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Encyclopedia > 1275
Years:
1272 1273 1274 - 1275 - 1276 1277 1278
Decades:
1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s
Centuries:
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
1275 by topic
Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments - Disestablishments
1275 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1275
MCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2028
Armenian calendar 724
ԹՎ ՉԻԴ
Chinese calendar 3911/3971-12-3
(甲戌年十二月初三日)
— to —
3912/3972-12-13
(乙亥年十二月十三日)
Ethiopian calendar 1267 – 1268
Hebrew calendar 5035 – 5036
Hindu calendars
- Vikram Samvat 1330 – 1331
- Shaka Samvat 1197 – 1198
- Kali Yuga 4376 – 4377
Iranian calendar 653 – 654
Islamic calendar 673 – 674
Thai solar calendar 1818

Contents

For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1190s 1200s 1210s 1220s 1230s - 1240s - 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s Years: 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 Events and Trends Hungary was partially demolished with a great loss of life in 1241–1242 by Mongol armies of... The 1250s is the decade starting January 1, 1250 and ending December 31, 1259. ... The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269. ... The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279. ... The 1280s is the decade starting January 1, 1280 and ending December 31, 1289. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s - 1290s - 1300s 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s Years: 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 Events and Trends Categories: 1290s ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s Years: 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 Events and Trends MARF Categories: 1300s ... These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... 1274 state leaders - Events of 1275 - 1276 state leaders - State leaders by year Asia China (Southern Song Dynasty) - Gongdi, Emperor of China (1274 - 1276) Goryeo (Korea) - King Chungnyeol of Goryeo, King of Goryeo (1274 - 1308) Japan Monarch - Emperor Go-Uda, emperor of Japan (1274-1287) Shogun (Kamakura) - Prince Koreyasu, Shogun... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world. ... Ab urbe condita (AUC or a. ... Dates are marked by the letters ԹՎ or the like, often with a line over, indicating tvin (in the year) followed by one to four letters, each of which stands for a number based on its order in the alphabet. ... The Chinese calendar (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: nónglì) is a lunisolar calendar, akin to the Hebrew calendar, incorporating elements of a lunar calendar with those of a solar calendar. ... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhī) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhī). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: ; pinyin: gānzhī) is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles, the ten Heavenly Stems (天干; tiāngān) and the twelve Earthly Branches (地支; dìzhī). These have been traditionally used as a means of numbering the years, not only in... The Ethiopian calendar (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር yeĪtyōṗṗyā zemen āḳoṭaṭer) or Ethiopic calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia, as well as in Eritrea before it became independent. ... The Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: ) or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... There is disagreement as to the meaning of the Indian word Samvat. ... The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ... The Iranian calendar (also known as Persian calendar or the Jalaali Calendar) is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Gāhshomāri-ye Hejri; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic... The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. ...

Events

Europe

War and politics

April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... This article deals with the Statutes of Westminster passed in thirteenth century. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... The word bail as a legal term means: Security, usually a sum of money, exchanged for the release of an arrested person as a guarantee of that persons appearance for trial. ... Eleanor de Montfort (1252–June 1282) was the only daughter of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and became the last princess of Wales before the English Conquest in 1283. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch (1. ... Arms used by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Llywelyn ap Gruffydd or Gruffudd (in Welsh, he is remembered by the alliterative soubriquet Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf - Llywelyn, Our Last Leader; c. ... Motto: (Welsh for Wales forever) Anthem: Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff Official language(s) English, Welsh Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056  Area    - Total 20,779 km² (3rd in... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification... The Golden Horde (Turkish: Altın Ordu, Russian: Золотая Орда) was a Tatar-Mongol state established in parts of present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan after the break up of the Mongol Empire in the 1240s. ...

Culture, religion, and science

Jean de Meun or Jean de Meung (c. ... An allegory (from Greek αλλος, allos, other, and αγορευειν, agoreuein, to speak in public) is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than (and in addition to) the literal. ... Mirth and Gladness lead a Dance in this miniature from a manuscript of the Roman de la Rose in the Bodleian Library (MS Douce 364, folio 8r). ... Guillaume de Lorris (born 12XX) was a French epic poet, and was the author of the first section of the Romance of the Rose. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... This article is part of the Witchcraft series. ... Inquisition (capitalized I) is broadly used, to refer to things related to judgment of heresy by the Catholic Church. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Midi-Pyrénées Département Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004... The verge escapement is the earliest known type of escapement, the mechanism in a clock that maintains the swinging of a pendulum. ... A simple escapement. ... A clock (from the Latin cloca, bell) is an instrument for measuring time. ... Ramon Llull. ... Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish, sometimes also encountered in English),: from Latin insula maior, later Maiorica, (major island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are a part of Spain. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The English language word proselytism is derived ultimately from the Greek language prefix pros (towards) and the verb erchomai (to come). ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Isabella I of Castile The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Spain and Portugal) and the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... Diethyl ether, also known as ether and ethoxyethane, is a clear, colorless, and highly flammable liquid with a low boiling point and a characteristic smell. ... The Hundred Rolls are a census of England and parts of what is now Wales taken in the late thirteenth century. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ...

