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Encyclopedia > 1559
Years:
1556 1557 1558 - 1559 - 1560 1561 1562
Decades:
1520s 1530s 1540s - 1550s - 1560s 1570s 1580s
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1559 by topic
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Architecture - Art - Music - Science
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1559 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1559
MDLIX
Ab urbe condita 2312
Armenian calendar 1008
ԹՎ ՌԸ
Chinese calendar 4195/4255-11-23
(戊午年十一月廿三日)
— to —
4196/4256-12-3
(己未年十二月初三日)
Ethiopian calendar 1551 – 1552
Hebrew calendar 5319 – 5320
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1614 – 1615
 - Shaka Samvat 1481 – 1482
 - Kali Yuga 4660 – 4661
Iranian calendar 937 – 938
Islamic calendar 966 – 967
Japanese calendar Eiroku 2

(永禄2年) Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... ... Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Decades: 1480s 1490s 1500s 1510s 1520s - 1530s - 1540s 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s Years: 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 Events and Trends Spanish conquest of Peru Beginning of colonization of Brazil Categories: 1530s ... Events and Trends 1541 Hernando de Soto is the first European to see the Mississippi River. ... Events and Trends Categories: 1550s ... Events and Trends In 1564 William Shakespeare was born. ... Significant Events and Trends Transition from the Muromachi to the Azuchi-Momoyama period in Japan Categories: 1570s ... Events and Trends The beginnings of the Golden Age of Literature in England Sir Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland as Englands first overseas colony in 1583 Francis Drake had come back from going around the world, bringing back with him many treasures. ... These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... See also: 1540s in architecture, other events of the 1550s, 1560s in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... 1558 state leaders - Events of 1559 - 1560 state leaders - State leaders by year Asia China (Ming Dynasty) - Jiajing, Emperor of China (1521-1567) Japan Monarch - Ogimachi, Emperor of Japan (1557-1586) Shogun (Ashikaga) - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Shogun of Japan (1546-1565) Korea (Joseon Dynasty) - Myeongjong, King of Joseon (1545-1567) Europe... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ... Ab urbe condita (related with Anno urbis conditae: AUC or a. ... Dates are marked by the letters Ô¹ÕŽ or the like, often with a line over, indicating tvin (in the year) followed by one to four letters, each of which stands for a number based on its order in the alphabet. ... The Chinese calendar (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: nónglì) is a lunisolar calendar, akin to the Hebrew calendar, incorporating elements of a lunar calendar with those of a solar calendar. ... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhÄ«) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhÄ«). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhÄ«) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhÄ«). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Ethiopian calendar (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር yeĪtyōṗṗyā zemen āḳoá¹­aá¹­er) or Ethiopic calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia, as well as in Eritrea before it became independent. ... The Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: ) or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... There is disagreement as to the meaning of the Indian word Samvat. ... The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ... The Iranian calendar (also known as Persian calendar or the Jalaali Calendar) is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Gāhshomāri-ye Hejri; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic... Koinobori, flags decorated like koi, are popular decorations around Childrens Day This mural on the wall of a Tokyo subway station celebrates Hazuki, the eighth month. ... Eiroku (永禄) was a Japanese era name after Kōji and before Genki and spanned from 1558 to 1570. ...

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2219
(皇紀2219年)
 - Jōmon Era 11559
Thai solar calendar 2102
v  d  e

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Japanese era name. ... Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. ... The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. ...

Events

January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... Gelawdewos or Claudius (1522 - March 23, 1559) was negus (throne name Asnaf Sagad I) (1540 - 1559) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonid dynasty. ... Harar enclosed within the city wall, Jugol Harar (sometimes spelled Harrar or Harer) is an eastern city in Ethiopia, and the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia. ... Menas (throne name Admas Sagad I) was negus (1559 - February 1, 1563) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonid dynasty. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis is an agreement reached between Elizabeth I of England and Henry II of France on April 2 and between Henry II and Philip II of Spain on April 3, 1559, at Le Cateau-Cambrésis, around twenty kilometres south-east of Cambrai, that ended... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Saluzzo is a town in Cuneo province, Piedmont region. ... For other uses of Metz, see Metz (disambiguation) City motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) City proper (commune) Région Lorraine Département Moselle (57) Mayor Jean-Marie Rausch Area 41. ... Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. ... Verdun, (German: Wirten) sometimes also called Verdun-sur-Meuse, is a city and commune in northeast France, in the Meuse département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Calais is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining for the year. ... Pius IV, né Giovanni Angelo Medici (March 31, 1499 – December 9, 1565), pope from 1559 to 1565, was born of humble parentage in Milan, unrelated with the Medicis of Florence. ... Paul IV, né Giovanni Pietro Carafa (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559) was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... The Italian Wars, sometimes known as the Great Italian Wars, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, all the major states of western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the Republic of Venice, the Papal States, and most of the... Illustration from a copy of The Decameron, ca. ... Nickname: The City of Five Flags Location of the city within the state of Florida Country United States State Florida County Escambia County, Florida Mayor John Fogg Area    - City 102. ... Tristán de Luna y Arellano (1519 – 1571) was a Spanish conquistador of the 16th century. ... Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the Catholic or Orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... The Act of Uniformity 1559 set the order of prayer to be used in the English Book of Common Prayer. ... The Act of Supremacy 1559 (1 Eliz, c. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I...

