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Encyclopedia > 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. The edition is still often regarded as the greatest edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, with many articles being up to 10 times the length of those in other encyclopædias. Download high resolution version (1764x1118, 107 KB)1911 EB title This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... 1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt - look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelt with æ, the ae-ligature) is the oldest English-language general encyclopedia. ...

Some articles were written by the best-known scholars and learned gentlemen of the age, such as Edmund Gosse, J.B. Bury, Algernon Charles Swinburne, John Muir, Prince Peter Kropotkin, T.H. Huxley, William Michael Rossetti, Albert Einstein and Henry Ford, as well as many other names now less known. Many others were carried over from the Ninth Edition, some with minimal updating, some of the book-length articles divided into smaller parts for easier reference, yet others heavily abridged. Many articles are still of value and interest to modern readers and scholars. The best known authors generally contributed only a single article or part of an article, however. The majority of the work was done by a mix of journalists, British Museum staff, and academics. Among these lesser known contributors were some who would later achieve greatness such as Ernest Rutherford and Bertrand Russell. Edmund William Gosse (September 21, 1849 - May 16, 1928) was an English poet, author and critic, the son of Philip Henry Gosse. ... John Bagnell Bury (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927) was an eminent British historian, classical scholar, and philologist. ... Algernon Charles Swinburne (April 5, 1837 _ April 10, 1909) was a Victorian era English poet. ... John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was an environmentalist, naturalist, traveler, writer, and scientist. ... Peter Kropotkin Prince Peter Alexeevich Kropotkin (In Russian Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (December 9, 1842 - February 8, 1921) was one of Russias foremost anarchists and one of the first advocates of what he called anarchist communism: the model of society he advocated for most of his life was that of... Thomas Huxley Thomas Henry Huxley F.R.S. (May 4, 1825 - June 29, 1895) was a British biologist, known as Darwins Bulldog for his defence of Charles Darwins theory of evolution. ... William Michael Rossetti (1829-1919) was an English writer and critic. ... Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German theoretical physicist who is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. ... Time Magazine, January 14, 1935 Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and is credited with contributing to the creation of a middle class in American society. ... The main entrance to the British Museum The British Museum is one of the worlds largest and most important museums of ancient history. ... Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, OM, FRS (August 30, 1871 - October 19, 1937), called father of nuclear physics, pioneered the orbital theory of the atom notably in his discovery of rutherford scattering off the nucleus with his gold foil experiment. ... Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM (18 May 1872–2 February 1970) was an influential mathematician, philosopher, and logician of the modern age, working mostly in the 20th century. ...

1913 advertisement for the 11th edition

The Eleventh Edition was a notable reorganization and rewriting of the Encyclopædia Britannica, which was first published in three volumes in 1768. The Eleventh Edition formed the basis for every edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica up until 1974, when the completely new Fifteenth Edition, based on modern information presentation, was published. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... 1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt - look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelt with æ, the ae-ligature) is the oldest English-language general encyclopedia. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...

Sir Kenneth Clark, in Another Part of the Wood, wrote of the Eleventh Edition: This article is about Kenneth Clark the art historian, not Kenneth Clarke the politician. ...

One leaps from one subject to another, fascinated as much by the play of mind and the idiosyncrasies of their authors as by the facts and dates. It must be the last encyclopædia in the tradition of Diderot which assumes that information can be made memorable only when it is slightly coloured by prejudice. When T.S. Eliot wrote "Soul curled up on the window seat reading the Encyclopædia Britannica" he was certainly thinking of the eleventh edition.

The 1911 edition for the first time saw a number of female contributors. Thirty-four women contributed articles to the edition. Portrait of Diderot by Louis-Michel van Loo, 1767 Denis Diderot (October 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784) was a French philosopher and writer. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 - January 4, 1965), was a major Modernist Anglo-American poet, dramatist, and literary critic. ...

The 1911 edition is no longer restricted by copyright, and it is available in several more modern forms. For copyright issues in relation to Wikipedia itself, see Wikipedia:copyrights. ...

Gutenberg Encyclopedia

The Project Gutenberg Encyclopedia is actually the 1911 EB, renamed to address Britannica's trademark concerns. However, as of October 2004, Project Gutenberg only holds an electronic version of Volume 1. Distributed Proofreaders is currently working on producing a complete electronic edition of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which will be available from Project Gutenberg when finished. As of October 2004, proofed text of articles in volumes 2 – 5 is accessible via DP's Post Processing page (http://www.pgdp.net): 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Project Gutenberg (PG) was launched by Michael Hart in 1971 in order to provide a library, on what would later become the Internet, of free electronic versions (sometimes called e-texts) of physically existing books. ... Distributed Proofreaders (DP) is a project to support the development of e-texts for Project Gutenberg. ...

Volume 2.2:   ARGENTINA   —   AUSTRIA
Volume 3.1:   AUSTRIA, LOWER   —   BASSOON
Volume 3.2:   BASSOON   —   BISECTRIX
Volume 4.2:   BORDEAUX   —   BRÉQUIGNY
Volume 4.3:   BRÉQUIGNY   —   BULGARIA
Volume 4.4:   BULGARIA   —   CALGARY
Volume 5.2:   CAPE COLONY   —   CAT
Volume 5.3:   CAT   —   CERAMIC

(Some assembly required!)

As of October 2004, unproofed text of articles in volume 5.4 (CERAMIC — CHATELAINE) is accessible via [1] (http://www.pgdp.net)


  • All There is to Know (1994), edited by Alexander Coleman and Charles Simmons. Subtitled: "Readings from the Illustrious Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica". ISBN 0-671-76747-X
  • Gillian Thomas (1992). A Position to Command Respect: Women and the Eleventh Britannica New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0810825678.

1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Versions can be found at:

  • LoveToKnow Free Online Encyclopedia (http://1911encyclopedia.org) World Wide Web edition. This appears to be a raw, unproofread OCR-scanned version, and so contains many errors and no illustrations. A footnone says: Although linking to this site is encouraged, reproducing Contents on another site or redistributing Contents is forbidden. Taking Contents from this site and editing it and posting it on another site is forbidden and will result in swift legal action. This implies that the content is not public domain. Determining actual copyright status may require legal advice.
  • Online Encyclopedia (http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/). World Wide Web, OCR-scanned version of the encyclopedia, that has scanning errors. At the bottom of a page the following footnote can be seen Site content, images, and layout Copyright © 2004 - Net Industries, worldwide. Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part. Links to articles and home page are always encouraged.
  • ClassicEB.com (http://classiceb.com/) for a CD-ROM version. This edition has all the illustrations, including thousands of steel engravings and line drawings, but is not text-searchable, since it consists of 300dpi images only. These pages also present some information about the Eleventh and other editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • www.robinsoncurriculum.com  (http://www.robinsoncurriculum.com/view/rc/s31p45.htm)1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica plus 250 books, most of K-12 curriculum for home schooling, 120,000 pages, for sale on 22 CD-ROMs. All the image files of books in the product are claimed to be copyrighted, although all but a few of the books are in the public domain. Determining actual copyright status may require legal advice.
  • the Project Gutenberg version (http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/13600)



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