Benito Mussolini Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military... Marshal of the Soviet Union Grigory Kulik Grigory Ivanovich Kulik (Russian: Григорий Иванович Кулик) (November 9, 1890 - August 24, 1950), Soviet military commander, was born into a peasant family near Poltava in Ukraine. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Kirill Meretskov Kirill Afanasievich Meretskov (Russian: Кирилл Афанасьевич Мерецков) (June 7, 1897 - December 30, 1968) was a Soviet military commander. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6 O.S (February 18 N.S.), 1895-March 31, 1970), Soviet military commander, was the senior professional officer of the Red Army at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in... Semyon Moiseevich Krivoshein (November 28, 1899, Voronezh, Russian Empire-September 16, 1978, Moscow, Soviet Union) Soviet tank commander, played a vital part in the reform of the Red Army tank forces and in momentous defeat of German panzer in the great battle of Kursk. ... Isaac Babel Isaac Emmanuilovich Babel, Russian: Исаак Эммануилович Бабель (13 July [O.S. 1 July] 1894 – January 27, 1940) was a Russian journalist, playwright, and short story writer. ... Vadim Yakovlev was a Russian Cossack cavalry commander, in the rank of yesaul. ... Yesaul (Turkic: yasaul=chief; Russian: есау́л), a post and a rank in the Cossack units. ...

See also

Red Cavalry Red Cavalry is a collection of short stories by Russian author Isaac Babel. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
1st Cavalry Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (382 words)
At this point, the 1st Cavalry Army's morale and discipline were at a low point and robbery and violence against the civilian population became commonplace.
At the final phase of Russian Civil War the 1st Cavalry Army was subsequently moved to Siberia, Central Asia, Altai Krai, Mongolia and ended its journey at Manchuria and Kamchatka.
The Army's last combat operation was the conquest of the Chukchi Peninsula in September 1924.
1st Cavalry Division (5325 words)
The famed 1st Cavalry Division was baptized by fire and blood on the western plains in an era of horse-mounted cavalry.
The 1st Cav returned to the United States on May 5, 1971 where it was reorganized as the "First Triple Capability (TRICAP) Division." This TRICAP designation stemmed from its organization, consisting of an armored brigade, a mechanized infantry brigade, an airmobile brigade, and support troops tailored to assist the combat elements of the division.
"1st Cavalry Division on Leyte." Cav Jrnl 54 (Jan/Feb 1945): pp.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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