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Encyclopedia > 1643
Years:
1640 1641 1642 - 1643 - 1644 1645 1646
Decades:
1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s
Centuries:
16th century - 17th century - 18th century
1643 by topic:
Arts and Science
Art - Literature - Music - Science
Lists of leaders
Colonial governors - State leaders
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths

Contents

Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... // Events The Westminster Confession of Faith Ongoing events Wars of the Three Kingdoms, including the English Civil War (1642-1649) Births February 4 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Events and Trends Start of the Golden Age of the Netherlands. ... Events and Trends Permanent Dutch settlement of New York Bay and the Hudson River. ... Events and Trends Thirty Years War in full swing in Europe September 8, 1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes Harvard College as the first college founded in the Americas. ... Events and Trends The personal union of the crowns of Spain and Portugal ends due to a revolution in the latter (1640). ... Significant Events and Trends World Leaders King Frederick III of Denmark (1648 - 1670). ... Events and Trends Samuel Pepys begins his famous diary in 1660 and ends it, due to failing eyesight in 1669. ... Events and Trends Newton and Leibniz independently discover calculus. ... These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... (Redirected from 1643 in literature) See also: 16th century in literature, other events of the 17th century, 1700 in literature, list of years in literature. ... The year 1643 in science and technology See also: 1642 in science, other events of 1643, 1644 in science, list of years in science. ... 1642 colonial governors - Events of 1643 - 1644 colonial governors - Colonial governors by year See also: List of state leaders in 1643 Holland Angola (coastal) - Cornelis Hendrikszoon Ouman, Director of Dutch West Africa (1642-1648) Portugal Angola (interior) - Pedro César de Meneses, Governor of Angola (1639-1645) Categories: 1643 | Lists... 1642 state leaders - Events of 1643 - 1644 state leaders - State leaders by year See also: List of religious leaders in 1643 List of international organization leaders in 1643 List of colonial governors in 1643 Asia China (Ming Dynasty) - Chongzhen, Emperor of China (1627-1644) Japan - Monarch - Meisho, Emperor of Japan...


