In the 11thcentury most soles were cut as in figure 3a – the sole was a roughly shaped ovoid, rather than cut to imitate the foot, and in some cases the sole at the back of the foot extended up onto the back of the heel.
One of the innovations of the early 12thcentury was the abandonment of this v-back sole.[Pritchard, 1991, p230] It was replaced by soles which ranged from simple ovoid (3b) to more foot shaped soles (3c), a fashion which grew more popular as the century progressed.
On most 12thcentury shoes with vamp decoration, a series of holes was made from the throat of the shoe to the tip of the toe and unfilled with single stranded silk thread.
In the 12thCentury, a large number of these poems began to be written down.
On the other hand, in the early 13thcentury, collections of oral tales such as la Roman de Renart(a witty satirical set of tales about a fox, that parody courtly life), are available as popular manuscripts, spread far and wide, and additional tales added.
By the late 12thCentury these themes of courtly love had begun to influence other genres of writing - Chanson de Geste began to speak of the man behind the heroic deeds and incorporate more momentus deeds at court than on the warfield.
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