FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > 1994 baseball strike

The 1994 baseball strike resulted in the cancellation of the World Series for the first time in 90 years. It lasted 232 days (August 12, 1994April 2, 1995), led to the cancellation of 938 games overall, and dragged into the next spring. Baseball became the first sport in history to lose its postseason to a labor dispute. For the first time since 1904, there was no national professional baseball champion. It was the eighth work stoppage in baseball history and the fourth in-season work stoppage in 23 years. The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The 1994 World Series was cancelled on September 14 of that year due to an ongoing strike by the Major League Baseball Players Association, which had begun in August. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1904 throughout the world. ...

Contents

Background

Owners demanded a salary cap in response to the worsening financial situation in baseball (i.e. keep expenditure down). Ownership claimed that unless teams agreed to share local broadcasting revenues (to increase equity amongst the teams) and enact a salary cap, small-market clubs would fall by the wayside, a proposal that the players adamantly opposed. On January 18, 1994, the owners approved a new revenue-sharing plan keyed to a salary cap, which required the players’ approval. The following day, the owners amended the Major League agreement by giving complete power to the commissioner on labor negotiations. In sports, a salary cap (often called a wage cap in the United Kingdom) is a limit on the amount of money a team can spend on player salaries, either as a per-player limit or a total limit for the teams roster (or both). ... Capital expenditures (CAPEX) are expenditures used by a company to acquire or upgrade physical assets such as equipment, property, industrial buildings. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


The dispute was played out with a backdrop of years of hostility and mistrust between the two sides. What arguably stood in the way of a compromise settlement was the absence of an official commissioner ever since the owners forced Fay Vincent to resign in September 1992. Incidentally, on February 11, 1994, the owners greatly reduced the commissioner's power to act in "the best interests of baseball." In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... Francis Thomas Fay Vincent, Jr. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Pitchers Tom Seaver and Rollie Fingers are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


Owner representative Richard Ravitch officially unveiled the ownership proposal on June 14, 1994. The proposal would guarantee a record $1 billion in salary and benefits. But the ownership proposal also would have forced clubs to fit their payrolls into a more evenly based structure. Salary arbitration would have been eliminated, free agency would begin after four years rather than six, and owners would have retained the right to keep a four or five year player by matching his best offer. Owners claimed that their proposal would raise average salaries from $1.2 million in 1994 to $2.6 million by 2001. Richard Ravitch is a business and civic leader from New York City. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... Arbitration is a final and binding dispute resolution process. ... In North American professional sports, particularly baseball, football, and basketball, a free agent is a team player whose contract with a team has expired, and the player is able to sign a contract with another team. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... {{BID HEAD . ...


Major League Baseball Players Association leader Donald Fehr rejected the offer from the owners on July 18. Fehr believed that a salary cap was simply a way for owners to clean up their own disparity problems with no benefit to the players. Many observers believed the strike put Fehr in over his head. Some claimed that given the mercurial mentality of the owners Fehr was matched against, even Disraeli would have been in over his head. The Major League Baseball Players Association (or MLBPA) is the union of professional major-league baseball players. ... Donald Fehr (born July 18, 1946) is the managing director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was an English statesman and literary figure. ...


On July 13, 1993, Fehr said that if serious negotiations between the players and the owners did not begin soon, the players could have gone out on strike in September of that year, threatening the postseason. On December 31, 1993, Major League Baseball's collective bargaining agreement ran out with no new agreement yet signed. July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... // This year in baseball Events January - Reggie Jackson is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, receiving 94% of the vote. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // This year in baseball Events January - Reggie Jackson is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, receiving 94% of the vote. ...


Strike

June

As negotiations continued to heat up, the owners decided to withhold $7.8 million that they were required to pay per previous agreement into the players' pension and benefit plans. The final straw came on June 23 when the Senate Judiciary Committee failed to approve an antitrust legislation by a vote of 10-7. According to Donald Fehr, the action left the players with little choice but to strike. "We felt in '94 we were pushed into it," said Donald Fehr, executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. "I still think that's a justified conclusion." June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... The U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. ... Antitrust laws, or competition laws, are laws which prohibit anti-competitive behavior and unfair business practices. ... Donald Fehr (born July 18, 1946) is the managing director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. ...


