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Encyclopedia > 1661
Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century
Decades: 1630s 1640s 1650s - 1660s - 1670s 1680s 1690s
Years: 1658 1659 1660 - 1661 - 1662 1663 1664
1661 by topic:
Arts and Science
Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science
Lists of leaders
Colonial governors - State leaders
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments - Disestablishments
Works category
Works
1661 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1661
MDCLXI
Ab urbe condita 2414
Armenian calendar 1110
ԹՎ ՌՃԺ
Chinese calendar 4297/4357-12-1
(庚子年十二月初一日)
— to —
4298/4358-11-11
(辛丑年十一月十一日)
Ethiopian calendar 1653 – 1654
Hebrew calendar 5421 – 5422
Hindu calendars
- Vikram Samvat 1716 – 1717
- Shaka Samvat 1583 – 1584
- Kali Yuga 4762 – 4763
Iranian calendar 1039 – 1040
Islamic calendar 1071 – 1073
Japanese calendar Manji 4

(万治4年) These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Events and Trends Thirty Years War in full swing in Europe September 8, 1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes Harvard College as the first college founded in the Americas. ... Events and Trends The personal union of the crowns of Spain and Portugal ends due to a revolution in the latter (1640). ... Significant Events and Trends World Leaders King Frederick III of Denmark (1648 - 1670). ... Events and Trends Samuel Pepys begins his famous diary in 1660 and ends it, due to failing eyesight in 1669. ... Events and Trends Newton and Leibniz independently discover calculus. ... Events and Trends The Treaty of Ratisbon between France and England in 1684 ended the Age of Buccaneers. ... Events and Trends Thomas Neale designed Seven Dials The Salem Witchcraft Trials are held in Massachusetts Bay Colony (1692). ... This page indexes the individual years pages. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... See also: 1650s in architecture, other events of the 1660s, 1670s in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... See also: 1660 in literature, other events of 1661, 1662 in literature, list of years in literature. ... See also: 1660 in music, other events of 1661, 1662 in music, list of years in music. ... The year 1661 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed See also: 1660 in science, other events of 1661, 1662 in science, list of years in science. ... 1660 colonial governors - Events of 1661 - 1662 colonial governors - Colonial governors by year See also: List of state leaders in 1661 Portugal Angola - João Fernandes Vieira, Governor of Angola (1658-1661) André Vidal de Negreiros, Governor of Angola (1661-1666) Categories: 1661 | Lists of colonial governors by year ... 1660 state leaders - Events of 1661 - 1662 state leaders - State leaders by year See also: List of religious leaders in 1661 List of international organization leaders in 1661 List of colonial governors in 1661 Asia China Qing Dynasty - Shunzhi, Emperor of China (1644-1661) Kangxi, Emperor of China (1661-1722... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ... Ab urbe condita (AUC or a. ... Dates are marked by the letters Ô¹ÕŽ or the like, often with a line over, indicating tvin (in the year) followed by one to four letters, each of which stands for a number based on its order in the alphabet. ... The Chinese calendar (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: nónglì) is a lunisolar calendar, akin to the Hebrew calendar, incorporating elements of a lunar calendar with those of a solar calendar. ... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhÄ«) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhÄ«). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhÄ«) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhÄ«). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Ethiopian calendar (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር yeĪtyōṗṗyā zemen āḳoá¹­aá¹­er) or Ethiopic calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia, as well as in Eritrea before it became independent. ... The Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: ) or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... There is disagreement as to the meaning of the Indian word Samvat. ... The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ... The Iranian calendar (also known as Persian calendar or the Jalaali Calendar) is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Gāhshomāri-ye Hejri; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic... Koinobori, flags decorated like koi, are popular decorations around Childrens Day This mural on the wall of a Tokyo subway station celebrates Hazuki, the eighth month. ... Manji (万治) was a Japanese era name after Meireki and before Kambun and spanned from 1658 to 1661. ...

- Imperial Year Kōki 2321
(皇紀2321年)
- Jōmon Era 11661
Thai solar calendar 2204

1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Japanese era name. ... Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. ... The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. ... The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... This is the calendar for any common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) e. ... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ... This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and took force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ...


Events

1661 is also home to some of the headiest people around, though they are forced to live with an unheady individual who shall remain nameless. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fifth Monarchy Men were a radical Puritan politico-religious party active from 1649 to 1661 (the Interregnum) during Oliver Cromwells government. ... George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle by Sir Peter Lely, painted 1665–1666. ... The Coldstream Guards is a regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division or Household Division. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Shunzhi Emperor (March 15, 1638–February 5, 1661?) was the second emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper from 1644 to 1661. ... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: QÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire... The Kangxi Emperor (Chinese: ; Pinyin: KāngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kang-hsi; May 4, 1654 – December 20, 1722) was the fourth Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the second Qing emperor to rule over all of China, from 1661 to 1722. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle by Sir Peter Lely, painted 1665–1666. ... The Coldstream Guards is a regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division or Household Division. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... The mercat cross in Cockburnspath A mercat cross is a market cross found in Scottish cities and towns where trade and commerce was a part of economic life. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ... Traitor redirects here. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Oliver Cromwell (April 25, 1599–September 3, 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for making England a republic and leading the Commonwealth of England. ... Posthumous execution is the ritual execution of an already dead body. ...