Births

See also Category: 1559 births. February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Isaac Casaubon (February 18, 1559 - July 1, 1614) was a classical scholar, first in France then later in England, regarded by many at the time as the most learned in Europe. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... Saint Lawrence of Brindisi (July 22, 1559 – July 22, 1619), born Julio Cesare Rossi, was a Roman Catholic monk, a member of the Order of Friars Minor, Capuchin. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... Jacques Sirmond (12 or 22 October 1559 - October 7, 1651), French scholar and Jesuit, was born at Riom, Auvergne. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... Albert and his wife Isabella Archduke Albert Ernst of Austria (15 November 1559 – 13 July 1621) was appointed for the Spanish monarchy as Governor of the Low Countries in 1595, and from 1598 became joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces with his wife, the Isabella Clara Eugenia, daughter of Philip... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Summer Francesco Bassano the Younger (originally Francesco Giambattista da Ponte; 1559–1592) was an Italian painter. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Catherine de Bourbon (1559 - 1604), of Navarre, and Duchess of Albret was a daughter of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne dAlbret. ... Henry IV (French: Henri IV; December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), was the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Charl(e)s Butler (c. ... This article is about George Chapman the English literary figure; see George Chapman (murderer) for the Victorian poisoner of the same name. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Ikeda Motosuke (池田 元助; 1559 – May 18, 1584) was a samurai commander in the Azuchi-Momoyama period. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Also known as Taizu Emperor, Nurhaci or Nuerhachi (Chinese: 努爾哈赤; Manchu: ) (1558-September 30, 1626; r. ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... John Penry (1559 - May 29, 1593), is Waless most famous Protestant martyr. ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... Honinbō Sansa (本因坊算砂, 1559–June 13, 1623) was a Japanese player of Go, and the strongest player of his day. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... John Spenser (1559 - 1614), president of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was educated at Merchant Taylors school, London, and Oxford. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... Count Tilly on a portrait by van Dyck Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly (February, 1559 – April 30, 1632) was a general in Bavarian and later imperial service during the Thirty Years War, upon whom Ferdinand II depended (since Wallenstein was a threat). ... A mercenary is a soldier who fights or engages in warfare primarily for private gain, usually with little regard for ideological, national, or political considerations, however, when the term mercenary is used to refer to a soldier of a national, regular army, it usually is an insult, epithet or pejorative. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Main articles: 1632 series and The Grantville Gazettes 1632 is the initial novel in the best selling alternate history genre 1632 book series set in the Holy Roman Empire by historian, writer and editor Eric Flint. ...


Deaths

See also Category: 1559 deaths. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Christian III Christian III (August 12, 1503–January 1, 1559), king of Denmark and Norway, was the son of Frederick I of Denmark and his first consort, Anne of Brandenburg. ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Christian II (July 2, 1481 – January 25, 1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513 – 1523) and Sweden (1520 – 1521), under the Kalmar Union. ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... Sir Anthony St Leger (c. ... 1496 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... Gelawdewos or Claudius (1522 - March 23, 1559) was negus (throne name Asnaf Sagad I) (1540 - 1559) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonid dynasty. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in a leap year). ... Adam RIES Adam Ries (1492-March 30, 1559) was a German mathematician. ... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul IV, né Giovanni Pietro Carafa (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559) was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... Robert I Estienne (Paris 1503 – Geneva September 7, 1559), also known as Robert Stephens (Latin: Stephanus), was a 16th century printer in Paris. ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... Sir Anthony Denny (16 January 1501 – 10 September 1559) was a confidant of Henry VIII of England. ... For the play, see Henry VIII (play). ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... Jacquet of Mantua (Jacques Colebault) (1483–October 2, 1559) was a French composer of the Renaissance, who spent almost his entire life in Italy. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... Kanō Motonobu (1476-1559) was a Japanese painter. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Cuthbert Tunstall (or Tonstall) (1474 - November 18, 1559) was an English church leader, twice Bishop of Durham. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Lady Frances Brandon and her second husband Adrian Stokes, painted by Hans Eworth. ... January 22 - Battle of Ridanieh: The Turkish forces of Selim I defeat the main Mamluk army in Egypt under Touman Bey. ... Charl(e)s Butler (c. ... Matteo Realdo Colombo or Renaldus Columbus (c. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Leonard Digges (1520 - 1559), father of Thomas Digges was a well-known mathematician and surveyor, credited to the invention of the theodolite and a great populariser of science through his publications in English. ... mary elline m. ... see also the entries for Thomas Tresham (speaker), his ancestor and Thomas Tresham II, his grandson Sir Thomas Tresham (d. ... Conn ONeill, 1st Earl of Tyrone(c. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... William of Nassau (1487-1559), count of Nassau-Dillenburg, was a nobleman of the house of Nassau. ... Events Richard Fox becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Wen Zhengming (Wade Giles: Wen Cheng-ming)(文徵明, 1470–1559), leading Ming dynasty painter, calligrapher, and scholar. ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
FRANCE 1494-1559 (10903 words)
This power was concentrated, to a considerable extent, in the hands of the monarchy; and it is, therefore, clear that the manner in which French kings chose to wield their strength was inevitably a vital factor in the life of Europe.
For the first half of the sixteenth century down to 1559, to be exact the strength of the monarchy continued to grow within France, in relation to the other forces in French society.
In 1559 Henry even had some judges of the Parlement of Paris arrested for their tendency to defend the Protestants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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