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Encyclopedia > 1919 Stanley Cup Finals

The 1919 Stanley Cup Finals ended with a no decision after an outbreak of Spanish Influenza forced the cancellation of the series between the National Hockey League (NHL) champion Montreal Canadiens and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) champion Seattle Metropolitans. This is the current WikiProject: Ice Hockey Article Improvement Drive collaboration! The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... The Spanish Flu Pandemic, also known as the Great Influenza Pandemic, the 1918 Flu Epidemic, and La Grippe, was an unusually severe and deadly strain of influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 25 million to 40 million people (possibly significantly more) world-wide in 1918 and 1919. ... The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the leagues inception. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... The Seattle Metropolitans were an ice hockey team based in Seattle, Washington which played in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association from 1915 to 1924. ...


Both teams had won two games, lost two, and tied one before health officials were forced to cancel the deciding game of finals. Several players on both sides fell ill with the flu, and it would eventually claim the life of Canadiens' star Joe Hall four days later. Canadiens manager George Kennedy also would not recover completely and died a few weeks later. This was the only time in history when the Stanley Cup was not awarded after the playoffs began. Joe Hall (May 3, 1882 - April 5, 1919), nicknamed Bad Joe Hall, was a professional ice hockey defenceman. ...

Contents


Background

The Canadiens won the first half of the 1918-19 NHL regular season while the Ottawa Senators won the second half, setting up a best-of-seven series between the two clubs to determine the NHL title. Montreal ended up winning the series, 4 games to 1. The 1918-19 NHL season was the second season of the National Hockey League. ... This article discusses the original Ottawa Senators franchise. ...


Meanwhile, the Metropolitans finished the 1918-19 PCHA regular season in second place with a 11-9 record, behind the 12-8 Vancouver Millionaires. The two teams then faced off in a two game total goals championship series, with Seattle winning Game 1, 6-1. Vancouver recorded a 4-1 victory in Game 2, but lost the series to the Metropolitans by a combined score of 7-5. The Vancouver Millionaires were a professional ice hockey team in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from 1911 to 1926. ...


Games 1-5

All of the games were held at the Seattle Ice Arena. As with the previous Stanley Cup Finals, the differing rules for the leagues alternated each game: PCHA rules were used in Games 1, 3, and 5; and NHL rules were used in Games 2 and 4. The Seattle Ice Arena was a 2,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Seattle, Washington USA. It was home to the Seattle Metropolitans Pacific Coast Hockey Association franchise from 1915 to 1924. ...


Goaltender Hap Holmes led Seattle to a 7-0 shutout in Game 1. However, the Canadiens evened the series in Game 2, 4-2, with Newsy Lalonde scoring all of Montreal's goals. The Metropolitans then won Game 3, 7-2. Game 4 ended tied, 0-0, after 20 minutes of overtime, with both Holmes and Seattle's Georges V├ęzina blocking every shot. Then in Game 5, Lalonde scored two goals, and Jack McDonald scored the game winning goal 15:57 into overtime, to lead the Metropolitans to a 4-3 victory. Hap Holmes (1889 in Aurora, Ontario - 1940 was a Canadian professional ice hockey goalie who played for the Toronto Maple Leafs and Detroit Red Wings in the National Hockey League. ... Newsy Lalonde (June 26, 1887 in Cornwall, Ontario - November 27, 1970) was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Montreal Canadiens and New York Americans in the National Hockey League. ... Georges Vézina Georges Vézina (pronounced: ), a. ... Jack McDonald - was a Professional Hockey player who played 5 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Montreal Wanderers, Montreal Canadiens, Quebec Bulldogs and Toronto St. ...


Cancellation

The sixth and deciding game of the series was scheduled for April 1, but the epidemic of Spanish Influenza caused several players on both teams to become seriously ill. With almost every player on the Canadiens hospitalized or sick in bed, Game 6 was cancelled just 5 and a half hours before it was scheduled to start. Five days later, Montreal's Joe Hall died of pneumonia brought about by the flu. Manager George Kennedy seemed to recover and was released from the hospital, but he never fully did and eventually died a few years later. Kennedy said he was forfeiting the Cup to Seattle, but Pete Muldoon, manager-coach of the Metropolitans, refused to accept the Cup in a forfeiture, seeing that it was catstrophic illness that had caused the Canadiens lineup to be short of players. Also, with players still in the armed forces, no adequate replacements could be found, although Kennedy asked to use players from the Victoria team of the PCHA and president Frank Patrick refused the request. Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ...


As a result, no official Stanley Cup winner was declared in 1919, and thus nothing was engraved onto the trophy. However, when the Cup was redesigned in 1948 and a new collar was added to include those teams that did not engrave their names on the trophy themselves, the following was added:

1919
Montreal Canadiens
Seattle Metropolitans
Series Not Completed

Game-by-Game

Game-by-Game Winning Team Score Losing Team Rules Used Location
1 March 19   Seattle Metropolitans 7-0 Montreal Canadiens PCHA Seattle Ice Arena
2 March 22   Montreal Canadiens 4-2 Seattle Metropolitans NHL
3 March 24   Seattle Metropolitans 7-2 Montreal Canadiens PCHA
4 March 26 20:00, OT Ended in a 0-0 tie NHL
5 March 30 15:57, OT Montreal Canadiens 4-3 Seattle Metropolitans PCHA
Series ended 2-2-1 and no winner awarded due to the influenza epidemic

The Seattle Ice Arena was a 2,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Seattle, Washington USA. It was home to the Seattle Metropolitans Pacific Coast Hockey Association franchise from 1915 to 1924. ...

References

  • 1918-19 Stanley Cup Winner: No Decision. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
  • hockeyleaguehistory.com - Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
  • Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books, 51. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.
  • (1992) Dan Diamond (ed.) The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books, 50-52. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
Preceded by:
1918 Stanley Cup Finals
Stanley Cup Champions Succeeded by:
1920 Stanley Cup Finals

 
 

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