Asia

Expansion of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Их Монгол Улс, meaning Great (Их) Mongol Nation (Улс)) (1206–1405) was the largest empire in world history, covering over 36 million km² [1] at its peak, with an estimated population of over 100 million people, and it was one of the most powerful of all... Suzhou (Simplified Chinese: 苏州; Traditional Chinese: 蘇州; pinyin: Sūzhōu; Wade-Giles: Su-chou; sometimes seen transliterated as Su-chow, Suchow, or Soochow) is a famous city on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu, China. ... Marco Polo (September 15, 1254 – January 8, 1324) was a Venetian trader and explorer (presumably of noble origins from Sebenico and Curzola in Dalmatia) who, together with his father Niccolò and his uncle Maffeo, was one of the first Westerners to travel the Silk Road to China (which he called... Xanadu, Zanadu, or Shangdu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shàngdū) was the summer capital of Kublai Khans Mongol Empire, which covered much of Asia. ... Kublai Khan, Khubilai Khan or the last of the Great Khans (September 23, 1215 - February 18, 1294) (Mongolian: Хубилай хаан, Chinese: ; pinyin: Hūbìliè Hàn), was a Mongol military leader. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Их Монгол Улс, meaning Great (Их) Mongol Nation (Улс)) (1206–1405) was the largest empire in world history, covering over 36 million km² [1] at its peak, with an estimated population of over 100 million people, and it was one of the most powerful of all... Lake Dianchi Kunming (Chinese: 昆明; Pinyin: Kūnmíng; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital of Yunnan province, China with a population estimated on 7,055,000 in urban area in 2006 and 15,423,500 in Metropolitan area. ... (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; pinyin: Yúnnán south of the clouds) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Их Монгол Улс, meaning Great (Их) Mongol Nation (Улс)) (1206–1405) was the largest empire in world history, covering over 36 million km² [1] at its peak, with an estimated population of over 100 million people, and it was one of the most powerful of all... The Yuan Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuáncháo; Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368. ... The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief. ... Rabban Bar Sauma (fl. ... For other uses of the word pilgrimage, see Pilgrimage (disambiguation). ... Panoramic view from Mt. ... An astronomer or astrophysicist is a scientist whose area of research is astronomy or astrophysics. ... For the 1995 film, see Total Eclipse (film). ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ...

Eras and population estimates

Tosafists were medieval rabbis who created critical and explanatory glosses on the Talmud. ... The first page of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a The Talmud (תלמוד) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history. ... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The mountainous and largely arid land that came to be Basutoland was populated by San (bushmen, Qhuaique) until the end of the 16th century. ... Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. ... Bunei (文永) was a Japanese era name after Kocho and before Kenji and spanned from 1264 to 1275. ... Kenji (建治) was a Japanese era name after Bunei and before Kōan and spanned from 1275 to 1278. ...

Births

September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan II van Brabant (September 27, 1275 – October 27, 1312, Tervuren), also called John II, the Peaceful, was Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1294–1312). ... Events June 15 : Battle near Rozgoni Battle near Thebes Siege of Rostock begins Births November 13 - King Edward III of England Deaths June 19 - Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II of England September 7 - King Ferdinand IV of Castile Categories: 1312 ... William of Alnwick (c. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 – 14 April 1322), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de... Walter V of Brienne (c. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Edward Bruce (Edubard a Briuis as he was known in medieval Gaelic), (c. ... Events 1 April: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English Emperor Go-Daigo ascends to the throne of Japan End of the reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan Pope John XXII declares the doctrines of the Franciscans advocating ecclesiastical poverty erroneous Qalaun Mosque, Cairo... Sant Dnyaneshwar (1275-1296) (ज्ञानेश्वर in Marathi) (also known as Jnanadeva - ज्ञानदेव or Jnaneshvar - ज्ञानेश्वर) was a 13th century rebel saint-poet born in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra state, west India. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... Gediminas, duke of Lithuania - engraving of XVII ct. ... Events The Queens College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... Henry VII, (In German: Heinrich), ca. ... Events Siege of Rostock ends Foundation year of the Order of the Rose Cross (Rosicrucian Order), according to the Rosicrucian Fellowship. ... Mondino de Liuzzi (1275 - 1326) was a medical professor at Bologna and a pioneer of anatomy in practice. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... The little gargoyle head of the Fause Menteith on the 16th century guard house at Dumbarton Castle Sir John Menteith (c. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas Aquinas Lithuania: Vilnius becomes capital August 12 - The Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) is signed, regulating the border for the first time Pharos of Alexandira Lighthouse (one of the Seven Wonders of the world) is destroyed by a series of earthquakes... Giovanni Villani (ca 1275-1348), the Florentine writer of the famous chronicles (the Cronica) is the greatest Italian chronicler of his own times and the cornerstone of the early medieval history of Florence. ... Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Giovanni dAndrea or Johannes Andreæ, (ca 1270-1275 – 1348), a Tuscan expert in canon law, was the most renowned and successful canonist of the later Middle Ages. ...

Deaths

April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... Eleanor of England (also called Eleanor Plantagenet1 and Eleanor of Leicester) was born in the year 1215, in Gloucester. ... // Events A certified copy of the Magna Carta June 15 - King John of England forced to put his seal to the Magna Carta, outlining the rights of landowning men (nobles and knights) and restricting the kings power. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... Humphrey de Bohun (1208-September 24, 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. ... Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Bohemund VI of Antioch (1237-1275), was ruler of the principality of Antioch (a crusader state) between 1251 and 1268. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... Don Ferdinand de la Cerda (1253-1275) was the Crown Prince (infante) of Castile, eldest son of King Alfonso X of Castile and Violante of Aragon. ...

In fiction


  Results from FactBites:
 
NGC 1275 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (109 words)
NGC 1275 is a Seyfert galaxy located around 235 million light years away in the direction of the constellation Perseus.
In fact, a spiral galaxy is colliding with an elliptical galaxy, causing gravitational stresses on each and leading to the formation of new stars.
NGC 1275 has been studied by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995 and 2001.
Hubble Heritage (578 words)
Detailed observations of the emissions from the various parts of NGC 1275 indicate that the dusty material belongs to a spiral system seen nearly edge on in the foreground.
NGC 1275 is a distant 235 million light-years away and known to emit powerful signals at both X-ray and radio frequencies.
NGC 1275 with HST overlay and the Perseus Cluster in Halpha
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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