July

On July 28, the Players Association executive board approved of August 12, 1994 as the date for a strike. July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


Strike in effect

On August 31, three-and-a-half hours of negotiations with federal mediators produced no progress in the strike, and no further talks were scheduled as the strike went into its 4th week. According to then-acting commissioner Bud Selig, September 9 was the tentative deadline for canceling the rest of the season if no agreement was reached between the owners and players. The MLBPA offered a counterproposal to ownership on September 8 calling for a two-percent tax on the 16 franchises with the highest payrolls to be divided among the other 12 clubs. Teams in both leagues would share 25% of all gate receipts under the MLBPA's plan. The owners responded by claiming that the measures wouldn't meet the cost. August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... Allan Huber Bud Selig, Jr. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ...


The rest of the season, including the World Series, was called off by Bud Selig on September 14. Selig acknowledged that the strike had torn an irreparable hole in the game's fabric. The move to cancel the rest of the season meant the loss of $580 million in ownership revenue and $230 million in player salaries. In 1994, the average MLB salary was an estimated $1.2 million. The 1994 World Series was cancelled on September 14 of that year due to an ongoing strike by the Major League Baseball Players Association, which had begun in August. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ...


Reaction

Many baseball fans lament that, while the Spanish Flu, two World Wars, the Great Depression, earthquakes, and other disasters could not cancel a World Series, financial issues could and did. Many analysts blame the strike and the cancellation of the World Series for baseball's sharp drop in popularity in the ensuing years. Public Notice The Spanish Flu Pandemic (less misleadingly called the 1918 flu pandemic) was a pandemic in 1918 and 1919 caused by an unusually severe and deadly strain of the subtype H1N1 of the species Influenza A virus (which apparently killed via cytokine storm, explaining the severe nature and unusual... The Great Depression an economic downturn which started in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late 1930) and lasted through most of the 1930s. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on Tuesday October 17, 1989, in the greater San Francisco Bay Area in California at 5:04 p. ...


The then-Montréal Expos' best season in their history was interrupted by the strike. They had the best record in baseball, 74-40, and were six games ahead of the Atlanta Braves in the NL East despite having the second-lowest payroll in the Majors (only the San Diego Padres had a smaller payroll). Some baseball writers were considering the Expos as major World Series contenders. (With no official division champion, the Braves were able to continue building their record streak of consecutive division championships, which ended at 14 in 2006 by the New York Mets. The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 to 2004. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,21,35,41,42,44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Ballpark Turner Field (1997–present) Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium (1966-1996) Milwaukee County Stadium (Milwaukee) (1953-1965) Braves Field (Boston) (1915-1952) Fenway Park... The National League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6,19,31,35 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Jack Murphy Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) The Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1969 â€¢ 1986 NL Pennants (4) 1969 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1986...