Births

See also Category:1661 births. January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Rollin (January 30, 1661 _ December 14, 1741) was a French historian and educationist. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Paul de Rapin (March 25, 1661 - 1725), sieur of Thoyras, was a French historian. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (April 16, 1661 - May 19, 1715) was Chancellor of the Exchequer, poet, statesman, and Earl of Halifax. ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Claude Buffier (May 25, 1661 - 1737), French philosopher, historian and educationalist, was born in Poland, of French parents, who returned to France, and settled at Rouen, soon after his birth. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Feodor (Theodore) III of Russia (In Russian: Фёдор III Алексеевич) (June 9, 1661 - May 7, 1682) was the Tsar of all Russia, during whose short reign (1676-82) the Polish cultural influence in the Kremlin was paramount. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Pierre Le Moyne dIberville. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The famous organist Georg Böhm (September 2, 1661 - May 18, 1733) was born in Hohenkirchen, Thuringia Germany. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Melchior de Polignac (October 11, 1661 - November 20, 1742), was a French diplomat. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... Florent Carton Dancourt (November 1, 1661 - December 7, 1725), French dramatist and actor, was born at Fontainebleau. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (November 4, 1661 in Neuburg – December 31, 1742 in Mannheim) was also Duke of Jülich and Berg. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... Christoph von Graffenried (1661-1743) led a group of Swiss and Palatine Germans to North Carolina in 1710, and later authored Relation, an account of this unsuccessful attempt to settle in the New World. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer (5 December 1661 – 21 May 1724), was an English statesman of the Stuart and early Georgian periods. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... Christopher Polhem on the Swedish 500 kronor bank note. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton (1661-January 21, 1722), was a member of parliament for Hampshire and a supporter of William III of Orange. ... William III King of England, Scotland and Ireland William III and II (14 November 1650–8 March 1702; also known as William Henry and William of Orange) was Prince of Orange from his birth, King of England and Ireland from 13 February 1689, and King of Scotland from 11... // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ...


Deaths

See also Category:1661 deaths. January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Venner (died 19 January 1661) was a cooper who became the last leader of the Fifth Monarchy Men, who tried unsuccessfully to overthrow Oliver Cromwell in 1657, and subsequently led a coup in London against the newly-restored government of Charles II. This event, known as Venners Rising... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Lucas Holstenius, the Latinized name of Luc Holste (1596 - February 2, 1661), German humanist, geographer and theological writer, was born at Hamburg. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Shunzhi Emperor (March 15, 1638–February 5, 1661?) was the second emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper from 1644 to 1661. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman, by Pierre-Louis Bouchart. ... This page is about the year. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven (c. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Sir William Brereton (1604 - 1661) (baronet), English soldier and politician. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... Archibald Campbell Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll and 8th Earl of Argyll (1607 - 27 May 1661) was the de facto head of government in Scotland during most of the Scottish Civil War (which was part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms). ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Jin Shengtan (金聖歎, pinyin: Jīn Shèngtàn) (1608-1661) was a Chinese editor, writer and critic, who has been called the champion of the bai hua (vernacular) Chinese literature. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Thomas Fuller (1608 - August 16, 1661) was an English churchman and historian. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jacqueline Pascal (October 4, 1625 - October 4, 1661), sister of Blaise Pascal, was born at Clermont-Ferrand, France. ... Blaise Pascal (pronounced []), (June 19, 1623 – August 19, 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Agustín Moreto y Cavana (April, 1618 - October 28, 1661), was a Spanish dramatist and playwright. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Brian Walton (1600 - November 29, 1661) was an English divine and scholar. ... 1600 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... Marc Antoine Gérard, sieur de Saint-Amant (1594 - December 29, 1661), French poet, was born near Rouen. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ...


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RFC 1661 (rfc1661) (10454 words)
The RCR- event indicates that the Configure-Request was Simpson [Page 18] RFC 1661 Point-to-Point Protocol July 1994 unacceptable, and triggers the transmission of a corresponding Configure-Nak or Configure-Reject.
Simpson [Page 21] RFC 1661 Point-to-Point Protocol July 1994 Typically, this action MAY be used by the LCP to advance to the Link Dead phase, or MAY be used by a NCP to indicate to the LCP that the link may terminate when there are no other NCPs open.
Simpson [Page 36] RFC 1661 Point-to-Point Protocol July 1994 Identifier On transmission, the Identifier field MUST be changed whenever the content of the Data field changes, and whenever a valid reply has been received for a previous request.
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