Events

January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Portrait of Tasman |Batavia]]) with two small ships, the Heemskerck and the Zeehaen, first to Mauritius, and from there sailed east at a higher latitude than the Dutch had done before. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Portrait of Tasman |Batavia]]) with two small ships, the Heemskerck and the Zeehaen, first to Mauritius, and from there sailed east at a higher latitude than the Dutch had done before. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715), reigned as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death at the age of 77. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... The Battle of Rocroi, fought May 19, 1643, resulted in a decisive victory of the French army under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, at that time Duke of Enghien, against the Spanish army under General Francisco de Melo. ... Rocroi is a commune in the French Ardennes. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... English Civil War battle fought near Devizes, on 13th July, 1643 Following the Battle of Lansdowne on 5th July, 1643, the same two armies faced each again at Rounday Down. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here:This article is about the legislative institution. ... For the former governor of Mississippi, see Bill Waller. ... Connaught redirects here. ... Á á É é Í í Ó ó Ú ú À à È è ÃŒ ì Ã’ ò Ù ù  â Ê ê ÃŽ î Ô ô Û û Ä ä Ë ë Ï ï Ö ö Ãœ ü ß Ã ã Ñ ñ Õ õ Ç ç Ä¢ Ä£ Ķ Ä· Ä» ļ Å… ņ Å– Å— Åž ÅŸ Å¢ Å£ Ć ć Ĺ ĺ Ń Å„ Å” Å• Åš Å› Ý ý Ź ź Đ Ä‘ Å® ů ÄŒ č ÄŽ ď Ľ ľ Ň ň Ř Å™ Å  Å¡ Ť Å¥ Ž ž Ǎ ÇŽ Äš Ä› Ǐ ǐ Ç‘ Ç’ Ç“ Ç” Ä€ ā Ä’ Ä“ Ī Ä« ÅŒ ō Ū Å« Ç– ǘ Çš Çœ Ĉ ĉ Äœ ĝ Ĥ Ä¥ Ä´ ĵ Åœ ŝ Å´ ŵ Ŷ Å· Ä‚ ă Äž ÄŸ Ŭ Å­ ÄŠ Ä‹ Ä– Ä— Ä  Ä¡ Ä° ı Å» ż Ä„ Ä… Ę Ä™ Ä® į Ų ų Ł Å‚ Ő Å‘ Å° ű Ä¿ Å€ Ħ ħ Ð ð Þ þ Å’ Å“ Æ æ Ø ø Ã… Ã¥ Ə É™ – — … [] [[]] {{}} ~ | ° § → # ≈ ± − × ¹ ² ³ ‘ “ ’ ” ¢ £ € Â¥ Α α Î’ β Γ γ Δ δ Ε ε Ζ ζ Η η Θ θ Ι ι Κ κ Λ λ Îœ μ Ν ν Ξ ξ Ο ο Π Ï€ Ρ ρ Σ σ Ï‚ Τ Ï„ Î¥ Ï… Φ φ Χ χ Ψ ψ Ω ω ʈ É– ÉŸ É¡ É¢ Ê¡ Ê” ɸ ʃ Ê’ É• Ê‘ Ê‚ ʐ ʝ É£ ʁ Ê• Êœ Ê¢ ɦ ɱ ɳ ɲ Å‹ É´ Ê‹ ɹ É» É° Ê™ Ê€ ɾ ɽ É« ɬ É® ɺ É­ ÊŽ ÊŸ É¥ ʍ ɧ É“ É— Ê„ É  Ê› ʘ Ç€ ǃ Ç‚ ǁ ɨ ʉ ɯ ɪ ʏ ÊŠ ɘ ɵ ɤ Éš É› Éœ ɝ Éž ÊŒ É” ɐ ɶ É‘ É’ Ê° Ê· ʲ Ë  ˤ ⁿ Ë¡ ˈ ËŒ ː Ë‘ ... Cavaliers were gentlemen supporters of the Royalist cause during the English Civil Wars (1642–1651) For other meanings for see cavalier. ... Charles I (19 November 1600–30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... The Battle of Adwalton Moor was a battle in the English Civil War on 30 June 1643. ... The White Yorkshire rose. ... Empress Meishō (明正天皇) (January 9, 1624 - December 4, 1696) was the 109th imperial ruler of Japan, reigning from December 22, 1629 to November 14, 1643. ... Emperor Go-Kōmyō (後光明天皇) (April 20, 1633 - October 30, 1654) was the 110th imperial ruler of Japan. ... Evangelista Torricelli, portrait by an unknown artist Evangelista Torricelli (October 15, 1608 - October 25, 1647) was an Italian physicist and mathematician. ... Mercator projection: New England Confederation in yellow The United Colonies of New England, commonly known as the New England Confederation, was a political and military alliance of the British colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. ... Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Acta Sanctorum (Acts of the Saints) is an encyclopedic text in 68 folio volumes of documents examining the lives of Christian saints, in essence a critical hagiography, which is organised according to each saints feast day. ... Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve (1612 & ndash; 1676) was a French military officer and the founder of Montreal. ... Alternate uses: Mount Royal (disambiguation) Mount Royals eastern slope, with the cross and the monument to Sir George-Étienne Cartier, seen from avenue du Parc Mount Royal (French: Mont Royal) is a mountain on the Island of Montreal, immediately north of downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the city to which... Ã…mÃ¥l is a Municipality in Västra Götaland County, in western Sweden. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Musashi Miyamoto in his prime, wielding two Bokken. ... The Book of Five Rings (五輪の書, Go Rin No Sho) was written by Miyamoto Musashi. ... Huang Taiji, Emperor of Manchus, Grand Khan of the Mongols (Chinese: 皇太極 huáng tài jí; also known as 洪太極 hóng tài jí or 黃台吉 huáng tái jí; sometimes referred erroneously to as Abahai in Western literature), (November 28, 1592-September 21, 1643), was Emperor of Manchuria first... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... The Shunzhi Emperor of China, Grand Khan of the Mongols (March 15, 1638–February 5, 1661?) was the second emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper from 1644 to 1661. ... Roger Williams (December 21, 1603 – April 1, 1684) was an Anglo-American theologian, a notable proponent of the separation of Church and State, an advocate for fair dealings with Native Americans, founder of the City of Providence, Rhode Island a co-founder of Rhode Island. ... Official language(s) None Capital Providence Largest city Providence Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 50th 4,005 km² 50 km 65 km 32. ...

Ongoing events

The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ...