Chicago White Sox star Frank Thomas, who wound up winning the American League's Most Valuable Player Award in 1994, said "I've had a career year, but I'm not going to finish it." Tony Gwynn had a chance to be the first to finish a season over .400 since Ted Williams, as he was batting .394 at the time of the strike. The strike also cost Matt Williams of the San Francisco Giants a chance to beat Roger Maris' single season home run record - he was on pace for over 60 homers when the strike hit with 47 games left to play and already had 43 home runs. Cleveland Indians second baseman Carlos Baerga was unable to extend his record two-year streak of 20 home runs, 200 hits, and 100 RBI by a second baseman because of the strike. Seattle Mariners star Ken Griffey, Jr., who led the American League with 41 home runs at the time of the strike summed it up best by saying, "We picked a bad season to have a good year." Kevin Mitchell of the Cincinnati Reds, Julio Franco of the Chicago White Sox, and Shane Mack of the Minnesota Twins, all .325 hitters in 1994, opted during the strike to play in Japan in 1995. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2,3,4,9,11,16,19,72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) White Stockings <no city in official name, but based in Chicago> (1901-1903) Ballpark U.S. Cellular Field (1991–present) Comiskey... Frank Edward Thomas (born May 27, 1968 in Columbus, Georgia) is an American Major League Baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays, nicknamed The Big Hurt or Frankie T. Frank Thomas became one of baseballs biggest stars in the 1990s, playing for the Chicago White Sox. ... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... Anthony Keith Tony Gwynn (born May 9, 1960 in Los Angeles, California) is a former Major League Baseball player often considered one of the best hitters in baseball history. ... Theodore Samuel Williams (August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002), best known as Ted Williams, nicknamed The Kid, the Splendid Splinter, Teddy Ballgame and The Thumper, was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball who played 19 seasons, twice interrupted by military service as a Marine Corps pilot, with the... Matthew Derrick Matt Williams (born November 28, 1965 in Bishop, California) is a former Major League Baseball third baseman and right-handed batter who played for the San Francisco Giants (1987-96), Cleveland Indians (1997) and Arizona Diamondbacks (1998-2003). ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,4,11,24,27,30,36,44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885-1957) New York Gothams (1883-1885) Troy Union Cities / Trojans (1879-1882) Ballpark AT&T Park (2000... Roger Maris signs a baseball for President John F. Kennedy Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985), was a Major League Baseball player primarily remembered for breaking Babe Ruths 34-year-old single-season home run record in 1961 on the last day of the season. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Carlos Obed Baerga Ortiz (born November 4, 1968 in Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico), better known plainly as Carlos Baerga, is a Major League Baseball player. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977-present) West Division (1977-present) Current uniform Ballpark Safeco Field (1999-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None AL Pennants (0) None West Division titles (3) [1] 2001 â€¢ 1997 â€¢ 1995 Wild card berths (1) 2000 Best Finish: Beat New York Yankees in... Ken Griffey, Jr. ... Kevin Darnell Mitchell (born January 13, 1962 in San Diego, California) is an American former Major League Baseball left fielder and third baseman who played for the New York Mets (1984, 1986), San Diego Padres (1987), San Francisco Giants (1987-91), Seattle Mariners (1992), Cincinnati Reds (1993-94, 1996), Boston... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... Julio César Robles Franco (born August 23, 1958 in Hato Mayor, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball player with the New York Mets. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2,3,4,9,11,16,19,72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) White Stockings <no city in official name, but based in Chicago> (1901-1903) Ballpark U.S. Cellular Field (1991–present) Comiskey... There are two popular people named Shane Mack: Shane Mack, mayor of Castlewood, South Dakota Shane Mack, former professional baseball player This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,6,14,29,34 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Senators or Nationals (1901-1960) *Nickname originally Nationals; alternate nickname Senators gained favor over the years but was not acknowledged on uniforms until 1959...


One of the few positive notes was that fans were spared from witnessing one of the worst division races in history. The Texas Rangers were leading the newly reformed American League West despite being 10 games under .500. The last-place California Angels were only 5 ½ games out despite having the second-worst record in the majors at 21 games under .500 — on pace for 96 losses. Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26,34,42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Ballpark Ameriquest Field in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... The American League West Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11,26,29,30,50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2005) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966–present) a. ...


By the third day of the strike, Cleveland Indians owner Richard Jacobs directed that all souvenirs being sold at the Indians' gift shop carrying the words "inaugural season at Jacobs Field" be sold at half price. Jacobs Field is a baseball stadium located in the middle of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. ...


December

On December 5, it was announced that Richard Ravitch would step down as negotiator for the owners on December 31, 1994. Ravitch instead resigned on December 6, 1994. On December 14, labor talks headed by federal mediator Bill Usery broke down. The next day, the owners approved a salary cap plan by a vote of 25-3, but agreed to delay implementing it so that another round of talks with the players could be held. On December 23, with negotiations at a standstill, the owners unilaterally implemented a salary cap. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... William Usery Jr. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ...


