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Encyclopedia > 1995 NATO bombing in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Operation Deliberate Force
Part of Bosnian War

A US Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcon aircraft takes off for a mission in support of NATO airstrikes against Republika Srpska from Aviano AB, Italy.
Date 30 August - 20 September 1995
Location Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Casus
belli
The shelling of the Sarajevo market place on 28 August 1995 by the Bosnian Serb Army.[1]
Result Siege of Sarajevo lifted Tactical Serb victory.
Combatants

NATO

Republika Srpska
Commanders
Willy Claes Ratko Mladić
Strength
2 F-16C, 1 Mirage aircraft[citation needed] 2 SAMs[citation needed]
Casualties
1 Mirage aircraft
2 pilots POW
1 F-16C[citation needed]
Undisclosed

The 1995 NATO bombing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (code-named by NATO Operation Deliberate Force) was a sustained air campaign conducted by the North-Atlantic military organization to undermine the military capability of the Bosnian Serb Army who threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia. The operation was carried out between 30 August and 20 September 1995, involving 400 aircraft and 5000 personnel from 15 nations. Combatants ARBiH VRS Commanders Atif Dudakovic Zeljko Raznatovic Strength 25,000 20,000-30,000 est. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... In the military sciences, a military campaign encompasses related military operations, usually conducted by a defense or fighting force, directed at gaining a particular desired state of affairs, usually within geographical and temporal limitations. ... Bosnian Serb Army, officially Army of the Republika Srpska (Serbian Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske, ВРС/VRS) is the military of the Bosnian Serb political entity of Republika Srpska. ... United Nations Safe Areas (UN Safe Areas) were areas established in 1993 on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War by the resolution of the United Nations Security Council. ... This article is about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


It was initiated by NATO in response to a deteriorating situation. Although planned and approved by the North Atlantic Council in July 1995, the operation was triggered in direct response to the second wave of Markale Massacres on 28 August 1995. North Atlantic Council is the most senior political governing body of NATO. The NAC can be held at the Permanent Representative Level (PermReps), or can be comprised of member states Ministers of State, Defense, or Heads of State. ... Photograph from the scene, shortly after one of the massacres. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


During the campaign, a total of 3515 sorties were flown against 338 individual targets. Aircraft involved in the campaign operated out of Italy and from the U.S. aircraft carriers USS Theodore Roosevelt & USS America. 68% of the bombs used in this campaign were precision-guided munitions. The Bosnian Serb integrated air defence network, comprising of aircraft and surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), presented a high-threat environment to the allied air operations. A French Mirage 2000 was shot down by a Serbian SAM on the 30 August 1995. As a counter to the operation some 400 UNPROFOR peacekeepers were seized by the Bosnian Serb Army and used as human shields at key Bosnian Serb sites. The USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) (known affectionately as the Big Stick or TR) is the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier and its call sign is Rough Rider, the name of President Theodore Roosevelts volunteer cavalry unit during the Spanish-American War. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... BOLT-117 laser guided bomb Precision-guided munitions (smart munitions or smart bombs) are self-guiding weapons intended to maximize damage to the target while minimizing collateral damage. Because the damage effects of an explosive weapon scale as a power law with distance, quite modest improvements in accuracy (and hence... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multirole fighter jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Pocket badge of the UNPROFOR The United Nations Protection Force, UNPROFOR, were the primary UN peacekeeping troops in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav wars. ... NATO Peacekeeping Operations: International Security Assistance Force ISAF Operation Deliberate Force Operation Allied Force IFOR KFOR SFOR Peacekeeping Categories: | ... Human shield is a military and political term describing the presence of civilians in or around combat targets to deter an enemy from attacking those targets. ...


Also in August, Croatian Forces conducted Operation Storm in the Republic of Serbian Krajina in Croatia, which resulted in the expulsion of the Serb population of several hundred thousand from that area. Croatian military is officially called Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia (Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske) and it consists of these branches: ground forces (Hrvatska kopnena vojska) naval forces (Hrvatska ratna mornarica) air and air defense forces (Hrvatsko ratno zrakoplovstvo i protuzračna obrana) Total active duty members of... Combatants Croatia (HV) Bosnia and Herzegovina (ABiH) Republic of Serbian Krajina (VSK) Republika Srpska (VRS) Commanders Zvonimir Červenko (HV) Atif Dudakovic (ABiH) Mile Mrkšić (VSK) Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 400 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 50 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 150 tanks, 350 artillery pieces... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The air attacks increased the international pressure on (Milošević’s Serbia/Yugoslavia to take part in negotiations that resulted in the Dayton Peace Agreement. “MiloÅ¡ević” redirects here. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbian Government Republic President  - 1992 - 1993 Dobrica Ćosić  - 1993 - 1997 Zoran Lilić  - 1997 – 2000 Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević  - 2000 - 2003 Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Prime Minister  - 1992 - 1993 Milan Panić  - 1993 - 1998 Radoje Kontić  - 1998 - 2000 Momir Bulatović  - 2000 - 2001 Zoran Žižić  - 2001 - 2003 DragiÅ¡a Pe... The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton-Paris Agreement, is the peace agreement reached at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris on December 14...


Notes

  1. ^ NATO Allied Forces (Southern Europe) Factsheet

External links

War Portal
NATO Portal
Military of the United States Portal

 
 

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