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Encyclopedia > 1997 Pacific typhoon season
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The 1997 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1997, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Jump to: navigation, search 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1997 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Phillipine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names. Jump to: navigation, search The International Date Line around 180° The International Date Line is an imaginary line on the surface of the Earth, which offsets the hours that are added or subtracted as one travels east or west through successive time zones. ... Pacific Hurricane Seasons 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 The 1997 Pacific hurricane season officially started May 15, 1997 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 1997 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 1997. ... The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) is a division of the United States Navys Navy Pacific Meteorological and Oceanography Center in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. ...

Contents

2000s 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 See also Tropical cyclone List of notable tropical cyclones Lists of tropical cyclone names List of Pacific hurricane seasons Catastrophic Florida Hurricanes: 1900-1960 Catastrophic Florida Hurricanes: 1961-present Old Tropical Cyclone Names This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Jump to: navigation, search The 1998 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... Jump to: navigation, search The 1999 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1999, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ...


Notable Storms

1997 was the year of the supertyphoons, with eleven typhoons reaching winds of at least 135 knots. They were Isa, Nestor, Rosie, Winnie, Bing, Oliwa (from Central Pacific), Ginger, Ivan, Joan, Keith, and Paka (from Central Pacific). This was due to the strong El NiƱo of 1997-1998, which contributed to the record amounts of not only supertyphoons but also tropical storms in the Western and Eastern Pacific. Fortunately, most of the stronger systems remained at sea. Only storms that are notable in some way are mentioned below.


Tropical Storm Levi (Bining)

Tropical Depression 5W drifted eastward through the Phillipines in late May. The heavy rain it brought caused mudslides that killed 33 people. The depression continued northeastward, becoming a tropical storm, and transitioning to an extratropical storm on May 30. The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ...


Supertyphoon Winnie (Ibiang)

On August 5, a tropical depression formed near the Marshall Islands. It headed northwestward, slowly strengthening to a tropical storm on the 9th. Intensification became more rapid as conditions became more favorable, and Winnie reached typhoon strength on the 10th. 2 days later, it became the 4th Supertyphoon of the season with peak winds of 160 mph. Soon after, the eye became ragged and large, with an outer eyewall reaching 200 miles in diameter. On the 18th, a minimal Typhoon Winnie passed north of Taiwan and hit eastern China, where it winded down until dissipating on the 19th. The remnant continued northeastward, bringing heavy rain and damage across China until the 23rd. Winnie caused 64 deaths, 39 of which were in Taiwan from the heavy rain. Jump to: navigation, search August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ...


Supertyphoon Oliwa

On August 28, the monsoon formed into Tropical Depression 2C in the Central Pacific. It headed slowly westward, becoming a tropical storm on the 3rd. It crossed the International Date Line, and continued to slowly strengthen to become a typhoon on the 8th. Oliwa rapidly strengthened on the 9th to reach a peak of 160 mph winds; the 6th Supertyphoon of the year. Oliwa slowly weakened as it moved westward, and hit Japan on the 15th and 16th. It turned to the northeast, and dissipated on the 17th after causing 7 deaths and widespread damage from flooding. Jump to: navigation, search August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search The International Date Line around 180° The International Date Line is an imaginary line on the surface of the Earth, which offsets the hours that are added or subtracted as one travels east or west through successive time zones. ...


Supertyphoon Ivan (Narsing) and Supertyphoon Joan

Two near-equatorial troughs of low pressure, having formed from westerly low-level winds, developed into Tropical Depressions 27W and 28W on October 9 and October 11th, respectively. Both poorly organized, they headed generally westward without much convection. On the 13th, 27W became Tropical Storm Ivan and on the 14th, 28W became Tropical Storm Joan. The two were within 500 miles of each other, but they were separate enough to strengthen on their own. On the 15th, while crossing the Northern Mariana Islands, they both reached typhoon intensity. Rapid intensification came soonafter, and Ivan and Joan became the 8th and 9th Supertyphoons of the year on the 17th. The two underwent the Fujiwara Effect, bringing Ivan more westerly and Joan more northerly. After reaching peaks of 185 mph winds within 12 hours of each other, they slowly weakened to Category 4's. Ivan struck the northern Phillipines at this intensity causing 1 death, while Joan restrengthened to a Category 5. They both turned to the northeast, and slowly dissipated. Jump to: navigation, search October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. ...


How they reached their extreme intensities are unknown. When two systems are relatively close to each other, one typically shears the other. Here, they both maintained Category 5 intensity for at least a day within a relatively close distance of each other. The monsoon trough, which typically helps intensify Western Pacific typhoons, was absent from these storms. Pressures were higher than normal, and the initial disturbances were very poorly organized. Regardless, they are among the strongest Supertyphoons of the world with 185 mph winds each.