January 1995

On January 1, 1995 five bills aimed at ending the baseball strike were introduced into Congress. Four days later, Donald Fehr declared all 895 unsigned Major League players to be free agents in response to unilateral contract changes made by the owners. On January 10, arbitrator Thomas Roberts awarded 11 players a total of almost $10 million as a result of collusion charges brought against the owners. On January 26, both players and owners were ordered by President Bill Clinton to resume bargaining and reach an agreement by February 6. Unfortunately, President Clinton's deadline came and went with no resolution of the strike. Just five days earlier, the owners agreed to revoke their arbitrarily imposed salary cap and return to the old agreement. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Arbitration is a final and binding dispute resolution process. ... Collusion is a term to refer to acts of cooperation or collaboration among rival entities. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Replacement players

After the deadline passed with no compromises, the use of replacement players for spring training and regular season games was approved by baseball's executive council on January 13. Replacement players (among them, former Boston Red Sox pitcher Dennis "Oil Can" Boyd), were reportedly guaranteed $5,000 for reporting to spring training and another $5,000 if they made the Opening Day roster. Declared Selig, "We are committed to playing the 1995 season and will do so with the best players willing to play." The following Major League Baseball players appeared as replacement players during spring training in 1995, crossing picket lines during the 1994 baseball strike. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1 • 4 • 8 • 9 • 27 • 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1907–present) See Nicknames before Red Sox for disputed nicknames Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds (1901-1911) Major league titles World... Dennis Ray Oil Can Boyd (born on October 6, 1959 in Meridian, Mississippi) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ...


Baltimore Orioles owner Peter Angelos on the other hand, announced that his team wouldn't use replacement players. On March 20, Angelos' Orioles cancelled the remainder of their spring training games because of the team's refusal to use replacement players. The next day, the Maryland House of Delegates approved legislation to bar teams playing at Camden Yards from using replacement players. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4,5,8,20,22,33 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... Peter Angelos (born July 4, 1929) is a trial lawyer and the current owner of the Baltimore Orioles, a baseball team in the American League East Division. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... The Maryland House of Delegates is the lower house of the General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland ( ), which was constructed to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. ...


In addition to Peter Angelos' problems, Detroit Tigers manager Sparky Anderson was put on an involuntary leave of absence as he refused to manage replacement players. Two days after Anderson's punishment, the Toronto Blue Jays assigned manager Cito Gaston and his coaching staff to work with minor league players so that they wouldn't have to deal with replacement players. On March 14, the players' union announced that it would not settle the strike if replacement players were used in regular season games, and if results were not voided. On April 28, the Ontario Labor Board announced that replacement umpires would not be allowed to work Blue Jays home games. Under the Ontario labor law then in force, replacement workers were not permitted to be used during a strike or lockout. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium(1961-1999) a. ... Sparky Anderson George Lee Sparky Anderson (born February 22, 1934 in Bridgewater, South Dakota) is ranked fourth all-time for career managerial wins in Major League Baseball (behind Connie Mack, John McGraw and Tony La Russa) and is the first manager to win the World Series while leading clubs in... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Ballpark Rogers Centre (f. ... Clarence Edwin Cito Gaston (born March 17, 1944 in San Antonio, Texas) is a former outfielder and manager in Major League Baseball best known for managing the Toronto Blue Jays to their first World Series championships in 1992 and 1993. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total...


Strike ends

On March 29, the players voted to return to work if a U.S. District Court judge supported the National Labor Relations Board's unfair labor practices complaint against the owners (which was filed on March 27). By a vote of 26-2, owners supported the use of replacement players. The strike ended when federal judge Sonia Sotomayor issued a preliminary injunction against the owners on March 31. On Sunday, April 2, 1995, the 232 day long strike was finally over. Judge Sotomayor's decision received support from a panel of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, which denied the owners' request to stay the ruling. March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in leap years). ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent agency of the United States Government charged with conducting elections for union representation and with investigating and remedying unfair labor practices. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... Sonia Sotomayor is a judge on the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Connecticut Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York District of Vermont The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U...


Consequences

The 1995 season, which was revised to 144 games instead of the normal 162 (a decision that was made on March 26), resumed April 25 under the conditions of the expired contract despite the lack of a collective bargaining agreement. The regular officials continued to be locked out until May 3. The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ...


