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Encyclopedia > 1972 Nixon visit to China
Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972.
Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972.
Pat Nixon in the People's Republic of China
Pat Nixon in the People's Republic of China

The 1972 Nixon visit to China was the first step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It also marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, which considered the United States one of its biggest enemies. From February 21 to February 28, 1972, U.S. President Richard Nixon traveled to Beijing, Hangzhou and Shanghai. File links The following pages link to this file: Cold War (1962-1991) Sino-Soviet split Categories: U.S. history images ... File links The following pages link to this file: Cold War (1962-1991) Sino-Soviet split Categories: U.S. history images ... “Mao” redirects here. ... from nara. ... from nara. ... Thelma Catherine Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States from 1969 to 1974. ... The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...   (Chinese:  ; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in the Peoples Republic of China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In July 1971, Nixon's National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger had secretly visited Beijing during a trip to Pakistan, and laid the groundwork for Richard Nixon's visit to China. Almost as soon as the American President arrived in the Chinese capital he was summoned for a meeting with Chairman Mao who, unbeknown to the Americans, had almost died nine days earlier but was at that point feeling strong enough to meet Nixon. Secretary of State Bill Rogers was excluded from this meeting and the only other American present was National Security Council staffer (and later U.S. Ambassador to China) Winston Lord. To avoid embarrassing Rogers, Lord was cropped out of all the official photographs of the meeting.[1] National Security Advisor may mean: United States National Security Advisor National Security Advisor (Canada) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923 in Fürth) is a German-born American diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... “Mao” redirects here. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Winston Lord (born 1937) is a U.S. administrator. ...


Nixon held many meetings with Chinese Premier during the trip, which included visits to the Great Wall, Hangzhoua and Shanghai. At the conclusion of his trip, the United States and the PRC Governments issued the Shanghai Communiqué, a statement of their foreign policy views and a document that was to prove to remain the basis of Sino-American bilateral relations for many years. In the communiqué, both nations pledged to work toward the full normalization of diplomatic relations and the fund to. The U.S. acknowledged the notion that all Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait maintain that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China. Nixon and the U.S. government reaffirmed their interests in a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question agreed by the Chinese themselves. The statement enabled the U.S. and PRC to temporarily set aside the "crucial question obstructing the normalization of relations" [2] concerning the political status of Taiwan and to open trade and other contacts. However, the United States continued to maintain official relations with the government of the Republic of China in Taiwan until 1979 when the U.S. broke off relations with the Republic of China and established full diplomatic relations with the P.R.C. A section of the Great Wall near Beijing during winter The course of the Great Wall is shown in this map dated from 1805 The Great Wall (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , literally long city wall) is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built between 5th century...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in the Peoples Republic of China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Joint Communique of the United States of America and the Peoples Republic of China, also known as the Shanghai Communiqué(上海公報), was an important diplomatic document issued by the United States of America and the Peoples Republic of China; on February 28, 1972 during the U.S. President... Taiwan Strait Area The Taiwan Strait or Formosa Strait is a 180km-wide Strait between mainland China and the island of Taiwan. ... The One-China policy (Chinese: 一個中國) is the principle that there is one China and both mainland China and Taiwan are part of that China. ... Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become reunified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of... Today, the Republic of China is commonly known as Taiwan or Chinese Taipei. Not to be confused with the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Contents

The meeting in media and culture


nixon apparently went to china Promotional flier for the Nixon in China opera. ... Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972. ... Max Frankel is a journalist. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... The Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting has been awarded since 1948 for a distinguished example of reporting on international affairs, including United Nations correspondence. ... Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (Paramount Pictures, 1991; see also 1991 in film) is the sixth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972. ... For the Star Trek character, see James T. Kirk James Kirk was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... This page is about the race. ...


References

  1. ^ Kissinger Years of Upheaval p. 65
  2. ^ http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/ziliao/3602/3604/t18006.htm

See also

Three-Time World Mens Singles Champion Zhuang Zedong (left) and U.S. team member Glenn Cowan (right) on the Chinese team bus in Nagoya, Japan, 1971. ... Sino-American relations (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) refers to international relations between the United States and China. ... Promotional flier for the Nixon in China opera. ... Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972. ...

External links

  • Webcast: Nixon in China Council on Foreign Relations

  Results from FactBites:
 
1972 Nixon visit to China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (298 words)
It was the first time a U.S. president had visited China whilst in office.
However, the United States continued to maintain official relations with the government of the Republic of China in Taiwan until 1979 when the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing was upgraded to an embassy.
Nixon in China (opera)) and a popular quoty (cf.
Nixon in China (phrase) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (227 words)
The phrase "Nixon in China" is a historical reference to US President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China in 1972, where he met with Chairman Mao Zedong.
The phrase "[like] Nixon in China" is thus an analogy which refers to a claimed "special" ability of someone considered "conservative" or "hardline" to accomplish moderate diplomacy that an ideologically "moderate" figure might be unable to achieve due to lesser credibility among opponents of such moderate policies.
Nixon's China visit was of particular significance because it marked a normalization of Sino-American relations —the two countries had been estranged for many years because China was ardently Communist at the time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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