Births

January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Isaac Newton, PRS, (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, inventor, and natural philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the most influential scientists in history. ... Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... John Sharp (February 16, 1643 - February 2, 1714), English divine, archbishop of York, was born at Bradford, and was educated at Christs College, Cambridge. ... // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Ahmed II (in Arabic أحمد الثانى) (February 25, 1643 – 1695) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. ... The Osmanli Dynasty, also the House of Osman, ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1281 to 1923, beginning with Osman I (not counting his father, Ertuğrul), though the dynasty was not proclaimed until 1383 when Murad I declared himself sultan. ... Events January 27 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed II to Mustafa II (1695-1703) July 17 - The Bank of Scotland is founded by an Act of Parliament of the old Scottish Parliament. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Painting of Louis Moréri by Gerard Edelinck Louis Moréri (March 25, 1643 - July 10, 1680) was a French encyclopaedist. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... Charles IV (* April 5, 1604 in Nancy – September 18, 1675 in Allenbach), was the titular Duke of Lorraine from 1661 to 1670 See also: Dukes of Lorraine family tree Categories: French people stubs | Dukes of Lorraine | 1604 births | 1675 deaths ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... Stephanus Van Cortlandt (May 7, 1643 - November 25, 1700) was the first native born mayor of New York (1677-1678; 1686-1688). ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Afonso VI (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 12, 1643 - September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) King of Portugal, the second of the House of Braganza, known as the Victorious (Port. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Gilbert Burnet (September 18, 1643-March 17, 1715) was a Scottish divine and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury. ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in Leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Muazzam Bahadur Shah (October 14, 1643 - February 1712), also known as Shah Alam I was a Mughal emperor of India from 1707 to 1712. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... John Strype (November 1, 1643 - December 11, 1737) was an English historian and biographer. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, or Robert de LaSalle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ...

Deaths

See also Category:1643 deaths. February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Marco da Gagliano (May 1, 1582 – February 25, 1643) was an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Girolamo Frescobaldi (September, 1583 – March 1, 1643) was one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Simon Episcopius (January 8, 1583 - April 4, 1643), the Latin form of the name of Simon Bischop, Dutch theologian, was born at Amsterdam. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Christoph Demantius (December 15, 1567 – April 20, 1643) was a German composer, music theorist, writer and poet. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull (1584 - July 25, 1643), second son of Sir Henry Pierrepont of Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, was member of parliament for Nottingham in 1601, and was created Baron Pierrepont and Viscount Newark in 1627, being made earl of Kingston-upon-Hull in the following... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Anne Hutchinson on Trial by Edwin Austin Abbey Anne Hutchinson (July, 1591 – August 20, 1643) was the unauthorized Puritan preacher of a dissident church discussion group and a pioneer in Rhode Island and the Bronx. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Sir Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, 1st Viscount Dungarvan, 1st Baron Boyle of Youghal, Lord High Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland (c. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... Reverend Solomon Stoddard (September 27, 1643 - February 11, 1728/9) was the American colonial minister who succeeded Rev. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... John Bainbridge (1582 – November 3, 1643) was an English astronomer. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... Paul Guldin (original name Habakkuk Guldin) (June 12, 1577 - November 3, 1643) was a mathematician and astronomer. ... Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Jean-Baptiste Budes, comte de Guébriant (1602 - November 17, 1643), marshal of France, was born at Plessis-Budes, near St Brieuc, of an old Breton family. ... This page is about the year. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... William Cartwright (1611 - November 29, 1643), was an English dramatist and churchman. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Portrait of Claudio Monteverdi in Venice, 1640, by Bernardo Strozzi Claudio Monteverdi (May 15, 1567 (baptised) – November 29, 1643) was an Italian composer, violinist and singer. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Pym (1584 – December 8, 1643) was an English parliamentarian, leader of the Long Parliament and a prominent critic of James I and then Charles I. Pym was born in Brymore, Somerset, into minor nobility. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Sacred Love Versus Profane Love. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Herman Wrangel Herman Wrangel (1584 or 1587-1643) was a Swedish soldier and politician of Baltic German extraction. ... Huang Taiji, Emperor of Manchus, Grand Khan of the Mongols (Chinese: 皇太極 huáng tài jí; also known as 洪太極 hóng tài jí or 黃台吉 huáng tái jí; sometimes referred erroneously to as Abahai in Western literature), (November 28, 1592-September 21, 1643), was Emperor of Manchuria first... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Harpsichord by Andreas Ruckers, Antwerp, 1643, at the National Music Museum (868 words)
The plain painted surfaces of harpsichords like the 1643 Ruckers were deemed insufficiently ornate for the pseudo-historical fantasies of 19th-century interior decoration, so its exterior surfaces and the area around the keyboard were redecorated with elaborate borders, vignettes, and garlands on a gold ground.
Now that the NMM's single-manual harpsichord by Andreas Ruckers, 1607 has been joined by the two-manual instrument made by the same maker in 1643, the NMM is one of only a handful of places in the world—the only place outside of Europe—to have an example of both kinds.
In addition to flowers, birds, insects, shrimp, and arabesques is the date, 1643, in red within a banner.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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