Post-strike

On Opening Day in 1995, three men, who were each wearing T-shirts emblazoned with the word "Greed", leaped onto the field at Shea Stadium and tossed more than $150 in $1 bills at players. In Cincinnati, one fan paid for a plane to fly over Riverfront Stadium that dragged a sign reading "Players and Owners — To Hell With You BLUE MONKER FUCKER!" The meager crowds at the openers often booed at the players for their rusty fundamentals, shoddy defense, and in response to frequent high-scoring contests. Fans in Pittsburgh disrupted Opening Day by throwing sticks on the field, and holding up the action for 17 minutes. Despite just 6,300 fans at the New York Yankees' pre-opening workout, 50,245 showed up for the opener, the smallest opening crowd at Yankee Stadium since 1990. Incidentally, the opening games were played with replacement umpires, the first time since 1984 that replacement umpires were used. The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... William A. Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium, is an American baseball stadium in Flushing, New York. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... Nickname: The Queen City Location in Hamilton County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Hamilton Founded 1788 Incorporated 1819 Mayor Mark L. Mallory (D) Area    - City 206. ... Cinergy Field, formerly known as Riverfront Stadium (1970 - 2002) was the home of the Cincinnati Reds Major League Baseball team and the Cincinnati Bengals National Football League team. ... The Honus Wagner Statue outside Gate C Three Rivers Stadium was a multipurpose sports stadium and event facility located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. The stadiums name was derived from the junction of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, where they formed the Ohio River, the Golden Triangle. The stadium was... The exterior of Yankee Stadium Yankee Stadium is the home stadium of the New York Yankees, a major league baseball team. ... // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Jim Palmer, a three-time American League Cy Young Award winner, and Joe Morgan, a two-time National League MVP, are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America in their first years of eligibility. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 10 - Luis Aparicio, Don Drysdale and Harmon Killebrew are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


On August 3, 1995, the Senate Judiciary Committee sent a bill calling for the partial repeal of baseball's antitrust exemption to the full Senate. The vote was just 9-8. On August 9, George Nicolau, baseball's impartial arbitrator since 1986, was fired by Major League owners. August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 8 - Willie McCovey is the only player elected this year to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, and becomes the 16th player elected in his first year of eligibility. ...


On September 29, 1995, a three-judge panel in New York voted unanimously to uphold the injunction that brought the end to the strike in April 1995. The owners had appealed the injunction issued last March 31, but the panel said the Players Relations Committee had illegally attempted to eliminate free agency and salary arbitration. September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Free agency can be: In Latter-day Saint theology, free agency is the name of the human capacity to make choices for themselves and to choose between right and wrong. ... Arbitration is a final and binding dispute resolution process. ...


The strike is largely blamed for the ultimate demise and relocation of the Montréal Expos. The team was forced to release many of its players to deal with the loss of revenue following the strike, and never again reached the same level of success they had in 1994. After the 2004 season, they moved to Washington, D.C. and became the Washington Nationals. The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 to 2004. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Ballpark RFK Stadium (2005–present) Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977-2004) Jarry Park (Montreal) (1969-1976) [3] The Expos played twenty...


Some political analysts believed the 1994 mid-term elections were influenced by the strike as a negative connotation towards labor unions, and the dangers of the labor unions led to voters turning out against labor unions.


It also allowed Japanese baseball to develop into a legitimate showcase for players. Many members of the American baseball media went to Tokyo to cover the 1994 Japan Series, which made the cover of Sports Illustrated, which the magazine decided to cover as the Fall Classic. The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The Yomiuri Giants have won twenty Japan Series, more than any other team. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Matthews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ...


Ichiro Suzuki of the Orix Blue Wave and Hideki Matsui of the Yomiuri Giants became well-known to American audiences through coverage of Japanese baseball which replaced MLB coverage in some media outlets. Matsui, a young 20-year old star, was part of the kyojin's championship run. Ichiro Suzuki ), often known simply as Ichiro ), born October 22, 1973 in Toyoyama, Nishikasugai, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, is the center fielder for the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team. ... The Orix BlueWave (&#12458;&#12522;&#12483;&#12463;&#12473;&#12502;&#12523;&#12540;&#12454;&#12455;&#12540;&#12502;) is a baseball team in K&#333;be, Japan, that plays in the Pacific League. ... Hideki Godzilla Matsui , born June 12, 1974) is a Japanese Major League Baseball left fielder who plays for the New York Yankees. ... The Yomiuri Giants is a bad professional baseball team who invites and lures other professional baseball teams player withFri. ...


