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Encyclopedia > 1993 RO
1993 RO
Discovery A
Discoverer David C. Jewitt and
Jane X. Luu,
Discovery date September 14, 1993
Alternate
designations
B
none
Category Plutino
Orbital elements C
Epoch March 6, 2006 (JD 2453800.5)
Eccentricity (e) 0.194
Semi-major axis (a) 5,841.0 Gm (39.045 AU)
Perihelion (q) 4,706.6 Gm (31.462 AU)
Aphelion (Q) 6,975.4 Gm (46.628 AU)
Orbital period (P) 89,114 d (243.98 a)
Mean orbital speed 4.72 km/s
Inclination (i) 3.7°
Longitude of the
ascending node
(Ω)
170.4°
Argument of
perihelion
(ω)
188.0°
Mean anomaly (M) 12.8°
Physical characteristics D
Dimensions 90? km
Mass ~8×1017 kg
Density 2.0? g/cm³
Surface gravity ~0.03 m/s²
Escape velocity ~0.05 km/s
Rotation period  ? d
Spectral class  ?
Absolute magnitude 8.4
Albedo 0.09?
Mean surface
temperature
~45 K

1993 RO is a trans-Neptunian object of the Plutino class. It was the first plutino discovered after Pluto itself, with 1993 RP and (15788) 1993 SB a day and two days behind. The discovery was made in 1993 at the Mauna Kea Observatory with a 2.2m telescope. Very little is known about the object. Even the diameter estimate of ~90 km is based on the guess of an albedo of 0.09 [1]. David C. Jewitt is a Professor of astronomy at the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy. ... Categories: American astronomers | Vietnamese Americans | Women in science | Astronomers stubs ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The provisional designation of comets and asteroids are similar to each other: they both follow a pattern set in 1925 by the Minor Planet Center of the IAU. Historical designations At first, astronomers strove to assign symbols to the minor planets: 1 Ceres a stylized sickle 2 Pallas a lozenge... Minor planets, or planetoids are minor bodies of the Solar system orbiting the Sun (or of other planetary systems orbiting other stars) that are larger than meteoroids (the largest of which might be taken to be around 10 meters or so across) but smaller than major planets (Mercury having a... In astronomy, a plutino is a trans-Neptunian object that has a 3:2 orbital resonance with Neptune. ... In astronomy, an epoch is a moment in time for which celestial coordinates or orbital elements are specified. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Julian day or Julian day number (JDN) is the number of days that have elapsed since 12 noon Greenwich Mean Time (UT or TT) on Monday, January 1, 4713 BC in the proleptic Julian calendar . ... In astrodynamics, under standard assumptions any orbit must be of conic section shape. ... In geometry, the semi-major axis (also semimajor axis) a applies to ellipses and hyperbolas. ... giga- (symbol: G) is a prefix in the SI system of units denoting 109, or 1 000 000 000. ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... The astronomical unit (AU or au or a. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... The orbital period is the time it takes a planet (or another object) to make one full orbit. ... A day (symbol: d) is a unit of time equal to 24 hours. ... In astronomy, a Julian year is a unit of time defined as exactly 365. ... The orbital speed of a body, generally a planet, a natural satellite, an artificial satellite, or a multiple star, is the speed at which it orbits around the barycenter of a system, usually around a more massive body. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Inclination in general is the angle between a reference plane and another plane or axis of direction. ... A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually symbolized °, is a measurement of plane angle, representing 1/360 of a full rotation. ... The Longitude of the ascending node () is one of the orbital elements used to specify the orbit of an object in space. ... The argument of the perihelion is one of the orbital elements describing the orbit of a planet. ... In the study of orbital dynamics the mean anomaly is a measure of time, specific to the orbiting body p, which is a multiple of 2π radians at and only at periapsis. ... For the majority of numbered asteroids, almost nothing is known apart from a few physical parameters. ... Mass is a property of a physical object that quantifies the amount of matter and energy it contains. ... The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... A cubic centimetre (cm3) is an SI derived unit of volume, equal to the volume of a cube with side length of 1 centi metre. ... Gravity is a force of attraction that acts between bodies that have mass. ... In physics, for a given gravitational field and a given position, the escape velocity is the minimum speed an object without propulsion, at that position, needs to have to move away indefinitely from the source of the field, as opposed to falling back or staying in an orbit within a... In astronomy, a rotation period is the time an astronomical object takes to complete one revolution around its rotation axis. ... Asteroids are assigned a type based on spectral shape, color, and sometimes albedo. ... In astronomy, absolute magnitude is the apparent magnitude, m, an object would have if it were at a standard luminosity distance away from us. ... Albedo is the measure of reflectivity of a surface or body. ... Temperature is also the name of a song by Sean Paul. ... The kelvin (symbol: K) is the SI unit of temperature, and is one of the seven SI base units. ... A trans-Neptunian object (TNO) is any object in the solar system that orbits the sun at a greater distance on average than Neptune. ... In astronomy, a plutino is a trans-Neptunian object that has a 3:2 orbital resonance with Neptune. ... Adjective Plutonian Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 0. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Mauna Kea Observatory, an institute of the University of Hawaii, is considered one of the most important land-based observatories in the world for its isolated, unobstructed views of space without interference from man-made light sources. ...


External links

  • Discovery IAUC listing
  • further MPEC
  • further MPEC
  • list of known TNOs, including size estimates
  • IAU minor planet lists
The minor planetsedit
Vulcanoids | Near-Earth asteroids | Main belt | Jupiter Trojans | Centaurs | Damocloids | Comets | Trans-Neptunians (Kuiper belt · Scattered disc · Oort cloud)
For other objects and regions, see: asteroid groups and families, binary asteroids, asteroid moons and the Solar system
For a complete listing, see: List of asteroids. See also Pronunciation of asteroid names and Meanings of asteroid names.

 
 

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