Typhoon Linda (Openg)

Typhoon Linda, after moving through the Phillipines and the South China Sea, hit the Malay Peninsula on November 3. It restrengthened in the Bay of Bengal, but vertical shear caused Linda to dissipate on the 9th. Linda caused 330 deaths from flooding and heavy damage. The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... Jump to: navigation, search November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ...


Supertyphoon Paka (Rubing)

The final supertyphoon of the year developed in the Central Pacific on November 28. It moved westward, strengthening into a tropical storm before crossing the International Date Line on December 7. Conditions were marginally favorable for development, and Paka remained a tropical storm until the 10th, when it was able to become a typhoon. 5 days later, Paka reached Supertyphoon strength, the 11th of the year. The next day it crossed over Guam, and on the 18th, Paka reached a peak of 185 mph winds. After causing major damage across the Western Pacific islands, Paka rapidly weakened and dissipated on the 22nd. November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 7 is the 341st day (342nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


1997 storm names

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1997 was named Hannah and the final one was named Mort. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) is a division of the United States Navys Navy Pacific Meteorological and Oceanography Center in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. ...

  • Ann
  • Bart
  • Cam
  • Dan
  • Eve
  • Frankie
  • Gloria
  • Herb
  • Ian
  • Joy
  • Kirk
  • Lisa
  • Marty
  • Niki
  • Orson
  • Piper
  • Rick
  • Sally
  • Tom
  • Violet
  • Willie
  • Yates
  • Zane
  • Able
  • Beth
  • Carlo
  • Dale
  • Ernie
  • Fern
  • Greg
  • Hannah 1W
  • Isa 2W
  • Jimmy 3W
  • Kelly 4W
  • Levi 5W
  • Marie 6W
  • Nestor 7W
  • Opal 8W
  • Peter 9W
  • Rosie 10W
  • Scott 11W
  • Tina 12W
  • Victor 13W
  • Winnie 14W
  • Yule 15W
  • Zita 17W
  • Amber 18W
  • Bing 19W
  • Cass 20W
  • David 21W
  • Ella 22W
  • Fritz 23W
  • Ginger 24W
  • Hank 25W
  • Ivan 27W
  • Joan 28W
  • Keith 29W
  • Linda 30W
  • Mort 31W
  • Nichole
  • Otto
  • Penny
  • Rex
  • Stella
  • Todd
  • Vicki
  • Waldo
  • Yanni
  • Zeb
  • Alex
  • Babs
  • Chip
  • Dawn
  • Elvis
  • Faith
  • Gil
  • Hilda
  • Iris
  • Jacob
  • Kate
  • Leo
  • Maggie
  • Neil
  • Olga
  • Paul
  • Rachel
  • Sam
  • Tanya
  • Virgil
  • Wendy
  • York
  • Zia

Two central pacific storms, Tropical Storms Oliwa and Paka, crossed into this basin. They became Typhoons Oliwa and Paka, keeping their original name and "C" suffix.


Philippines

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones within its area of responsibility. Lists are recycled every four years. This is the same list used for the 1993 season.

  • Atring 01W
  • Bining 05W
  • Kuring 08W
  • Daling 09W
  • Elang
  • Goring 10W
  • Huling 12W
  • Ibiang 14W
  • Luming 17W
  • Miling 18W
  • Narsing 27W
  • Openg 30W
  • Pining 31W
  • Rubing 05C
  • Saling
  • Tasing
  • Unsing
  • Walding
  • Yeyeng
  • Anding
  • Binang
  • Kadiang
  • Dinang
  • Epang
  • Gundang

See also

Pacific Hurricane Seasons 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 The 1997 Pacific hurricane season officially started May 15, 1997 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 1997 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 1997. ... The 1997 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ...

External links

  • Typhoon2000 Phillipine typhoon website.
  • Phillipine Area of Responsibility.
  • Joint Typhoon Warning Center.
  • Meaning of Tokyo Typhoon Centre names.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Super Typhoon Ioke (3817 words)
The first storm to form in the Central Pacific in the 2006 Pacific hurricane season, Ioke is a long-lived and extremely powerful storm that traversed the Pacific, reaching Category 5 status twice as a hurricane.
The 1950-1969 Pacific hurricane seasons all began on May 15, 1950-69 in the northeast Pacific Ocean and on June 1, 1950-69 in the central Pacific.
Pacific Hurricane Seasons 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 The 1997 Pacific hurricane season officially started May 15, 1997 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 1997 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 1997.
Typhoon Keith (1252 words)
The 1997 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1997, but most Tropical Cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December.
1997 was the year of the super typhoons, with eleven typhoons reaching winds of at least 135 knots.
The tenth of eleven TCs to attain super typhoon intensity in the western North Pacific during 1997, Keith formed at low latitudes in the Marshall Islands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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