In 2001, 2002 and 2004, players who were part of the World Series winning Arizona Diamondbacks, Anaheim Angels and Boston Red Sox were not permitted on commemorative merchandise because players on the teams were declared replacement players for their participation in spring training. The players who were noted are Damian Miller of the 2001 Arizona Diamondbacks, Brendan Donnelly of the 2002 Anaheim Angels and Kevin Millar of the 2004 Boston Red Sox. {{BID HEAD . ... This year in baseball: 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 8 - Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Ballpark (1998–present) also known as Bank One Ballpark (1998-2005) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2001 NL Pennants (1) 2001 West Division titles (3) 2002 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 1999 Wild card... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11,26,29,30,50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2005) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1 • 4 • 8 • 9 • 27 • 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1907–present) See Nicknames before Red Sox for disputed nicknames Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds (1901-1911) Major league titles World... Damian Miller (born October 10, 1969 in La Crosse, Wisconsin) is an professional baseball player on the Milwaukee Brewers. ... {{BID HEAD . ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Ballpark (1998–present) also known as Bank One Ballpark (1998-2005) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2001 NL Pennants (1) 2001 West Division titles (3) 2002 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 1999 Wild card... Brendan Kevin Donnelly (b. ... This year in baseball: 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 8 - Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11,26,29,30,50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2005) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966–present) a. ... Kevin Charles Millar (born September 24, 1971 in Los Angeles, California) is a Major League Baseball outfielder/first baseman who plays for the Baltimore Orioles. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1 • 4 • 8 • 9 • 27 • 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1907–present) See Nicknames before Red Sox for disputed nicknames Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds (1901-1911) Major league titles World...


Team standings

W = Wins, L = Losses, GB = Games Behind, PCT= Winning Percentage


NOTE: There are no official champions; all teams finished in last place. For purposes of the 1995 All-Star Game, however, the managers of the unofficial league champions (best record) were awarded the customary role of an official league champion as manager of that league. Note also that each of the teams in the American League West had a below 0.500 winning percentage at the time of the strike and that the Atlanta Braves were in second place behind the Montreal Expos on the strike date, which would've cut short the Braves' record of consecutive NL Eastern division championships.

AL East
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
New York Yankees 70 43 .619 0 $47,512,342
Baltimore Orioles 63 49 .563 $38,711,487
Toronto Blue Jays 55 60 .478 16 $42,265,168
Boston Red Sox 54 61 .470 17 $36,337,937
Detroit Tigers 53 62 .461 18 $41,118,509
AL Central
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
Chicago White Sox 67 46 .593 0 $40,144,836
Cleveland Indians 66 47 .584 1 $31,705,667
Kansas City Royals 64 51 .557 4 $40,667,375
Minnesota Twins 53 60 .469 14 $25,053,237
Milwaukee Brewers 53 62 .461 15 $24,786,857
AL West
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
Texas Rangers 52 62 .456 0 $32,399,097
Oakland Athletics 51 63 .447 1 $34,574,000
Seattle Mariners 49 63 .438 2 $28,463,110
California Angels 47 68 .409 $24,528,385
NL East
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
Montréal Expos 74 40 .649 0 $18,771,000
Atlanta Braves 68 46 .596 6 $44,100,972
New York Mets 55 58 .487 18½ $30,903,583
Philadelphia Phillies 54 61 .470 20½ $31,143,000
Florida Marlins 51 64 .443 23½ $19,524,361
NL Central
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
Cincinnati Reds 66 48 .579 0 $41,458,042
Houston Astros 66 49 .574 ½ $33,092,500
St. Louis Cardinals 53 61 .465 13 $29,622,052
Pittsburgh Pirates 53 61 .465 13 $21,503,250
Chicago Cubs 49 64 .434 16½ $32,456,333
NL West
Team W L PCT GB Payroll
Los Angeles Dodgers 58 56 .509 0 $38,837,526
San Francisco Giants 55 60 .478 $42,260,538
Colorado Rockies 53 64 .453 $23,654,508
San Diego Padres 47 70 .402 12½ $13,774,268


The American League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as Americans... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4,5,8,20,22,33 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Ballpark Rogers Centre (f. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1 • 4 • 8 • 9 • 27 • 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1907–present) See Nicknames before Red Sox for disputed nicknames Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds (1901-1911) Major league titles World... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium(1961-1999) a. ... The American League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2,3,4,9,11,16,19,72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) White Stockings <no city in official name, but based in Chicago> (1901-1903) Ballpark U.S. Cellular Field (1991–present) Comiskey... This article is becoming very long. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5,10,20 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,6,14,29,34 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Senators or Nationals (1901-1960) *Nickname originally Nationals; alternate nickname Senators gained favor over the years but was not acknowledged on uniforms until 1959... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4,19,34,44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970-2000) Sicks Stadium (Seattle) (1969) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None NL... The American League West Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26,34,42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Ballpark Ameriquest Field in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9,27,34,43 Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Ballpark McAfee Coliseum (1968–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977-present) West Division (1977-present) Current uniform Ballpark Safeco Field (1999-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None AL Pennants (0) None West Division titles (3) [1] 2001 â€¢ 1997 â€¢ 1995 Wild card berths (1) 2000 Best Finish: Beat New York Yankees in... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11,26,29,30,50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2005) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966–present) a. ... The National League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... The Montreal Expos were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 to 2004. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,21,35,41,42,44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Ballpark Turner Field (1997–present) Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium (1966-1996) Milwaukee County Stadium (Milwaukee) (1953-1965) Braves Field (Boston) (1915-1952) Fenway Park... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) The Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1969 â€¢ 1986 NL Pennants (4) 1969 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1986... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,14,20,32,36 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1883–present) unofficially Philadelphia Blue Jays (1944-1945) Philadelphia Phillies (1883-2006) Philadelphia Quakers (1882-1882) Worcester Rubylegs (1880-1881) (Commonly referred to as Blue Jays 1944... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5 42 (neither for a Marlins player) Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) also known as Dolphins Stadium (2005-2006) also known as Pro Player Stadium (1996-2004) also known as... The National League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... Astros redirects here, for other uses see Astros (disambiguation) Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 24,25,32,33,34,40,49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... It has been suggested that 2007 St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1887–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,4,8,9,20,21,33,40 Name Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present) Pittsburgh Innocents (1890) (Also referred to as Infants in 1890) Pittsburg Alleghenies (1882-1889) Ballpark PNC Park (2001–present) Three Rivers Stadium... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1889) (a. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Western Division, or NL West, is one of three subdivisions of the National League. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,4,19,20,24,32,39,42,53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) (Also referred to as Trolley Dodgers 1911-1931) Brooklyn... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,4,11,24,27,30,36,44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885-1957) New York Gothams (1883-1885) Troy Union Cities / Trojans (1879-1882) Ballpark AT&T Park (2000... Major league affiliations National League (1993-present) West Division (1993-present) Current uniform Ballpark Coors Field (1995-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) {{{WORLD CHAMPIONS}}} NL Pennants (0) West Division titles (0) n/a Wild card berths (1) 1995 The Colorado Rockies are a Major League Baseball team... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6,19,31,35 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Jack Murphy Stadium (1969-2003) a. ...

Reference

See also

The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... The Baseball Network was a short-lived television joint venture involving the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and Major League Baseball. ...

External link

  • CBC Radio report

  Results from FactBites:
 
1994 baseball strike - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (885 words)
The 1994 baseball strike resulted in the cancellation of the World Series for the first time in 90 years.
As the strike continued into the 1995 season Donald Fehr declared all eight-hundred thirty-five unsigned Major League players to be free agents in response to unilateral contract changes made by the owners.
Five bills aimed at ending the baseball strike were introduced into Congress and both players and owners were ordered by President Bill Clinton to resume bargaining and reach an agreement by February 6.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m